From Ludhiana to Luton
Paramjit, Monty's father, migrates from India, marries Gursharan, and settles in Luton.
Influenced by his father's involvement with Luton Indians Cricket Club, plays cricket for the first time aged 10. Is spotted two years later by Paul Taylor, the former Northamptonshire and England seamer. Is bowling "horrible little left-arm seamers [which] didn't seam or swing" for Bedfordshire, but is passing time in practice bowling spinners and "turning it miles".
First time for Second XI
Plays his first Second XI match for Northamptonshire, and impresses his coach Nick Cook with the pace at which he bowls, while also gaining dip and turn.
January 1, 2000
At 17, is named one of the Millenium Kids by the Sun newspaper - five "hungry" teenagers desperate to succeed in sport. Says he wants to be world's best spinner.
August 28, 2001
Match-winner on debut
Makes his first-class debut
for Northamptonshire against Leicestershire at Northampton. Picks up 4 for 120 in 35 overs in the first innings, facing the daunting prospect of Shahid Afridi. Improves on that with a match-winning 4 for 11 from 20 overs in the second.
Struggles to match his excellent performance on debut while combining cricket with studying for a computer science degree at Loughborough University. But in 2005, takes 16 wickets in two matches on late-summer dusty pitches, ending with 46 wickets in just eight games.
Ready to use
David Graveney, the England chairman of selectors, and Kepler Wessels, the Northamptonshire coach , insist he is ready for Test cricket, both tipping him to feature in England's tour of India.
January 27, 2006
Back to India
Selected for England's tour of India alongside Ashley Giles and Shaun Udal.
March 1, 2006
In the Nagpur Test,
becomes the first Sikh to represent England in Tests. On the third day, traps his hero Sachin Tendulkar for his first wicket, in a marathon spell of 2 for 73 from 42 overs. Impresses with his attacking line, dip and spin.
Tops the Test averages with 10 wickets at 21.00 in England's three-Test series against Sri Lanka at home. And though taken to the public's hearts, doubts remain over his fielding and batting. Duncan Fletcher, the England coach, admits he "is under a lot of pressure" to improve the other two facets of his game.
July 27, 2006
One trick is good enough
Despite Fletcher's reticence about his batting and fielding, is chosen ahead of Jamie Dalrymple for the second Test against Pakistan
at Old Trafford. After his supporting act of 3 for 21 in the first innings, he destroys Pakistan with 5 for 72 in the second - including the scalps of Inzamam-ul-Haq, Mohammad Yousuf and Younis Khan.
Spinning it to win it
On a lifeless Headingley pitch on which Danish Kaneria, the Pakistan legspinner, could only manage 2 for 111, Panesar wheeled away for 47.4 overs
and repeatedly tested Pakistan's famed batting lineup. Three for 39 in their second innings sealed their fate, and Fletcher's continued caution over his inclusion begins to irk the media, many of whom announce that he is now England's leading spinner.
November 23, 2006
Still not England's best
Loses out to Ashley Giles for the first Test
against Australia in Brisbane. This is Giles's first Test in 12 months, and the decision receives plenty of column inches.
December 4, 2006
Is nominated for BBC Sports Personality of the Year.
December 14, 2006
Proving his Perth
Is selected ahead of Giles for the third Test
against Australia in Perth. Becomes the first England spinner to take five wickets at the WACA.
Fletch at odds with Wisden
Is termed England's "second spinner" by Fletcher, but receives encouragement from his captain, Michael Vaughan, who feels he will be a threat in the World Cup.
Is named one of the Wisden Forty, and is chosen as one of the Five Cricketers of the Year in 2007's Wisden Cricketers' Almanack
Doing HQ, and then some
Becomes the first spinner since Bishan Bedi to take six first-innings wickets at Lord's, in the first Test
against West Indies. Five of the six were lbws - the first time a spinner has achieved the feat.
Records his first 10-wicket haul, against West Indies at Old Trafford
with 10 for 187. Tops the series averages with 23 wickets at 18.69.