ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 / Features

Trial by pace for Australia and South Africa

These two teams have the best fast-bowling stats in Tests recently. A look at their pace stats, and the numbers for their batsmen against pace

S Rajesh

October 26, 2012

Comments: 29 | Text size: A | A

Dale Steyn pumps his fist as Michael Hussey departs, South Africa v Australia, 2nd Test, Johannesburg, 2nd day, November 18, 2011
Michael Hussey has been dismissed 11 times in Tests by Steyn, Morkel or Philander, and has scored 106 runs against them. His average: 9.64 © Getty Images

In a couple of weeks' time, the focus of the cricket world will shift back to Tests as two of the best sides lock horns with the No. 1 spot on the line: if Australia win the series by any margin, they will regain the top spot, with South Africa dropping to at least No. 3.

One of the key contests, especially given the type of pitches that are likely to be served up, will be the one between the pace attacks of the two teams. South Africa have three tried and tested fast bowlers in Dale Steyn, Morne Morkel and Vernon Philander, with the uncapped Rory Kleinveldt the only other fast bowler in their squad. Australia, on the other hand, will be led by Ben Hilfenhaus and Peter Siddle, but they have the greater fast-bowling depth, with Mitchell Starc, James Pattinson and Pat Cummins all in the mix for a Test slot.

Both teams also have the best fast-bowling stats among all teams in the last 20 months. In the 2010-11 Ashes, England completely dominated the Australian bowlers in that famous 3-1 series win, but since then the Australian attack has played key roles in series wins against Sri Lanka, India and West Indies. Their performances have also helped Australia climb from fifth spot on the ICC table in January 2011, to third now.

Similarly, South Africa's attack has served them well in series wins against Sri Lanka, New Zealand, and, most crucially, in their 2-0 victory in England, when they comfortably outperformed the home team's pace attack. During this period Australia have a win-loss ratio of 4.50, and South Africa 3.00; only Pakistan come between these two.

In terms of the overall averages of fast bowlers during this period, Australia and South Africa are bunched together very closely, with only 0.09 separating the averages of the two sides. England have fallen away a bit during this period due to their poor performances against South Africa.

Team-wise stats for fast bowlers in Tests since Feb 2011
Team Tests Wickets Average Strike rate 5WI/ 10WM
South Africa 11 168 24.61 48.6 11/ 2
Australia 14 186 24.70 52.1 8/ 0
England 18 214 29.25 61.3 7/ 1
West Indies 18 174 31.02 61.5 7/ 1
Pakistan 14 88 31.78 61.0 3/ 0
New Zealand 11 122 32.08 55.9 6/ 0
India 16 134 38.92 68.1 4/ 1
Sri Lanka 17 98 50.84 86.7 2/ 0

Among the fast bowlers who have taken at least 25 Test wickets during this period, the six best averages all belong to bowlers from Australia and South Africa, which indicates how dominant their pace attack has been. Australia have also had significant contributions from Nathan Lyon, their offspinner, who has taken 42 wickets at 27.83, but much of the damage has been inflicted by pace. After an utterly insipid Ashes series, Hilfenhaus has rediscovered himself and has taken 37 wickets at 18.18, while Siddle has been the leading wicket-taker for Australia with 43 at 24.39. Ryan Harris has been outstanding too - especially in overseas Tests - with 27 wickets at 23.07, but a shoulder surgery is likely to keep him out of the South Africa series.

South Africa's attack has been bolstered significantly by the addition of Philander, who has so far had an unbelievable run in Tests - his 63 wickets have come at a rate of 33 balls per wicket, overshadowing even Steyn's 49 wickets at a strike rate of 49. Morkel's stats are relatively modest compared to those of Philander and Steyn - 37 wickets at an average of 30.78.

The best among the quick bowlers from other sides is Stuart Broad, with 73 wickets from 17 Tests at 25.30. (Click here for the full list of fast bowlers who have taken 25 or more wickets during this period.)

Best Test averages among fast bowlers since Feb 2011 (Qual: 25 wickets)
Bowler Tests Wickets Average Strike rate 5WI/ 10WM
Vernon Philander 10 63 15.96 33.1 7/ 2
Ben Hilfenhaus 7 37 18.18 43.6 2/ 0
James Pattinson 5 26 18.96 33.8 2/ 0
Ryan Harris 7 27 23.07 51.3 1/ 0
Peter Siddle 10 43 24.39 47.9 1/ 0
Dale Steyn 11 49 24.87 49.1 2/ 0

With so much onus on fast bowlers, the winner of this contest will also depend on which team bats better against pace. Here's a look at the stats of batsmen from these two teams against pace in Tests overs the last five years.

At the very outset it needs to be mentioned that the averages against pace depend on the quality of quick bowling that batsmen from these two sides have encountered in these five years. While most batsmen in the list below have similar averages against pace and against all types of bowling since 2008, there's one notable exception. Michael Hussey has had a bit of a slump during this period, with his average dropping from 80.58 before 2008 to 41.93 in 54 Tests since then, but even that average is much better than his numbers against pace during this period: his average against seam and swing bowling drops to 33.26, more than eight below his overall average during this period.

Even more worrying are Hussey's stats against South Africa's three leading quick bowlers: Steyn, Morkel and Philander have dismissed him 11 times, conceding just 106 runs, which means Hussey's average against them is a measly 9.64. Steyn and Morkel have accounted for ten of those 11 dismissals, conceding 101 runs.

For most of the others, the overall averages over these five years are fairly close to their averages against pace. Michael Clarke, Graeme Smith, Hashim Amla and AB de Villiers have higher averages against pace than their overall average since the beginning of 2008, but Jacques Kallis' average against seam and swing drops by around four runs (compared to his overall average) as does Ricky Ponting's. Hussey, Ponting and Kallis have all been terrific batsmen but are all older than 37, which suggests age might have slightly slowed their reflexes and made them more susceptible against pace. With a key series coming up, though, their captains will be hoping otherwise.

Australian and South African batsmen versus pace in Tests since Jan 2008
Batsman Runs Dismissals Average Run rate Overall ave*
Michael Clarke 2769 53 52.24 3.25 49.72
Graeme Smith 2650 45 58.88 3.77 55.70
Hashim Amla 2563 42 61.02 3.43 58.26
Ricky Ponting 2553 67 38.10 3.69 42.09
AB de Villiers 2194 33 66.48 3.53 61.12
Michael Hussey 2096 63 33.26 2.87 41.93
Jacques Kallis 1977 40 49.42 2.97 54.17
Shane Watson 1660 43 38.60 3.40 38.74
Alviro Petersen 891 17 52.41 3.26 42.39
David Warner 555 11 50.45 4.58 42.14
JP Duminy 549 14 39.21 2.72 37.57
Jacques Rudolph 426 11 38.72 3.15 37.14
* Since Jan 2008

S Rajesh is stats editor of ESPNcricinfo. Follow him on Twitter

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Comments: 29 
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Posted by SIva on (October 29, 2012, 11:49 GMT)

There will be no green tops this summer due to the weather we have in Australia now. Last year when India came here I thought it will be a good contest but ended up one-way traffic. I hope SA won't be like Indians. We know how to control Amlas and Simiths as we have done before. Clarke's captaincy will prevail against Smith's. Go Ausiee.

Posted by Dummy4 on (October 29, 2012, 8:44 GMT)

One thing is for sure. For South Africa, this series would be much tougher than the one they played against England. Australia, as is their wont, will fight all the way and can fairly be expected to put it across to the South Africans. Much will depend on SA's batting line-up, which does look superior than Australia's on current form, to set the tone.

Posted by Dale on (October 28, 2012, 21:25 GMT)

Going to be awesome series --- just hope there is no injuries, South Africa have a great starting 11, but if one of their 3 quicks gets injured they may be in trouble. Aussie is always very hard to beat at home. Main battle will be the quicks, but for South Africa is win they need their batsman to really stand up and score big as well. If Amla gets on one of his runs of form then I pick SA. My concern is that SA often seem to have trouble putting the final nail in coffin against the Aussies.

Posted by P Subramani on (October 28, 2012, 12:04 GMT)

Meety thank you for your correction. I had mistakenly thought it would be a full series this time around. But there will not be any green tops I assure you. And the result will still be 2-0 in Saffers favour !

Posted by Dave on (October 28, 2012, 5:12 GMT)

@Meety/Percy. Yes, I was just about to have a little crack at that comment myself - beaten to the post by the Meetman!. Regardless, in the last 20 SAf vs Aus tests (since 2001) there has only been 1 draw! (excellent pitches plus good bowling?) - 14-5 to the Aussies btw. I imagine that this series will also produce results in all 3 games, 2-1 to someone my pick.

Posted by Andrew on (October 28, 2012, 0:41 GMT)

@Percy_Fender on (October 27 2012, 16:13 PM GMT) - that is the most hilarious comment I have seen in ages. Congrats, the bit about the Saffas winning 2-0 with 3 draws in a 3-test series is pure Gold! Even going onto say that we'll have placid pitches - genius!

Posted by Dummy4 on (October 27, 2012, 23:01 GMT)

Well written and informative article! relevant and vital points were made but still I must say South Africa today has the edge on pace bowling. Dale Steyn will enjoy bowling on these pitches should be a cracker of a series 2-1 to either side in my view.

Posted by Jason on (October 27, 2012, 21:03 GMT)

This is a series that is up to the bowlers. Our quicks must take early wickets, because SAF are a brilliantly balanced side who will carve us up if we lose two sessions in a row. Thankfully, after watching the early season form of Ponting in Shield cricket, I think that the naysayers are in for a bit of a surprise. He is moving better than I can remember - and he is back in charge of the short ball, with the majestic pivot on the back foot right back in action. 162 no at the MCG, Shield top scorer......doubt him at your peril. Will Watto prove to himself that he is what we all know him to be - the all-rounder that Australia needs? Warner won't take a backward step, and there are finally some batsmen in Shield in form to take up the mantle if Hussey's family issues hold him back (btw, we all feel for you, Huss.) Then there's Pup, who has a great way of managing his side in the field and whose batting has been a Gibraltar. Bring it on.

Posted by Dummy4 on (October 27, 2012, 19:30 GMT)

Lookin for another great contest b2wn des 2 sides....Must b great series as it has been for d last 4 5 series.....

Posted by P Subramani on (October 27, 2012, 16:13 GMT)

I do'nt think Australia will have green tops because they will be destroyed if they do that. Against India they could do so because that was the best way of undermining their aging superstars of another day. The other thing is that in Smith, Amla,Kallis Duminy and De Villiers the Saffers have a better batting line up than Australia. I expect S Africa to win 2-0. There will be three draws because of the placid wickets that we are going to see in this series. In Australia, the curators know what type of wickets suit their team. They would rather settle for easy wickets.

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S Rajesh Stats editor Every week the Numbers Game takes a look at the story behind the stats, with an original slant on facts and figures. The column is edited by S Rajesh, ESPNcricinfo's stats editor in Bangalore. He did an MBA in marketing, and then worked for a year in advertising, before deciding to chuck it in favour of a job which would combine the pleasures of watching cricket and writing about it. The intense office cricket matches were an added bonus.

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