IPL 2013 May 23, 2013

Why the teams finished where they did

Shiva Jayaraman
An analysis of how the teams performed in the league phase of IPL 2013, and the players who shaped those performances

With this IPL season nearing its end, here's a look at what cost the teams a playoff berth, and what worked for those that made it. This piece analyses overall performance with bat and ball, and also identifies the individual performers that stood out for each team. To this end, the first-innings totals have been classified as 'above-par' and 'below-par'. The average first-innings score during the league stage was 157, so totals of 157 or more have been classified as 'above-par' and scores below 157 have been classified as 'below-par'.

Batsmen scoring at an average equal to, or more than, the average (25.47) of all top-order batsmen (Nos. 1 to 7) in the tournament and scoring at a strike rate equal to, or more than, the average strike rate (121.95) of all top-order batsmen in the tournament make their way to the 'top batsmen' list. Bowlers with an economy equal to, or less than, the average economy (7.52) in the league stage and and wickets at a strike rate equal to or less than the average strike rate (21.4) made the 'top bowlers' list. A minimum of eight innings is taken as a criterion to filter out the batsmen and bowlers who weren't regulars in their teams.

Match results classification based on average league stage score
  Batting first Fielding first
  Scores => 157 Scores < 157 Runs conc => 157 Runs conc < 157
Team Lost Won Lost Won Lost Won Lost Won
Daredevils 0 1 6 0 7 1 0 1
Warriors 2 3 2 0 5 0 3 1
KKR 1 1 4 1 4 0 1 4
Kings XI 0 3 5 0 2 3 1 2
RCB 4 4* 2 1 1 1 0 3
Sunrisers 3 0 1 4 2 0 0 6
Royals 1 2 3 1 1 2 1 5
Mum Indians 0 6 1 0 3 3 1 2
Super Kings 0 6 1 0 1* 3 3 2
* CSK's rain-curtailed match against RCB is classified as an above-par score

Number of top-performing players from each team
Teams Top batsmen Top bowlers
Daredevils 2 0
Warriors 1 0
KKR 2 3
Kings XI 1 0
RCB 4 1
Sunrisers 2 3
Royals 4* 2*
Mum Indians 3 4
Super Kings 4 2

*: Shane Watson included in both top batsmen and bowlers

Delhi Daredevils

Both batsmen and bowlers let the team down. Daredevils hit an average-or-higher score only once in the seven games they batted first in. On the other hand, their bowlers conceded a first-innings score of 157 or more in eight out of nine matches. Of these matches, their batsmen failed to chase successfully on all but one occasion - when they chased down 162 against Mumbai. Unfortunately for Daredevils, there were no rearguard actions from their bowlers either. Daredevils lost all the six matches defending below-par totals. None of their bowlers figure in the list of top-performers. Only Ben Rohrer, who played eight games, and David Warner managed to perform above the tournament average for batsmen.

Pune Warriors
Warriors managed to score above par five out of seven times in the first innings. However, their bowlers could not defend two of these totals. Where it went completely wrong for them was in their chases - their batsmen chased successfully only once in nine attempts. In four of these nine matches, Warriors were chasing below-average scores, but they managed to win only one. Only Aaron Finch performed above par for them, scoring 456 runs at a strike rate of 135.7 in the tournament. None of their bowlers figure in the list of above-par performances.

Kings XI Punjab
Kings XI, similar to their previous campaigns, won just enough games to end up in the middle of the table. Their batsmen disappointed, scoring below average first-innings scores in five out of eight matches, but they nearly made up by chasing down a couple of high scores - thanks to their best batsman of the season, David Miller. The bowlers conceded above par first-innings scores in five out of eight games and also did not make up for the batsmen's poor performance, failing to defend some low scores. Not surprisingly, Miller was the top batsman from their side. None of their bowlers were above par.

Kolkata Knight Riders
The Knight Riders batsmen put up above-par runs in only two of the seven matches they batted first in. They were also one of three teams that failed to chase down a single above-par target. Their bowlers conceded four above-par totals in away matches, which proved too much for Knight Riders' batsmen to chase, considering their slow strike rates. Yusuf Pathan and Eoin Morgan were the batsmen to perform above par. Gautam Gambhir was not one of their top batsmen, notwithstanding his four half centuries: his strike rate was much lower than the season average. They were clearly a better bowling unit, with three of their bowlers - Sunil Narine, Jacques Kallis and Sachitra Senanayake - performing above par.

Royal Challengers Bangalore
Their batsman posted eight above-average scores - most for a team this season - out of the 11 times they batted first. However, their bowlers managed to defend only four of these totals. After Sunrisers, Royal Challengers had the worst success rate in defending above-par targets this season. With Chris Gayle, Virat Kohli and AB de Villiers in the side, they were one of the best batting units of the season. Moises Henriques also figured as one of the top batsmen. Their bowling, though, derailed their campaign. Ravi Rampaul, who missed six games, was their best bowler. Vinay Kumar, notwithstanding his 23 wickets, was not one of the top performers, because of his high economy rate of 8.19.

Sunrisers Hyderabad
All ten of Sunrisers' wins in the league phase involved below-par scores. Their bowlers managed to restrict the opposition in six of the eight occasions they bowled first. Sunrisers won all those six matches. Sunrisers' bowlers also managed to defend four of the five below-par scores put up by their batsmen. Their batsman scored above average in only three of the eight innings in which they batted first. However, to their credit, Sunrisers batsmen managed to successfully finish all six low-scoring games set up by their bowlers. Dale Steyn, Amit Mishra and Karan Sharma were the top bowlers for Sunrisers. Shikhar Dhawan and Darren Sammy, who both played only nine games, were their top batsmen.

Rajasthan Royals
The fact that Rahul Dravid and Ajinkya Rahane were not among their four best batsmen says a lot about their batting strength. Royals also had the best allrounder - Shane Watson - who figured among the top batsmen and top bowlers this season. Royals were good at chasing, seven of their ten wins came batting second. Not all the credit for their success goes to their batsmen, though: out of the nine targets set by the opposition, six were below-par scores. Watson, Brad Hodge, Stuart Binny and Sanju Samson were their top batsmen. James Faulkner and Watson were the top bowlers.

Mumbai Indians
Mumbai posted above-par scores seven out of the ten times they batted first in the tournament. And their bowlers ensured that their team won six of those seven games - sharp contrast to Royal Challengers, who suffered because of their weak bowling attack. Mumbai's batsmen also managed to chase two of the four above-par totals conceded by their bowlers. A favour returned by their bowlers, who defended a couple of low scores. Mumbai had four bowlers - Mitchell Johnson, Harbhajan Singh, Lasith Malinga and Pragyan Ojha - among the top performers for the tournament. Rohit Sharma, Dinesh Karthik and Keiron Pollard were their top batsmen.

Chennai Super Kings
Super Kings' batsmen were consistent in high-scoring matches. They won nine out of 12 such games, six batting first and three while chasing. Their batsmen failed to post an above-par total in only one of the seven matches in which they batted first. Their bowlers also did their bit by restricting the opposition to below-par scores on three occasions. Needless to say, with Super Kings, their fielding also played a significant role in restricting the opposition. Four of their batsmen - Michael Hussey, Suresh Raina, MS Dhoni, and Ravindra Jadeja - figured among the top batsmen of the tournament. Mohit Sharma and R Ashwin were among the top bowlers.

Shiva Jayaraman is sub-editor stats at ESPNcricinfo

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • shankar on May 24, 2013, 18:39 GMT

    IPL needs to get rid of the playoff format. Reasons why it is a stupid format: (1) The probability of one of the top two teams reaching final is 100%. (2) The probability of one of the bottom two teams (3rd and 4th teams) not making it to the final is 100%. (3) The probability of the bottom two teams reaching the final is only 25%. (4) The Q1 loser gets another chance to go to the final, while the loser of 3/4 team is out and does not get a chance. A better format is the hockey Olympics format, where the losing semi-finalists play for the 3rd spot. This way all four teams have 50% chance of making it to the final. And all four teams get equal chance to finish 3rd.

  • Dummy4 on May 24, 2013, 17:48 GMT

    Dwayne Bravo is not considered top bowler for CSK? I hope this is only an error.

  • Dummy4 on May 24, 2013, 15:17 GMT

    While analyzing bowlers, economy rate alone is insufficient and unfair to the pacers. Equally important is the percentage of overs bowled that are powerplay overs or the death overs (18 - 20).

    There are a disproportionately higher number of spinners in the top bowlers list here - and that's not surprising because spinners tend to bowl far fewer overs in the powerplay and also fewer death overs. In almost all teams, pacers (incl. slow medium pacers) outnumber spinners by 3:2 but on the list above, there are as many spinners as there are pacers.

  • Dummy4 on May 24, 2013, 14:36 GMT

    LOL Lord Rohit Sharma and Sir Ravindra Jadeja as top batsmen

  • SIdhant on May 24, 2013, 13:27 GMT

    I think the analysis is a fair try and ppl have been too harsh on the writer. One way I suggest to improve the article is to add another criteria of a miminum of 350 runs and a batsman needs to be satisfy atleast 2 of the 3 criteria for being a top batsman and for bowlers a minimum of 15 wickets and he needs to satisfy 2 of 3 mentioned criterias to qualify as a top bowler.

  • Sumit on May 24, 2013, 12:12 GMT

    Too much generalization in the analysis.First table doesn't seem to give (m)any insights. Second table is also flawed: Punjab with just 1 'top' player had 4 points more than KKR with 5 'top' players (team effort?). Averages and strike rates need to be compared on ground/venue basis not on tournament average basis. A batting strike rate of 122 may be excellent in Hyderabad/Kolkata but poor in Bangalore/Chennai. Similarly, a bowling economy rate of 8 could be excellent in Bangalore and a rate of 7 could be poor in Hyderabad. Finally, 2 criteria (i.e. both average and strike rate) may not be required for exceptional players. For eg. a player with batting strike rate 150 and average 20 is better than one with strike rate of 122 and average of 25. So an 'exceptional' criteria could also be kept for impact players.

  • Dummy4 on May 24, 2013, 11:32 GMT

    RR are really done well against SRH in spite their bad names against their team it's all because of dravid. mr cool really goes to dravid rather than dhoni. RR going to rock this IPL.

  • Nagarajan on May 24, 2013, 11:08 GMT

    Really Mr.Shiva Jayaraman I may agree with your other teams analysis but RR?... You should have checked the stats before writing this article... Dravid and Rahane not in Royals top 4 batters... u must be kidding me, the fact they both are in top 10 run scorers list along with Watto(with 400+ runs) and the fact that Rahane won 5 MOM awards(3 in a row) and Dravid with 2 proves otherwise... Watson and Binny I definitely agree but the other 2 should be Dravid and Rahane... Hodge and Samson definitely deserve a mention...

  • Dummy4 on May 24, 2013, 10:54 GMT

    The word: 'Par' features about 31 times in this article. Along with the word 'Average' which features 16 times....

    There is some redundancy there I think and it makes for a dull and repetitive read.