August 11, 2014

The deciders

With England's long series against India about to conclude at The Oval, we look at some other classic five-Test encounters that hinged on the final match

England's players and fans celebrate the series win over South Africa in 1998 © Getty Images

Australia v England 1894-95
This was only the second five-match rubber (after 1884-85), and "the first great Test series", according to the title of David Frith's book. England won the first Test after following on, and the second by 94 runs - but Australia fought back with huge wins in Adelaide and Sydney, setting up a decider in Melbourne. Needing 297 to clinch the rubber, England were 28 for 2 before Yorkshireman Jack Brown hurtled to 50 in 28 minutes - and 100 in 95 - to steer his side to a 3-2 victory.

Australia v West Indies 1960-61
This series had it all: a tie, a win for both sides, and a thriller in which Australia's last pair survived for 100 minutes to stave off defeat. The rubber that revived Test cricket after a drab decade hinged on the final match, in Melbourne: Richie Benaud's Australians scraped home by two wickets to pilfer the series 2-1.

England v South Africa 1998
After a soggy draw and a conclusive win at Lord's, South Africa were denied another victory at Old Trafford by England's tail, with the last pair hanging on for 7.1 overs. England, spearheaded by Darren Gough and Angus Fraser, bounced back with victories at Trent Bridge and Headingley (by just 23 runs) to steal the rubber.

India v England 1984-85
When India won the first Test, some feared a repeat of the yawn-making 1981-82 series, when a first-up victory for India had been followed by five boring draws on shirtfront pitches. But England bounced back, winning the second Test, then taking the lead in the fourth in Madras, after double-centuries from Graeme Fowler and Mike Gatting, and 11 wickets from the persistent Neil Foster. Both sides batted long in the drawn final Test, leaving England 2-1 winners after coming from behind, something they repeated in 2012-13... and possibly will in 2014?

Australia v England 1936-37
Don Bradman's tenure as captain started with two defeats, as Australia were caught on two rain-affected pitches. He made a duck in both games, too. England must have been worried about the backlash... and it came in the form of 270 in Melbourne (Australia won by 365 runs), 212 in Adelaide (won by 148 runs) and 169 back in Melbourne (won by an innings and 200). This remains the only five-match series won by a team that had been 2-0 down.

England v West Indies 1963
After three Tests, Frank Worrell's star-studded West Indian side had won one (by ten wickets), drawn one (the thriller at Lord's, which went down to the last ball) and lost one (Fred Trueman taking 12 wickets). But they pulled away with convincing wins in the final two Tests, the menacing Charlie Griffith taking nine wickets in each of them.

India v West Indies 1974-75
After Clive Lloyd's new-look side took a 2-0 lead - Gordon Greenidge hit 93 and 107 on debut in Bangalore, and Viv Richards 192 not out in Delhi - few gave the home side much chance. But, shrewdly marshalled by MAK Pataudi, they hit back with two fine victories, before a double-century from Lloyd set up the Bombay triumph that gave his side the series 3-2.

Australia v South Africa 1952-53
The authorities were so worried about a mismatch that serious consideration was given to calling the tour off. Favourites Australia duly won the first Test, but South Africa hit back in the second, their offspinner Hugh Tayfield taking 13 wickets. Australia won the third by an innings, but after a draw in Adelaide the South Africans - hailed as the finest fielding side yet seen - held their nerve to win in Melbourne and draw the series.

India v Pakistan 1986-87
These two neighbours/rivals had previously contested two series in which all five matches were drawn, and a repeat looked on the cards after four high-scoring but inconclusive encounters. But the pitch for the final Test in Bangalore offered unpredictable turn and bounce: Pakistan were shot out for 116, then India managed only 145. A better batting effort from Imran Khan's side left India 221 to win. It looked impossible - but Sunil Gavaskar, in what turned out to be his final Test innings, made a superb 96 (the next-best were Extras, with 27, and Mohammad Azharuddin with 26). But after 320 minutes Gavaskar finally was out to Iqbal Qasim, and India fell just short: it was Pakistan's first series win in India.

Don Bradman bats in the nets ahead of the 1936-37 Ashes series © Fairfax Media via Getty Images

Australia v India 1977-78
In an entertaining series played concurrently with the first season of Kerry Packer's World Series Cricket breakaway, a second- or third-string Australian side - led by 39-year-old Bob Simpson, returning ten years after his initial retirement - won the first two Tests, the second by two wickets after a century from their nightwatchman, Tony "Rocket" Mann. But India hit back, their spinners taking 18 wickets in victories in Melbourne and Sydney (Bhagwath Chandrasekhar alone grabbed a dozen at the MCG), to set up a grand finale in Adelaide. Needing a towering 493, India got tantalisingly close thanks to a fine team effort - the highest score was Mohinder Amarnath's 86 - but ended up 45 short as Australia stole the series 3-2.

England v Australia 2005
And finally, the series Wisden dubbed the greatest of all: the epic 2005 Ashes. Australia, after their then-customary win at Lord's, were within a whisker of going two up before England clinched that heart-stopping two-run victory at Edgbaston. Australia's last pair hung on for a draw at Old Trafford, then England squeaked ahead with another close-run thing - three wickets this time - at Trent Bridge. Australia had the upper hand at The Oval, but England held on, thanks to Kevin Pietersen's 158 and the weather (unusually, the rain inspired cheers from the home crowd), to take the series 2-1 and reclaim the Ashes after 16 long years.

Steven Lynch is the editor of the Wisden Guide to International Cricket 2014. Ask Steven is now on Facebook

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • Mashuq on August 13, 2014, 6:10 GMT

    England v South Africa 1955 featured a fifth test decider which England won by 90 runs thereby taking the rubber 3-2. At the time Tyson had blown Australia away so that was a good effort by SA.

  • Dummy4 on August 12, 2014, 13:38 GMT

    Probably I would have included the 1987 5-test match series between Pakistan and England. The first two tests were drawn because of rain, Pakistan won the Leeds test by an innings and the fourth test was very exciting as England needed around 118 of the final 18 overs. England managed only 107 for 7 and the match was drawn. They tried hard but Imran and Wasim Akram bowled 9 overs each to save the match. The final match was played at Oval where Pakistan batted first and made a mammoth 708 runs and batted for almost 3 days. England were followed on. Gatting and Botham batted on the last day to salvage a draw. Saleem Malik dropped Botham's catch in the slip other wise it would have been2/0 series win. It was hard fought series for both teams.

  • Dummy4 on August 12, 2014, 2:19 GMT

    Australia-India from 77 should not count - it was against a B string or even Shoe string Australia side. Those two victories are no more significant than winning practice matches against regional teams. Meanwhile the 3 losses are each worth two losses or more.

  • Jonathan on August 12, 2014, 0:59 GMT

    Gary Shea - You say "if it wasn't for the rain, Australia would have won at the Oval in 2005"

    I say, Australia would have had to make nearly 350 batting last. Far from conclusive, few sides have chased a score that big, at best the odds would have been 50-50 of them making it.

    But if you insist that rain prevented an Australian win at the Oval... several hours were lost to rain at Old Trafford too, in which Australia finished by hanging on for the last four overs with one wicket left and their side a mile behind. Had those missing hours been available, England would surely have taken the final Australian wicket. So if the rain had an effect on the series, it was at best neutral, preventing a certain England win at Old Trafford and a 50-50 possible Australian win at the Oval.

    Admittedly, Shane Warne catching instead of dropping Pietersen at The Oval would have probably given Australia the game, and drawn the series, but that wasn't due to the rain...

  • Pelham on August 11, 2014, 15:46 GMT

    @Baddabing on (August 11, 2014, 14:18 GMT): As well as West Indies v New Zealand in 1971-72, there were also 5 draws out of 5 in the following series: Pakistan v India in 1954-55, India v Pakistan in 1960-61, India v England in 1963-64.

  • Richard on August 11, 2014, 14:18 GMT

    I can see why the NZ vs WI series in 1971-72 is not mentioned - the only 5 match series in history where all 5 matches finished in draws, played over 10 weeks and overall a big yawn, but the final match in Trinidad was also the decider, as was the custom back then an extra day was added to the final match and at the beginning of the final day either team winning the series or a draw were still possible. NZ held out for a marathon 155 overs in their chase but it was only a couple of tailenders who batted out the final session, the result of the series literally going down to the final over. Another I would like to mention was the 1970-71 Ashes, actually a 6 match series with Australia beginning the final day needing 100 runs to save the Ashes with 5 wickets in hand

  • Dummy4 on August 11, 2014, 13:43 GMT

    How can u say England against Australia in the 2005 Ashes series rated as the greatest ever ! U gotta be joking ! They (England ) were the most luckiest team ever in that series , not kidding here , Australia was very unlucky in that series , so thanks to the rain to got them home , if it wasn't for the rain , Australia would had won the game easy ! Warnie drop KP a sitter at slips twice , went on to make a 100 ,another lucky thing they got . They're rated as the greatest luckiest team ever !

  • Heath on August 11, 2014, 12:42 GMT

    There was also 1992/93 Australia V West Indies series won by the WI 2-1 which saw the introduction of the world to the talents of Brian Lara and the loss of the opportunity for Allan Border to finally defeat the West Indies in a test series.

  • John on August 11, 2014, 12:26 GMT

    Surprised that the 1992/3 Aust/WI series is not here. WI won the 4th Test by 1 run and in the 5th Curtly Ambrose took 7/1 as WI retained their #1 ranking. They have has plenty of time to enjoy it though - they haven't beaten Australia since - either home or away !!i

  • Dummy4 on August 11, 2014, 12:06 GMT

    What's interesting here is that New Zealand does not feature at all. The last time they played in a five test match series was when they toured the West Indies in 1972 - an amazing 42 years ago, when you consider their greatest decade in the 1980's only saw them at best gain a four test match series (in England, 1983, in the West Indies in 1985). Will they ever be given another chance at a five Test match series again?