August 24 down the years

A historic day for India

And a not-so-fine one for England

1971
India's first Test win in England. At The Oval, after conceding a first-innings lead of 71, India regrouped to bowl England out for 101, which was their lowest score against the visitors. The wrecker-in-chief was legspinner Bhagwat Chandrasekhar with 6 for 38. England fought bravely in attempting to defend a target of 173. Ray Illingworth, the captain, bowled well on the slow, turning track and set his fields intelligently, but India had a day and a half to chase the target. It took them three hours to get the final 97 runs, but they got there in the end. The win gave them the series 1-0 and brought to an end England's record run of 26 official Tests without defeat.

1973
Lord's provided a suitable stage for Garry Sobers to complete his 26th and final Test hundred. His unbeaten 150 helped West Indies declare at 652 for 8 and win by an innings. Sobers later admitted that on the first evening (when he was 31 not out at the close), he had spent all night drinking port and brandy and was not in the best state when he resumed his innings. Wisden reported that he retired hurt with a stomach disorder, but Sobers admitted that he was worried about vomiting. The 2-0 defeat ended the Test career of the England captain, Ray Illingworth, who was replaced by Mike Denness.

1938
At Wells, Somerset's Arthur Wellard thumped five sixes off an over from Kent's England allrounder Frank Woolley. This equalled a world record that lasted until Garry Sobers hit six sixes off Malcolm Nash in 1968. Wellard was well named: before Ian Botham struck 80 sixes in 1985, our Arthur was the only man to hit 50 in a season, which he did four times, including the round number of 66 sixes in 1935.

1980
The first floodlit match in England, at Stamford Bridge, home of Chelsea FC, where Essex took on the touring West Indians. The official attendance was 11,073, and Essex, with Graham Gooch leading the way with 111, won a rain-affected game by virtue of a faster scoring rate.

1959
The pace of Fred Trueman and Brian Statham was too much for India - for the last time that summer, but not the first. All out for 194 at The Oval, they lost by an innings to complete the only 5-0 whitewash ever inflicted by England.

1974
The end of a match played on an Oval pitch that was a throwback to the featherbeds of the pre-war years. The first four days of the third Test between England and Pakistan produced 1038 runs and just 13 wickets, the last day a positively thrilling 201 runs and eight wickets. The match was, unsurprisingly, drawn, with England's first innings only being completed midway through the fifth afternoon. It did mean that Pakistan completed their tour without sustaining a defeat.

1972
Old Trafford witnessed the first century in any one-day international when Dennis Amiss hit 103 off 134 balls against Australia. England reached 226 for 4, to win by six wickets with nearly six overs to spare. Amiss also hit the second ODI century, against New Zealand in Swansea in 1973 - and the first century in a World Cup match, against India at Lord's in 1975.

Other birthdays
1851 Tom Kendall (Australia)
1909 Ronnie Grieveson (South Africa)
1959 Adrian Kuiper (South Africa)