The original Indian hero
One of the great figures in world cricket is born. Lala Amarnath's century on debut, against England in 1933-34, was India's first in Test cricket. A dashing batsman and versatile bowler, he twice took five wickets in an innings in the 1946 series in England - ten years after being sent home from a shambolic tour of the same country. He captained India to victory in their first official series against Pakistan (1952-53) - and his Test career lasted 19 years to the day. His sons Mohinder and Surinder also played for India.
A fairy-tale finish at The Oval for England and Alastair Cook, who put an emphatic 4-1 seal on their series win over India. It was Cook's last Test, and having made 109 scratchy runs in his seven previous innings in the series, he unveiled beast mode for a hundred and a fifty, finishing with 218 runs in the match. India briefly entertained hopes of a draw - or even an unlikely win - when, set 464, KL Rahul and Rishabh Pant put on a partnership of 204 on the final day, but it was soon back to script: Adil Rashid accounted for both batsmen, and James Anderson took the last wicket, his 564th, which made him the world's most prolific fast bowler ever.
One of Sri Lanka's greatest days. The match at Colombo's P Sara Stadium was their 14th in Test cricket - and their first win. Thanks to Rumesh Ratnayake's 5 for 49 and Amal Silva's five dismissals, India were all out for 198 and lost by 149 runs. A draw in the next Test gave Sri Lanka a series for the first time.
Another big one for Sri Lanka, this time in Kandy. Led by new captain Sanath Jayasuriya, they beat Australia in a Test match for the first time, at the 11th attempt. Once the visitors had been dismissed for only 140 on an uneven pitch, Sri Lanka won comfortably by six wickets.
The first ever individual hundred in T20Is came in the opening game of the first World T20 tournament, and fittingly it came from the Bradman of T20, Chris Gayle, who took South Africa's bowlers for 117 off 57 balls… only to see West Indies eventually beaten with more than two overs to spare.
West Indies' youngest Test cricketer was born. When he made his debut, against England in Bridgetown, Derek Sealy was only 17 years 122 days old, and he still holds the record for being the youngest Test cricketer from outside the subcontinent. A strong attacking batsman, he made 58 in his debut innings and went on to score 92 and 91 in different Tests against the same country in 1934-35. He didn't do so well away from home, averaging only 10 in Australia in 1930-31 and 23.75 in England in 1939.
Left-arm spinner Murali Kartik, born today, played only eight Tests in a four-and-a-half-year span, largely because his career coincided with the Kumble-Harbhajan era. He forced his way into the Indian team in 1999-2000 after impressive domestic performances, but he didn't seem to enjoy Sourav Ganguly's confidence and was either underbowled or used defensively. In Mumbai in 2004-05 he ran through the Australian batting on a dustbowl to take India to a win, but he played only one more Test before being consigned to the periphery. He found success in the shortest format, playing a part in Middlesex's T20 triumph in 2008, and also played for Somerset and Surrey.
A new member joined a relatively exclusive club. Tasmanian batsman Jamie Cox scored a double-century and a hundred in the same first-class match, making 216 and 129 not out for Somerset v Hampshire in Southampton. On what the Wisden Almanack described as "a perfect batting wicket", he was dropped twice in the first innings but "his second was chanceless". He became a national selector after retirement, a post he held for five years before quitting in the aftermath of Australia's disastrous 2010-11 Ashes.
Much better known as an opening batsman who scored 205 at Old Trafford in 1992, Aamer Sohail was an occasional slow left-arm bowler who did the trick on this occasion. His 4 for 54 helped dismiss Sri Lanka for 233 in Peshawar and win the first Test by 40 runs.
A long-lived great-grandfather was born today. When William Henry Cooper died in 1939, he was 89 years old. He liked to take his time with other things too: when he played first-class cricket for the first time, he was already 27. In the first of his two Tests, against England in Melbourne in 1881-82, he bowled 98.2 overs in the match, finishing with 9 for 200. His main claim to fame is ancestral; he is the only player whose great-grandson was also a Test cricketer: Paul Sheahan played his first Test for Australia in 1967-68.