The No. 1 centurions

The first players to score centuries for their countries

Steven Lynch

December 23, 2013

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Stewie Dempster and GL Weir on New Zealand's 1931 tour of England, 1931
Stewie Dempster (left) with team-mate GL Weir on New Zealand's 1931 tour of England © Getty Images

Test cricket - and Australia - didn't have to wait very long for the first century. Charles Bannerman (who was actually born in England) faced the first ball of the inaugural Test, in Melbourne in 1876-77, scored the first runs... and before the end of the first day had reached three figures. He finished with 165 before retiring hurt with a split hand. Australia made only 245 in all, and Bannerman's percentage of the overall total (67.3%) remains a Test record.

After Bannerman's effort, England's captain James Lillywhite paid tribute by saying that only WG Grace could have played a finer innings. And it was Grace himself who made England's first century - in their fourth Test overall, but first at home. At The Oval in 1880, Grace made a superb 152 to set up a winning total of 420. Two of his brothers also played in the match but fared less well, making three ducks between them.

South Africa
South Africa were very weak in their early days, and it wasn't until their seventh match that anyone managed even a half-century. The compiler of that, Jimmy Sinclair, went one better in the next Test - against England in Cape Town in 1898-99 - by making 106. It couldn't stop South Africa sinking to their eighth defeat out of eight, though. Sinclair actually made South Africa's first three Test hundreds before anyone else got in on the act.

West Indies
An attacking opener from Trinidad, Clifford Roach made the first Test century for West Indies - 122 against England in Bridgetown in January 1930. In the third Test, Roach made their first double-century too, just pipping the great George Headley to both milestones. In between, though, Roach bagged a pair at home in Port-of-Spain, and suggested to the selectors that he should be dropped. Luckily for West Indies, they didn't listen.

New Zealand
At the same time as one England team was taking on West Indies, another one was engaged in New Zealand's maiden Test series. In the second match in Wellington, Stewie Dempster made New Zealand's first Test century, and finished with 136 after an opening stand of 276 with Jackie Mills, who reached his own hundred not long after his partner's. Dempster added another century in New Zealand's first overseas Test, at Lord's in 1931, and later played with distinction for Leicestershire.

India's second Test - their first at home - produced their maiden century. Lala Amarnath, a fine allrounder who later captained them, hit a valiant 118 against England at the Bombay Gymkhana in December 1933. India, already cricket-mad, paid fulsome tribute: "When I reached the hotel, a large crowd was waiting," said Amarnath. "It took me almost 15 minutes to find my way into the lobby. Messages had flooded my room ... On the bed lay a dozen-odd gold Rolex watches and other gifts."

After their inaugural Test, against India in Delhi in October 1952, finished in a heavy defeat, Pakistan needed something special to restore pride in the second, in Lucknow. It was provided by Fazal Mahmood, who took a dozen wickets - and by their opener Nazar Mohammad, who batted throughout Pakistan's 515-minute innings for 124 not out. It worked: Pakistan turned the tables, levelling the series with an innings victory of their own.

Sri Lanka
It was almost 30 years before another country joined the Test club. But when Sri Lanka finally gained admission Sidath Wettimuny soon made up for lost time, batting throughout the first day of what was only their third official Test, against Pakistan in Faisalabad in March 1982. He ended up with 157. In 1984, Wettimuny played an even more famous innings, anchoring Sri Lanka's lofty total in their first Test at Lord's with a technically superb 190.

In Zimbabwe's inaugural Test, against India in Harare in October 1992, their 35-year-old captain Dave Houghton became the first man since Charles Bannerman 115 years previously to score a century in his country's first match. Houghton's 121 helped ensure that Zimbabwe became the first team not to lose their first Test match since Australia in Bannerman's match.

Sidath Wettimuny sweeps, Sri Lanka v England, 1st Test, Colombo, 4th day, February 21, 1982
Sidath Wettimuny scored Sri Lanka's first Test hundred in their third match, in Faisalabad Adrian Murrell / © Getty Images

Bangladesh started their Test career with a flourish, running up 400 against India in Dhaka in November 2000. The main contributor was Aminul Islam, who batted for 535 minutes for a splendid 145. "Before the end of the game, he was a taka millionaire on donations alone," reported Wisden, "although an exchange rate of 80 takas to the pound meant this was not quite the fortune it appeared." Sadly, after this fine start, Bangladesh collapsed for 91 in their second innings, and ended up losing - a scenario that has become depressingly familiar ever since.

Two countries
Only ten Test-playing nations, so No. 11 is a bit of a problem. No one scored a hundred for the World XI in their only Test, against Australia in Sydney in October 2005. Eddie Barlow did make 119 for the Rest of the World against England at Lord's in 1970, but those matches are officially unofficial. While we wait for Ireland's first centurion in a few years' time, the 11th spot goes to a man with a unique record. Fourteen men have played official Tests for two different countries - but only one scored centuries for both of them. Kepler Wessels made 162 against England on his debut for Australia in Brisbane in 1982-83, and ten years later made 118 in South Africa's second match back in the fold, against India in Durban. Wessels, a crabby left-hander, made six Test hundreds in all.

Steven Lynch is the editor of the Wisden Guide to International Cricket 2013

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Posted by IndiaRulesEverybody on (December 24, 2013, 1:15 GMT)

"a scenario that has become depressingly familiar ever since." Haha.. BD cricket never fails to provide for a good laugh but at least their substandard team is good for something if only to provide good laughs for other people.

Posted by ahassan on (December 23, 2013, 22:31 GMT)

@Vivek-Bhandari, @Dark_Harlequin - if you really want to spoil the basic essence of this article by adding somebody who is not a first centurion then why not Don Bradman, Jack Hobbs, Gary Sobers, Jack Kallis etc. who are far greater cricketers than Sachin Tendulkar. You may not like this but this is true.

Posted by   on (December 23, 2013, 22:11 GMT)

John Price - excluding SA's earlier matches from Test status on the grounds that not all players in the country were considered for selection would be the start of a slippery slope. In the early 2000s Zimbabwe's selection was on grounds of political loyalty - any player who voiced opposition the regime would never be selected again, and many were forced to leave the country. In West Indies' early years of Tests, decorum decreed that the captain must be a white man. Pre-WWII, the England captain was always an amateur - discrimination on the grounds of social status rather than of race. If you only award Test status to teams which were selected entirely on merit, a significant proportion of them would end up being excluded.

Posted by John-Price on (December 23, 2013, 14:05 GMT)

Kepler was a good choice for the number XI slot. It was the first century for a national South African eleven as opposed to the representatives of one racial element. I suggest that earlier South African tests should not be allowed Test Match status.

Posted by Vivek.Bhandari on (December 23, 2013, 12:46 GMT)

Posted by Dark_Harlequin on (December 23, 2013, 10:32 GMT)

Posted by Pelham_Barton on (December 23, 2013, 10:20 GMT)

Personally, I would prefer a toss up between Wessels, Hudson, and you_know_who :D. Reasons for all these are very obviuos.

Posted by CricketMaan on (December 23, 2013, 12:25 GMT)

Is it even remotely possilbe for Ireland and Afghanistan to come into Test cricket very soon when the format is under severe pressure to survive? Was very disappointed to see empty stands in Joburg when India took SA. Its still only in England and Aus where crowds gather to watch thier annual fare due to thier holiday season, but in other countires where neither annual fare for cricket games or holdiay season prevails, Test cricket will contiue to be played in front of empty stands. Sad but very true.

Posted by J751 on (December 23, 2013, 11:36 GMT)

Nazar Muhammad,the first Test centurion for Pakistan,also shares another unique Test record.He and his son Mudassar Nazar both carried their bats against India.

Posted by   on (December 23, 2013, 10:57 GMT)

Why not include the first ODI centurions from Ireland, Afghanistan, Netherlands, Scotland, Kenya, Canada or Bermuda?

Posted by Harlequin. on (December 23, 2013, 10:32 GMT)

@Vivek - Sachin should have been no.11

Posted by Pelham_Barton on (December 23, 2013, 10:20 GMT)

@Vivek.Bhandari on (December 23, 2013, 6:30 GMT): Given that there are only ten Test playing countries, I should have thought that the "obvious" way to fill the eleventh place would be to pick the player with most Test hundreds altogether. Now, who might that be?

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Steven Lynch Steven Lynch won the Wisden Cricket Monthly Christmas Quiz three years running before the then-editor said "I can't let you win it again, but would you like a job?" That lasted for 15 years, before he moved across to the Wisden website when that was set up in 2000. Following the merger of the two sites early in 2003 he was appointed as the global editor of Wisden Cricinfo. In June 2005 he became the deputy editor of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. He continues to contribute the popular weekly "Ask Steven" question-and-answer column on ESPNcricinfo, and edits the Wisden Guide to International Cricket.

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