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Former India left-arm spinner

What spinners should know about bowling in England

Bide your time, put your body behind each delivery, and play with the batsman's mind

Murali Kartik

July 4, 2014

Comments: 35 | Text size: A | A

If the pitch is not spinning, tell yourself to stick to your lengths © Getty Images

It was my first match for Middlesex and the team's first of the 2007 Championship. We were playing in Taunton against Justin Langer's Somerset. Ed Smith and Richard Pybus, the Middlesex captain and coach, had told me that I would be only filling in for our four seamers with the odd few overs before lunch, tea, and towards the end of the day.

Middlesex had scored 600 for 4 in their first innings. Left-arm spinner Ian Blackwell had taken one wicket. When it was our turn to bowl, Marcus Trescothick smashed our fast bowlers and Somerset racked up 100 for 1 in about ten overs.

Off my first ball I had Trescothick caught bat-pad at short leg. The guy who was told he would bowl only ten overs in the day ended up bowling 50 and finishing with 4 for 168. The seamers picked up six wickets in the drawn match in which more than 1600 runs had been scored.

You need to be big-hearted to bowl in England. It always boils down to your skill and your heart. That is the lesson I learned in my eight years of county cricket, where I played for four different teams.

India will know that since England don't have a specialist spinner anymore - after Graeme Swann's retirement and the disciplinary issues Monty Panesar is struggling with - it's highly unlikely that they will prepare pitches that will spin big even on the fourth day.

So apart from your batsmen putting up enough runs on the board to let you go out and bowl with confidence, the key to succeeding and remaining consistent as a spinner is to not be attacking all the time. I read that R Ashwin said he would like to be a more attacking spinner. That's easier said than done, especially in England, and given the way Alastair Cook and his men played spin in India in the 2012-13 Test series.

One of my ploys was to push a fielder deep into areas where I expected the batsman to hit. I was telling the batsman: I'm attacking you, so try and take me on

In first-class cricket in England you need to understand your role on the first few days. If the pitch is not doing much, you become the stock bowler, play with your flight, set in-out fields, depending on the batsman, and give control to the captain and the team.

The conditions also dictate how you bowl. In England it's important to pitch on the right length; for a spinner that is good length. It is a good defensive and attacking length to stick to, particularly on pitches that can be slow. In overseas series, I have seen Ashwin being cut and pulled a lot. You can't lose your lengths in England; you can, at times, play with your lines.

Another important element to bowling well in England is to put a lot of body behind the ball. As Sanjay Manjrekar has repeatedly pointed out, many Indian spinners use their shoulders and fingers to impart turn, which is why they don't get enough out of unresponsive pitches, unlike Australia's Nathan Lyon, who can generate bounce even on pitches that do not take turn because he uses his body a lot more.

During India's first tour match of the 2011 tour to England, against Somerset, Amit Mishra went for some runs despite having bowled well on the second day. When he asked me how I bowled on such pitches, I told him that he had to realise that spinners will be hit. So you need to play around with the batsman's mind and the field placements.

One of my ploys was to push a fielder deep into areas where I expected the batsman to hit. I would place a deep midwicket to Trescothick, who played the lap shot really well and frequently. People might say it is a defensive mindset but they should understand that I am trying to block the batsman's big shot.

You should not be reacting after a shot has been hit. Instead I was telling the batsman: I'm attacking you. I have close-in fielders but I am also placing a fielder here for the big shot, so try and take me on. Sometimes it plays with his ego but it also brings me comfort and gives me freedom to experiment.

In England it is also a question of mind over matter. It is about sticking to your strengths and doing your job. You know the weather can be cold. You know that sometimes the pitches are going to be really slow and might not take spin. When nothing is going well for you, and this happens to every bowler, you must stay positive and bowl well.

It is not always about thinking of wickets. It is about biding your time. You have to adopt a role: if it is cold, keep lots of hand warmers with you; if the pitch is not taking spin, tell yourself you are going to stick to your lengths; play around with the fields; play with the batsman's mind; stick to your strengths.

Indian seamers won't find it hard to get used to the Dukes ball in England since it's similar to the SG ball they bowl with at home © Getty Images

John Emburey, the former Middlesex and England offspinner, told me that it was always good to try things. He said that at Lord's, spinners, especially left-arm ones, usually bowl from the Nursery End to take advantage of the slope. Emburey, who was accustomed to bowling from the Pavilion End, would switch sides with former England left-arm spinner Phil Edmonds to bowl from the Nursery End and bowl tighter lines on the off stump to force the outside edge. So it is important to be aware and open to doing things that you will not generally do.

One advantage the Indian spinners have is, they will not find it hard to get used to the Dukes ball, because it is similar to the one they use at home, the SG Test ball, which has a pronounced seam. The Dukes ball stays hard throughout, which is a good thing for a spinner, especially on a dry surface.

At times, more than the pitches, it is the success of the seamers up front that plays a vital role in the spinner being effective. Some of the surfaces in England can be really slow, especially at Lord's and The Oval. There is nothing for spinners at Trent Bridge. The Old Trafford pitch can break up, but at the Rose Bowl it won't.

Overall, the pitches are not going to be conducive to spin, especially in the wake of England's series defeat against Sri Lanka.

Former India left-arm spinner Murali Kartik played for four county teams between 2005 and 2013

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Posted by xylo on (July 6, 2014, 16:21 GMT)

Between Moeen and Ashwin, there isn't much of difference. So whatever help they would like to extend to Moeen in terms of pitches, Ashwin stands to gain the same advantage.

Posted by DaisonGarvasis on (July 6, 2014, 8:34 GMT)

One thing to remember from England's SUCCESSFUL tour to India is how they adapted to the conditions/situations. After the loss of the first test the one notable change was inclusion of Monty in the eleven and speed of the deliveries at which England Spinners operated. Both Swann and Monty were operating at considerably quicker pace than the Indian Spinners. While Cook and company had enough time to read the deliveries off the pitch, Indian batsmen were not having enough time and lost the series. Shockingly, Indian spinners did not adapt and kept with the slower pace throughout the series. England batters had adapted to that type of spin bowling and waited at the back-foot. They were rewarded with the series win for both batsmen and bowlers adapting. For me adapting to the conditions is the catchphrase for this series.

Posted by dirtydozen on (July 5, 2014, 17:48 GMT)

Between ashwin and jadeja i would prefer ashwin because when england toured india which india lost the series ashwin did well against england considering his batting.

Posted by balajik1968 on (July 5, 2014, 6:03 GMT)

This man is a cerebral cricketer. The BCCI should use him more. He did not get an extended run in the international level mainly because Kumble and Harbhajan formed an effective partnership. However he should have been tried after Kumble's retirement, particularly when Harbhajan began to struggle. Ashwin is overrated. People may say he is relatively inexperienced at Test level, but he has been around the Indian team for a long time, and he should have really worked on his bowling. Bombast doesn't get you wickets. He may have taken 100 wickets really fast, but most of it has been at home against poor teams. The first real challenge at home, against England, and he flopped. But it won't matter to him, he has an IPL contract.

Posted by   on (July 4, 2014, 22:00 GMT)

"When nothing is going well for you, and this happens to every bowler, you must stay positive and bowl well." - good advice for any bowler at any level IMO.

Posted by espncricinfomobile on (July 4, 2014, 21:11 GMT)

@Roversgate. Ashwin will get taken apart in Australia as having extra bounce is just going to suit the attacking Aussie batsmen as the wickets won't turn so it's just going to come on even easier for them. Plus Ashwin would be to afraid to bowl especially if Maxwell sneaks into the team by then as he humiliated Ashwin in the IPL.

Posted by Vilander on (July 4, 2014, 20:24 GMT)

Murali Karthik the best indian spinner that never realized his potential, he is a straight forward man not suitabe for indian cricket, pity india never used him well.Murali can now be used as a good coach.

Posted by Nampally on (July 4, 2014, 19:38 GMT)

India produces some superb LH spinners like Vinoo Mankad, B.Nadkarni & Bedi who were deadly accurate & performed superbly on English pitches. Nadkarni once bowled a spell of about 30 overs to give just 4 runs. Bedi was great in that respect too. Mankad had a spell of 96 overs in the Lords Test in 1952 to capture 5 for 192 in a single innings. Leg spinners like Chandra were very effective too. Sustained accuracy in length & direction was the hall mark of these spinners, as Kartik says. Mishra when he was accurate, he got immediate dividends too in recently concluded WC T20 in BD. The first thing a spinner needs in his arsenal is control on length, line & spin. Ashwin tries too many tricks like Doosra, Teesra, carom ball, top spinner, etc. But without control & accuracy these will not fool any batsman. In England that becomes more crucial. Jadeja & Ashwin will have to learn this basic truth. Using the body weight gives ball the bounce & Nip but control & accuracy are key to a spinner.

Posted by roversgate on (July 4, 2014, 16:49 GMT)

People criticizing Ojha should realize that he might be the best person for England. The key in England is patience and Ojha is far more patient than any spinner we have in the reckoning today. Unfortunately, he is not bowling particularly well lately so I agree with not having him in the squad.

I would pick Jadeja over Ashwin because of his patience and accuracy. Ashwin needs more discipline and is not ready for such a crucial tournament yet. He should be given a chance to succeed in Australia instead with the bounce on offer.

Posted by SridharKalyan on (July 4, 2014, 16:39 GMT)

As VVS said, this guy speaks straight...and that is/was his problem. Dhoni would do well to read this piece even if Ashwin and Amit Mishra dont. I cant see why Jadeja cant be the trump-card though; he just needs to be told to stay disciplined and limit his 'extravagance' - he could be deadly, as he uses the conditions better than the others in this current lot. But, the real issue on this tour is going to be the batting line-up and not the bowling weaknesses. So, let us wait and see.

Posted by android_user on (July 4, 2014, 16:24 GMT)

Murali should have been given an extended run. Hopefully BCCI will use him now as a coach for young spinners

Posted by Naresh28 on (July 4, 2014, 14:37 GMT)

Talking of using your body, Bhajji does it better than most Indian spinners. So between Ashwin and Bhajji, I would choose Bhajji.

Posted by android_user on (July 4, 2014, 12:44 GMT)

Yes; a spinner needs to put in his whole body to get a perfect delivery. This is exactly what Warnie told one when asked about spin bowling. you need to get the effort from your hips, transfer it to your shoulder and then onto the fingers. Spin bowling is definitely not a joke

Posted by   on (July 4, 2014, 12:37 GMT)

Great advice to Indian spinners from a county pro...

Posted by jerry22kane on (July 4, 2014, 12:33 GMT)

the simplest of advises .... a superb recipe to the brain of spinners .....

Posted by   on (July 4, 2014, 12:31 GMT)

I dont want Ojha bowling abroad. He is a liability in the field and while he has a decent line and length he is of a similar breed to Ashwin and can not extract enough turn and bowls too slowly. Jadeja has shown that even if he is getting no turn his speed prevents batsmen from carting him over the top too often.

Posted by RB007 on (July 4, 2014, 12:24 GMT)

brusselslion in response to your query about Ojha the answer is very simple. Cant bat. Cant field. As a package, Jadeja offers much more. As a spinner he is hardly a Warne or Murli who can run through sides. Steady at best. Indian bowlers must realise they have to offer much more than their prime function, to get into the Test team

Posted by Sultan2007 on (July 4, 2014, 11:31 GMT)

Great insights. THe indian challenge is that the "wickets arithmetic" doesnt add up to 20 wickets with the spinner having to operate as a stock bowler unless there are exceptional conditions for the quicks. As Kartik rightly says, it is imperative for our batsment to put runs on the board!

Posted by brusselslion on (July 4, 2014, 11:01 GMT)

Could one of our Indian friends please explain why Ojha is so out of favour? He offers left arm variation and moreover, has bowled very well in the County Championship (albeit in Dvision 2).

Posted by   on (July 4, 2014, 9:58 GMT)


Not everyone who is talented, can teach. I personally thought it was a well written piece, pointing our some nuances that I had not noticed earlier

Posted by YorkshirePudding on (July 4, 2014, 9:47 GMT)

@Larry Larkin, very true about Lyon, and the same can be said for Swann, he often played with Line and Flight while focusing on Length, occasionally varying just to keep the batsman honest. Swann also used a lot of body in deliveries.

The issue with some of the Indian bowlers is that they are too accustomed to ODI/T20 cricket where you try and spear the ball in at off stump to slow the scoring, and waiting for a batsman to miscue to a deep fielder. That tactic wont help in tests.

Posted by AdhishS on (July 4, 2014, 9:15 GMT)

@Aditya Anchuri : I agree that playing with 5 bowlers increases your chances of winning the match. But for that we should have 6 good dependable batsmen (including keeper) and a decent all-rounder. Dhoni is not at all dependable at no. 6 outside the sub-continent (i would be happy if he proves me wrong). And the lesser said about the all-rounders the better.

Posted by ladycricfan on (July 4, 2014, 9:03 GMT)

Karthik was unlucky to play during Kumble's and Bajji's time. In any other country his talent would've been better utilised. Swann has been successful in England. If Swann could do it others could do as well.

Posted by Vaughanographic on (July 4, 2014, 8:35 GMT)

Excellent piece - bit of a problem telling Ashwin to put more body action into his bowling though - he is notorious for not doing that! It may end up that Jadeja - who has proven to be useful as a holding spinner, may end up doing the job on English pitches

Posted by Sir_Francis on (July 4, 2014, 8:31 GMT)

ajmaldomintesswann on what planet do you think Kartik was mediocre ? And as someone who uses the word mediocre about a cricketer I assume you are a better spinner. He has a FC average of 26 and a Test average of 34. England would love a spinner that good.

Posted by espncricinfomobile on (July 4, 2014, 8:25 GMT)

Super article!

Posted by CricketLlama on (July 4, 2014, 8:12 GMT)

Good piece. But I will like to defer on point "Overall, the pitches are not going to be conducive to spin, especially in the wake of England's series defeat against Sri Lanka." English pitches mostly had been supportive to swing and pace bowlers, so could not understand the applicability and meaning of the above statement.

Posted by   on (July 4, 2014, 7:01 GMT)

And he has hit on exactly the reason Nathan Lyon had been taking wickets all throughout his career. He isn't a huge spinner of the ball, although he does get it to move, but his length is good, and he gets excellent bounce. If you go with an angled bat against him you are asking for trouble, even if it's not much of an angle, and he can get you off the top edge playing flat bat shots against him.

"Line is optional, length is mandatory" should be drummed into every spinner from the time they start bowling.

Posted by ajmaldomintesswann on (July 4, 2014, 6:45 GMT)

Its ridiculous to hear such tips from a mediocre spinner who himseld could not do it.Learn from saeed ajmal,the magician.

Posted by   on (July 4, 2014, 6:32 GMT)

In the list of spinners who have done well overseas or outside their home countries Indian spinners rank 13th

Posted by InternationalCricketFollower on (July 4, 2014, 6:29 GMT)

Problem with India will be scoring runs in England. These conditions do not suit flat track bullies.

Posted by   on (July 4, 2014, 6:03 GMT)

Great insight. I hope we get more articles with regards to spin bowling from Murali. Love your work!

Posted by android_user on (July 4, 2014, 5:37 GMT)

Good insights but sadly of limited value. Ashwin and Jadeja won't read it. And even if they do, they won't implement it. Indian cricketers are been known for their stubbornness. They feel they are superior, but reality is that quite a few of them are overrated. Ashwin surely is one of those, as was Bhajji. Ishant Sharma is a story you wouldn't want to venture into! Personally, I would be surprised if the Indian attack as a whole picks up 40 wickets in the upcoming 5 test series. Let's hope they prove me wrong.

Posted by   on (July 4, 2014, 4:35 GMT)

Ever since Anil Kumble retired, India have struggled at times in overseas Tests to bowl teams out. He was perfect for foreign conditions, especially during the latter stages of his career -- when the seamers had a bad day, he would basically hold up an end and not allow the opposition to get away, sometimes chipping in with partnership-breaking wickets. The reasons for his success were obviously the way he bowled (he wasn't a big spinner by any means but he put a lot of body into his action), and his never-say-die attitude. Ashwin is good, but I think it'll take him a few more tours to learn the art of bowling overseas. Until then, we need to develop and train our seamers better. This is unfortunately very difficult with the current set up we have. We play too much ODI/T20 cricket, which just makes our seamers too defensive in attitude. Furthermore, we should always play with 5 specialist bowlers. It helps share the workload better. We'll win a lot more abroad if we start doing that.

Posted by vaidyar on (July 4, 2014, 4:34 GMT)

Excellent piece. There's far too much bravado these days when it comes to bowling. There's the mindless "attack attack" rhetoric on one side and the excessive defense on the other. And T20 has ensured that bowlers just don't want to get hit. This has meant excessive dart-balling and lack of flight from spinners. Ashwin bowled beautifully against Aus when they visited, after drawing a lot of flak after getting thrashed by KP & Cook. Sadly, he was back to spouting "mystery balls" and "variations" stories and his purchase has been equally bad after that series.

I like his logic of putting one fielder at midwicket to take care of the big shot. It surprisingly works at every level - even gully cricket. A fielder in a place which you consider your weakness liberates you completely.

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