Rob Steen
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Sportswriter and senior lecturer in sports journalism at the University of Brighton

Headingley revisited?

Dissent in the ranks and divisive captains? The parallels with a legendary series from three decades ago are inescapable

Rob Steen

May 26, 2010

Comments: 13 | Text size: A | A

Graeme Smith gave himself out stumped despite being in his ground when the bails were removed. West Indies v South Africa, 1st Twenty20, Antigua, May 19, 2010
Making a point?: Graeme Smith gave himself out stumped in the first Twenty20 when he was in his crease © AFP

Sport can hoist us to the highest highs then plunge us, before you can say "Hansie", to the deepest depths. It is the extremes that seduce. Last week was a case in point.

Wednesday in Antigua offered a grotesque Twenty20 match between West Indies and South Africa, enlivened almost exclusively by a shockingly awful pitch without whose erratic bounce and sense of humour it wouldn't have been a tenth as much fun. It also submitted for our jaded delectation not one but two instances of what some romantics might one day characterise as The New Chivalry.

When Andre Fletcher sprang to his left like a Siamese in gloves and somehow came up with a leg-side deflection - it could have come off anything, so inconclusive were the replays - Loots Bosman, South Africa's gifted young opener, failed to notice that a wide had been signalled. Instead of blithely re-scratching his guard or fiddling with his gloves, while inwardly smiling the serene, if ginger, smile of someone who knows he's just got away with it, he took the law into his own hands. He knew he'd made contact, knew the catch was legitimate. His conscience forgot to flee the scene; pragmatism was wrestled into submission. He was free to Do the Right Thing. So off he walked. Cricket 1, Professionalism 0.

Fletcher was also involved in the second episode, which attracted considerably more ambivalence. Later in the innings, Graeme Smith overbalanced attempting a reverse-sweep off Nikita Miller and the sprightly keeper whisked off the bails, whereupon Smith walked off. Replays showed that his back foot was grounded behind the line, yet even when team-mates implored him not to cross the boundary rope, he hesitated only briefly. A soft grin confirmed to some that the game, farcical as the umpires were making it, was not being accorded sufficient gravitas. Others, though, might interpret it as gallows humour: Smith's captaincy, after all, is back under the unforgiving microscope.

It may have been an innocent mistake born of a genuine belief that he was out, but in that case why not stay within the boundary - and the rules - and see whether the decision might be overturned? Could it be that Smith didn't care enough for the collective good? Was his behaviour spurred by anger? Was this a captain divided against himself? More pertinently, was he undermining himself in order to flay those who had undermined him? Was he saying, in short, "I'm noble but you're not"?

Then, the very next day, came the news, at Sir Paul Condon's farewell press conference, that Pakistan's woeful tour of Australia is being investigated by the ICC's Anti-Corruption Unit to discern whether that slapsticky run of failure could be explained by a dysfunctional dressing room or something of a sleazier, more criminal kind. A leaked video of the Pakistan Cricket Board's inquiry reportedly revealed enough plotting and infighting to put the Windsors out of business.

Shoaib Malik, according to taste, is either devil or deity; Rana Naved-ul-Hasan confessed to first siding against and then siding with Younis Khan, and underperforming under his captaincy. As Osman Samiuddin put it in these very pages the other day: "The one thing the video makes abundantly clear is that these men cannot play with each other, at least not without harming the team." Now Kamran Akmal is threatening to sue Intikhab Alam and Aaqib Javed, the former national coaches, for suggesting a missed run-out in Sydney, one that Laurel and Hardy might have disowned as too improbably laughable, was attributable to deliberate underperformance. The case is closed, say the PCB, whose hands are far from unbloody; the recriminations appear to be some distance from their sell-by date.

It was hard not to be reminded of another time and a very different place…

THE ODDS AREN'T WORTH contemplating. The side batting third were staring defeat in the teeth, only 10 and jack to come; the opposition cock-a-hoop and perhaps a little cocky, had more than two days to get the job done. Done deal.

For Headingley '81 (England were 92 runs behind when their seventh wicket fell) read Sydney '10 (Australia were 51 on when their eighth fell)? The connections are too coincidental, too umbilical, to ignore. For Mohammad Yousuf read Kim Hughes; for Kamran and Umar Akmal (with Shoaib Malik the elephant in no mood to leave the room) read Rod Marsh and Dennis Lillee. It is not that much of a stretch.

That Australia, having asked England to follow on, somehow plucked defeat from victory's jaws in that historic Test 29 years ago stemmed from a plethora of factors, from the state of Keith Boyce's pitch and the luck-kissed edges of Ian Botham's bat to Mike Brearley's psychological hold over blokes in baggy-green caps and Bob Willis' druggy-eyed determination to save his Test career. That few of Hughes' team-mates had any desire to win for him may have been as crucial as any. That Lillee and Marsh placed that infamous bet against their own side at 500-1 is still considered by some to be the slow-burning fuse that lit the match-fixing explosion, but the foundations of their willingness to take such a punt were laid by a complete and utter lack of respect for their captain.

"Tossing [Hughes] the job in post-Packer Australia," argued Brearley in his seminal book The Art of Captaincy, "was like inviting the Darling children to take the place of Captain Hook." As Chris Ryan vividly portrays in Golden Boy, Lillee and Marsh had never bothered hiding their contempt for their fellow Western Australian. The sight of Hughes in the nets was guaranteed to add yards to Lillee's pace and cut feet from his length. Now he was livid that this cocky whippersnapper had been appointed captain ahead of Marsh, his bosom buddy.

Marsh did not always disguise his resentment, greeting changes in the field with a prolonged shake of the head and a pronounced sigh intended for widespread consumption. "That's heavy shit," warranted Mike Whitney, who made his Test debut for Australia in that 1981 series. "It's like, oh, hang on, Rodney doesn't agree." It was not unknown for Marsh to wave the fielder back a few metres.

Rod Marsh of Australia breaks the world record for Test catches as he dismisses Ian Botham off Dennis Lillee during the third test at Headingley
Not for their captain: Marsh and Lillee take a wicket at Headingley in 1981 Adrian Murrell / © Getty Images

When Whitney finally terminated Botham's brutal 118 at Old Trafford, he was astonished at the lack of animation from the catcher, Marsh. Indeed, the keeper frowned. "I'll never forget it," attested Whitney. "I thought I'd done something wrong." Yes, it may have been because Marsh was as peeved that Botham had once again subverted the plot as he was relieved that the full-frontal assault was over. It also might have been, surmised Whitney, because Hughes had made another daft fielding change, or perhaps that Marsh had urged him not to take the new ball. "The thing that irked me the most was that the bloke wouldn't listen," admitted Lillee, whose bowling to Botham during the latter's match-turning 149 not out at Leeds was atypically awry, generously feeding his off-side splurges. "For some reason or other [Hughes] thought he knew better and this led to some bitter conflicts." Undermining the skipper? It was their patriotic duty.

"[Lillee and Marsh] weren't disappointed at Kim failing," claimed Peter Philpott, the team manager and de facto coach. "I don't think they set out to destroy him. Basically they just did. When things were going bad, he needed their support and there was no active attempt to help the boy." Philpott, it should be stressed, had also incurred their wrath: after all, the New South Welshman had had the effrontery to be chosen ahead of the WA coach, Daryl Foster. The Westies, observed Dirk Wellham, a member of the NSW coterie, "were not so enthused by the conservative approach of those from the hypocritically corrupt eastern states". The split between West Australians and New South Welshmen was almost as cancerous as that dividing Westie and Westie.

Philpott had "never seen an Australian side drop its bundle" the way it did at Headingley: "Our body language went down the bloody hill." To some degree, this could be traced to an incident on the second morning, when Hughes farmed the strike to protect Graham Yallop from Willis; he even declined a single to fine leg. Yallop was incandescent; his manhood had been publicly demeaned. At lunch, team-mates saw a Yallop virtually unrecognisable from the mild-mannered Victorian they knew. He was speechless. His eyes raged. "Hughes certainly didn't find a warm reception in his dressing room when he followed a livid Yallop through the door," related Welham. "I found the situation slightly confusing. I had always felt that the Australian team was 'one for all and all for one'. The latter part of that phrase seemed to be more appropriate than the first."

In our account of that match, 500-1 - The Miracle of Headingley '81, Alastair McLennan and I wrote a brief chapter entitled "Conspiracy - a theory", concluding thus: "Is it that big a stretch of the imagination, then, to interpret Australia's collapse at Headingley not as an attempt to lose the unloseable Test and hence win the unwinnable bet, but as the subconscious by-product of the antipathy engendered by their captain? Sigmund Freud might well have nodded his assent… Might it possibly be that heads made promises that hearts were unable to keep?"

A captain, stated Brearley, "must instil the will to win". Like Hughes, Mohammad Yousuf and Younis Khan now know that instilling that will in a dressing room divided in good measure by the captain himself can be impossible. Amid such internecine warfare, if any influence is exerted by bookmakers, that can only reflect a far deeper malaise. The ACU can surely rest easy, but the PCB most certainly cannot. Nor, for that matter, can their South African counterparts.

Rob Steen is a sportswriter and senior lecturer in sports journalism at the University of Brighton

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Posted by AdityaMookerjee on (May 28, 2010, 6:28 GMT)

Is the appointment of Shahid Afridi as captain, the answer to what ails Pakistan cricket? I am referring to Shahid Afridi being made captain for Test matches. Pakistan is a nation, where perhaps, the cricketers are as popular as the cricketers in India, but like India, also, the Pakistani cricketers are distracted from getting the job done. or cannot get the job done. If one looks at the state of things, being captain of the national cricket team, should not be seen as a great feat, or as an unusual honour. The idea that the captain is better than his team-mates should be banished. How should one look at the captaincy, if one is made the captain? One should not even waste one's thoughts on this matter. Also, if Afridi is the captain, then he should be able to volunteer to give up the captaincy of the team, if his captaincy is not desirable.

Posted by Smahuta on (May 27, 2010, 16:06 GMT)

Im pretty sure Smith hit that the ball and that is why he walked. That was my first impression watching it live. In the interview after the game, he also said that " I thought I middled the reverse sweep" Nobody walks for an attempted stumping, hell they dont walk for an edge to first slip these days.

Posted by Vivek.Bhandari on (May 27, 2010, 4:36 GMT)

Amazing article...really this provides something that was unheard so far...the other side of the brilliance displayed by the the conspiracy going in the Aussie camp...quite intriguing..

Posted by   on (May 26, 2010, 22:55 GMT)

This seems like an interesting article but the way it has been written makes it misleading and confusing to say the least.

Posted by bobby3054 on (May 26, 2010, 17:04 GMT)

Rob steen,,,somehow you look like kevin spacey...

Posted by Hassan.Farooqi on (May 26, 2010, 14:32 GMT)

@Noman_Yousuf_Dandore. Miandad is a player every aristocrat loves to hate because he came from a poor family, and Imran is the player every aristocrat would just love. It was because those days it was not important to be a great cricketer but to come from a high class family like Javed Burki, Majid Khan, and Imran Khan. Miandad came with a bang and remained a bang till he retired. Imran was given chance after chances due to his cousins, till he polished up. While Imran played every dirty trick in the trade to dethrone Miandad as captain, Miandad replied with great support after being dethroned. There was and is a basic difference of personal character between Imran and Miandad but lobby driven media fails to see it.

Posted by robheinen on (May 26, 2010, 11:15 GMT)

It's all starting to sound like the spoiled soccer jojo's we have here in Europe. First they want to earn millions and then all we get to see is tremendous amounts of utterly dislikeable ego. In my opinion when playing, as a professional sportsman, in your country's team, you don't need movtivation to win from someone other then yourself. If you can't find these resources within yourself, yuo should be man enough to say, that you'll pass your cup onto someone else.

Posted by NeilCameron on (May 26, 2010, 10:40 GMT)

I have no doubt that England at Headingly in 1981 were the better side and deserved to win. Having said that there is probably enough evidence presented in this article to show that the Australians weren't exactly at their best either.

Posted by ianChappellFan on (May 26, 2010, 9:40 GMT)

the sad part is that the headingly 81 incident is a unique one for aussies, and their low point, pak teams have reached this low point many times in their short history and pak team of all era have experienced such problem, just a few examples of captains facing such, burki, miandad (multiple times), zaheer, asif (79 india tour), almost all the captains post imran (except inzi), so the recent one is just another story in a list that will most likely not seize.

Posted by wanderer1 on (May 26, 2010, 9:25 GMT)

If Pakistani players had placed a bet against their own team at 500-1 odds they'd probably be locked up in jail by now. I find it fascinating sometimes the hystrionics and drama that exists in Pakistani cricket. Both insiders and outsiders constantly looking for accusations that just don't exist. Sometimes a loss is a loss and no more, no matter how freakish.

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Rob Steen Rob Steen is a sportswriter and senior lecturer in sports journalism at the University of Brighton, whose books include biographies of Desmond Haynes and David Gower (Cricket Society Literary Award winner) and 500-1 - The Miracle of Headingley '81. His investigation for the Wisden Cricketer, "Whatever Happened to the Black Cricketer?", won the UK section of the 2005 EU Journalism Award "For diversity, against discrimination"

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