Rewind to Rewind toRSS FeedFeeds


The ignorant Olympians

In 1900, Great Britain won the only Olympic cricket tournament to have been held - but they were totally unaware they had even competed in the Games

Martin Williamson

July 28, 2012

Comments: 7 | Text size: A | A

Handbill for the 1900 Olympic cricket tournament
A handbill advertising the match. Note the lack of any reference to the Olympics and that the Great Britain team is referred to as "England" © PA Photos
Related Links

Cricket and the Olympics might appear to be unlikely bedfellows, but it was one of the original sports listed in the provisional Olympic programme, Des Jeux Olympiques de 1896, published in 1895. Closely identified as being the archetypal play-hard-but-fair game, cricket fit almost perfectly with Baron Pierre de Coubertin's Olympian ideal.

That a Frenchman would want cricket in the Games was not as surprising as it may seem. The seeds of de Coubertin's brainchild had been sown when in 1890 he attended the Much Wenlock games in Shropshire - widely considered the birthplace of the modern Olympics - where cricket was one of the featured events.

At the 1896 Games in Athens it was intended that cricket would be included, but a lack of entries meant plans were quietly shelved. Four years later in Paris, four teams entered - Great Britain, France, Belgium and Holland - but in the event, only one match was played, between Great Britain and France. Holland and Belgium had originally been touted as co-hosts for the second Olympiad but those plans faltered and the two countries' entries went the same way.

It was symptomatic of the confusion surrounding the Games - the Olympics at that time were a far cry from the slick modern bonanza. Events took place between May and October at 16 different venues, and the word Olympics was rarely used. The 1900 Games were referred to as part of the Great Exposition or the World's Fair and no official medals were awarded - winners got trophies or medallions. One event, fencing, was all professional, with a cash reward for the winner.

The press that bothered to cover events referred to them as "International Championships", "International Games", "Paris Championships", "World Championships" and "Grand Prix of the Paris Exposition". De Coubertin was reported to have told friends: "It's a miracle that the Olympic movement survived that celebration".

The eclectic nature of the schedule underlines the rather haphazard nature of the entire enterprise. Many events made their first and last Olympic appearances in Paris, such as motorcycle racing, ballooning, croquet, pelota, swimming obstacle race, underwater swimming, and of course, cricket. To this day, what actually constituted Olympic events remains in doubt as there were hundreds of competitions associated with the World's Fair. Perhaps test events such as fire-fighting, live pigeon-shooting and cannon-firing never really had a chance.

The Great Britain cricket side was not a nationally selected XI but a touring club team, Devon & Somerset Wanderers. This was not unusual, as club sides represented GB in many other events: the rugby competition was won by Moseley Wanderers, their one match played on a one-day visit to France, the football by Upton Park FC; and Osborne Swimming Club swept all before them in the water polo.

Devon & Somerset Wanderers were a touring side formed six years earlier by William Donne (who played in the Olympic match) and consisting largely of players from Castle Cary Cricket Club, five of whom played in the match, and former pupils of Blundell's School. Qualification was simply based on who was available to take a fortnight off to travel to France. The 16-man Wanderers headed across the Channel for a three-match jaunt, starting with the game against France and continuing with two one-day matches (both of which they won).

The French side was anything but, formed largely of expat Englishmen, and was selected from two Paris-based teams - Union CC and Standard Athletic. The latter had been formed in 1890 by English craftsmen who had moved to Paris a year or so earlier to work on the construction of the Eiffel Tower.

The two-day "international" took place at the impressive Velodrome de Vincennes, a 20,000-seater banked cycling track, which also hosted the football, rugby, cycling and gymnastic events, and started on Sunday, August 19, 1900. The crowd consisted of a dozen or so bemused gendarmes. Potential spectators had hardly been encouraged by an explanation in La Vie Au Grand Air, the official publication of the Games, which described cricket as "this sport without colour to the uninitiated".

The British side had arrived in Paris the previous day, and after one night at the Hotel des Trois Princes, travelled to the stadium. It was agreed by the captains that the game would be 12-a-side. This caught the printers of the scorecards on the hop, and the extra name had to be added by hand. Even if they did not realise this was an Olympic event, the British managed to avoid embarrassing the Olympic ideal by fielding an all-amateur side and leaving David Jennings, who played for Exeter as their professional, on the sidelines.

The Great Britain team who won gold at the 1900 Olympics, Paris, August 20, 1900
The Great Britain side... also known as the Devon & Somerset Wanderers © PA Photos

Great Britain batted first and scored a creditable 117, largely thanks to 23 from Charles Beachcroft, who opened for Exeter, and the Old Blundellian Frederick Cumming, who top-scored with 38. France were then bowled out for 78. The British scored 145 for 5 second time around, with fifties from Beachcroft and Alfred Bowerman, setting the hosts a target of 185. In the event, this proved way beyond them, and they were bowled out for 26, with Montagu Toller, who had played county cricket for Devon in 1897, taking 7 for 9.

The winners were awarded silver medals, the French bronze ones - both XIIs also received miniature replicas of the 11-year-old Eiffel Tower.

The victorious team's journey back to the hotel was eventful. The driver of one of the two coaches had become rather caught up in the day's events, had consumed far too much alcohol, and had to be driven back inside his own carriage. The other, apparently in a similarly excitable state, crashed his coach, causing minor injuries to some of the passengers.

And so ended the competition. Neither side seemed aware that they had taken part in the Olympics, and the match was only retrospectively formally recognised as being an Olympic contest in 1912, when the International Olympic Committee met to compile the definitive list of all events in the five modern Olympiads up to that point. As a result, the medals awarded were upgraded to gold and silver. By the time of the St Louis Games in 1904, cricket had been forgotten.

The newspapers at home completely ignored the match, although a few local papers in Devon did carry reports.

The Wanderers finished their tour but were left less than impressed with the French - described as "too excitable to enjoy the game", according to one contemporary journalist, who added that "no Frenchman could be persuaded to play more than once. A cricketer in France is a stranger in a strange land looked upon with mingled awe and contempt by the average Frenchman."

What happened next?

  • In 2008 a Devon newspaper launched an appeal to try to find any of the medals awarded at the event. None were forthcoming
  • In July 2012, Castle Cary hosted a French side in a rematch of the 1900 game. The visitors also played Old Blundellians

Is there an incident from the past you would like to know more about? Email us with your comments and suggestions.

Martin Williamson is executive editor of ESPNcricinfo and managing editor of ESPN Digital Media in Europe, the Middle East and Africa

RSS Feeds: Martin Williamson

© ESPN Sports Media Ltd.

Posted by Chaitanya Shah|101879182439429641862 on (January 22, 2015, 10:11 GMT)

wow nice to know about old cricket history

Posted by swan_is_ordinary on (July 29, 2012, 8:45 GMT)

It is when you read articles like get to know a lot about the lovely past of cricket...and you realize the greatness of this site...

Posted by RandyOZ on (July 29, 2012, 5:26 GMT)

@Tony Hewetson - correct, great britain, not England. It looks like the talent has always been evry thin in England. Even recruiting Scottish and Irish players in the early 1900s!

Posted by   on (July 28, 2012, 21:31 GMT)

So just to make it clear- the GB are the reigning Olympic champions?

Posted by   on (July 28, 2012, 13:58 GMT)

wow whatta in Olympics would do justice to both only when cricket is presented in its most graceful of form i.e. test cricket , which is seemingly not possible given the number of days Olympic as an event lasts

Posted by Gizza on (July 28, 2012, 7:32 GMT)

There seemed to be a lot of interesting sports in the Olympics back then. Motorcycle racing and underwater swimming! And you forgot to mention kite flying and fire fighting! Another sport back then was tug-of-war which is only a children's school game nowadays though it lasted more than one games. There have been also non-sporting events held during the Olympics like art competitions including painting, literature, music, architecture and sculpture.

Posted by   on (July 28, 2012, 5:25 GMT)

Love to see Cricket in Olympics & Medal for Srilanaka.

Comments have now been closed for this article

Email Feedback Print
Martin WilliamsonClose

    'I have what it takes to be a great Test batsman'

Couch Talk: West Indies batsman Kraigg Brathwaite on his mental approach, and his captaincy ambitions

What to expect from this World Cup

Jarrod Kimber: A random list of things that you may or may not see at the 2015 mega-event

Forever young

The Cricket Monthly: In pictures, famous players at the age of 25
Download the app: for iPads | for Android tablets

    Ronchi's blitz, and remarkable ODI recoveries

Ask Steven: Also, the fastest ODI 150s, and the highest Test totals without a half-century

When will we see the first truly freelance cricketer?

Jon Hotten: Will the likes of Pietersen become guns for hire in the full sense of the term?

News | Features Last 7 days

Off-stump blues leave Dhawan flailing

The out-of-form Shikhar Dhawan still has the backing of his captain, but there's no denying his slump has arrived at an inconvenient time for India and his technical issues have to be sorted out before they attempt to defend the World Cup

Kohli at No. 4 - defensive or practical?

It seems Virat Kohli is to not bat before the 12th or 13th over to strengthen the middle and the lower middle order. It suggests a lack of confidence in what was supposed to be India's strength in their title defence: their batting

Open with Rohit and Binny, with Kohli at No. 3

India's batting is going the way of their bowling in Australia, and they need get their order sorted before the World Cup

On TV it looks uglier than it actually is

Often reasonable arguments on the field look nasty beyond the boundary and on camera

Ten things that are different at this World Cup

And one that will be the same. A look at what has changed since 2011

News | Features Last 7 days