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Novelist, essayist and historian based in New Delhi

Cricket's modern Zen master

It is tempting to see Virender Sehwag as a product of the limited-overs age, but he uses more or less orthodox strokes. The key to his success is that he has the ability to live in the present

Mukul Kesavan

November 8, 2010

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Virender Sehwag scores through the off side, Sri Lanka v India, 3rd Test, P Sara Oval, 2nd day, August 4, 2010
Sehwag's methods work better in the long form of the game than in the format that allegedly shaped them © AFP
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Virender Sehwag, who has just hit yet another fast-forward century in the Test being played against New Zealand in Ahmedabad, is the most interesting cricketer in the world today. He is at once a genius, set apart from his peers by his extraordinary gifts, and a player who embodies the changing history of the game he plays.

Sehwag's success in Test cricket sometimes obscures the fact that he got his start in the one-day game. It's hard to remember that he played more than 20 ODIs before he played his debut Test against South Africa exactly nine years ago, in the first week of November 2001. His international debut was a limited-overs match against Pakistan in early 1999 in which he played as a bits-and-pieces allrounder, as someone who bowled offspin and batted at No. 7. A year and a half later, a century against the Sri Lankans and a couple of undefeated fifties against South Africa got him a place in the Bloemfontein Test, where he declared himself by making a century.

The relevance of his early one-day career is that Sehwag was the first of a new breed of batsmen who won their Test match spurs by first getting a break in limited-overs cricket. Cricketers like Yuvraj Singh, MS Dhoni and Suresh Raina have made us take this one-day route to the top for granted, but in retrospect, Sehwag is a pioneer. Tendulkar, Ganguly, Dravid and Laxman caught the public eye in what was then the conventional way, as Test players; alone amongst the golden greats of Indian batsmen, Sehwag entered Test cricket through what was then the side door.

In a curious way, then, this Kohinoor of Test batsmanship, is a symptom of the decline of Test cricket as the premier form of the game. In Indian cricket, certainly, the era of Sehwag is one in which the cricketing public, corporate sponsors and the game's administrators have lined up decisively behind limited-overs cricket, first in its 50-over form and then in its parodic version, the Twenty20 format. And since Sehwag first appears so neatly at the end of the 20th century, it allows middle-aged doomsayers to see the first decade of the new millennium as Test cricket's terminal twilight.

But this is a celebration of Sehwag as a Test batsman, not a dirge for Test cricket, so it's important to say here that by a wonderful irony Sehwag used the gifts that should have made him an ODI natural to become instead the greatest opening batsman in the history of post-helmet Test cricket.

Up to a point, Sehwag's career as a Test batsman can be explained in terms of cricket's evolving history. The protective gear that came into the game in the late seventies, making the batsman well-nigh invulnerable; the better bats; the habit of scoring quickly, inculcated by the limited-overs game; the restrictions upon bouncers, all helped to create more attacking batsmen, and by the nineties the tempo of Test batsmanship had been decisively sped up.

The great Australian teams of the nineties came close to making the Test match draw extinct by routinely scoring at nearly four runs an over. Tendulkar responded to the challenge of this hectic decade by joining the solidity of Sunil Gavaskar to the intent of Viv Richards and thus creating a monster technique that was to eventually inspire our provincial hero in Najafgarh.

But this is as far as historical context takes us. Sehwag, like all truly great players, has to be set in the evolving context of the game to be understood, but more than the others, more certainly than Tendulkar, whose talent is essentially rational, his success resists history's incremental explanations.

Take for example the glib suggestion offered above, that Sehwag successfully transplanted the lessons of one-day cricket into the longer game. The first roadblock this thesis runs into is that Sehwag is a great Test batsman but no more than a decent ODI player. In his own practice, then, his methods work better in the long form of the game than in the format that allegedly shaped them.

The inadequacy of this explanation becomes more apparent when you try to compare him with another child of limited-overs cricket, Yuvraj Singh. Here's a player who, after years of striving to find a place in the middle order of India's Test line-up, has been discarded by the selectors. Superficially Sehwag and Yuvraj have one-day traits in common: a suspected weakness against the short ball, a lack of footwork, a tendency to stand and deliver. These traits produce the kind of Test match performances you would expect in Yuvraj's case: the odd century on flat tracks but failure more often than not. With Sehwag, though, these departures from batting orthodoxy have delivered a Test match average nudging 54, at the absurd, unprecedented strike-rate of 82. The only other contemporary batsman with an average and strike rate who comes close is Adam Gilchrist, and he batted at No. 7, at the tail-end of a frightening batting line-up, not first up against the new ball.

 
 
The genius of Sehwag lies in his near-yogic ability to live in the moment, to separate one ball from the other, to purge his mind at the moment of impact of useless meta-information like his innings score or the match score or the state of his average, or his place in the history of cricket
 

So why doesn't Sehwag fail more often? Every bowling attack in cricket declares that it has "plans" for Sehwag, and more often than not these plans consist of bouncing balls into his ribs to tuck him up. In the recent two-match "series" against Australia, his alleged vulnerability against the short ball was exploited by journeymen quicks with some success. Why hasn't this been done more frequently by the better, faster bowling sides he has faced throughout his career?

I don't know, but that doesn't stop me from guessing. Sehwag doesn't generally pull or hook the ball. His technique with the short ball consists either of evasion or, more riskily, the upper-cut over slip or gully when he's feeling adventurous. More often than not he lets the ball go: he might look awkward while doing so, but he's unlikely to be forced into the desperate cross-bat shot a la Yuvraj. If there were several fast bowlers like Glenn McGrath, bowlers who could make the ball rear from just short of a good length into Sehwag's ribs, over after over, I can see him being worn down and hustled out, but there aren't and consequently he isn't.

Secondly, Sehwag's choice of shots is, within the new definitions of the contemporary game, orthodox. He's a predominantly off-side player whose favourite shots are the cut and, more frequently, the drive. The lofted flayed cut, given the carry of modern bats, is a safe shot and apart from the nudge over slips (which is, in fact, a shot more likely to be played by Tendulkar than Sehwag), you would be hard put to think of low-percentage shots in Sehwag's repertoire. His favourite on-side shot is the bread-and-butter flick through midwicket or square leg. Otherwise his wagon- heels tell the story of a man relentlessly carving up the off side and the straight field with magical hands and a genius for hitting balls angled in to him, inside-out through cover or mid-off. The point here is that, given Sehwag's natural gifts, the repertoire of shots he brings into play is low-risk, even though his strokeplay looks spectacular and gasp-inducing.

But the real reason Sehwag is as good as he is has to do with that old chestnut, temperament. In the course of India's first innings in the Ahmedabad Test, it became apparent that he was playing the ball while Dravid, Tendulkar and Laxman were playing their careers. So he scored at a run a ball, while the others, for long sessions in the match, scored a run every six balls. This is sometimes construed as Sehwag being carefree but this is a misreading. I think Sehwag needs and wants success as much as any other player; remember, this is a man who knows what the penalties of failure are. After his first ODI in 1999, he was forgotten for a year, and then again in 2007 he was dropped from the Test team after a poor series against South Africa.

No, the genius of Sehwag lies in his near-yogic ability to live in the moment, to separate one ball from the other, to purge his mind at the moment of impact, of useless meta-information like his innings score or the match score or the state of his average, or his place in the history of cricket. Bowled on 173 in Ahmedabad, he grinned at his runner, Gautam Gambhir, instead of cursing the missed double-century, and walked cheerfully off the field. He didn't know he was within a stroke of a world record when he shared in a 400-run partnership some years ago, because he isn't interested in cricket's historical baggage. The game he's playing is everything and within that game, the ball he's about to face. Our carefree buccaneer, if only we had the eyes to see, is modern cricket's Zen Master.

Mukul Kesavan is a novelist, essayist and historian based in New Delhi. This article was first published in the Kolkata Telegraph

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Posted by gchandra on (November 12, 2010, 2:53 GMT)

Agree everything here. One fact overlooked. Out of 82 matches, only 20 matches were played outside Asia, against Australia, South Africa, West Indies and NZ. Here is how the average stack against these team for all Indian players who scored more runs than sehwag against these team outside of Asia. Still good for sehwag to have 40, but you can see that he is not the Zen master in this field. Let us see if he can become one in the future.

SM Gavaskar 57.78 R Dravid 55.22 M Amarnath 52.21 SR Tendulkar 49.59 VVS Laxman 47.78 V Sehwag 41.21 SC Ganguly 35.21

http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/stats/index.html?class=1;filter=advanced;home_or_away=2;home_or_away=3;host=2;host=3;host=4;host=5;orderby=runs;team=6;template=results;type=batting

Posted by varunv003 on (November 11, 2010, 16:13 GMT)

flat track bully!!!ha ha,then why otherso called better ones are unable to doit???

Posted by Proteas123 on (November 11, 2010, 6:13 GMT)

@ s_harris - Good analysis on the averages. I think where you'll find asian batsman benefiting is by the number of games on the flat tracks which would inflate their overall averages. On Sehwag, what you said is what I was saying, he is very good but has to improve his away record. I rate him up there with Smith as the top openers at the moment. You have to admit that in your analysis Kallis stands up pretty well to Sachin, if you then factor in the wickets he has taken, it is very hard to find an equal for Kallis.

Posted by Percy_Fender on (November 11, 2010, 5:07 GMT)

Virender Sehwag made his debut in Blomfontein, South Africaand scored a century against the likes of Shaun Pollock and Hayward and Macmillan. He also has superb hundreds against Australia at the MCG and Adelaide. At the MCG his 195 came on the first day of the match and he scored his runs till about one hour before stumps. In Adelaide he enabled India to save a game with a relatively dour innings by his standards.He has a hundred at other places in the world too. He is not given only to home dominance. He can play his unique form of the game on any type of wicket and in any country. It is just that one can never be sure when he will get out. The thing that is reassuring is that he would have made a big score or at least a reasonable one.It is just that on a flat track, he becomes a bulldozer as Steyn and his troupe foung out in Chennai.The same as in Multan against Pakistan. He is probably the only batsman in the world who amongst the current playing ones instills fear in bowlers.

Posted by s_harris on (November 10, 2010, 14:01 GMT)

@Wolver: And btw I do agree with your point on Sehwag being a flat track bully. He has performed much better in the subcontinent compared to Aus, Eng, NZ and SA. He has done well in Aus but has a really poor record in Eng, NZ and SA. He really has to make amends to his record in these countries to lay claim to being the Zen Master. He is a great player and I admire him for his ability to out-think the opponents. But I'll reserve my judgement until at least the SA tour...

Posted by s_harris on (November 10, 2010, 13:54 GMT)

@Wolver - Just compared the stats between sachin and kallis. But before I go into it, let me say that I am not making a case for either person.

in Aus K - 45.75 S - 58.53

in Bang K - 31.50 S - 136.66

in Eng K - 29.30 S - 62.00

in Ind K - 58.46 S - 57.28

in NZ K - 66.25 S - 49.52

in Pak K - 83.14 S - 40.25

in SA K - 56.44 S - 39.76

in SL K - 35.33 S - 67.94

in WI K - 55.41 S - 47.69

in Zim K - 503.00 S - 40.00

Its interesting to note that Kallis averages better in Ind and Pak - the two countries most known for flat batting tracks. In the seaming countries (SA, Eng, Aust and NZ), they are 2-2. But overall in these 4 countries, Kallis avg is 49.44 while Sachin avg is 52.45. I am ignoring Bang and Zim since stats typically get skewed with these countries which leaves the turners in SL and slow pitches of WI. Sachin has a much higher avg in SL than Kallis does in WI. You decide for yourself who has benefitted more from the flat batting tracks...

Posted by Proteas123 on (November 10, 2010, 7:32 GMT)

@ mrgupta - I was not talking about Tendulkar but you bring it up and make an excellent point. Sachin has failings like the rest of the greats and is hence not the greatest but certainly one of them. The flat track point is very valid, Sachin often gets the chance to play on pathetic flat tracks like the last test and that is why his average will be better than the others and SA batsman generally have lower averages. Sanga and Sehwag have very average records outside of sub-continent. check your facts. Kallis is the greatest of the current era, as he stands up with all the great batsman and is the greatest all-rounder, who can only be challenged by Sobbers.

Posted by   on (November 10, 2010, 1:12 GMT)

The article looked awesome to me until I reached line "n the Ahmedabad Test, it became apparent that he was playing the ball while Dravid, Tendulkar and Laxman were playing their careers"!!! really?You need not underestimate the efforts of other players to emphasize Sehwag's importance. If you think you have written very excellent article, then you are absolutely wrongg and it implies that you think all the viewers around the world are absolutely fool. Don't try to become writter version of 'Manjerekar' just for the sake of it.

Posted by mrgupta on (November 9, 2010, 21:05 GMT)

@Wolver : People from Aus, Eng or SA love to call Asian batsmen "Flat track" bully even though guys like Sachin, Sehwag and Sanga have great oversea records. Sachin's record in Aus is close to what Ponting has and better than Lara, Viv Richards and Kallis. In Eng Sachin's batting avg is far superior than either of Lara, Kallis, Viv Richards or Ponting. Similarly on the Flat Tracks in India Records for Lara or Ponting are nothing more than ordinary. The only place where Sachin needs to improve his record is in SA where he avg touch under 40 though he has scored 3 100s there. Then So does Kallis needs to improve in Eng (avg 29.3), Ponting in Eng and India (avg 41.79 and 26.48 respectively), Lara cannot improve now but shud have done better in Aus and Eng (41.97 & 48.76 respectively). If you want you can check using statsguru that in the Matches won playing away (Excluding BD and Zim) Sachin's record is hugely superior to Either of Ponting, Lara, Viv Richards and Kallis. Need i say more?

Posted by Podatik on (November 9, 2010, 17:34 GMT)

@ Rumy1: I agree with all of your observations save 1. Kaif, like Yuvraj, has been given several opportunities in tests, but his technique is more suspect than even Yuvraj. I would much prefer Badrinath who seems to possess better technique and temperament than either. Gambhir may be going through a rough patch, but he has the right temperament and his technique is generally good (barring a few bad habits that seem to have crept in). I'm sure that this can be worked out by a good batting coach and application on Gambhir's part. At the risk of inviting anger from all corners, I'd probably like to see the following top-order line-up in SA: Gambhir/Vijay, Sehwag, Laxman, Tendulkar, Pujara, Badrinath, Dhoni.

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Mukul KesavanClose
Mukul Kesavan teaches social history for a living and writes fiction when he can - he is the author of a novel, Looking Through Glass. He's keen on the game but in a non-playing way. With a top score of 14 in neighbourhood cricket and a lively distaste for fast bowling, his credentials for writing about the game are founded on a spectatorial axiom: distance brings perspective. Kesavan's book of cricket - Men in Whitewas published in 2007.

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