Ball-tampering

Players are barred, by Law 42.3, from rubbing the ball on the ground, interfering with its seam or surface, or using any implement that can alter the condition of the ball to thereby gain unfair advantage. There have been plenty of ugly incidents centring on accusations of ball-tampering through cricket's history: the John Lever "Vaseline" affair in 1976-77; the times England and New Zealand accused Pakistan of it in the early 1990s; Michael Atherton's admission that he used dirt to treat the ball against South Africa in 1994; and perhaps most infamously, the Oval Test of 2006 when Pakistan forfeited the match because they were accused of having tampered with the ball.

Darrell Hair takes a close look at the ball

Outsource the tampering

There has been enough talk about looking kindly on tampering, but what if it was done off the field?

Darrell Hair takes a close look at the ball

Why the inconsistency in penalising tampering?

Faf du Plessis was fined for using a zipper to change the condition of the ball, while Afridi was banned for biting it. Why the double standard?

Darrell Hair takes a close look at the ball

Pakistan v South Africa, 2nd Test, Dubai, 4th day

No zips on cricket kit by 2015

It has been revealed that zips were due to be banned from international cricket kit before the latest ball-tampering controversy

Darrell Hair takes a close look at the ball

Pakistan v South Africa, 2nd Test, Dubai, 4th day

PCB wants clarification on 'inconsistent' ball-tampering penalty

Najam Sethi, the chairman of the interim management committee running the PCB, has said the Pakistan board wants clarification from the ICC on the "inconsistency" in the application of the ball-tampering rule

Darrell Hair takes a close look at the ball

Pakistan v South Africa, 2nd Test, Dubai, 4th day

Another 'C' word for South Africa?

South Africa's reputation of being arguably the most professional and respectable team has taken a hit by the ball-tampering episode

Darrell Hair takes a close look at the ball

Pakistan v South Africa, 2nd Test, Dubai, 4th day

Du Plessis pleads guilty, fined for ball-tampering

Faf du Plessis has been fined 50% of his match fees after breaching the ICC Code of Conduct during the third day's play in the second Test against Pakistan in Dubai