December 27, 2013

Have India buried the pace hoodoo?

Dravid, Tendulkar and Co set the template, and their successors seem to have been emboldened by their example
19

India's new batsmen seem to be well equipped to let the bouncing ball go by © AFP

Watching India's young batsmen acquit themselves almost like veterans at the Wanderers, the thought struck me that there seems to be a crucial aspect of their mental approach to the construction of an innings that is potentially worth highlighting. A few Tests don't constitute a reasonable sample set to base conclusions on, but part of the fun of cricket analysis is to occasionally extrapolate, and extrapolate in a positive sense.

There has seemed to be a healthy dose of pragmatism in the way the new Indian batting order has gone about playing what is, most would agree, the world's best bowling attack, in conditions that have suited their bowling. Though they have left the ball commendably for long periods, India's batsmen have never gone completely into their shell. They have been alert to the loose ball, have consistently looked for the quick single, and have not seemed unduly perturbed at getting beaten, sometimes in close succession.

There is a long-held view that India's batsmen will get out if you dry up the boundaries, and that this is easier to do on fast, bowler-friendly surfaces. Apart from outstanding individual innings, this theory was frequently borne out by fact, in regard to how India performed as a batting group till the late '90s. Apart from the obvious problem of having to adjust to the greater bounce after having played all your cricket on pitches that afford a good deal less, the old firm of Sehwag, Dravid, Tendulkar, Laxman and Ganguly had to deal with the popular perception that Indians as a group just weren't capable of playing well on pitches in England, Australia and South Africa. As a direct effect of this perception, it seemed at times that Indian batsmen grew up in an environment where you were made constantly aware of the fact that a lot of batsmen from the subcontinent had deficiencies in footwork on bouncy, seaming pitches. Techniques came under severe scrutiny from pundits in India and abroad; mostly a kind of admonishment based on a facile formulation that highlighted lazy footwork and a lack of bottle against the fast, bouncing ball.

The overturning of this once-popular sentiment - not least among Indians - took a lot of doing. It needed the coming together of a group of rare and varied players to deal with the type of pressure that this long-held view about Indian batsmen brought with it. Through their early careers this perception of deficiency seemed to make them more tense than, say, South African batsmen would be when facing an Australian pace attack. Even for such outstandingly talented men, it felt that they were under more pressure to perform on fast pitches than batsmen from outside the subcontinent were, although it was debatable how many batsmen, for instance, from England and Australia actually played raw pace well (just ask the West Indians of the '80s). Of course, the reverse should ideally have held true for batsmen from outside the subcontinent when playing spin in India, for instance. But there was always the matter of courage in the face of fast bowling versus the question of just skill, without the attendant requirement of bravery, when it came to the successful countering of spin.

At times you were thus left with the feeling that while a Hayden or a Gilchrist or a Ponting dealt with fast bowling as merely another part of what was ultimately a game and a battle of bat against ball, batsmen from India - and as an extension from the subcontinent - had to deal with questions of mental fortitude, and a popular perception that their batting techniques froze at the sight of a short, fast ball. A Hayden or a Ponting, hence, when beaten by pace and bounce, didn't seem to be affected by it as much as Indian batsmen, or generally, batsmen from the subcontinent were. They might just knock the ball about, get a quick single, and turn over strike. There was an air of pragmatism about their playing of fast bowling. Get off strike, don't allow the fast bowler to get used to bowling to the same batsman. They didn't seem to have to fuss as much over technique and balls that beat them. Or at least that was how it looked from the outside.

Looking at India's new order handle fast bowling at the Wanderers, you were left with a similar impression. The old order's overturning of the long-held view about Indian fallibility versus pace seems to have had an enabling effect on the present set of batsmen. Having seen their elders cast off this dead weight about their necks as their careers matured, the youngsters have seemed to play the game purely as a battle of skills, of bat against ball. Nothing more, nothing less. The relaxed air has seemed to lend itself to not missing out on scoring opportunities and not getting carried away after putting away the loose ball.

It is also possible that playing on the same teams as some of the South African fast men in the IPL has made these Indian players more relaxed as Test batsmen. Having faced some of them in the nets and in frequent games, it possibly drives home the point that Test cricket is, after all, but a game of skill pitted against skill, just that little bit more. And maybe all those A tours have also helped.

The early signs of this focused yet relaxed air of pragmatism blending seamlessly with obvious strokemaking talent has made for brilliant viewing. Virat Kohli, looking at peace with himself in his celebrations on reaching his sparkling first-innings hundred in Johannesburg, seemed to hint at this batting manner rubbing off on him. Admittedly it is still a bit too early to tell whether this will last. But, echoing the spirit of Kohli's statement about it being okay to try a few big hits when batting on about 120, if you can't generalise and extrapolate a bit in the afterglow of such a fascinating Test, when can you?

Krishna Kumar is an operating systems architect taking a teaching break in his hometown, Calicut in Kerala

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • Killerjools on December 31, 2013, 8:22 GMT

    @biggus, You have had better chances of winning a series here.

    The best chance was in the 70's during the WSC days. The second best chance was the last time your team toured (Aussies well in decline) and they lost 4 nil.

    I think you won't win a series with your current team and with the Aussies now on the up and up - unless your team plays to its ability.

    I for the life of me can't understand why India isn't unbeatable home and away. You have the kind of raw talent that we dream of having. Why aren't you doing more to foster your fast bowling stocks?

  • gradle398 on December 30, 2013, 8:59 GMT

    @Biggus: Okay, just in case you could not understand, my last reply was to your comment "If this is true then maybe India will finally win a series down here in Australia? We won't have long to wait, just a year and we'll see if India's batsmen have suddenly become masters of fast bowling. Personally I have my doubts.....".

    And I was not pointing any figures at you or your Australian team or board.

  • Biggus on December 30, 2013, 8:26 GMT

    @gradle398:- I've always understood that bowlers are ultra important, you see I'm Australian and we understand bowlers are an integral part of the game and they're not just there so that batsmen can hit them out of the ground. Rather than asking me, "And when will you understand that its not only the batman that win a test match for a team?," surely you should be asking Indians that since they're the ones that love batting but don't want to bowl and CERTAINLY don't want to field. You're pointing the finger in the wrong direction, we're not the reason your bowling attack is woeful, the reasons all reside in India, so look there.

  • gradle398 on December 30, 2013, 7:56 GMT

    @Biggus: And when will you understand that its not only the batman that win a test match for a team?

    I don't think India have bowlers to win them test matches outside subcontinent.

  • Biggus on December 29, 2013, 23:00 GMT

    If this is true then maybe India will finally win a series down here in Australia? We won't have long to wait, just a year and we'll see if India's batsmen have suddenly become masters of fast bowling. Personally I have my doubts.....

  • Killerjools on December 29, 2013, 9:50 GMT

    I think it goes back to the 4 nil beating the took in Australia. They seemed to realise that the result was in no way an indication of their true ability and that merely winning at home isn't good enough.

    I have long thought that they should be no #1, and when you consider that they are 1 or 2 in all 3 forms of the game, it is fair to say they are the best team in the world.

    I hope they keep it up.

  • kingcobra85 on December 29, 2013, 7:35 GMT

    Not really say "Shikar Dhawan and Rohit Sharma". In Rohit Sharma's case he is taking this leaving the ball too far. Probably will score some runs against NZ and the media will go gaga about him and compare him with bradman

  • gandabhai on December 28, 2013, 21:13 GMT

    Through shear determination, This young Indian team gritted their teeth, left the ball and attacked it really well and have coped well in SA conditions with NO MATCH practice.HATS OFF. No ones saying SA are rubbish, they are fantastic but this young Indian team must also be aknowledged for their efforts.

  • sailorsupreme on December 28, 2013, 16:12 GMT

    Anantha Pad In Australia they have one bowler who bowls 150+. SA has three who bowl 140+ and two who bowl 145+. Morkel is far more dangerous than Mitchell Johnson with his height and bounce. Morkel was the one who helped Steyn in getting those 6 wkts. England is a scared, scarred and frgile side and will plummet to depths now. will take a long time in recovering from this hiding.

  • on December 28, 2013, 13:20 GMT

    The most important thing in my view is that our bastsman are able to leave the ball on bounce. By consistently doing this they are able to avoid playing at a lot of balls on and around the off stump which could have led to edges in the fast. Ofcourse they have also shown discipline in leaving balls too far outside the stump also.

    @JamesTheWallDravid: In test it is a waiting game, where one can wait for the bad balls and for the bowlers to tire. In ODIs there is more pressure to score which makes the batsmen more prone to adventurism particularly if your bowling is not upto scratch and has already conceded 300+ totals. Due to this someone like Sehwag was never really comfortable in ODIs for all his exploits in Test cricket.

  • Killerjools on December 31, 2013, 8:22 GMT

    @biggus, You have had better chances of winning a series here.

    The best chance was in the 70's during the WSC days. The second best chance was the last time your team toured (Aussies well in decline) and they lost 4 nil.

    I think you won't win a series with your current team and with the Aussies now on the up and up - unless your team plays to its ability.

    I for the life of me can't understand why India isn't unbeatable home and away. You have the kind of raw talent that we dream of having. Why aren't you doing more to foster your fast bowling stocks?

  • gradle398 on December 30, 2013, 8:59 GMT

    @Biggus: Okay, just in case you could not understand, my last reply was to your comment "If this is true then maybe India will finally win a series down here in Australia? We won't have long to wait, just a year and we'll see if India's batsmen have suddenly become masters of fast bowling. Personally I have my doubts.....".

    And I was not pointing any figures at you or your Australian team or board.

  • Biggus on December 30, 2013, 8:26 GMT

    @gradle398:- I've always understood that bowlers are ultra important, you see I'm Australian and we understand bowlers are an integral part of the game and they're not just there so that batsmen can hit them out of the ground. Rather than asking me, "And when will you understand that its not only the batman that win a test match for a team?," surely you should be asking Indians that since they're the ones that love batting but don't want to bowl and CERTAINLY don't want to field. You're pointing the finger in the wrong direction, we're not the reason your bowling attack is woeful, the reasons all reside in India, so look there.

  • gradle398 on December 30, 2013, 7:56 GMT

    @Biggus: And when will you understand that its not only the batman that win a test match for a team?

    I don't think India have bowlers to win them test matches outside subcontinent.

  • Biggus on December 29, 2013, 23:00 GMT

    If this is true then maybe India will finally win a series down here in Australia? We won't have long to wait, just a year and we'll see if India's batsmen have suddenly become masters of fast bowling. Personally I have my doubts.....

  • Killerjools on December 29, 2013, 9:50 GMT

    I think it goes back to the 4 nil beating the took in Australia. They seemed to realise that the result was in no way an indication of their true ability and that merely winning at home isn't good enough.

    I have long thought that they should be no #1, and when you consider that they are 1 or 2 in all 3 forms of the game, it is fair to say they are the best team in the world.

    I hope they keep it up.

  • kingcobra85 on December 29, 2013, 7:35 GMT

    Not really say "Shikar Dhawan and Rohit Sharma". In Rohit Sharma's case he is taking this leaving the ball too far. Probably will score some runs against NZ and the media will go gaga about him and compare him with bradman

  • gandabhai on December 28, 2013, 21:13 GMT

    Through shear determination, This young Indian team gritted their teeth, left the ball and attacked it really well and have coped well in SA conditions with NO MATCH practice.HATS OFF. No ones saying SA are rubbish, they are fantastic but this young Indian team must also be aknowledged for their efforts.

  • sailorsupreme on December 28, 2013, 16:12 GMT

    Anantha Pad In Australia they have one bowler who bowls 150+. SA has three who bowl 140+ and two who bowl 145+. Morkel is far more dangerous than Mitchell Johnson with his height and bounce. Morkel was the one who helped Steyn in getting those 6 wkts. England is a scared, scarred and frgile side and will plummet to depths now. will take a long time in recovering from this hiding.

  • on December 28, 2013, 13:20 GMT

    The most important thing in my view is that our bastsman are able to leave the ball on bounce. By consistently doing this they are able to avoid playing at a lot of balls on and around the off stump which could have led to edges in the fast. Ofcourse they have also shown discipline in leaving balls too far outside the stump also.

    @JamesTheWallDravid: In test it is a waiting game, where one can wait for the bad balls and for the bowlers to tire. In ODIs there is more pressure to score which makes the batsmen more prone to adventurism particularly if your bowling is not upto scratch and has already conceded 300+ totals. Due to this someone like Sehwag was never really comfortable in ODIs for all his exploits in Test cricket.

  • on December 28, 2013, 10:42 GMT

    South Africa doesn't have a relentless assembly line of pacemen and 4 in the team as England and Australia did against India in 2012 in their respective home countries. That's the true test.

    BUT THEIR LEAVES ARE GOOD. BETTER THAn HASHIM'S ANYWAY.

    Also, it helped that at last the BCCI seems to understand that test matches need different preparation and sent their test specialists (people like Pujara and Vijay) about 18 days before the series started to get them acclimatised to the conditions.

    OK

  • Sir_Ivor on December 28, 2013, 7:23 GMT

    Emancipator007 Thank you for having taken so much pains to mention even if briefly the instances when supposedly infallible batsmen were reduced to dummies by the great fast bowlers of their times. Like you say space constraints have caused you to hold back your enormous repository from all of us who love nothing better than a cricket lover.Perhaps one such instance was when I think it was one of the two giants Courtney Walsh or Curtly Ambrose who blew away 7 Australian wickets for 1 run in a Test match. I think it was in Perth. No one says that the Australian batting was spinelessness.Having seen that game myself, I know that it was just as much lack of technique as it was fear of those big black speed demons from the Carribean.It is good to hear you talk about Hanif,Mushtaq and Aravinda.Then there was Roy Dias and Zaheer Abbas.They were my favourites. from Asia.When on song one could not hear the sound of ball hitting the bat when these were playing.The timing took away one's breath.

  • Emancipator007 on December 28, 2013, 6:06 GMT

    SirIvor:Yes space constraints(plus younger generation apathy towards pre-70s greats)cud not mention 3 Vijays whose all-round batting skills/defensive technique against pace/swing astonished OZ/Eng followers/pundits. Hanif/Mustaq from Pak too excelled. Reputed that Anura/Tissera from emerging 70s SL team were accomplished against pace but sadly cud not parade their skills in I.arena. Aravinda Silva proved how masterful he was against pace-despite getting only 2 Tests series out of sub-continent in 90s.BTW, enjoyed your insights & nostalgia-tinted recollections in Kathiawar greats article. It's astonishing India's batting stocks keep regenerating every generation without fail. Pujara's honing of complete batsmanship in supposedly "poor" Ranji Trophy(and superb coaching by his father) & transposing that to high-competition Test cricket is an exemplary cricket story in age of T20 cricket. I blame all these myth-makings/typecasting on over-saturation of experts/commenters in hyper-media era

  • Sir_Ivor on December 28, 2013, 5:26 GMT

    I am happy that someone like Emancipator007 brings out effectively that Indian batsmen being suspect against short-pitched bowling is absolute myth. Indians played cricket on matting wickets and so had to play off the back foot most of the time.That made them natural against short rising balls.In those days there were no helmets of protective gear.Despite this the likes of Merchant,Hazare and Manjrekar and Mushtaq,Mankad much before Gavaskar Amarnath and Vishwanath all went on to earn the awe and respect of the greatest fast bowlers of their respective generations.No batsmen in the world looks to embrace a projectile moving towards him at 150kmph.It itakes as much technique as it calls for courage for one to play such bowling.I find that it is only Indian batsmen who are spoken of in this derogatory manner.England's travails against Lillee and Thompson may have happened 4 decades ago but I remember it even today as I see England in a similar state today.They were and are nervous wrecks

  • Emancipator007 on December 28, 2013, 4:23 GMT

    Another myth is that famed OZ team was good against pace. Ageing Akram bested Gilly regularly with pace (85 MPH at 37!)& swing in 99/03 World Cups,other ODISs. Hayden/Martyn used to grope/fend against Akthar. Gilly never faced WI -heat pace .Haydos was exposed in 90s before fantastic comeback this century. Akthar's express pace made OZZies wary during that hostile spell in Colombo & Docklands Stadium'02. In fact, Akthar has bowled SRT,Sehwag,Ganguly,Dravid,VVS,Yuvi too at least once in ODIs/Tests with sheer pace. Bond during short peak of extreme pace hustled entire OZ top order regularly in ODIs.

  • Emancipator007 on December 28, 2013, 4:22 GMT

    This myth about Indian batsmen spooked by pace shud be put to rest once & for all. During 80s, Indian bats Gavaskar,Vengsarkar,Amarnath,Kapil (he caned WI bowlers),Shastri,Gaekwad (WI facing specialist like G.Wood) tackled WI pacers the best& with courage.While series losses to WI were heavy, they were not as bad as those for OZ/Eng (whitewashed twice)-whose batsmen are supposedly competent against pace- barring Gooch,Lamb,Border. Only in 90s, were Indian bats exposed in overseas conditions barring of course supreme SRT. This century, the 5 Galacticos did well almost everywhere against pace/swing. Dravid,Ganguly played pacy swing with aplomb in Eng. Viru caned OZ in 2 series.Laxman was feral in OZ. Gang made the best comeback against hostile pace in SA '06.SRT belted 2 100s as 37 year old in SA'10. Pujara,Kohli's overall game,method were clearly evident even in India & were bound to succeed everywhere to keep Indian batting legacy alive- no surprises.

  • Vkarthik on December 28, 2013, 1:11 GMT

    These guys left the ball better than their predecessors. They didn't chase wide balls which even our veterans did from time to time. Dravidian averages mere 29 in SA.

  • Nuxxy on December 27, 2013, 20:45 GMT

    Steyn was clearly off colour at the Wanderers. Philander is not pace. Morkel gave them plenty to think about before turning his ankle. They were far from inept, like some previous generations, but they are a long way from playing as comfortably as someone raised on SA or Oz pitches.

  • JamesTHEwalldravid on December 27, 2013, 15:00 GMT

    Nice article, but truth be told I think your assessment is a bit premature. Yes, the young Indian batsmen have played well, but the conditions have not been typical South African conditions at all. No extra pace or bounce in the pitches. If you really think, young Indian batsmen have become good players of pace and bounce then what happened during the ODI's where the pitches actually were more typically South African with pace and bounce on offer? In the ODI's the Indian batsmen struggled. So no, India still have not buried the pace hoodoo.

  • No featured comments at the moment.

  • JamesTHEwalldravid on December 27, 2013, 15:00 GMT

    Nice article, but truth be told I think your assessment is a bit premature. Yes, the young Indian batsmen have played well, but the conditions have not been typical South African conditions at all. No extra pace or bounce in the pitches. If you really think, young Indian batsmen have become good players of pace and bounce then what happened during the ODI's where the pitches actually were more typically South African with pace and bounce on offer? In the ODI's the Indian batsmen struggled. So no, India still have not buried the pace hoodoo.

  • Nuxxy on December 27, 2013, 20:45 GMT

    Steyn was clearly off colour at the Wanderers. Philander is not pace. Morkel gave them plenty to think about before turning his ankle. They were far from inept, like some previous generations, but they are a long way from playing as comfortably as someone raised on SA or Oz pitches.

  • Vkarthik on December 28, 2013, 1:11 GMT

    These guys left the ball better than their predecessors. They didn't chase wide balls which even our veterans did from time to time. Dravidian averages mere 29 in SA.

  • Emancipator007 on December 28, 2013, 4:22 GMT

    This myth about Indian batsmen spooked by pace shud be put to rest once & for all. During 80s, Indian bats Gavaskar,Vengsarkar,Amarnath,Kapil (he caned WI bowlers),Shastri,Gaekwad (WI facing specialist like G.Wood) tackled WI pacers the best& with courage.While series losses to WI were heavy, they were not as bad as those for OZ/Eng (whitewashed twice)-whose batsmen are supposedly competent against pace- barring Gooch,Lamb,Border. Only in 90s, were Indian bats exposed in overseas conditions barring of course supreme SRT. This century, the 5 Galacticos did well almost everywhere against pace/swing. Dravid,Ganguly played pacy swing with aplomb in Eng. Viru caned OZ in 2 series.Laxman was feral in OZ. Gang made the best comeback against hostile pace in SA '06.SRT belted 2 100s as 37 year old in SA'10. Pujara,Kohli's overall game,method were clearly evident even in India & were bound to succeed everywhere to keep Indian batting legacy alive- no surprises.

  • Emancipator007 on December 28, 2013, 4:23 GMT

    Another myth is that famed OZ team was good against pace. Ageing Akram bested Gilly regularly with pace (85 MPH at 37!)& swing in 99/03 World Cups,other ODISs. Hayden/Martyn used to grope/fend against Akthar. Gilly never faced WI -heat pace .Haydos was exposed in 90s before fantastic comeback this century. Akthar's express pace made OZZies wary during that hostile spell in Colombo & Docklands Stadium'02. In fact, Akthar has bowled SRT,Sehwag,Ganguly,Dravid,VVS,Yuvi too at least once in ODIs/Tests with sheer pace. Bond during short peak of extreme pace hustled entire OZ top order regularly in ODIs.

  • Sir_Ivor on December 28, 2013, 5:26 GMT

    I am happy that someone like Emancipator007 brings out effectively that Indian batsmen being suspect against short-pitched bowling is absolute myth. Indians played cricket on matting wickets and so had to play off the back foot most of the time.That made them natural against short rising balls.In those days there were no helmets of protective gear.Despite this the likes of Merchant,Hazare and Manjrekar and Mushtaq,Mankad much before Gavaskar Amarnath and Vishwanath all went on to earn the awe and respect of the greatest fast bowlers of their respective generations.No batsmen in the world looks to embrace a projectile moving towards him at 150kmph.It itakes as much technique as it calls for courage for one to play such bowling.I find that it is only Indian batsmen who are spoken of in this derogatory manner.England's travails against Lillee and Thompson may have happened 4 decades ago but I remember it even today as I see England in a similar state today.They were and are nervous wrecks

  • Emancipator007 on December 28, 2013, 6:06 GMT

    SirIvor:Yes space constraints(plus younger generation apathy towards pre-70s greats)cud not mention 3 Vijays whose all-round batting skills/defensive technique against pace/swing astonished OZ/Eng followers/pundits. Hanif/Mustaq from Pak too excelled. Reputed that Anura/Tissera from emerging 70s SL team were accomplished against pace but sadly cud not parade their skills in I.arena. Aravinda Silva proved how masterful he was against pace-despite getting only 2 Tests series out of sub-continent in 90s.BTW, enjoyed your insights & nostalgia-tinted recollections in Kathiawar greats article. It's astonishing India's batting stocks keep regenerating every generation without fail. Pujara's honing of complete batsmanship in supposedly "poor" Ranji Trophy(and superb coaching by his father) & transposing that to high-competition Test cricket is an exemplary cricket story in age of T20 cricket. I blame all these myth-makings/typecasting on over-saturation of experts/commenters in hyper-media era

  • Sir_Ivor on December 28, 2013, 7:23 GMT

    Emancipator007 Thank you for having taken so much pains to mention even if briefly the instances when supposedly infallible batsmen were reduced to dummies by the great fast bowlers of their times. Like you say space constraints have caused you to hold back your enormous repository from all of us who love nothing better than a cricket lover.Perhaps one such instance was when I think it was one of the two giants Courtney Walsh or Curtly Ambrose who blew away 7 Australian wickets for 1 run in a Test match. I think it was in Perth. No one says that the Australian batting was spinelessness.Having seen that game myself, I know that it was just as much lack of technique as it was fear of those big black speed demons from the Carribean.It is good to hear you talk about Hanif,Mushtaq and Aravinda.Then there was Roy Dias and Zaheer Abbas.They were my favourites. from Asia.When on song one could not hear the sound of ball hitting the bat when these were playing.The timing took away one's breath.

  • on December 28, 2013, 10:42 GMT

    South Africa doesn't have a relentless assembly line of pacemen and 4 in the team as England and Australia did against India in 2012 in their respective home countries. That's the true test.

    BUT THEIR LEAVES ARE GOOD. BETTER THAn HASHIM'S ANYWAY.

    Also, it helped that at last the BCCI seems to understand that test matches need different preparation and sent their test specialists (people like Pujara and Vijay) about 18 days before the series started to get them acclimatised to the conditions.

    OK

  • on December 28, 2013, 13:20 GMT

    The most important thing in my view is that our bastsman are able to leave the ball on bounce. By consistently doing this they are able to avoid playing at a lot of balls on and around the off stump which could have led to edges in the fast. Ofcourse they have also shown discipline in leaving balls too far outside the stump also.

    @JamesTheWallDravid: In test it is a waiting game, where one can wait for the bad balls and for the bowlers to tire. In ODIs there is more pressure to score which makes the batsmen more prone to adventurism particularly if your bowling is not upto scratch and has already conceded 300+ totals. Due to this someone like Sehwag was never really comfortable in ODIs for all his exploits in Test cricket.