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George Binoy and Travis Basevi dig into our stats database

Finally, a Test century

Batsmen who made several hundreds in one format, before making one in another

Travis Basevi and George Binoy

February 15, 2012

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Virat Kohli is pumped up after getting to his maiden Test ton, Australia v India, 4th Test, Adelaide, 3rd day, January 26, 2012
Virat Kohli celebrates his first Test century, in Adelaide © Getty Images
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Virat Kohli marked the occasion of his maiden Test century - against Australia in Adelaide - with a leap, a roar and a swear. He had celebrated hundreds in that fashion quite often in one-day internationals, though. Before that 116, Kohli had been struggling to prove himself in India's Test middle order, but he had already fought and won that battle in ODIs. Kohli had eight one-day hundreds before a Test century. Prashant Kislaya asked us if anyone had scored more ODI centuries before their first in Tests, and vice versa.

Well, no. No one had more one-day hundreds than Kohli before a first Test century. Saeed Anwar, the former Pakistan opener, had six. Anwar had played 25 ODIs and made two hundreds before he was given a Test debut against West Indies in Faisalabad in 1990. He made a pair, and did not play another Test for more than three years. During that time he played 20 ODIs and scored four more centuries - three in a row in Sharjah - and won a berth on the Test tour of New Zealand in February 1994. Anwar failed in the first Test but made 169 and 69 in his next two innings, sealing his place at the top of the order.

Suresh Raina played 98 one-day internationals, scoring 2379 runs with three centuries and an average of 37 before he was given a Test debut. He beat Andrew Symonds' record (94) for the most ODIs before a first Test. On Test debut at the SSC in 2010, Raina steered India out of a tricky situation with an innings of 120. He has played 14 more Tests but that hundred has been his only Test hundred.

Most ODI tons before first Test ton
Player ODIs Mat Inns Runs HS Ave 100 Test Opp Start Date Scorecard
V Kohli (India) 2008-2011 74 71 2860 118 46.88 8 116 v Aus Jan 24, 2012 Test 2031
Saeed Anwar (Pak) 1989-1993 45 44 1504 131 35.80 6 169 v NZ Feb 17, 1994 Test 1249
AC Gilchrist (Aus) 1996-1999 76 74 2376 154 33.94 5 149* v Pak Nov 18, 1999 Test 1469
Shoaib Malik (Pak) 1999-2006 115 100 3023 143 33.96 5 148* v SL Mar 26, 2006 Test 1794
A Symonds (Aus) 1998-2006 154 123 3863 156 38.63 5 156 v Eng Dec 26, 2006 Test 1824
PV Simmons (WI) 1987-1992 49 48 1417 122 30.80 4 110 v Aus Dec 26, 1992 Test 1205
ADR Campbell (Zim) 1992-2000 141 137 3778 131* 30.71 4 102 v India Nov 25, 2000 Test 1517
SR Watson (Aus) 2002-2009 96 78 2276 136* 40.64 4 120* v Pak Dec 26, 2009 Test 1943
Shakib Al Hasan (Ban) 2006-2010 82 78 2224 134* 34.75 4 100 v NZ Feb 15, 2010 Test 1953
NJ Astle (NZ) 1995-1996 28 28 803 120 29.74 3 125 v WI Apr 19, 1996 Test 1325
DS Lehmann (Aus) 1996-2003 95 85 2509 119 38.01 3 160 v WI Apr 19, 2003 Test 1639
KP Pietersen (Eng) 2004-2005 21 15 786 116 87.33 3 158 v Aus Sep 8, 2005 Test 1763
SK Raina (India) 2005-2010 98 81 2379 116* 37.17 3 120 v SL Jul 26, 2010 Test 1966
BRM Taylor (Zim) 2004-2011 118 117 3412 145* 32.18 3 105* v Ban Aug 4, 2011 Test 2002

Ajay Jadeja, a former India batsman, and Australia's Michael Bevan have made the most ODI hundreds - six - without scoring a Test century. Bevan played 232 ODIs but only 18 Tests, while Jadeja played 192 ODIs and 15 Tests. Raina has played only 15 Tests and is out of the Indian side at present; he could be India's 21st century Jadeja if he doesn't turnaround his Test form.

Sunil Gavaskar had scored all his Test centuries before he made a one-day hundred. All 34 of them. He scored his first one-day hundred only in his 107th and penultimate match - 103 not out against New Zealand in the 1987 World Cup. The semi-final defeat to England was his last international game.

Former England captain Nasser Hussain made his ODI debut in October 1989, four months before his Test debut, but did not score a one-day century until 2002. During that time Hussain scored ten Test centuries in 72 matches. The 115 in the NatWest Trophy final at Lord's against India remained his only ODI century and Hussain celebrated it with aggressive gestures at his critics in the press box, who had questioned his ability to bat at No. 3.

Most Test tons before first ODI ton
Player Tests Mat Inns Runs HS Ave 100 ODI Opp Start Date Scorecard
SM Gavaskar (India) 1971-1987 125 214 10122 236* 51.12 34 103* v NZ Oct 31, 1987 ODI 474
G Boycott (Eng) 1964-1979 84 145 6316 246* 49.34 18 105 v Aus Dec 11, 1979 ODI 79
MA Taylor (Aus) 1989-1996 73 131 5566 219 45.62 14 105 v India Oct 21, 1996 ODI 1129
GS Chappell (Aus) 1970-1977 46 81 3726 247* 54.79 13 125* v Eng Jun 6, 1977 ODI 44
M Amarnath (India) 1969-1988 69 113 4378 138 42.50 11 100* v WI Jan 19, 1988 ODI 497
TT Samaraweera (SL) 2001-2009 54 85 3787 231 51.87 11 104 v NZ Sep 8, 2009 ODI 2884
SR Waugh (Aus) 1985-1995 80 123 4771 200 48.68 10 102* v SL Jan 16, 1996 ODI 1039
N Hussain (Eng) 1990-2002 72 128 4169 207 36.25 10 115 v India Jul 13, 2002 ODI 1856
HA Gomes (WI) 1976-1985 45 69 2683 143 45.47 9 101 v SL Feb 2, 1985 ODI 300
IVA Richards (WI) 1974-1976 21 36 2181 291 64.14 8 119* v Eng Aug 26, 1976 ODI 37
Javed Miandad (Pak) 1976-1982 46 77 3398 206 53.09 8 106* v India Dec 3, 1982 ODI 162
DB Vengsarkar (India) 1976-1984 72 118 4099 159 38.30 8 105 v Eng Dec 5, 1984 ODI 279
KWR Fletcher (Eng) 1968-1975 46 74 2800 216 43.75 7 131 v NZ Jun 11, 1975 ODI 23
CH Lloyd (WI) 1966-1975 43 76 3082 242* 44.02 7 102 v Aus Jun 21, 1975 ODI 33
JG Wright (NZ) 1978-1988 58 103 3343 141 33.76 7 101 v Eng Mar 16, 1988 ODI 508
SR Tendulkar (India) 1989-1994 32 45 2023 165 50.57 7 110 v Aus Sep 9, 1994 ODI 924
MA Atherton (Eng) 1989-1995 45 84 3324 151 40.04 7 127 v WI May 28, 1995 ODI 1002
GC Smith (SA) 2002-2005 33 58 2774 277 51.37 7 105 v Eng Feb 4, 2005 ODI 2221

Garry Sobers and Colin Cowdrey are among the top three batsmen with the most Test centuries and no ODI hundreds. Sobers has 26 Test tons and Cowdrey 22. Both played only one ODI each: Sobers made 0, Cowdrey made 1. Australia's Justin Langer, who scored 23 Test hundreds, also never made an ODI century. He played only eight one-dayers.

Among bowlers, former West Indian spinner Lance Gibbs never took a four-for in an ODI; he had 18 five-fors in Tests. Gibbs played only three one-dayers, though. The surprise is Mohammad Asif, the Pakistan fast bowler presently serving a jail term for spot-fixing. Asif has seven five-fors in only 23 Tests, but the best he has managed in 38 ODIs is 3 for 28.

Ian Botham had the most five-wicket hauls in Tests - 18 - before a four-wicket haul in an ODI. In his first 41 one-dayers, Botham took more than two wickets only three times and his best was 3 for 16, against Australia in Melbourne in January 1979. His first four-for was at Headlingley in 1982, against India. Botham went on to take only two more four-wicket hauls and only one five-for in 102 ODIs.

Most Test five-wicket hauls before first ODI four-wicket-haul
Player Tests Mat Runs Wkts BBI Ave 5 ODI Opp Start Date Scorecard
IT Botham (Eng) 1977-1982 48 5009 222 149* 22.87 18 4/56 v India Jun 2, 1982 ODI 152
DL Underwood (Eng) 1966-1977 74 6600 265 45* 28.20 16 4/44 v WI Nov 28, 1979 ODI 76
Imran Khan (Pak) 1971-1984 51 5316 232 123 24.16 16 6/14 v India Mar 22, 1985 ODI 321
N Kapil Dev (India) 1978-1983 53 6082 206 126* 30.71 15 5/43 v Aus Jun 13, 1983 ODI 207
GF Lawson (Aus) 1980-1985 28 3210 118 57* 29.44 9 4/26 v Eng May 30, 1985 ODI 329
JA Snow (Eng) 1965-1973 41 4476 173 73 27.80 8 4/32 v NZ Jul 18, 1973 ODI 6
AME Roberts (WI) 1974-1976 20 2324 103 19 23.24 8 4/32 v Eng Aug 26, 1976 ODI 37
RGD Willis (Eng) 1971-1978 35 3191 126 24* 32.56 8 4/15 v Pak May 24, 1978 ODI 50
RJ Hadlee (NZ) 1973-1980 30 3697 129 103 30.05 8 5/32 v India Dec 9, 1980 ODI 99
DW Steyn (SA) 2004-2008 25 2882 128 33* 24.01 8 4/16 v Ban Nov 7, 2008 ODI 2771
ARC Fraser (Eng) 1989-1995 22 2469 92 29 28.05 7 4/22 v Aus Jan 10, 1995 ODI 969
AR Caddick (Eng) 1993-2000 30 3274 110 48 31.18 7 4/19 v SA Feb 13, 2000 ODI 1560
AW Greig (Eng) 1972-1975 38 3285 109 148 30.99 6 4/45 v NZ Jun 11, 1975 ODI 23
MHN Walker (Aus) 1972-1975 22 2377 93 41* 27.96 6 4/19 v WI Dec 20, 1975 ODI 34
JE Emburey (Eng) 1978-1987 42 3633 115 75 35.97 6 4/37 v WI Jan 24, 1987 ODI 423
Harbhajan Singh (India) 1998-2001 20 2367 81 66 32.87 6 5/43 v Eng Feb 3, 2002 ODI 1803
Shakib Al Hasan (Ban) 2007-2010 16 1649 57 96* 29.98 6 4/33 v NZ Feb 11, 2010 ODI 2953
JR Thomson (Aus) 1972-1978 27 3123 125 49 26.46 5 4/67 v WI Feb 22, 1978 ODI 48
RM Hogg (Aus) 1978-1979 15 1441 64 36 23.24 5 4/46 v Eng Dec 26, 1979 ODI 82
SB Doull (NZ) 1992-1997 21 2047 72 31* 31.49 5 4/25 v Aus Feb 14, 1998 ODI 1293
RW Price (Zim) 1999-2004 18 2475 69 36 39.91 5 4/22 v Ban Jan 19, 2009 ODI 2797

Former India fast bowler Ajit Agarkar took eight hauls of four wickets or more in ODIs before taking a five-for in a Test. Agarkar's maiden five-wicket haul came where Kohli scored his maiden Test century, Adelaide Oval. He was playing his 18th Test and India completed a famous victory to go up 1-0 on their tour of Australia in 2003-04. Agarkar played only eight more Tests, though, and did not take another five-for. It is likely that Kohli's career will be much longer.

Most ODI four-wicket hauls before first Test five-wicket-haul
Player ODIs Mat Runs Wkts BBI Ave 4+ Test Opp Start Date Scorecard
ST Jayasuriya (SL) 1989-2001 252 7482 214 6/29 34.96 8 5/43 v Zim Jan 12, 2002 Test 1585
AB Agarkar (India) 1998-2003 121 5083 182 4/25 27.92 8 6/41 v Aus Dec 12, 2003 Test 1673
Abdul Razzaq (Pak) 1996-2004 174 5645 194 6/35 29.09 7 5/35 v SL Oct 28, 2004 Test 1719
Saqlain Mushtaq (Pak) 1995-1997 51 1863 95 5/29 19.61 6 5/89 v SL Apr 19, 1997 Test 1366
VC Drakes (WI) 1995-2003 23 875 42 5/33 20.83 5 5/93 v Aus Apr 10, 2003 Test 1638
IR Bishop (WI) 1988-1989 17 592 33 5/27 17.93 4 6/87 v India Apr 7, 1989 Test 1118
Waqar Younis (Pak) 1989-1990 23 688 37 6/26 18.59 4 7/86 v NZ Oct 18, 1990 Test 1152
GD McGrath (Aus) 1993-1995 36 1221 49 5/52 24.91 4 5/68 v WI Mar 31, 1995 Test 1294
J Srinath (India) 1991-1996 114 4250 149 5/24 28.52 4 6/21 v SA Nov 20, 1996 Test 1338
DW Fleming (Aus) 1994-1998 40 1532 63 5/36 24.31 4 5/46 v Eng Nov 28, 1998 Test 1431
Z Khan (India) 2000-2002 49 2022 76 4/42 26.60 4 5/53 v NZ Dec 12, 2002 Test 1631
CH Gayle (WI) 1999-2004 102 2604 88 5/46 29.59 4 5/34 v Eng Jul 29, 2004 Test 1708
MG Johnson (Aus) 2005-2008 42 1525 65 5/26 23.46 4 5/39 v NZ Nov 20, 2008 Test 1894
RMH Binny (India) 1980-1986 63 1910 70 4/29 27.28 3 5/40 v Eng Jun 19, 1986 Test 1047
CEL Ambrose (WI) 1988-1988 9 300 20 4/29 15.00 3 5/72 v Aus Dec 2, 1988 Test 1110
Aaqib Javed (Pak) 1988-1995 110 3760 123 7/37 30.56 3 5/84 v SL Sep 15, 1995 Test 1305
SE Bond (NZ) 2002-2002 13 487 23 5/25 21.17 3 5/78 v WI Jun 21, 2002 Test 1607
A Flintoff (Eng) 1999-2003 66 1625 66 4/14 24.62 3 5/58 v WI Apr 1, 2004 Test 1694
DT Hondo (Zim) 2001-2004 52 2021 55 4/37 36.74 3 6/59 v Ban Jan 14, 2005 Test 1735
BAW Mendis (SL) 2008-2008 8 205 20 6/13 10.25 3 /117 v India Jul 31, 2008 Test 1884
SCJ Broad (Eng) 2006-2008 42 1710 62 5/23 27.58 3 5/85 v WI Feb 4, 2009 Test 1906
SR Watson (Aus) 2002-2010 114 3296 118 4/36 27.93 3 5/40 v Pak Jul 13, 2010 Test 1963
RJ Harris (Aus) 2009-2010 17 661 41 5/19 16.12 3 6/47 v Eng Dec 16, 2010 Test 1984
P Kumar (India) 2007-2011 52 2088 62 4/31 33.67 3 /106 v Eng Jul 21, 2011 Test 2000

Travis Basevi is a cricket statistician and UK Senior Programmer for ESPNcricinfo and other ESPN sports websites. George Binoy is an Assistant Editor at ESPNcricinfo

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George Binoy Assistant Editor After a major in Economics and nine months in a financial research firm, George realised that equity, capital and the like were not for him. He decided that he wanted to be one of those lucky few who did what they love at work. Alas, his prodigious talent was never spotted and he had to reconcile himself to the fact that he would never earn his money playing cricket for his country, state or even district. He jumped at the opportunity to work for ESPNcricinfo and is now confident of mastering the art of office cricket

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