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Editor, ESPNcricinfo

The ICC's decision needs a review

The men charged with running the game have settled on a compromise as old as the game: the boy who brings the bat plays by his rules

Sambit Bal

June 28, 2011

Comments: 105 | Text size: A | A

Ryan Harris called for a review immediately after being given out lbw, Australia v England, 2nd Test, Adelaide, December 3, 2010
India's stand against the DRS has nothing to do with Graeme Swann's guile, but playing conditions for a sport should not be tailored to accommodate individual preferences © Getty Images

Confronted with the opportunity to find a judicious solution to the impasse over the Decision Review System, the men charged with running the game settled on a compromise of the most spurious kind. It's also the oldest one known to anyone who's played cricket as a child: the boy who brings the bat plays by his rules.

The ICC's decision makes room for two varieties of officially sanctioned review systems: one by which India will play and one for the rest. Tennis has some tournaments with decision reviews and some without - and sometimes there are discrepancies within a tournament - but players don't get to choose their own terms.

Playing without Hawk-Eye doesn't, unlike what some naïve suggestions in sections of the English media say, grant India a special advantage. Nor are Indian batsmen cowering in fear of Graeme Swann's sharpness with the ball-tracking technology. However, playing conditions for a sport should not be tailored to accommodate individual likes, apprehensions and convenience. No sport can afford to have multiple playing conditions.

The ICC had the opportunity to get rid of the anomalies in the system that made for irregular application of the DRS: India didn't like it, some boards couldn't afford it, and the reliance on broadcasters to provide the technology meant inconsistent standards in every country. The challenge was to find a system acceptable to all the Test-playing nations so that it could be universally applied.

From the outset, the DRS has been flawed, which is understandable given the complications. It has also gone through several small and major refinements, and while some concerns have been addressed, many remain. Some of them were articulated in this piece by Sidharth Monga. However, the broad agreement among the Test-playing nations, barring India, was that the system's utility outweighed its flaws.

The BCCI has been a rigid opponent of ball-tracking technology, but it rarely bothers to explain its position beyond making cryptic and stern statements. Some of its officials who have made comments in the media have sounded ill-informed. A few days ago a former BCCI secretary was quoted opposing the system on the grounds that it cost $60,000 a day. The ICC clarified that it cost about $5000. It was suggested that India's two most influential players, MS Dhoni and Sachin Tendulkar, do not trust it. The BCCI president has himself said on record that ball-tracking technology was "a case of someone else's imagination versus the umpire's imagination". He perhaps meant judgement. And since the BCCI generally arouses fear and loathing in the rest of the cricket world, there has been a closing of ranks among opinion makers over the DRS.

Personally I have always held the view that in case of lbw decisions, the line should be drawn at the point of impact. Where the ball pitches and where it is intercepted by the pad are easily determined by visual evidence, and not dissimilar to the manner in which line decisions have been decided by camera pictures for years. To rely on the predicted path of the ball, though, is to make a leap of faith not only in the technologies - there are two purveyors at the moment - but also in the people who operate them.

The ICC also needed to address two other fundamental flaws. The funding of DRS has remained a contentious matter since its inception. The broadcasters are right to not accept the responsibility for guaranteeing the technology required to implement the system. The full package, including Hot Spot, is beyond the means of many cricket boards, which barely break even.

This leads to the question of control. The ICC pays and governs the umpires, whereas the broadcasters contract the technology providers, without exception. While they provide crucial inputs to decision-making, the broadcasters fall outside the direct supervision of the game's governing body. In effect, the DRS is a system that neither the ICC or the boards pays for or controls.

None of these issues were adequately addressed at the meeting. Instead an expedient formula was found. India has been given what it wants and the rest of the world can choose whatever they desire. There will be now two kinds of lbws in international cricket: ball-tracker assisted, and solely umpire-judged.

If they had a strong case, the BCCI had the opportunity and the responsibility as the undisputed leader in the game, to persuade other members with the force of reason. If not, the rest of the cricket world was obliged to force the BCCI to toe the line. By allowing a bad deal to continue, they have set a dangerous precedent

Has it occurred to anyone how ridiculous it might appear if a batsman in an India match appeals against an lbw decision, wrongly suspecting an inside edge, and the ball is found to have landed outside leg stump? Since the BCCI wants nothing to do with ball-tracking technology, which also incorporates the pitch mat, should the umpire disregard such evidence and stick to his original decision?

And for all those headlines about DRS having become mandatory, here's the red herring, from the ICC release last evening: "The CEC today unanimously recommended universal standards for the usage of technology in decision-making [Decision Review System] in all Test matches and one-day internationals subject to availability and commercial considerations." Since Hot Spot, which has been made a mandatory DRS tool, also happens to be most expensive and exclusive piece in the suite, who will make the DRS available and affordable to those who don't have the resources?

That they have seemingly found the middle ground on the DRS has been hailed as a victory for both the ICC and for the BCCI. That says something. Like most other decisions coming out of the ICC's boardroom, this isn't a decision based on sporting logic, but political expediency.

To have allowed the provision for varying DRS conditions in bilateral arrangements was a mistake to begin with. If they had a strong case, the BCCI had the opportunity, and the responsibility as the undisputed leader in the game, to persuade other members with the force of reason. If not, the rest of the cricket world was obliged to force the BCCI to toe the line. By allowing a bad deal to continue, they have set a dangerous precedent. The muddle over the DRS will continue.

Sambit Bal is the editor of ESPNcricinfo

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Posted by   on (July 1, 2011, 22:29 GMT)


I am not sure if I will get read but I do wanted to propose this. Everyone I have talked to loves this - you can certainly help to pass on to right forum.

I appreciate ICC including 14 teams for 2015 world cup. To make event more successful, 2011 format can be continued but with few twists:

1) Instead of 4 teams, 3 teams move to next round from two groups A and B.

2) A1 and B1 get direct entry into semi finals.

3) A2/A3 play with B3/B2 in quarter finals.

Benefits of this:

1) Each and every match becomes important (even against so called minnows) as teams fight hard to come in top of the pool to avoid quarter finals.

2) Knock out round teams are not nearly predictable.

3) By including A3 and B3, chances are still available for good teams to move forward in case they unluckily lose some match.

I hope this is given some thought.

Posted by rob_damn on (July 1, 2011, 8:21 GMT)

@Ahmad Uetian, do u think that 3 point trajectory simulation works fine with Reverse Swing???

Posted by   on (July 1, 2011, 8:21 GMT)

I am not sure what Mr Bal is on about. If video evidence can substantiate facts, that is fine and that is what has been agreed upon. It is foolish to trust path prediction as it is at best statistical and at worse erroneous and I agree with the BCCI's view on this. What is shocking to me is journalists and ex-cricketers who cannot seem to understand the technical underpinnings of all this technology but are very willing to form strong conclusions.

Posted by bhaloniaz on (July 1, 2011, 8:11 GMT)

I am wondering whether siding with Hawk-eye is equal to "hating BCCI" or "bashing BCCI" or "hating india". If I call the opponents of UDRS as "haters of 8 other test countries", my comments would not be published. It good to bring the passion, zeal and every bit of emotion without bringing labels. Lets get back to the topic. UDRS or not, Hawkeye or not. Lets be fair and respectful to the supporters of all fans, its about a game. Its not about india, pakistan, england or anything. Lets not bring patriotism into sports!!

Posted by Leggie on (July 1, 2011, 1:03 GMT)

For all those BCCI bashers..., please don't get carried away only because it is *BCCI* that is not confident about Hawk-eye or Predictive technologies. Steve Buknor - one of the most accomplished and respected umpires in the game once warned of Television companies hijacking the replays and manipulating results to favour one team. (Read ESPN's article here What ICC should essentially do now is to publish in open the test results made by companies such as Hawk-Eye and carefully analyze how accurate the predictive systems are. Without that happening, I see no point in just BCCI bashing!

Posted by intcamd on (July 1, 2011, 0:49 GMT)

Rajitha, should n't you be worrying more about why SL is losing in such a pathetic manner, getting all out for 127 in a rain curtailed match, and less about DRS impact on India.

Posted by   on (June 30, 2011, 22:29 GMT)

Great Article!! I just wish I could say as kids what we did back home to the boy who brought the bat and wanted to play by his rules. However I have grown up and realise that might is right; that hasn't changed in a 1000 years. However there should be no place for sore losers in sport.

Posted by   on (June 30, 2011, 20:14 GMT)

udrs rockssssssssssssssss

Posted by   on (June 30, 2011, 17:51 GMT)

Talk about cat jumping out of the box!! You don't have to be an expert to see which country Sambit Bals origin from!! And yes Indians don't like DRS because its in there favor in multiple ways!!

Posted by   on (June 30, 2011, 17:31 GMT)

I cannot understand why people relate pitch conditions to predicted path of hawkeye. .....Any mathematician can tell that u need only 3 points in CONTINUOUS DOMAIN to simulate any trajectory perfectly based on principles of dynamics...The trajectory of the ball before pitching is 1 continuous domain, then trajectory of ball after pitching is another continuous domain till another impact is made....Sehwags decision was erroneous bcz domain had become discontinuous after 1st faint impact with front pad. that is all what hawkeye technitions need to observe.......the entire universe is in motion based on the same principles of dynamics and scientests and engineers predict various motions based on these principles exactly and they all turn out to be 100% perfect.........Hawkeye rightly has reservations when ball pitches too close to pads bcz 3 camera frames i.e. 3 points within continuous domain cannot be obtained in that case. But 2.5 m rule needs to be removed

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Sambit Bal Editor-in-chief Sambit Bal took to journalism at the age of 19 after realising that he wasn't fit for anything else, and to cricket journalism 14 years later when it dawned on him that it provided the perfect excuse to watch cricket in the office. Among other things he has bowled legspin, occasionally landing the ball in front of the batsman; laid out the comics page of a newspaper; covered crime, urban development and politics; and edited Gentleman, a monthly features magazine. He joined Wisden in 2001 and edited Wisden Asia Cricket and Cricinfo Magazine. He still spends his spare time watching cricket.

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