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ESPNcricinfo's stats editor S Rajesh looks at the stories behind the stats

The Friday Column

The new Caddick, and second-innings fightbacks

Perhaps numbers never do reveal the full story, but they tell a large part of it

S Rajesh

March 19, 2004

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Perhaps numbers never do reveal the full story, but they tell a large part of it. Every Friday, The Numbers Game will take a look at statistics from the present and the past, busting myths and revealing hidden truths:

Caddick's carbon copy
They're both from England, they're both tall, strapping fast bowlers, and, if their records are anything to go by, they both love to bowl in the second innings of a Test. These are early days yet in Steve Harmison's Test career, but his amazing burst of 7 for 12 against West Indies in Jamaica only emphasised that he, like Andy Caddick, is a far more potent bowler on a wearing pitch than on a fresh one. As the table below indicates, Harmison averages less than 14 when bowling in the second innings, a third of his first-innings average. And it isn't as if Harmison's second-innings figures look impressive only because of that hot spell at Sabina Park: remove that effort, and Harmison still averages 17.76 in the second innings.

1st innings 2nd innings
Wkts Ave SR Wkts Ave SR
Caddick 131 37.06 70.80 103 20.81 41.50
Harmison 22 41.04 80.00 28 13.75 33.50

* * *

Second-innings recovery
Australia have made a habit recently of collapsing in the first innings, and then making up for it with a vengeance in the second. At Galle, they turned around a weak first-innings effort of 220 with a magnificent batting display in the second, scoring 512 for 8 declared, 292 more than they had managed batting first. They then did even better at Kandy, scoring 442 in the second dig after faltering for 120 in the first. It was a remarkable performance, but it only ranks joint-27th in the alltime list of the maximum differences between firstand second-innings totals. Leading the way are Pakistan: against West Indies at Barbados in 1957-58 they were bundled out for 106 in their first innings, conceding a massive lead of 473. In their second outing, the story was slightly different - Hanif Mohammad led the way with a monumental 337, as Pakistan amassed 657, an incredible 551 more than their first-innings total, and ultimately ended up saving the Test.

That remains the only instance of a team managing to score over 500 more in their second innings than their first. There are eight other instances of a 400-plus difference, led by New Zealand's effort against Sri Lanka at Wellington in 1990-91, when they were bowled out for 174 then hit back scoring 671 for 4, with Martin Crowe running up 299 and Andrew Jones 186. The most famous of those eight instances happened more recently, at Kolkata in 2000-01, when India were shot out for 171 by Australia, and then turned the match - and the series - on its head, scoring 657 for 7 declared in their second innings, spearheaded by VVS Laxman's epic knock of 281.

Team v 1st inn 2nd inn Diff Venue & year Result
Pak WI 106 657-8 551 Bridgetown, 1957-58 Drawn
NZ SL 174 671-4 497 Wellington, 1990-91 Drawn
Ind Aus 171 657-7 486 Calcutta, 2000-01 Ind won by 2 wkts
Zim WI 131 563-9 432 Harare, 2001 Drawn
WI NZ 133 564-8 431 Bridgetown, 1971-72 Drawn
Ind NZ 83 505-3 422 Mohali, 1999-2000 Drawn
SA Aus 199 620 421 Wanderers, 1966-67 SA won by 233 runs
SA Eng 156 572-7 416 Kingsmead, 1999-2000 Drawn
Eng Aus 75 475 400 MCG, 1894-95 Drawn

The Australians have outdone their Kandy effort only three times. Their best comeback was achieved at Edgbaston in 1997 - though in a losing cause - when they were bowled out for 118 in their first innings, and then hit back with 477 in the second. Their Kandy and Galle performances both figure in their top eight fightbacks.

v 1st inn 2nd inn Diff Venue & year Result
Eng 118 477 359 Edgbaston, 1997 Lost by 9 wkts
SA 198 554 356 Melbourne, 1931-32 Won by 169 runs
Eng 133 476 343 Adelaide, 1911-12 Lost by 7 wkts
SL 120 442 322 Kandy, 2003-04 Won by 27 runs
Eng 267 581 314 Sydney, 1920-21 Won by 377 runs
Ind 145 451 306 Adelaide, 1991-92 Won by 38 runs
Eng 53 347 294 Lord's 1896 Lost by 6 wkts
SL 220 512-8 292 Galle, 2003-04 Won by 197 runs

* * *

Another half-century for Tendulkar
The Man-of-the-Match award that Sachin Tendulkar won at Rawalpindi was his 50th in ODIs, but only his fourth in a losing cause. Before the Rawalpindi game, the last time Tendulkar won the award in a match India lost was against Sri Lanka at Sharjah in 2000-01. It was also his sixth such award against Pakistan - the last time he was Man of the Match against them was in the 2003 World Cup clash at Centurion.

Tendulkar's MoMs in losing causes

v Score Venue & year Lost by
Australia 80 Sharjah, 1997-98 58 runs
Australia 143 Sharjah, 1997-98 26 runs
Sri Lanka 101 Sharjah, 2000-01 5 wickets
Pakistan 141 Rawalpindi, 2003-04 12 runs

S Rajesh is assistant editor of Wisden Cricinfo.

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S Rajesh Stats editor Every week the Numbers Game takes a look at the story behind the stats, with an original slant on facts and figures. The column is edited by S Rajesh, ESPNcricinfo's stats editor in Bangalore. He did an MBA in marketing, and then worked for a year in advertising, before deciding to chuck it in favour of a job which would combine the pleasures of watching cricket and writing about it. The intense office cricket matches were an added bonus.

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