Rob Steen
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Sportswriter and senior lecturer in sports journalism at the University of Brighton

South Africa's new bogeymen

Are England bowlers. While on paper, the South Africans look better, in the pivotal moments it is England who have prevailed

Rob Steen

March 9, 2011

Comments: 15 | Text size: A | A

James Anderson brought England back into the contest with a brilliant mid-innings spell, England v South Africa, Group B, World Cup, Chennai, March 6, 2011
James Anderson tormented the South African batsmen with McGrath-like accuracy © Getty Images
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Easy like Sunday morning, eh? Not likely Lionel, my dear old thing. Not if you were rubbing the sleep from your eyes in deepest Sussex, it wasn't. Not if you gave a hoot about what was happening in Chennai. And certainly not if your idea of easy is a bump-free ride with Handy Andy and his Mighty Erratics.

Some wildly extravagant claims were made on behalf of the previous Sunday's improbable 676-run Anglo-Indian all-squarer (how improbable can readily be gleaned, not so much from the fact that, of the 47 previous tied ODIs, just one had yielded more runs - 680 by New Zealand and England in Napier three years ago - but that the next highest aggregate had been 540). Inasmuch as England had two wickets intact as the penultimate ball was propelled, leaving all three results possible, it was tempting, admittedly, to rush headlong to such lavish conclusions, but this should have been resisted.

Sporting encounters require at least a vestige of balance to secure their own folder on one's inner hard drive, and cricket purists are arguably the hardest to please. Not only do we want both protagonists to have a chance of victory, we also want variety, which means batsmen and bowlers - and, ideally, seamers and spinners - must be on a reasonably level footing. And notwithstanding one magnificent late spell by Tim Bresnan and a similarly swift burst of equal magnitude by Zaheer Khan, which together accounted for roughly five of the 100 overs, that Bangalore bash was a clear knockout for the flat-track bullies, as is the way with far too many ODIs. Fortunately, courtesy of an unexpectedly chirpy Chennai strip, we witnessed something rather beautiful, something bearing a welcome resemblance to a proper game of cricket.

And about time too. Since the last World Cup, the spirit of adventure, stirred by Twenty20 and sweetened by the advent of the batting Powerplay, has seen the pendulum swing to an intolerable degree. Consider the following exhibits. From January 1971 until shortly before the 2006 Champions Trophy, the average ODI total was 209; over the past two years that mean has surged to just south of 253. Of the 51 scores of 350 or more in the 3122 ODIs played up to midnight on Monday, more than 60%, 33, had been slammed and slugged in 626 games since February 1, 2007, along with more than half, eight, of the 15 highest successful all-time chases. And while South Africa boast the highest overall run-rate with 4.93 per over, and 4.86 up to the start of the 2009 Champions Trophy, the first major event to deploy the batting Powerplay, all eight senior nations have exceeded 4.96 since then, seven of them 5.13 or better. A question, assuredly, of extreme imbalance.

That's why Chennai was such a vital and timely tonic for this tournament, not to say the flagging viability of the 50-over flog. In India, the batsmen had been gorging - unstoppably, nauseatingly; how many times in one day do you need to see fielders gazing forlornly into the distance? But now, glory be, came a banquet for the bowlers. Did the pendulum swing too far the other way? Not if drama and suspense are your bag. Forty-four percent of the one-wicket wins in ODIs (20 out of 45 as of Monday night) have involved targets of under 220; just over half of the one-run victories (13 out of 25) had seen the victors defend fewer than 230. Need we remind ourselves that the greatest World Cup match of all, the 1999 semi-final between Australia and South Africa, finished in a 213-213 tie? Gluttony does not necessarily beget nourishment.

Amid the rabid clamour for exotic strokeplay and DLF Maximums it is all too easy to confuse bowlers with waiters and busboys. That's why Chennai cheered the soul. Just over an hour elapsed between the last ball of the 32nd over, when Jimmy Anderson's McGrathian outswinger did for AB de Villiers, and the fourth ball of the 48th, when Morne Morkel wafted Stuart Broad to Matt Prior, sealing the outcome. Such was the tension, so uncertain the tide amid that don't-leave-your-seat, don't-blink passage, with fielders clustering the bat, boundaries a fanciful dream and swashers buckling, here was the climactic fifth day of a Test in all but name and kit. Cricket, in any language, at its best.

Yet at the risk of sounding ungrateful, something still nagged. We have a batting Powerplay, but why not a bowling one? OK, we do have one, but in name only: all the fielding side are actually permitted to do is invite the opposition to rack up even more runs on the cheap. Why not offer a five-over option during which the fielding captain can toss the ball to whomever he sees fit, even if they have already completed their allocation? Every major regulation change in recent memory has been devised to benefit batsmen; isn't about time some crumbs were thrown to the bowlers?

THE MOST INTRIGUING aspect of that Chennai cheerer was the way it continued a remarkable and unexpected trend. In their last 18 meetings with South Africa in all formats, beginning with the 2008 Oval Test in 2008, England, having failed to win even one of the nations' 10 previous duels, have prevailed three times as often as they've lost (12 to four). In ODIs alone, the score is 8-1 - again, no small feat given that they'd lost the previous five. Of South Africa's other 80 international fixtures during that span, 55 have been won and 21 lost. Prima facie evidence, you would imagine, of a budding hoodoo. But to what can we attribute this extraordinary shift?

 
 
For the first 15 years after South Africa returned from isolation their bogeymen were scions of Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Sydney. Now they hail from Burnley, Nottingham, Northampton and Gateshead. I can think of more unlikely regime changes, but not many
 

For the first 15 years after South Africa returned from isolation their bogeymen were scions of Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Sydney. Now they hail from Burnley, Nottingham, Northampton and Gateshead. I can think of more unlikely regime changes, but not many.

Man for man, nevertheless, it doesn't really stack up. Not on paper, anyway. South Africa have been able to call on the more muscular, more urgent top five, the more lethal new-ball duo and the most productive allrounder in the history of international cricket; only in spin have England held a discernible edge, and few pitches have suited that particular suit. And while those 18 games have seen them edge the 50-plus scores (35 to 32), four of the six highest run-aggregators are South Africa's. The wickets column clarifies the picture to a degree - Broad (42), Anderson (36) and Graeme Swann (28) have all struck more often than the opposition's best (Morkel, 27) - but even then, England have only collected 184 to South Africa's 160: an advantage of 1.33 per game. Not what a mathematician would call a terribly significant stat, and certainly not one capable of explaining England's supremacy. At 117 to 103, the catch count is barely more illuminating.

Timing, as ever, is everything, and England have been demonstrably superior in the pivotal moments. Think Graham Onions staving off seemingly certain defeat in Centurion and Newlands; Broad, Swann and Mike Yardy whisking out the first five for 53 in the World Twenty20 in Barbados; Anderson confining De Villiers and Albie Morkel to singles in the final over of last year's one-run sneak in Johannesburg; Broad flinging down the gauntlet to Smith during the 2009 Champions Trophy and inducing a top edge; Swann choking de Villiers and Anderson unearthing those gems for de Villiers and JP Duminy on Sunday, and Broad docking the tail with such ruthless efficiency. All these games might easily have been lost; none was. In all five of the teams' closest limited-overs debates, no less revealingly, South Africa have stumbled chasing. And that Chennai choke, having been 124 for 3 and 160 for 7 pursuing 172, should be comfortably the most numbing. All of which suggests that while they are ahead in the paper game, they are losing the mind one by some considerable distance.

But why? This comparatively barren sequence began immediately after Smith had personally ended another, a wonderful unbeaten 154 at Edgbaston having secured his country's first Test series victory in England in more than four decades. Was the joy and relief so immense that he convinced himself the opposition were unworthy and failed to re-instill the requisite steel? Possibly, but surely that sense of superiority has now expired. That the England order has tended to include a few blokes who could have been batting for the opposition may have been more telling, not least since, for the last dozen encounters, they've been led by a bloke born in Smith's own hometown.

Rob Steen is a sportswriter and senior lecturer in sports journalism at the University of Brighton

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Posted by voma on (March 10, 2011, 19:45 GMT)

South Africa fans are so funny , talk about sore losers . Yeah right England won the match cos of the toss and pitch wearing ! . What utter rubbish , We bowled the saffers out without even breaking into a sweat

Posted by jackiethepen on (March 10, 2011, 18:08 GMT)

Why knock the previous games? They were utterly absorbing and thrilling as well. To tie with India before a packed home crowd all screaming their heads off took some doing as well. It was a great game. How could it have been easy? That is just nonsense. And Ireland would not have won but for an extraordinary knock by Kev O'Brien. Why take away from his achievement?

Posted by gazza2010 on (March 10, 2011, 17:54 GMT)

OK... I have to poke a few holes in the arguments:

Rob, in trying to prove that lower scoring games are more exciting than high scoring ones points out that "just over half of the one-run victories (13 out of 25) had seen the victors defend fewer than 230". Surely it therefore holds that just under half these close finshes were in high scoring games? So we can statistically prove that close finshes are equally likely to happen in low- and high-scoring games.

When Rob wonders whether England are SA's bogeymen, he refers to the English team as coming from "Burnley, Nottingham, Northampton and Gateshead". He probably should add Cape Town, Johannesburg and Pietermaritzburg to that list as no fewer than four SA born players were playing in Chennai. Why do you think losing to these guys hurts so much?!

Posted by   on (March 10, 2011, 16:23 GMT)

SA still need to strengthen their lower middle order i feel thats where they are a bit weak.

Posted by   on (March 10, 2011, 13:37 GMT)

Who made him a writer? Gosh, he is a professor too!! I dont understand, do ppl close their eyes when these so called 'flat track bullies' even thrash the opposition on fast pitches? or is that memory so horrifying for them that it gets erased by itself as means of coping.

Posted by   on (March 10, 2011, 12:12 GMT)

SA has no bogeymen except themselves. They alone have this uncanny ability to snatch defeat from the jaws of victory. SA public know this. This is why they are aptly labelled "chokers".

Posted by Seether1 on (March 10, 2011, 7:19 GMT)

You guys are right. Rob Steen has always had a hard time rating SA very highly. For example referring to Kallis as "the most productive allrounder in the history of international cricket" whereas Botham, and in future Flintoff, would be referred to as a legendary all-rounder. Please Mr. Steen, remove all your imports and then judge how strong Endland really is.

Posted by lucy82 on (March 10, 2011, 2:17 GMT)

Seems that people can't bear to give England any credit. Any match they win has to have a load of excuses from some people.

Posted by rjansen on (March 9, 2011, 14:50 GMT)

Rob Steen has never been a SA fan.

First of all why would you start your stats from the Oval test? Start at the beginning of that series, the Lord's Test on 10 July 2008.

Individual Tests: SA won 3, Eng won 2, Drawn 3. Test Series: SA won 1, Eng won 0, Drawn 1.

In T20: SA won 2, Eng won 2, 1 abandoned

ODIs: SA won 1, Eng won 8

So in other words, since SA visited Eng in 2008, they've won the Test contest, drawn the T20, and lost the ODI.

Admittedly 8-1 is quite a shocking margin in ODI's, but the test dominance does offset that a little. And England baaarely managed to hang on in South Africa, otherwise the Test scorecard would be very one-sided.

In any case, please go ahead and read what you will into Sunday's game. The fact is the pitch was very hard to bat on, and only got worse as the game went on. If someone should be blamed it is the SA top 5, not their middle and late order (who got more runs than their England counterparts)

Posted by diri on (March 9, 2011, 10:55 GMT)

Dont get happy , SA are still the better side with more exciting players

Posted by Marktc on (March 9, 2011, 10:17 GMT)

Ireland beat England...so the guys with apparently less talent can come through on tops sometimes. SA have lost one match and they lost it more than England won it, let's be honest.

Posted by tgoat on (March 9, 2011, 8:24 GMT)

Oh please SA made one mistake in that match and that was to take the spin bowlers off when England were 15 for 3 ,I think the pitch played a major factor for eg Swann to smith was almost unplayable and if you look at Andersons figures compared to the other matches it he goes form most expensive to one of the most economical and if you look at how England bowled they pretty much just landed the ball and the pitch did the rest,they are not even close to being good enough and in every match they play with their weak bowling attack where conditions are more 50/50 for both teams and they do not get as much assistance they will get slaughtered again as was the case before this match ,where they were just lucky to win a great toss.

Posted by SayakBhattacharyya on (March 9, 2011, 7:27 GMT)

@Rob : By the word flat track bully in India vs. England match, did you refer to Andrew Strauss or SRT? I feel neither of them are flat track bullies.

Posted by DaisonGarvasis on (March 9, 2011, 7:08 GMT)

Rob, its a very well compiled comparison. Every chance was there that nobody would have noticed such good story of dominence by the English. However, as you said, on Paper SA are still the one with a much stronger Spin Department. Call them Chocker or anything but until they are officially out of the world cup, they still are the favorites. Point to be noted is that "the most productive allrounder in the history of international cricket" is yet to fire and yet SA have done reasonably well in the WC so far. Anyways, good points made in the piece and thanks for that.

Posted by   on (March 9, 2011, 6:02 GMT)

Nice one, don't forget the South Africa Vs Sri Lanka match in the last WC. RSA were cruising until Malinga struck 4 in 4 and they trully manaed to win the game from the skin of their teeth.

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Rob Steen Rob Steen is a sportswriter and senior lecturer in sports journalism at the University of Brighton, whose books include biographies of Desmond Haynes and David Gower (Cricket Society Literary Award winner) and 500-1 - The Miracle of Headingley '81. His investigation for the Wisden Cricketer, "Whatever Happened to the Black Cricketer?", won the UK section of the 2005 EU Journalism Award "For diversity, against discrimination". His latest book, Floodlights and Touchlines: A History of Spectator Sport, will be published in the summer of 2014

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