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A young and very fiery Fred Trueman continued his personal assault on India's batsmen. Trueman had grabbed 15 wickets in his first two Tests, and this time added a further 8 for 31 in the first innings at Old Trafford as India crumbled to 58 all out. Tony Lock, making his debut, started the rot with a stunning catch at short leg to remove Vinoo Mankad, the first time Lock had touched the ball in Test cricket. He was then instrumental in bowling India out for 82 in the second innings, taking 4 for 36 in 9.3 overs, as 22 wickets fell in the day.
The birth of a phenomenon. The Twenty20 Cup was seen as a gimmick when it burst onto the English domestic scene in the summer of 2003. Bouncy castles, face-painting and speed-dating were some of the sideshows required to goad the punters through the county turnstiles, but for the first finals day at Trent Bridge, it was the cricket that reclaimed centre stage. Not even the appearance of the pop trio Atomic Kitten could distract from the totality of Surrey's victory. Adam Hollioake's men saw off Gloucestershire in the semis and Warwickshire in the final, and cricket, arguably, has never quite been the same since.
The last day of first-class cricket for Ian Botham. Halfway through Durham's tour match against the Australians, Beefy announced that it would be his last. After terrorising them on and off the field for 15 years, it wouldn't have been right if he'd bowed out against anyone else. He made 32 and went wicketless, but Botham had another way of stealing the limelight: he kept wicket for the last over of the match without gloves or pads.
While Botham was finishing up, Glen Chapple was flaying a century in 21 minutes and 27 balls - the fastest in first-class history. But you won't see it any record books. Chapple's hundred came against joke bowlers, Tony Cottey (6-0-121-0) and Matthew Maynard (6-0-110-1).
Birth of the first Anglo-Indian to play for India. And fittingly, Roger Binny was at his best in English conditions. A steady medium-pacer and a capable batsman who opened in India's Golden Jubilee Test, Binny made little impact in his first four years of international cricket. But his career took off when he was selected for the World Cup in 1983. He saved India from elimination with a match-winning display against Australia in Chelmsford, and conceded just 23 runs from 10 overs to help India to a stunning victory over West Indies in the final. Three years later Binny was instrumental in England's Test series defeat, taking 5 for 40 in India's victory at Headingley.
An injury-plagued fast bowler is born. When Dilhara Fernando burst onto the international scene, young and raw, he inspired hope that he would be the long-term replacement for Chaminda Vaas as the cutting edge of Sri Lanka's pace attack, but two stress fractures in 2004 hampered his career, and since 2007 he has been in and out of the side. Fernando has a well-disguised slower ball and can reverse swing it as well. One of his finest performances was when he took 6 for 27 to skittle England out for 104 in an ODI at the Premadasa Stadium in 2007.
England beat Pakistan by 73 runs in a one-day international to win the series 2-0. Mike Gatting top-scored with 76 and Ian Botham hit four sixes off Iqbal Qasim.
Birth of fast bowler Arthur Fielder, who played six Tests for England, all against Australia. He took a heroic 6 for 82 (nine wickets in the match) in the narrow defeat in Sydney in 1907-08. In 1906, he became the only person to take all 10 wickets in an innings for Players against Gentlemen at Lord's.
John Gunn was born, another whose six Tests were all against Australia. A hard-working allrounder, he bowled 42 overs in taking 5 for 76 in Adelaide in 1901-02. His uncle William and brother George also played for England.
No Ashes cricket whatsoever was played on July 19 in the entire 20th century. Before 2001, you have to rewind 102 years to Old Trafford, and the final day of a three-day draw. Earlier in the match, Tom Hayward top-scored with 130, Bill Bradley took a wicket with his first ball in Test cricket, and Australia's Monty Noble became the only batsman to score two Test fifties on the same day.
Robert Christiani, who was born on this day, had the misfortune of playing in the West Indies middle order at the same time as the three Ws. It is said that he was a far better batsman than his average of 26.35 in 22 Tests reveals. He was lbw on 99 in his first Test in Barbados. He was picked for the India tour in 1948-49 and became the first batsman from Guyana to score a century when, batting at No. 8, he made 107 in West Indies total of 631 in Delhi. He was a genuine allrounder who fielded well, bowled offspin and kept wicket. He also represented British Guiana as a hockey forward and football goalkeeper.