March 27, 2014

The white-line crime

Officials spend precious time scrutinising bowlers' foot faults but ignore it when non-strikers gain unfair head starts
25

Allow third umpires to monitor a non-striker's backing up and punish it by ruling those deliveries dot balls and subtracting runs scored off them from the total © ICC

White-line fever is a term generally used to describe on-field behaviour that would be deemed unacceptable in normal life but sometimes forgiven, often even celebrated, when it happens in play. Bangladesh are currently host to another strain of white-line fever that is much more literal but no less perplexing. Like with the sledging epidemic, the cures are obvious but administrators seem reluctant to administer harsh medicine.

The symptoms can be seen almost every time there is a review of a front-foot no-ball. The side-on camera angle shows the popping crease at the bowler's end. We endure painstaking replays to see if the bowler's foot has transgressed by the smallest of margins. Has the white line been crossed? In fact, the line itself belongs to the umpire so the ramifications of those split-frame replays cannot be underestimated. Clearly the ICC is determined to ensure that the rules are followed strictly when it comes to line calls, sometimes down to mere millimetres. Run-out decisions and boundary decisions are scrutinised in depth too. On Monday the pedants extended it to checking if Quinton de Kock's gloves had taken the ball in front of the stumps when he stumped Brendon McCullum. They are keen to enforce the letter of the law to that infinite margin of error.

And yet, watch the replay of the action at the popping crease and you'll see how the screening for white-line fever fails the integrity test. It is laughable that the non-striker is more often than not way out in front of the popping crease. How ridiculous to see them agonising over multiple replays of a potential no-ball when another "crime" is being blatantly committed and nothing is being done to remedy that illness?

It may be going too far to say that it is deliberate cheating, but the end result is still the same. The same batsman who steals a metre at the start of the "incident" may end up being reprieved in a tight run-out decision decided by a split frame, but nothing is done to punish the original sin. It becomes ridiculous when the footage clearly shows a batsman gaining an unfair head start and the third umpire is not empowered to punish the crime, having to focus instead only on checking the bowler's heel. It's akin to a surveillance camera operator charged with keeping an eye out for shoplifters ignoring footage of a person being molested in a changing room because that was not within his remit. He was merely asked to look out for thieves, not perverts.

Perhaps the only way to change this practice is for the third umpire to monitor it remotely and alert the on-field umpires to it. Declare that ball a dot ball, regardless of how many runs were scored. That will soon fix the problem. You can be assured that those batsmen who claim it is an innocent reflex action will soon find ways to control those impulses! Reflex action, my foot - it's blatant deception in my book.

It is an insult to a true legend of the game that Vinoo Mankad's phenomenal cricketing skills have been reduced to a crass nickname - and for playing by the rules

Another solution could be to legalise (and not demonise) the running out of the non-striker. Cricket has shown itself not averse to dispensing with some other quaint traditions (like accepting the umpire's decision gracefully), so there's no good reason why this practice should continue to be immune from deliberate and cynical efforts by the non-striker. If it's now acceptable to abuse opponents so long as you don't cross the line (whatever that means), surely we should shift our scorn away from the bowler and redirect it to the real culprit, who is seeking an unfair advantage, protected by an antiquated spirit-of-cricket code that seemingly doesn't apply to too many other aspects of the game.

While we're at it, perhaps it is about time that we stopped referring to this practice as a "Mankad". It is an insult to a true legend of the game that Vinoo Mankad's phenomenal cricketing skills have been reduced to a crass nickname - and for merely playing by the rules. How does the victim become the villain? What name shall we use then to describe the practice where batsmen who knowingly edge the ball do not walk? Do we call it a Symonds, a Broad, a Warner, a Kohli? The list is endless. The Mankad legacy deserves more than being forever linked to an incident that ultimately, despite the misdirected scorn, shows that Mankad himself was not the player breaking the rules. Check out his record and put it into context for an Indian cricketer of that era. The man is a colossus of the game.

But I digress; it was farcical to watch Chris Gayle being pinged for a short run in the pool match against India on Sunday night. Presumably, if he had "stolen" a few inches at the start of the transaction, that would have been okay? If he was run out, do they look at where he started from and deduct that from the finishing point at which the bails were broken?

This issue of being pedantic about the white line is one of cricket's great quandaries. Umpires are now using video technology to check the front line after nearly every wicket has been taken, sometimes even when the foot is nowhere near transgressing. Yet, perhaps due to time constraints, they may be missing no-balls that don't result in a dismissal but may be equally crucial to the outcome of the match. Throw in half a dozen extra free hits each game and see what that does to the final result. Lendl Simmons was reprieved when Ravindra Jadeja's heel was deemed to have barely cut the line on the last ball of the 18th over. Andre Russell deposited the free hit for six, and in the 20th over, Simmons himself hit two more sixes off Jadeja. Did the umpires review those deliveries too? As it turned out, India won comfortably, but in a thriller like the South Africa v New Zealand game, a decision like that would almost certainly have seen the Proteas exit the World Cup.

The ICC needs to decide if cricket is a game played to an exacting standard defined by millimetres on slow-motion replays. It has already moved in that direction with Hot Spot technology, Hawk-Eye tracking and audio analysis for faint edges. So why leave such an obvious loophole unguarded? It is either wrong to leave the crease before the bowler has delivered the ball or it isn't. The degree (length) by which this crime is perpetrated is irrelevant. By all means allow batsmen to take a risk if they wish but there should be no censure and talk of the spirit of cricket if the bowler is quick enough to catch a thief in the act. Where is the talk of this ubiquitous "spirit" in the case of the culprit, the batsman who deliberately steals an advantage and then comes over all aggrieved when he is caught with his pants down? To cure this strain of white-line fever, we first need to agree on whether the white line is a line in the sand or a euphemism in a sport that is caught betwixt and between, a dinosaur that needs to live in the modern age of technology whilst shackled by traditions that have long since become extinct.

Michael Jeh is an Oxford Blue who played first-class cricket, and is a Playing Member of the MCC. He lives in Brisbane

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • on March 30, 2014, 11:58 GMT

    When Ashwin Mankaded, umpires are talking about the spirit of the game. Will they do the same for a bowled or a hitwicket?

  • on March 30, 2014, 0:13 GMT

    Interestingly, in Bradman's autobiography Farewell to Cricket, he completely exonerates Mankad, said he was scrupulously fair in warning the non-striker first and was completely within his rights to stop him from gaining an unfair advantage. He said that non of the actual Australian team had any problems with what Mankad did and he could not for the life of him see how anyone could accuse Mankad of unsportsmanlike behaviour.

  • Archerthom on March 29, 2014, 17:21 GMT

    Michael, re your reply about running the non-striker out without warning, this is exactly what I expect when backing up so far. I consider it a calculated risk and drag my bat until the bowler is in the delivery stride, but if a bowler had the sense to run me out then that's the rules.

  • blogossip on March 29, 2014, 9:27 GMT

    excuse me question you are raising is similar to questioning a server for being foot faulted while serving, yet receiver can stand anywhere he likes in tennis. Mate its a distinct disadvantage for receiver to stand ahead when getting thunderbolts from ivanesivic or jiohnson either in tennis or cricket. sorry but you dont get the essence behind the rule.

  • nursery_ender on March 28, 2014, 20:48 GMT

    It's quite clear to me that all the posters backing Kartik haven't actually seen the video of the incident. He 'dummied' going through his action to draw the non striker out of his crease. The non-striker didn't leave his crease until the point at which the ball would normally have been released. That to me is quite simply unfair.

  • Archerthom on March 28, 2014, 19:09 GMT

    Michael, I'm afraid I don't agree with today's article. As a non-striker, I always start walking as the bowler runs in, keeping my bat behind the line until past the Mankading point, at which point I start quickly walking toward the striker's end. This means I'm usually halfway down the wicket by the time the run is called (which as a slow runner is very important). I'm also a terrible batsman so giving the striker the chance to return helps my team.

    The reason I disagree is very simple: unlike the bowler who purely gains an advantage by overstepping I am taking a massive risk, and if the striker taps the ball to a close fielder I need to lunge back or I can be run out. I take a risk to try to help my team, and in my opinion that is not cheating and (as long as I accept being run out when it happens) entirely in the spirit of the game.

  • on March 28, 2014, 18:13 GMT

    This is similar to stealing a base in Baseball and it is a skill. Bowlers should be able to strike-out without warning.

  • India_boy on March 28, 2014, 9:28 GMT

    @michael....honestly, I don't think there should be a law to stop runners from stealing a single. If you want to have a law regarding that, how about a law that prevents fielders from moving in towards the batsman when the bowler is running in to bowl? To the visible eye, isn't that the same thing - both runner and fielder walking towards the batsman during the course of the delivery? If runner backing up is against the spirit of the game because it allows them to sneak an extra run, isn't fielder walking in also against the spirit, since it allows the fielder to stop a legitimate run? Think about it , your opinion would be very valuable, thank you!

  • dsirl on March 28, 2014, 9:19 GMT

    Don't understand this at all. The Laws are clear: if the non-striker is out of his ground he's liable to be run out.

    We just need a couple of bowlers to get told by their mid-wicket or cover fielder that a particular batsman is taking liberties; bowlers with the courage to stand up to the inevitable carping about the spirit of cricket and captains who will back up and support these actions.

    (For clarity: the spirit of cricket is incredibly important, but a batsman being dismissed when he has made himself liable to be dismissed is just natural justice, it has nothing to do with the spirit of the game.)

  • on March 28, 2014, 8:17 GMT

    yujilop - it is legal. Just that journalists and commentators (always those from the team whose batsman got dismissed in such manner) need to shut their mouth. And please to publicly call a legitimate act unsportsmanlike is demeaning and humiliating and its high time they start paying the price for it.

  • on March 30, 2014, 11:58 GMT

    When Ashwin Mankaded, umpires are talking about the spirit of the game. Will they do the same for a bowled or a hitwicket?

  • on March 30, 2014, 0:13 GMT

    Interestingly, in Bradman's autobiography Farewell to Cricket, he completely exonerates Mankad, said he was scrupulously fair in warning the non-striker first and was completely within his rights to stop him from gaining an unfair advantage. He said that non of the actual Australian team had any problems with what Mankad did and he could not for the life of him see how anyone could accuse Mankad of unsportsmanlike behaviour.

  • Archerthom on March 29, 2014, 17:21 GMT

    Michael, re your reply about running the non-striker out without warning, this is exactly what I expect when backing up so far. I consider it a calculated risk and drag my bat until the bowler is in the delivery stride, but if a bowler had the sense to run me out then that's the rules.

  • blogossip on March 29, 2014, 9:27 GMT

    excuse me question you are raising is similar to questioning a server for being foot faulted while serving, yet receiver can stand anywhere he likes in tennis. Mate its a distinct disadvantage for receiver to stand ahead when getting thunderbolts from ivanesivic or jiohnson either in tennis or cricket. sorry but you dont get the essence behind the rule.

  • nursery_ender on March 28, 2014, 20:48 GMT

    It's quite clear to me that all the posters backing Kartik haven't actually seen the video of the incident. He 'dummied' going through his action to draw the non striker out of his crease. The non-striker didn't leave his crease until the point at which the ball would normally have been released. That to me is quite simply unfair.

  • Archerthom on March 28, 2014, 19:09 GMT

    Michael, I'm afraid I don't agree with today's article. As a non-striker, I always start walking as the bowler runs in, keeping my bat behind the line until past the Mankading point, at which point I start quickly walking toward the striker's end. This means I'm usually halfway down the wicket by the time the run is called (which as a slow runner is very important). I'm also a terrible batsman so giving the striker the chance to return helps my team.

    The reason I disagree is very simple: unlike the bowler who purely gains an advantage by overstepping I am taking a massive risk, and if the striker taps the ball to a close fielder I need to lunge back or I can be run out. I take a risk to try to help my team, and in my opinion that is not cheating and (as long as I accept being run out when it happens) entirely in the spirit of the game.

  • on March 28, 2014, 18:13 GMT

    This is similar to stealing a base in Baseball and it is a skill. Bowlers should be able to strike-out without warning.

  • India_boy on March 28, 2014, 9:28 GMT

    @michael....honestly, I don't think there should be a law to stop runners from stealing a single. If you want to have a law regarding that, how about a law that prevents fielders from moving in towards the batsman when the bowler is running in to bowl? To the visible eye, isn't that the same thing - both runner and fielder walking towards the batsman during the course of the delivery? If runner backing up is against the spirit of the game because it allows them to sneak an extra run, isn't fielder walking in also against the spirit, since it allows the fielder to stop a legitimate run? Think about it , your opinion would be very valuable, thank you!

  • dsirl on March 28, 2014, 9:19 GMT

    Don't understand this at all. The Laws are clear: if the non-striker is out of his ground he's liable to be run out.

    We just need a couple of bowlers to get told by their mid-wicket or cover fielder that a particular batsman is taking liberties; bowlers with the courage to stand up to the inevitable carping about the spirit of cricket and captains who will back up and support these actions.

    (For clarity: the spirit of cricket is incredibly important, but a batsman being dismissed when he has made himself liable to be dismissed is just natural justice, it has nothing to do with the spirit of the game.)

  • on March 28, 2014, 8:17 GMT

    yujilop - it is legal. Just that journalists and commentators (always those from the team whose batsman got dismissed in such manner) need to shut their mouth. And please to publicly call a legitimate act unsportsmanlike is demeaning and humiliating and its high time they start paying the price for it.

  • ReverseSweepRhino on March 28, 2014, 7:44 GMT

    Mankading should be legal, plain and simple. No warnings, no callbakcs. And credited to the bowler, just as Stumpings are, so batsmen know fully well what the bowler is going to do if they attempt to game the system. The non-striker who is leaving his crease before the bowler's delivery stride is attempting to take an unfair advantage, and possibly distracting the bowler. A fielder changing his position during the delivery is illegal. A non-striker should be subject to the similar standards.

    Of course, if a bowler attempts to Mankad a non-striker who has stayed in his crease, a penalty should be awarded. This would prevent bowlers from time-wasting or attempting to pressure batsmen who are playing fairly into making a mistake.

  • on March 28, 2014, 6:12 GMT

    py0alb - what are u talking about. kartik barely started his bowling action by the time barrow left the crease. The question of faking doesn't even hold. "the bowler is permitted, before releasing the ball and provided he has not completed his usual delivery swing, to attempt to run out the non-striker". So what kartik did was completely within the rules as he was no where near to releasing the rules.

  • Michaeljeh on March 28, 2014, 1:37 GMT

    Thanks to the readers who point out quite correctly that there's probably no law against the non-striker backing up as far as he wishes. Fair enough. In which case, I reckon there should be no problem whatsoever with running him out without a warning. If it's a deliberate tactic, then why the need for a warning? There's no other aspect of the game that requires a player to warn his opponent if he is planning on executing a strategic move to defeat him. The bowler does not warn that a slower ball is imminent, the batsman doesn't declare that he's about to reverse sweep or do the Dilscoop. If you're prepared to take the risk, accept the consequences too.

  • samrao on March 27, 2014, 17:50 GMT

    Why should a batsman be allowed to stand outside the popping crease?

  • shillingsworth on March 27, 2014, 16:45 GMT

    The bowler should be free to run out the non striker without warning and without the ridiculous moralising. Give a 'Spirit of Cricket' award to the first bowler with the courage to act against this form of cheating. Instruct the umpires to treat any appeal as a routine matter - no pressurising captains to withdraw it. That way, no one is in any doubt who is right, both legally and morally.

    @subbuamdavadi - You're right that the ill informed scribes in the English media criticised Karthik. The minority who understood the game correctly blamed the batsman and the officials. Karthik summed it up perfectly 'Everyone get a life please... if a batsman is out on a stroll, in spite of being warned, does that count as being in the spirit of the game?'

  • JohnnyRook on March 27, 2014, 15:38 GMT

    Good article. But I don't like the idea of third umpire coming into picture. Best is to take away the stigma from the bowler. Batsman is supposed to be in the crease before the ball is delivered or atleast till the bowler has reached the stride. If he tries to take an unfair advantage, just run him out,no warning needed. Or else wicketkeeper should also start giving warnings before doing the stumping and batsman should start giving warning before hitting a full-toss :)

  • sonofabiatch on March 27, 2014, 15:09 GMT

    @Michael Jeh: While I understand the spirit of some of your articles, it would be nice to see you write some stuff that is good about today's game that wasn't there before. You have certainly come up with constructive comments on what needs changing but coming up with something like that on a week to week basis or whenever you write an article is coming across as plain whiny and no one likes that. So please, mix it up!

  • py0alb on March 27, 2014, 12:46 GMT

    Just an addendum in response to another post: Karthik was criticised not for performing a mankad, but because he didn't perform what most people would class as a "fair" mankad, and the runout actually should have been disallowed under the laws. He was well into his bowling stride, faked to bring his arm over and then spun round and knocked over the stumps with the batsmen mere millimetres out of his crease.

    The rule should be simplified to prevent this happening again - the bowler must break the stumps before crossing the bowling crease, otherwise its simply a dead ball.

  • py0alb on March 27, 2014, 12:42 GMT

    Michael, there is nothing in the laws about how far the nonstriker can back up, so there is nothing for the umpire to enforce, and nor should there be.

    Leave it as it is. Its up to the bowler to spot what is going on and run the non striker out through a legal Mankad. No need for warnings, just do it. Fair and square.

  • Westmorlandia on March 27, 2014, 11:59 GMT

    A non-striker isn't breaking any law by moving out of the crease (in the same way that the striker is not), so before we ask umpires to check for infringements we would need to change to law to disallow it. But there is already a rule to prevent batsmen doing this, and that is that the bowler can run them out.

    So the problem, if there is one, is simply cultural. Bowlers should give a warning (or even not - it works either way), and if they run the batsman out after that then no one should criticise the bowler.

    So I agree with the part of the article that says "By all means allow batsmen to take a risk if they wish but there should be no censure and talk of the spirit of cricket if the bowler is quick enough to catch a thief in the act." I can't agree with the idea of getting umpires involved, though. It's a complication that doesn't add to gameplay, but detracts from it - and a new thing for an umpire to have to check for, seems the wrong direction to take things too.

  • steve48 on March 27, 2014, 11:37 GMT

    At last someone points out the ridiculous culture of cheating that goes on at all levels of the game. I have always hated it so much I have always kept my bat in the crease until the bowler delivers! The only defense for it is we don't want bowlers slowing the game down trying marginal run outs of the non striker.

  • subbuamdavadi on March 27, 2014, 11:26 GMT

    Michael - couldn't agree with you more. This is duplicity and hypocrisy at its best (worst?). Murali Kartik was also similarly demonized in a county match for running out the non-striker after warning him...but then he became the centre of ire of the players, officials and the English media. The ICC should change this one rule of the game...actually enact a rule governing running out the non-striker when he oversteps.

  • on March 27, 2014, 9:32 GMT

    'Allow third umpires to monitor a non-striker's backing up and punish it by ruling those deliveries dot balls and subtracting runs scored off them from the total' why when bowler is allowed to run him out for that anyway. By law those how criticised the mankading act can be sued by the victim for defamation i.e. murali kartik on 2 occasions should have sued the journalists and commentators criticising it.

  • on March 27, 2014, 9:23 GMT

    Agree completely. Perhaps the solution is for the third umpire to call it one short, which is similar to what you've suggested. The problem would be resolved very quickly.

  • WalkingWicket11 on March 27, 2014, 9:18 GMT

    What is worse is if the bowler runs out the non-striker before the delivery, it is the bowler and his captain who are tried at the "spirit of cricket court". I still recall a game between India & SL, during which Thirimanne was almost a metre out of the crease before the bowler took his delivery stride (after as many as 3 warnings). When the bowler rightfully ran him out, the umpire turned to Sehwag (the acting captain) as to whether they want to appeal or not! Poor Sehwag had no option but to revert the appeal while the culprit played the innocent victim.

  • No featured comments at the moment.

  • WalkingWicket11 on March 27, 2014, 9:18 GMT

    What is worse is if the bowler runs out the non-striker before the delivery, it is the bowler and his captain who are tried at the "spirit of cricket court". I still recall a game between India & SL, during which Thirimanne was almost a metre out of the crease before the bowler took his delivery stride (after as many as 3 warnings). When the bowler rightfully ran him out, the umpire turned to Sehwag (the acting captain) as to whether they want to appeal or not! Poor Sehwag had no option but to revert the appeal while the culprit played the innocent victim.

  • on March 27, 2014, 9:23 GMT

    Agree completely. Perhaps the solution is for the third umpire to call it one short, which is similar to what you've suggested. The problem would be resolved very quickly.

  • on March 27, 2014, 9:32 GMT

    'Allow third umpires to monitor a non-striker's backing up and punish it by ruling those deliveries dot balls and subtracting runs scored off them from the total' why when bowler is allowed to run him out for that anyway. By law those how criticised the mankading act can be sued by the victim for defamation i.e. murali kartik on 2 occasions should have sued the journalists and commentators criticising it.

  • subbuamdavadi on March 27, 2014, 11:26 GMT

    Michael - couldn't agree with you more. This is duplicity and hypocrisy at its best (worst?). Murali Kartik was also similarly demonized in a county match for running out the non-striker after warning him...but then he became the centre of ire of the players, officials and the English media. The ICC should change this one rule of the game...actually enact a rule governing running out the non-striker when he oversteps.

  • steve48 on March 27, 2014, 11:37 GMT

    At last someone points out the ridiculous culture of cheating that goes on at all levels of the game. I have always hated it so much I have always kept my bat in the crease until the bowler delivers! The only defense for it is we don't want bowlers slowing the game down trying marginal run outs of the non striker.

  • Westmorlandia on March 27, 2014, 11:59 GMT

    A non-striker isn't breaking any law by moving out of the crease (in the same way that the striker is not), so before we ask umpires to check for infringements we would need to change to law to disallow it. But there is already a rule to prevent batsmen doing this, and that is that the bowler can run them out.

    So the problem, if there is one, is simply cultural. Bowlers should give a warning (or even not - it works either way), and if they run the batsman out after that then no one should criticise the bowler.

    So I agree with the part of the article that says "By all means allow batsmen to take a risk if they wish but there should be no censure and talk of the spirit of cricket if the bowler is quick enough to catch a thief in the act." I can't agree with the idea of getting umpires involved, though. It's a complication that doesn't add to gameplay, but detracts from it - and a new thing for an umpire to have to check for, seems the wrong direction to take things too.

  • py0alb on March 27, 2014, 12:42 GMT

    Michael, there is nothing in the laws about how far the nonstriker can back up, so there is nothing for the umpire to enforce, and nor should there be.

    Leave it as it is. Its up to the bowler to spot what is going on and run the non striker out through a legal Mankad. No need for warnings, just do it. Fair and square.

  • py0alb on March 27, 2014, 12:46 GMT

    Just an addendum in response to another post: Karthik was criticised not for performing a mankad, but because he didn't perform what most people would class as a "fair" mankad, and the runout actually should have been disallowed under the laws. He was well into his bowling stride, faked to bring his arm over and then spun round and knocked over the stumps with the batsmen mere millimetres out of his crease.

    The rule should be simplified to prevent this happening again - the bowler must break the stumps before crossing the bowling crease, otherwise its simply a dead ball.

  • sonofabiatch on March 27, 2014, 15:09 GMT

    @Michael Jeh: While I understand the spirit of some of your articles, it would be nice to see you write some stuff that is good about today's game that wasn't there before. You have certainly come up with constructive comments on what needs changing but coming up with something like that on a week to week basis or whenever you write an article is coming across as plain whiny and no one likes that. So please, mix it up!

  • JohnnyRook on March 27, 2014, 15:38 GMT

    Good article. But I don't like the idea of third umpire coming into picture. Best is to take away the stigma from the bowler. Batsman is supposed to be in the crease before the ball is delivered or atleast till the bowler has reached the stride. If he tries to take an unfair advantage, just run him out,no warning needed. Or else wicketkeeper should also start giving warnings before doing the stumping and batsman should start giving warning before hitting a full-toss :)