Compiled by Rowland Bowen, 1967

Some dates in Indian cricket history

1721Cricket played by mariners of the East India Company's ships at Cambay.
1792The Calcutta Cricket Club already in existence (perhaps the second oldest cricket club in the world) as a match was played against Barrackpore and Dum Dum.
1797Cricket being played in Bombay.
1804First recorded century in India: 102 by Robert Vansittart for Old Etonians v. Rest of Calcutta.
1840Indians known to be taking part in cricket matches.
1846Madras Cricket Club formed.
1847Cricket being played in Karachi.
1848Parsis in Bombay form Orient C.C.
c. 1850Cricket being regularly played in Lahore.
1854First known publication on cricket in India -- Calcutta Cricket Club matches 1844-54 -- this is also the first known book of scores outside the British Isles.
1864First known match between Madras and Calcutta.
1866Hindus in Bombay form the Union C.C.
1867First known instructional book on cricket in Hindi: the same book translated into Urdu in 1868: both were published in Agra, United Provinces.
1872First recorded double century in India: 228 by Private Sheiring at Shahjehanpur.
1878-9Proposed Parsi tours to England, and to Australia, fell through.
1880First total of over 600 made in India: 678 by Bolan Pass XI v. Subordinates, at Peshwar.
1883Muslims in Bombay form Mohammedan C.C. (became Muslim Gymkhana in 1893).
1884First match between Bombay Gymkhana (Europeans) and Parsi Gymkhana: latter won by innings and 38 runs. From this encounter developed the Bombay Presidency matches and later Tournaments.
1886First Indian team to tour overseas -- Parsi Gentlemen to U.K.
1888Second tour by Parsi Gentlemen to U.K.
1888-9First tour by English team -- G.F. Vernon's XI.
1889First known instructional book on cricket in Marathi -- published in Baroda.
1890Parsi Cricket Club formed in Shanghai: probably the first Indian cricket club to be established outside India.
1891H.H. Maharao Umedsinghji of Kotah became first Indian to take all ten wickets is an innings (at Mayo College).
1892First Presidency match in Bombay -- Europeans v. Parsis.
1892-3Second tour by English team, Lord Hawke's: won the only representative match.
1894Hindu Gymkhana formed in Bombay.
1896Badeshi Ram became first Indian to score double century (219) in India.
1898 K.S. Ranjitsinhji and Colonel K.M. Mistri became first Indians to make a partnership of over 300 (376) -- for Patiala v. Ambala.
1902-3Third tour by English team to India: Oxford University Authentics, who established a new Indian record by scoring 696 v. Peshawar.
1904Proposed All India tour to England fell through after fixtures agree, for financial reasons.
1905First score of over 300 in India: 309 by G.H.S. Fowke at Peshawar.
1906First representative match between Hindus and Parsis at Bombay: Hindus won.
1907Bombay Tournament became triangular with admission of Hindus.
1908First Presidency match in Madras -- Europeans v. Indians. The match lapsed until 1915 when it was revived, and played regularly until 1946.
1911First All India team toured England.
1912Bombay Tournament became Quadrangular with admission of Muslims.
1914P.N. Polishwalla published first of his many publications on cricket, all of which partook of the nature of cricket annuals and some of which were so entitled: last of eight was published in 1934.
1916Sind Tournament first played: Parsis beat Hindus. Revived in 1919, the tournament was played in most years up to 1946-7, and was revived after partition (see SOME DATES IN PAKISTAN CRICKET HISTORY, 1950-1).
1922First visit to India of team of South African Indians.

First All India Cricket tournament at New Delhi, won by Maharajah of Patiala's XI. The tournament was played in most years until the early 1930s.
1922-3Lahore Quadrangular Tournament instituted: first winners Europeans. This tournament was subsequently played only in 1924, 1925, 1926, 1928 and 1939.
1926 India admitted to Imperial Cricket Conference.
1926-7First visit by M.C.C. team (fourth visit by English team) to India: in two representative matches, M.C.C. beat All India, but could only draw with All India (Indians).
1927The Indian Cricket Board of Control formed in April.
1929First score of over 700 made in India, 726 by 4/7th Dragoon Guards.
1930-1Moin-ud-Dowlah Tournament instituted: first-class at the start, it deteriorated and eventually ceased to be played but was revived in 1962.
1931In April the first Indian cricket magazine commenced -- Illustrated Cricket & Sporting News: name changed in 1932 to Indian Cricketer but did not last beyond 1933.
1932Second tour by All India to England: lost the only Test played.
1932-3First tour by All Ceylon to India: drew both unofficial Tests.
1933-4D. R. Havewalla scored 515, the record for all grades of Indian cricket. His team was thereby enabled to make 721 (the highest score hitherto by an Indian team) in reply to its opponents 446, and to win by an innings. Second tour by M.C.C.: won two Tests and drew the other.
1934First issue of a fresh Indian cricket magazine, in October: Indian Cricket, a well produced publication, which however ceased shortly after the outbreak of war in 1939.
1934-5Ranji Trophy instituted: first winners Bombay (who have won it seven times to 1965-6).
1935-6Rohinton Baria Tournament instituted for inter-University cricket: not first-class. The Marajah of Patiala sponsored the first (unofficial) tour by Australians to India: won two and drew two of the unofficial Tests.
1936Third tour by All India to England. Lost two Tests and drew the other.
1936-7Proposed tour to New Zealand by Nawanagar led by Jam Sahib fell through at last moment.
1937-8Bombay Tournament became Pentangular with the admission of The Rest. This tournament lasted until 1945-6 in communal form, and for two more seasons thereafter as a non-communal tournament.

Sixth tour by an English team, Lord Tennyson's: won two and lost three unofficial tests.
1939-40Crickinia Indian Cricketers Annual made its debut: lasted six issues, last 1944-5.
1940 Maharashtra made 798 v. Northern India at Poona, establishing a fresh Indian record.
1940-1Second tour by All Ceylon: lost one and drew the other of two unofficial tests.
1944-5First tour by All India to Ceylon: drew the unofficial test.
1945-6 Australian Services toured India, the second Australian team to do so: won one and drew two of the unofficial tests.

Holkar made 212 for eight v. Mysore and thus established the record innings total for India in any grade of cricket.
1946Fourth tour by All India to England: lost one and drew the other two Tests. In scoring 249 for the last wicket v. Surrey, C.T. Sarwate and S.N. Bannerjee, numbers ten and eleven who each scored centuries, established a record for that wicket in England and in other respects performed a feat unlikely to be easily surpassed.
1946-7The world record partnership for the fourth wicket established by V.S. Hazare and Gul Mohammed -- 557 unbroken for Baroda v. Holkar. The annual Indian Cricket instituted -- now in its 20th edition.
1947-8First tour to Australia by a team representing undivided India, although it took place after partition: four Tests lost and one drawn.
1948-9First tour to India by West Indies: won one and drew four Tests. B.B. Nimbalkar in making the record first-class score of 443* for Maharastra v. Kathiawar, assisted in establishing the world record partnership of 455 for the second wicket.
1949-50First Commonwealth tour to India: won two, lost one and drew two of the unofficial tests.
1950-1Second Commonwealth tour to India: lost two and drew three of the unofficial tests.
1951-2Third M.C.C. tour to India: won one, lost one and drew three Tests.

India's first victory in an official Test was at Madras.
1952First tour to England by post-partition India (fifth in all): lost three and drew one Test.
1952-3First tour to India by Pakistan: won one, lost two and drew two Tests.
1953First tour to West Indies by India: lost one and drew four Tests.
1953-4Third Commonwealth tour to India: won two, lost one and drew two of the unofficial tests.
1954-5First tour to Pakistan by India: drew all five Tests.
1955-6First tour by New Zealand to India: lost two and drew three Tests.
1956First tour to India by official Australian team (third in all): won two and drew one Test.
1956-7Second tour by All India to Ceylon: drew the only unofficial test.
1957Sunder C.C. of Bombay -- a strong combination with many first-class players -- toured East Africa and lost v. Combined East Africa.
1957-8Indian Cricket - Field Annual first appeared: eight issues in all, last for 1964-5.
1958-9Second tour by West Indies to India: won three and drew two Tests.
1959Sixth tour to England by India: lost all five Tests.
1959-60Second official tour by Australians to India: won two, lost one and drew two Tests.

First tour by Indian Starlets, to Pakistan: a team of young Indian cricketers sent for experience.
1960Second tour by and Indian team to East Africa: Gujarat C.A. (a contender in the Ranji Trophy) -- lost one and drew two matches v. Combined East Africa.
1960-1Second tour by Pakistan to India: drew all five Tests.
1961-2A cricket annual appeared in Gujarati.

Duleep Trophy instituted for inter-zonal competition: first winners, West Zone.

Fourth M.C.C. tour to India: lost two and drew three Tests.
1962Second tour by India to West Indies: lost all five Tests.

Moin-ud-Dowlah Gold Cup Tournament successfully revived.
1963-4Fifth M.C.C. tour to India: all five Tests drawn.
1964Third unofficial tour by Australia to India: won one, lost one and drew one Test.
1964-5Third tour by All Ceylon to India: won one and lost two unofficial tests.
1965Second tour by New Zealand to India: lost one and drew three Tests.
1965-6First tour by English schoolboys to India, members of the London Schools Cricket Association: drew four and lost the fifth match against All-India schools.
1966-7Third tour by West Indies to India.
1967First official tour to East Africa by a Indian team.

Seventh tour to U.K. by India: three five-day Tests to be played.

© John Wisden & Co