William Murdoch

MR. WILLIAM LLOYD MURDOCH, born at Sandhurst, Victoria, October 18th, 1855, died at Melbourne, February 18th, 1911. Present at the Test match between Australia and South Africa, he was seized with apoplexy during the luncheon interval and passed away later in the afternoon. Murdoch had a long career as a cricketer but his fame will rest mainly on what he did for the Australian teams of 1880, 1882, and 1884. He captained the three elevens, and in all three he was incontestably the finest batsman. Within the last ten years his performances have been to some extent eclipsed by Victor Trumper, but comparison between the two men would hardly be fair, their methods being so different. Sufficient that in his own day Murdoch had no serious rival among Australian batsmen, and except W. G. Grace scarcely a superior in England. It is no injustice to him, however, to say that, depending far more than present-day batsmen upon forward play, he did not rise to great heights on wickets spoilt by rain. The daring pulls and hooks by which bowlers are now so often demoralised were not within his range, and when the ball turned a great deal he was reduced to defence. To be seen at his best, he needed sunshine and a lively pitch. Then he could be great indeed, as those who remember his famous 153 not out at the Oval in 1880 in the first Test match in this country, and his 211 on the same ground in 1884 will not need to be told.

Few batsmen have been better worth looking at, his style leaving no loophole for criticism. He was essentially an off-side player, his cut and drive being equally fine. Nothing in his play was more skilful than the quickness of foot by which in getting forward at the ball he made up for a limited reach. It could not be urged against him that he was a slow scorer, but if the occasion demanded caution he had inexhaustible patience. In a word, he was in the domain of orthodox batting a complete master. His method served him well, his perfectly straight bat enabling him even at the end of his career to defy lack of condition and get hundreds. So recently as 1904 he scored 140 in the Gentlemen and Players' match at the Oval.

In his early days in Australia, Murdoch was a first-rate wicket-keeper and it was chiefly as a wicket-keeper that he secured his place in the Australian team of 1878. He kept wicket in the memorable match against the M.C.C.at Lord's--the match that once for all established the fame of Australian cricket--but he soon found that he could not hold his own with Blackham, and thenceforward batting became his exclusive study. He had to do some wicket keeping years afterwards for the ill-starred eleven he captained in England in 1890, but little of his old skill remained, and he found the task distasteful. So great was his reputation as a wicket-keeper in his young days that Spofforth declined to play in the first big match against James Lillywhite's team in 1877 because Blackham had been chosen in preference. In the light of after events this scarcely seems credible, but it is strictly true.

Murdoch's career was sharply divided into two parts. Soon after the season of 1884, and following his marriage, he gave up first-class cricket, and little was seen of him in the field till in 1890 he paid his fifth visit to England. It cannot be said that in that year he quite lived up to his reputation, but he played very well, and headed the Australian averages. His doings when he settled in this country, captaining Sussex for several seasons, and afterwards playing for London County, will be fresh in recollection. A man of fine physique and splendid constitution, he ought to have lived to a far greater age than 55. His remains were embalmed, and brought to England for burial at Kensal Green.

W. L. Murdoch in first-class cricket:

Inns.Times not out.Most in an inns.Total runs.Aver.
In Australia 61 9321 224943.25
In England (with Australians)22317286* 553625.90
In England ( 1891-1904)41121226 968524.83
In South Africa ( 1891-2) 1 0 12 1212.00
In America ( 1878) 2 1 37 3737.00

W. L. Murdoch's hundreds in important cricket:--

321 New South Wales v. Victoria, at Sydney 1882-3
286*Australians v. Sussex, at Brighton 1882
279*Fourth Australian Team v. Rest of Australia, at Melbourne 1883-4
(He batted on each of the three days for this score).
226 Sussex v. Cambridge University, at Brighton 1895
(During this innings he took part in three separate stands of over 100).
211 Australia v. England, at the Oval 1884
172 Sussex v. Hampshire, at Southampton 1894
158 New South Wales v. Victoria, at Melbourne 1883-4
158Australians v. Sussex, at Brighton 1890
155London County v. Lancashire, at Manchester 1903
153* Australia v. England, at the Oval 1880
153First Australian Team v. XV of Victoria, at Melbourne 1878-9
144 Sussex v. Somerset, at Brighton 1896
140 Gentlemen v. Players, at the Oval 1904
132Australians v. Cambridge University, at Cambridge 1884
132 London County v. Leicestershire, at Crystal Palace 1902
130 Sussex v. Gloucestershire, at Bristol 1897
129Australians v. Cambridge University Past and Present, at Leyton 1890
(He and G. H. S. Trott (186) added 276 for the third wicket).
121* Sussex v. Notts, at Nottingham 1898
107*Australians v. Orleans Club, at Twickenham 1882
105 Sussex v. Cambridge University, at Cambridge 1897
104 Gentlemen of South v. Players of South, at Lord's 1894
*Signifies not out.

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