Yorkshire 27 for 1 trail Surrey 517 for 6 dec (Sangakkara 180*, Burns 90, Roy 87) by 490 runs
Kumar Sangakkara became the first batsman to reach 1,000 runs in the Specsavers County Championship this season as his sixth hundred propelled Surrey to 516 for seven declared during a heavily rain affected day two at Headingley.
Retiring Sangakkara advanced from 82 overnight to his ton in double quick time as the visitors advanced from 374 for six.
He ended with a stunning 180 not out off 183 balls before Yorkshire replied with 27 for one from 10.5 overs.
Play did not start until 5pm due to rain and there was no further play beyond 7.10pm. Only 30 overs were possible.
When Surrey declared midway through the session, Sangakkara had hit 21 fours and four sixes.
The Sri Lanka legend reached his sixth century in only his eleventh innings off 136 balls with 12 fours and a six and his 150 off another 28.
He now averages 108.6 this season with 1,086 runs from only eleven innings.
The ball after reaching his century, Sangakkara lofted Ben Coad over long-off into the Football Stand for his second six.
He later hit big leg-side sixes off the spin of Adil Rashid and Joe Root, who was unbeaten on 12 off 13 balls at close.
Sangakkara was helped along by Tom Curran, who made 44, with the pair sharing a record 158 for the seventh wicket.
It was Surrey's best in matches against Yorkshire, while their total was also their best in away first-class matches against the White Rose.
Remarkably, Sangakkara scored 91 of 122 runs to come in the first hour of play as Surrey moved to 496 for six. In all, they scored 142 in 19.1 overs from the start of play.
This was the 39-year-old's second century of the month at Headingley after he scored 121 in a Royal London one-day Cup play-off win here a fortnight ago.
The declaration came immediately after Curran had uppercut Tim Bresnan to third-man at the start of the 116th over.
Surrey claimed the maximum five batting points, while Yorkshire only finished with two for bowling.
Bresnan, Coad and Steve Patterson all finished the innings with two wickets apiece. Jack Brooks and Rashid conceded 109 and 107 from 18 and 16 overs respectively.
The Curran brothers, Tom and Sam, kept things tight at the start of Yorkshire's reply, with the latter getting the breakthrough when he had Adam Lyth lbw for eight in the eighth over, leaving the score at eleven for one.
England Test captain Root punched Tom through the covers off the back foot for his only boundary and is unbeaten on 12.
Play was abandoned at 8.15pm.
Yorkshire teenager Harry Brook will replace Lions bound captain Gary Ballance in the Yorkshire side for the rest of the game.