Full name Ernest Raymond Herbert Toshack
Born December 8, 1914, Cobar, New South Wales
Died May 11, 2003, Bobbin Head, Sydney, New South Wales (aged 88 years 154 days)
Major teams Australia, New South Wales
Also known as The Black Prince, Johnson
Batting style Right-hand bat
Bowling style Left-arm medium
|Test debut||New Zealand v Australia at Wellington, Mar 29-30, 1946 scorecard|
|Last Test||England v Australia at Leeds, Jul 22-27, 1948 scorecard|
|First-class span||1945/46 - 1949/50|
Ernie Toshack was one of the game's most captivating characters. Tall, with striking, rugged features, he was known to his team-mates as The Black Prince (Sid Barnes enviously dubbed him The Film Star), having earlier, in his boxing days, been called `Johnson' for his swarthiness (the American black heavyweight Jack Johnson ruled the boxing world just before Toshack was born).
Son of a stationmaster, Ernest Raymond Herbert Toshack was born in the New South Wales bush town of Cobar on December 8, 1914, and was orphaned when a boy. He was cared for by relatives in Lyndhurst, and played his early cricket and rugby league for Cowra. It was not until he was 30 that he ventured to Sydney, having already played for the State Colts and 2nd XI. A fastish left-arm bowler at that time, he first approached Petersham, the club for which he qualified residentially, "but they didn't want to know me". So he joined Marrickville, quickly rising to first-grade.
Wheelchair-bound for months after a ruptured appendix in 1938, he was rejected for war service, so worked instead at the Lithgow Small Arms factory, in the Blue Mountains near Sydney. He was chosen for NSW as soon as the war ended and was quickly among the wickets. In March 1946, after seven matches for the state, he found himself opening the bowling for Australia with Ray Lindwall in a match at Wellington which was not recognised as a Test until a couple of years afterwards. New Zealand were routed in two days on a damp pitch, and Toshack came away with 4 for 12 and 2 for 6.
Against England in 1946-47, slowing down to exploit another tacky surface, and closely supervised by skipper Don Bradman, he had match figures of 9 for 99 at the Gabba in the first Test, but in the remaining four he only once took more than one wicket in an innings, his stamina in the Adelaide Test (5 for 135 off 66 eight-ball overs in great heat) impressed everyone. With his accuracy (mainly from over the wicket), pace-change, and movement either way, to a strong leg-side field, he was hard to get away, and achieved his successes in a style not unlike Derek Underwood's a generation later.
A damaged knee was a constant hindrance, but he was passed fit for the 1948 tour of Britain, which was to guarantee him a kind of immortality as a member of Bradman's Invincibles. Tiring of signing autograph sheets during the voyage, he entrusted a friend with the task. A consequence is that there are still sheets in circulation with his name mis-spelt as Toshak.
Toshack enjoyed the tour, where he became a great drinking friend of John Arlott. He was one of seven of the Australians who took 50 or more wickets, and he fluked a heady Test average of 51 (his aggregate in four innings), below only Morris, Barnes, Bradman and Harvey. The 20 not out he managed in the Lord's Test - his highest first-class score, made in a riotous tenth-wicket stand with Bill Johnston - gave him almost as much pleasure as his 5 for 40, which finished England off. Between the new-ball blitzes of Ray Lindwall, Keith Miller and Johnston every 55 overs, Toshack was the key element in tying England down. Nowhere was this ability better shown than in the Sussex match, when his 17 overs yielded only three scoring strokes. Against a decent line-up he bowled 32 overs in the match while conceding 29 runs.
At Bramall Lane, Sheffield, he recorded the best figures of his 48-match career - 7 for 81 off 40 successive strangling overs - bemusing the Yorkshire crowd with his distinctive `Ow Wizz Ee?!' appeal. When Toshack took 6 for 51 off 27 overs against MCC at Lord's, it was considered by Bradman to be his best performance of all. If only his fascinating duel with Denis Compton had been caught on film.
Toshack's harmless sense of fun was often on show. He would don a bowler hat, grab a furled umbrella, and shove a large cigar in his mouth, pretending to be a Pom. And when a Surrey member spotted him idly playing with a bread roll over lunch and asked him what would happen if he bowled it to Bradman, Toshack's instant reply was: "He'd hit it clean over the bakery, I expect."
His knee went in the fourth Test, the celebrated match when Australia hit 404 for 3 to win, and he played little after that. He underwent a cartilage operation in London, and by the start of the 1949-50 season, when he took nine wickets in the Shield match at Brisbane, a back injury made it all too painful, and a meteoric career was suddenly spent.
In later years, he was glad to welcome visitors to his home in Sydney's northern suburbs with a beer and a chuckle and a glance through his scrapbook, though he lost touch with his old team-mates until the 1998 round of Invincibles reunions. Toshack leaves a wife, Kathleen, a daughter, and several grandchildren, and with his passing, only eight of the original 17 Invincibles remain.
Wisden Cricketer's Almanack
One home advantage is not better or worse than the other, but this pitch had variable turn, bounce and pace to go with the fact that pitches that turn from ball one get worse with time
With India playing most of their Test cricket at home over the next 18 months, they will have to choose between their two quickest bowlers most of the time. A tricky choice, given Varun Aaron and Umesh Yadav's hit or miss tendencies
How Ross Taylor reconciled with New Zealand cricket and made the highest score by a visiting batsman in Australia
Plus: most runs in a Test by a New Zealander, and c&b by the same bowler twice in a Test
Stats highlights from the second day's play in Nagpur, where South Africa collapsed to their lowest total since their return to Test cricket
It refuses to let India play Pakistan there, but hasn't been forthcoming with reasons why
India faced strong resistance from Hashim Amla and Faf du Plessis on the third day, but R Ashwin, aided by a treacherous pitch, proved too relentless for them
In the last four years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of draws and big runs down under