Sri Lanka v South Africa, 1st Test, Colombo, 3rd day July 29, 2006

A Sri Lankan run-glut, and misery for South Africa

Mahela Jayawardene and Kumar Sangakkara broke a slew of records over the course of their monumental 624-run partnership against South Africa in Colombo

Mahela Jayawardene and Kumar Sangakkara came together when Sri Lanka were 14 for 2, and when they were finally separated, 157 overs had elapsed, during which period 624 runs had been added to the total. During the course of their monumental partnership, several records fell by the wayside, the most significant of which was obviously the world record for the highest stand, not only in a Test, but also in all first-class matches: the earlier record for first-class games stood in the names of Vijay Hazare and Gul Mohammad, who'd added 577 for the fourth wicket for Baroda versus Holkar. In Tests, the earlier record was held by another Sri Lankan pair - Sanath Jayasuriya and Roshan Mahanama had added a small matter of 576 runs against India in 1997.

Highest partnerships in Tests
Pair Partnership Team/ Opposition Venue and Year
Sangakkara-Jayawardene 624 Sri Lanka/ South Africa Colombo, 2006
Mahanama-Jayasuriya 576 Sri Lanka/ India Colombo, 1997
M Crowe-Andrew Jones 467 New Zealand/ Sri Lanka Wellington, 1990-91
Bradman-Ponsford 451 Australia/ England The Oval, 1934
Mudassar-Miandad 451 Pakistan/ India Hyderabad, 1982-83
Hunte-Sobers 446 West Indies-Pakistan Kingston, 1957-58

While Jayawardene will be mightily satisfied with the couple of day's work, he will probably rue the fact that he couldn't manage the 27 runs which would have taken him past Brian Lara's record of 400 not out, the highest score in a Test innings. As it stands, Jayawardene's 374 is now the fourth-highest individual score in Tests. He does have the satisfaction, though, of being the record-holder for Sri Lanka, going past Jayasuriya's 340 against India in that match in Colombo. Jayawardene's knock is also the second-highest ever made by a captain, next only to Lara's undefeated 400.

Highest scores by captains
Batsman Score Against Venue and year
Brian Lara 400* England Antigua, 2003-04
Mahela Jayawardene 374 South Africa Colombo, 2006
Mark Taylor 334* Pakistan Peshawar, 1998-99
Graham Gooch 333 India Lord's, 1990
Bob Simpson 311 England Old Trafford, 1964

The partnership has also made Sangakkara and Jayawardene the most prolific Sri Lankan pair in terms of average runs per partnership (among pair who have put together at least 1000 runs). Not only have they batted together 46 times, they've also put together seven century stands, and average nearly 69 runs per stand. Interestingly, the 2965 runs they've added is the second-highest for a Sri Lankan pair, behind only the opening combination of Jayasuriya and Marvan Atapattu.

Best pairs for Sri Lanka (at least 1000 runs together)
Pair Innings Runs Average stand Century stands
Jayawardene-Sangakkara 46 2965 68.95 7
de Silva-Jayasuriya 19 1202 63.26 4
Atapattu-Jayawardene 35 1991 58.55 8
Atapattu-de Silva 22 1186 56.47 4
Jayasuriya-Mahanama 20 1024 53.89 1
Atapattu-Sangakkara 40 2134 53.35 5
de Silva-Ranatunga 57 2812 53.05 11

The 357 runs added on the second day was also the highest in a day without a wicket falling. It equalled the record which West Indies set in 1957-58 against Pakistan, when Garry Sobers and Conrad Hunte added 357 en route to their partnership of 446. It was also only the seventh instance of a day when more than 300 runs were added without a wicket being lost. On five of those occasions the runs were made by a single pair of batsmen - the two instances when that didn't happen were in the India-West Indies match in 1978 (India made 291 without losing a wicket before declaring, and the West Indian openers added 15), and the Australia-West Indies match at Kingston in 1999, when Brian Lara and Jimmy Adams put together 321 after Pedro Collins retired hurt early in the day after adding 19 with Lara.

300 runs in a day without a wicket
Team Runs Opposition Venue and year
Sri Lanka 357 South Africa Colombo, 2006
West Indies 357 Pakistan Kingston, 1957-58
West Indies 340 Australia Kingston, 1999-2000
India 335 Australia Kolkata, 2000-01
West Indies 307 Australia Barbados, 1955
India 306 West Indies Calcutta, 1978-79
Australia 301 England Trent Bridge, 1989

With the Sri Lankan batsmen hogging all the limelight, the only option for South Africa was to try and limit the damage. Jayawardene's score was the highest by any batsman against them, beating Chris Gayle's 317 in Antigua in 2004-05. The bowler who felt the heat more than any other was Nicky Boje, the left-arm spinner who toiled 65 overs without any success. The 221 runs he conceded is the second-most by any bowler who has ended wicketless in an innings - only Khan Mohammad, the Pakistan fast bowler, went for more, conceding 259 against West Indies in Jamaica in 1958.

Most runs conceded without taking a wicket in an innings
Bowler Figures Against Venue and year
Khan Mohammad 54-5-259-0 West Indies Jamaica, 1957-58
Nicky Boje 65-5-221-0 Sri Lanka Colombo, 2006
Ray Price 42-2-192-0 South Africa Harare, 2001-02
Ray Price 36-5-187-0 Australia Perth, 2003-04
Erapalli Prasanna 59-8-187-0 England Headingley, 1967

S Rajesh is stats editor of Cricinfo