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ESPNcricinfo's stats editor S Rajesh looks at the stories behind the stats

Openers on the back foot

The average opening partnership in Tests in 2011 is 31.70, which is easily the worst in the last 11 years

S Rajesh

December 23, 2011

Comments: 16 | Text size: A | A

Alastair Cook strokes one down the ground, England v India, 4th Test, The Oval, 1st day, August 18, 2011
Alastair Cook: 927 runs at 84.27, but he was quite clearly the exception, not the rule © AFP
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Name the only opening batting combination who batted together more than once in Tests in 2011 and managed a partnership average of 50 or more. It isn't an easy one to answer, for none of the regular pairs had a memorable 2011 in Test matches. The answer to the question comes later in the piece, but the obvious fallout of bowlers having a better-than-average year is that batting stats have suffered. However, openers have been impacted more than the rest, and even there the partnerships have been affected the most adversely.

Here's how. In 2011 the overall batting average for the top seven batsmen was 37, the second-lowest since the beginning of 2001; in 2009 and 2010, it had been greater than 41. The batting average of openers was 33.76, which was again well below the figure for the last couple of years, and the second-lowest in the last 11 years. However, the partnership average suffered more than any other stat. It's as if both openers just couldn't get starts and go on to make significant scores in the same innings - if one opener did well, the other failed. Imagine a scenario where one opener scores 100 and the other 0, and another where both openers scored 50, and got out with the score on 100. In both cases, the average for the openers is 50, but in the first case the partnership average is 0, while in the second it's 100. The first scenario illustrates, roughly, what happened in 2011.

That becomes clear when the partnership stats are compared for the last 11 years: in 2009 the average opening stand was 44.41; with two Tests to go in 2011, the average this year has shrunk to 31.70, a drop of nearly 29%. It's also significantly lower than it has been in any other year since 2001: the next-lowest, as the table below shows, is 36.29, in 2006.

Only nine century partnerships were put together for the first wicket this year, but the biggest difference was the number of first-wicket failures: out of 139 innings, on 78 occasions the partnership didn't exceed 20, which is a percentage of 56. In the three preceding years, the corresponding percentage of failures was only 42. That's one more stat to suggest that the quality of fast bowling has been more incisive in 2011.

Opening partnerships in each year in Tests since 2001
Year Innings Runs Ave stand 100/ 50 stands Inng per 100
2009 146 6262 44.41 12/ 34 12.17
2004 191 8150 44.05 24/ 27 7.96
2010 157 6730 43.98 19/ 38 8.26
2008 173 7276 42.54 19/ 31 9.11
2003 162 6766 42.28 16/ 25 10.13
2001 199 8086 41.89 25/ 27 7.97
2002 191 7404 40.45 15/ 42 12.73
2005 179 6876 39.06 13/ 40 13.77
2007 117 4311 38.15 9/ 18 13.00
2006 172 6061 36.29 10/ 32 17.20
2011 139 4343 31.70 9/ 22 15.44

The average partnerships for the top seven wickets in 2011 further illustrates how far off the boil the openers have been this year. The second-wicket average is almost 39, the third and the fourth in excess of 45, and even the fifth and sixth are more than 36. That leaves the opening pair battling with the seventh-wicket pair - the one that necessarily involves the No. 8 batsman. The openers just edge that one, the difference in averages being a miniscule 0.69. Century partnerships, though, were more frequent for the seventh wicket, coming once every 14.6 innings, compared to once every 15.4 for the openers.

On the other hand, this was a fair year for middle-order pairings. Their average of 46.25 puts them somewhere in the middle of the pile, but they're much better off than their 2008 counterparts, when the average had slumped to 37.87.

Average partnerships for each wicket in Tests in 2011
Wicket Innings Runs Ave stand 100/ 50 stands
1st 139 4343 31.70 9/ 22
2nd 138 5207 38.85 8/ 37
3rd 135 6141 46.52 15/ 32
4th 132 5794 45.98 20/ 20
5th 126 4779 38.23 13/ 19
6th 124 4258 36.08 10/ 25
7th 117 3451 31.09 8/ 15

And now for the answer to the question posed at the beginning of the piece: the only opening pair who batted together in more than one Test innings and put together an average partnership of 50 or more was the Zimbabweans Tino Mawoyo and Vusi Sibanda: in six innings they added exactly 300, at an average of 50. Admittedly, 171 of those runs came in two innings against Bangladesh, but it's still a fine achievement for a side that returned to the Test arena this year after a long absence.

Most of the other pairs were stuck in the early 40s, late 30s, or even lower. Pakistan's Mohammad Hafeez and Taufeeq Umar both had superb years as batsmen: they were among the top three run scorers for openers, and averaged more than 40 in Tests, but in the 19 innings in which they opened the batting, their average stand was only 32.61. They did put together two century partnerships - they were the only opening pair to do so in Tests this year - but on 14 occasions they were separated before they touched 25, and nine of these were single-digit stands. Consistency as a pair was clearly not their strong point in 2011.

Some other regular pairs had less than prolific years too, including those from Australia, Sri Lanka and India. Shane Watson and Phillip Hughes averaged almost 40 but had only once century stand in 11 innings, though that knock was a mighty effort of 174 in Johannesburg and helped Australia bounce back from the embarrassment of Cape Town. Exclude that one innings, though, and their average partnership falls to 26.40. Tillakaratne Dilshan and Tharanga Paranavitana were extremely inconsistent too - eight of their 11 stands were of 11 runs or fewer - while Gautam Gambhir and Virender Sehwag didn't get a single century stand in nine innings this year, after notching up four in 18 in 2010. Thanks to Alastair Cook's phenomenal run this year - he scored 927 runs at 84.27 - England's opening stand averaged 42.63. It would have been even higher had Andrew Strauss been in better form: he managed only 316 runs in 11 innings, at an average of less than 29.

Opening pairs in Tests in 2011 (Qual: 5 innings)
Pair Innings Runs Ave stand 100/ 50 stands
Hafeez-Taufeeq 19 587 32.61 2/ 2
Cook-Strauss 11 469 42.63 1/ 2
Hughes-Watson 11 438 39.81 1/ 3
Dilshan-Paranavitana 11 419 38.09 1/ 2
Gambhir-Sehwag 9 349 38.77 0/ 4
Mawoyo-Sibanda 6 300 50.00 1/ 2
Guptill-McCullum 8 268 33.50 1/ 0
Rudolph-Smith 5 203 40.60 0/ 1
Paranavitana-Thirimanne 8 184 26.28 0/ 1
Kayes-Tamim 6 176 29.33 0/ 1
Mukund-Vijay 6 55 9.16 0/ 0

The team-wise opening partnership stats show that only two sides managed more than 40 runs per dismissal at the top of the order in 2011: Zimbabwe and England, who averaged 42.63. Last year six teams had achieved that feat, which shows how sharp the decline has been in 2011. India, who topped the table in 2010 averaging 59.30, dropped to third from bottom in 2011, above only Bangladesh and West Indies.

It wasn't a memorable year for openers (save one named Alastair Cook), but for all those who relish a good contest between fast bowlers and opening batsmen, they'll want more of the same in 2012.

S Rajesh is stats editor of ESPNcricinfo. Follow him on Twitter

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Posted by OhhhMattyMatty on (December 24, 2011, 14:35 GMT)

Gary Ballance will be Test standard. But he'll play for England. We've taught him everything since he was 15. So he's an Englishman through and through.

Posted by Nduru on (December 24, 2011, 12:09 GMT)

Wrong @Xolile! Andy would never have been as successful if he hadn't had test level batsmen around to support him: you can't make centuries by yourself, let alone double centuries! You are forgetting Hamilton Masakadza (century on debut at age 17), Tatenda Taibu (average of 31, which is as good as Mark Boucher's average), Alasdair Campbell, Grant Flower (how could you forget someone with 6 test centuries?), Guy Whittal (you don''t score a double hundred by fluke) and a few others who played valuable roles. For a country with such a small player base, there are an impressive number, including the new guys like Mawoyo who have a lot of potential. Not sure what your point is.

Posted by BellCurve on (December 24, 2011, 7:30 GMT)

@Ndura - Zimbabwe has only produced 5 Test-level batsmen since 1990 - Dave Houghton, Graeme Hick, Murray Goodwin, Andy Flower and Brendon Taylor.

Posted by inswing on (December 23, 2011, 15:42 GMT)

It is not clear how much meaning this has, because there were a lot of low scoring series this year played on difficult wickets. They were all seam-friendly wickets, so I would imagine the openers and the top few wickets would suffer the most. Ind in WI, Aus in SA, NZ in Aus were all very low scoring. When you are taking stats from a single year a few series like these will have a big impact because of low n. Did the openers suffer more than second, third, forth wickets? That would mean something.

Posted by Nduru on (December 23, 2011, 15:31 GMT)

One more point about the Mawoyo-Sibanda partnership that is impressive: Twice, they were put in to bat by the opposition on wickets that were exprected to trouble the openers. They overcame the early swing admirably, as can be seen from their record.

Posted by Nduru on (December 23, 2011, 15:20 GMT)

As soon as I read the opening question I knew Mawoyo and Sibanda were in with a strong chance. They did very well as a new opening pair in a team just returning to test cricket. Indeed, Mawoyo carried his bat in only his 2nd game when he scored 163 not out against a Pakstan who have destroyed all the teams they have played this season. I hope they can go on to build on that as they are a good combination - Mawoyo's solid and patient approach with Sibanda's agressive and stylish one. Shows once again that although Zim is nowhere near SA's stature, we can at least go one better by producing black African test-level batsmen, while SA has never produced one.

Posted by Gizza on (December 23, 2011, 12:14 GMT)

@Thamsanqa Tshuma, I agree. I believe Zimbabwe performed very well this year for a team that has not played Test cricket for over 6 years. When Zimbabwe almost defeated New Zealand I felt it was Zimbabwe moving up to NZ's level rather than NZ stooping down to Zimbabwe. Most people thought it was a latter but I felt NZ themselves have a good team which they managed to show by drawing against Australia away. The next time Zimbabwe go to Bangladesh there will be a massive gap in Zimbabwe favour. They seem to have more natural talent and passion (not sure about infrastructure) than Bangladesh. They will easily cement the No 9 spot (unless Ireland and Afghanistan get Test entry and themselves raise their standard by a notch). In 5 years time Zim IMO could go high as 6th as long as off-field issues stay perfect (hopefully further improvement in political and economic situation!)

Posted by Nuxxy on (December 23, 2011, 9:56 GMT)

@Hassan: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/stats/index.html?class=2;filter=advanced;orderby=win_loss_ratio;spanmax1=31+Dec+2011;spanmin1=01+Jan+2011;spanval1=span;template=results;type=team

Posted by   on (December 23, 2011, 9:21 GMT)

Rahul Dravid was a terrific opener :-)

Posted by   on (December 23, 2011, 9:10 GMT)

hassan - try this: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/stats/index.html?class=2;orderby=win_loss_ratio;spanmax1=31+Dec+2011;spanmin1=01+Jan+2011;spanval1=span;template=results;type=team

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S Rajesh Stats editor Every week the Numbers Game takes a look at the story behind the stats, with an original slant on facts and figures. The column is edited by S Rajesh, ESPNcricinfo's stats editor in Bangalore. He did an MBA in marketing, and then worked for a year in advertising, before deciding to chuck it in favour of a job which would combine the pleasures of watching cricket and writing about it. The intense office cricket matches were an added bonus.

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