May 9, 2012

Coaches don't win matches

They may be the ones who front up at the post-match press conferences, but they're not really in control of the matters they answer questions about

The overwhelming majority of professional cricket coaches are decent people, but few leave much of an impression on their players as human beings. I played for dozens of coaches who followed conventional wisdom, ran with the pack, and cut their cloth according to the opinions of those around them. They were professionally competent, but were they men of honour? Would they risk their own jobs for a point of principle?

John Wright is one of the few who would. Indeed, he often has, most recently in resigning from his job as New Zealand coach after refusing to go along with managerial systems that he does not agree with. He could have dragged out his time and taken the money; he could have stormed off in a huff. He has done neither, preferring to retain his dignity and his honour.

Wright has always been a brave man, as a player and then as a coach. He was at his very best in situations that could not be mastered. It brought out his winning combination of steely resolve and innate modesty. That is why he succeeded as the coach of India. He grasped that the job was too mysterious, too vast and too emotional to be condensed into a reductive formula or limited to a set of rational tactics. You were not only coaching a team, you were serving the whole body politic of a fanatical cricketing nation. Rahul Dravid captured Wright's emotional intelligence when he said he said he was "more Indian than the Indians".

Wright has always been driven from within. He does not see life as a series of shrewd decisions; it is an adventure that must be lived to the full. That's why he has always retained a splash of the artist in his life. With his guitar in one hand and an old paperback in the other, Wright was on a constant journey of self-discovery. He has more in common with a folk musician than with a corporate salesman. It was cricket's great gain that such a restless, bohemian spirit found a home in the increasingly slick and systems-driven world of modern professional sport.

Wright believes in the power of laughter and friendship as well as training and discipline. He knows that cricket teams learn and grow not only through training but also through their shared laughter - the craic, those moments of shared warmth and friendship when a group comes together and forgets its rivalries and tensions.

There will doubtless be moments when Wright asks himself how lesser men have survived longer in their posts than he has. But if he follows the logic, he should not reproach himself. In being his own man, he has lived a fuller, more honest life. And through his own example Wright has taught his players about life as well as cricket in ways they may not yet understand, but will one day deeply appreciate.

There were a couple of insights in Wright's resignation press conference that make essential listening for anyone involved in cricket. The first was typically understated. He thanked his senior players for their "understanding". But he added quickly that they were "pretty busy in India". Did he mean "Distracted by the IPL?" If I was captain of my country - or a senior player - I wouldn't want too many vital changes to happen to the national squad when I was euphemistically "away in India".

Secondly, Wright questioned the idea that cricket matches are won by coaches. They aren't. They are won by players. Coaches can help at the margins - they can improve players' techniques, they can hone a group's sense of togetherness, they can foster a competitive spirit and tactical nous. But Wright knows that the crucial people are the ones on the field, the men in possession of the bat and the ball.

A cricket coach's accountability is very largely illusory. What makes a team win or lose on any given day is far more complex and mysterious than the lines of accountability on a reductive managerial flow-chart

It is self-evident that coaches can make a difference. We know it is not dumb luck that allows Alex Ferguson to lead Manchester United to so many trophies over so many decades. But cricket is not the same as football. Because cricket captains have so much more power than captains in other sports, the coach is inevitably more of a supportive, enabling figure. Cricket has never responded well to all-powerful coaches: the fluid structure of the game works against off-field puppet masters.

Crucially, the cricketing public does not always understand this. Because the coach is among the two most visible people in any team - the man who fronts the press conferences and provides the quotes for the media - it is mistakenly assumed that he is ultimately responsible for short-term results. He isn't. The players are. Indeed, in a small cricketing nation such as New Zealand, the coach doesn't even have much scope to change the pool of players.

There is a very serious point here. The modern media - as it seeks to serve the wider sporting public - demands that someone is always available to comment on the team's performance and tactics. That person is usually the coach. The order of events is always the same: the coach announces the team, then the team plays the match, then the coach analyses the team's performance in public and vows to do better. It is only natural that a correlation forms in the public's collective consciousness that the coach is in control of all subjects about which he has to answer questions. But he isn't. Far from it. The coach is often answering questions on issues over which he has almost no control at all. We should not blame coaches for mistakes that were never theirs.

"Accountability" is a buzzword that managers in all walks of life are encouraged to use. The media encourages them to do so in order to create a clear line of responsibility: in other words, so they can "legitimately" blame someone. But a cricket coach's accountability is very largely illusory. What makes a team win or lose on any given day is far more complex and mysterious than the lines of accountability on a reductive managerial flow-chart.

Wright intuitively understood this. It is ironic that some people think this makes him old-fashioned, a coach who doesn't quite understand the way sport has evolved. I think quite the opposite: in recognising the limitations of coaching, Wright is ahead of his time.

Former England, Kent and Middlesex batsman Ed Smith's new book, Luck - What It Means and Why It Matters, is out now. His Twitter feed is here

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • David on May 10, 2012, 22:41 GMT

    It's a pleasure to read anything by Ed Smith. I'd say the efficacy of coaches has a lot to do on circumstance. With his emphasis on hard work, impressive technical knowledge, and sensitive handling on players, Duncan Fletcher was an ideal 'moderate team' coach. Conversely, his methodical, cautious approach has been disastrous for a potentially great team like India. John Buchanan is the polar opposite of Fletcher, but his left-field, experimental, sometimes antagonistic approach helped make Australia a scarily good side in the early 2000s. Andy Flower is more of a Fletcher than a Buchanan, but he has something of the latter's ability to think things through for himself - it will be interesting to see what legacy he can now create. Peter Moores is an ideal coach for younger, more impressionable cricketers, who need guidance and strong instruction, but has little to offer more seasoned test cricketers. It is why he was so successful with Lancashire last year but failed as England coach.

  • Krishna on May 10, 2012, 7:49 GMT

    Beautifully written, Ed. You've described Wright brilliantly. The bit about accountability - in our management-dominated societies, it's more of a veiled threat than anything else. Exactly as you said. Keep writing, I'll definitely go looking for your book :)

  • James on May 10, 2012, 3:55 GMT

    Ed, I agree with your sentiments and still believe that accountability has a place in sport. I think that you have possibly idealised John Wright who in many people's eyes is a bit too laid back on a good day and downright slack on most. There have been many quotes about him being late for meetings etc. for those who would debate against this. On the other John, my Grandmother could have coached THAT Australian side and had the same success as Buchanan. Remember the famous Warne quote about a coach being the mode of transport to the game. The NZ side is almost a polar-opposite of Buchanan's Australian side so we may have a bit more of a barometer of his ability as a coach. By the way, Wright was hardly a great success and we did not see any increase in backbone from the batting line up which was his main aim. Don't let one win over an average Australian side cloud your judgement.

  • Santosh on May 10, 2012, 0:09 GMT

    Ask the great S.K.Warne he will tell you who is Buchanan? Great work Ed.

  • Nadeem on May 9, 2012, 19:46 GMT

    It depends on the resources available to a coach. In NZ coaches and captains don't have too much talent in hand because of population. Look at Australia and India what their coaches did for them in recent past. Coaches do win matches but they need talented players in their team. Whatmore was able to win WC 1996 with minnow Sri Lanka because of their too much hard work and asian conditions but again whatmore played big role in that win too. A team is consist of Captain, Coach, Players. Any of these three are not performing mean team is going to lose so Coaches do play big role in winning and losing now.

  • Ali on May 9, 2012, 19:39 GMT

    they don't win matches,

    but they sure can LOSE them ....

    take a miscalculation on DL ,,, or playing the wrong combination of bowlers, or mucking up the batting order ...

    a good example is the MI vs RCB game today....

    when MI was floundering, in the 10th over when the 4th wicket went down, Pollard should have been promoted....

    in the end he came in with 4 overs remaining and hit 20 off 12 ...BUT he faced 7 balls from Murli and Khan .... so he only had 5 deliveries from the lesser bowlers to score of (and he capitalized) ...

    If he was sent in earlier....

    Yes he could have gotten out,

    but he could have also made 40 of 20 ......

    sending him in late to face 12 balls gives you ZERO chance of crossing 150 .....

    MI lost because of a failure of the coach and captain to adjust to a top order batting collapse ....

    they may have scored 170 and still lost .... but, if coaching can;t help you win, it can sure help you lose .....

  • Hayat on May 9, 2012, 18:06 GMT

    Whatever Buchanan did with Australia, i can't argue, but if he is so successful then why could he not get the KKR to perform? Or was the obstinacy of Ganguly more than the measure of Buchanan! ;-D

  • Payas on May 9, 2012, 14:17 GMT

    I will say NZ have chosen wrong John. No need to say anything else.

  • kiran on May 9, 2012, 14:01 GMT

    Excellent Article Ed, i was tired reading articles making no sense these days and this has been one of the best that i have read in recent times. Undoubtedly, John is one of the best coaches around and also the person who seems to be easily approachable..

  • Rizwan on May 9, 2012, 13:41 GMT

    @tompuffin, I completely agree with you comment. Recently like many other sports cricket too has been infested with these business ideas & eventually turning into entertainment than a sport. Now even coaching is going that way too.

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