Pakistan: A Personal History January 28, 2012

How a cricket hero went political

What influence did the game have on where Imran Khan is today? A new book attempts to tell all
24

Finally, it is revealed. Imran Khan still "cringes" when he thinks about his victory speech after the 1992 World Cup final. He's even willing to accept that it was "terrible". But it doesn't matter anymore. As it is, Imran has reached the point where he says he doesn't care what anyone thinks about him.

Twenty years after he retired from international cricket, Imran has produced a third personalised account of his life. Pakistan: A Personal History is an addition to a slightly creaking shelf. There are two travel books, a book on cricket skills, and three biographies already in circulation.

Pakistan could well be a thinly disguised election manifesto aimed at the outside world as Imran moves to centre stage after 15 years on his country's political fringes. The last four chapters of the book are indeed more or less all about politics. Besides, unexpected characters - Socrates, Taimurlane, Rumi, Cat Stevens - keep appearing through the rest of it. The distressed fan might ask: where's the cricket?

It's there, it's there. In an undercurrent that runs for more than half the book, its ripple effects rise to the surface years later. These days Imran would rather not talk about cricket. His discussions are more Musharraf than Misbah, America over Ajmal. Cricket, though, is where much began.

As a member of the West Pakistan Under-19 team, Imran was on the last flight out of Dhaka in 1971 before the Pakistani army moved into East Pakistan, now Bangladesh. A conversation two years later with Ashraf-ul-Haque, who had played on the other side, told him of life and deaths in the war that followed the series. He writes, "I vowed I would never again accept our government's propaganda at face value or ever back a military operation against our own people." It has become a fundamental pillar of his politics more than three decades later. He has even been called Taliban Khan because of it.

Behind didactic politician, born-again spiritualist and committed philanthropist lurks the bloody-minded competitor. Imran's political rivals know he still doesn't back off, give up or go away. He writes about Pakistani politics with rage and Islam with humility and gratitude. When it comes to cricket, he remains the ambitious, imperious captain of Pakistan.

Leading the team, he says, gave him, "the ability to take pressure, to hold my nerve in a crisis, and nowhere could I have had such training as on the cricket field. It was to prove immensely valuable to me later in my life." At a time of crisis, he says, "the entire team will look to the captain, but they do not so much pay attention to what he says as to whether he believes in what he is saying".

These days Imran would rather not talk about cricket. His discussions are more Musharraf than Misbah, America over Ajmal. Cricket, though, is where much began

During Pakistan's jaw-dropping 1992 World Cup (detailed superbly in a chapter called "Our Failed Democracy") Imran says: "My not being able to play [due to a ruptured cartilage] would have a devastating impact on the morale of my young team. What's more, I had staked the hospital on winning." The injury was kept secret, he took cortisone shots to the shoulder, and only six months later could lift a glass without pain in his right hand.

The funniest story in a largely serious book involves both cricket and politics. In 1987, Nawaz Sharif, then the chief minister of Punjab, appoints himself captain of the Pakistan team for a warm-up match against West Indies. He walks out to open as well against, "one of the greatest fast bowling attacks in cricket history", wearing "batting pads, a floppy hat - and a smile… I quickly enquired if there was an ambulance ready".

One of the reasons for Imran's coming out of retirement - apart from the fact that the military dictator Gen Zia had asked him to - was "an unfulfilled longing to have a last bash at the West Indies". He writes: "I was the only captain in the 1980s who played three series against the far superior West Indies and who did not lose. Every other team was crushed." All true. No matter where they end up, cricketers never forget their shiniest statistics.

Pakistan begins not with Imran holding aloft the World Cup but instead being pushed around by the angry student wing of a religious party. A few pages later he scales a garden wall to escape arrest by the police. Him? The World Cup winner? Captain Fantastic, banana inswinger, swinger lifestyle, "Big Boys Play At Night" t-shirt. Police? Jail? What happened to him? Where did that other guy go?

His answer is simple. Faith, he says has "liberated me from my fears: fear of failure, fear of death, fear of losing my livelihood, fear of being humiliated by others… I cannot even imagine life without a passion and a purpose; once I had cricket, now I have my political struggle."

Imran Khan's politics can be argued over, he can be voted for or against. Pakistan, though, remains engaging, because it is a revealing portrait of a transformation. Of how the playboy became a philanthropist, worldly superstar turned spiritual. Of how an adored cricketing hero became a public figure ready even to be ridiculed. He doesn't care what you think about him anyway - he is in pursuit of his purpose.

Pakistan: A Personal History
Imran Khan
Bantam Press, 2011



Sharda Ugra is senior editor at ESPNcricinfo

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • Israr75 on January 30, 2012, 17:32 GMT

    Imran Khan. A true insperation to young and old around the world. He has been blessed with vision. Everything he has ever touched has turned to gold. Good luck pakistan I hope we get to see Pakisan see another chapter in the same light as he did with cricket. I wish him all the best and I hope very soon I can say Imran Khan the leader of pakistan.

  • shamlaatu on January 29, 2012, 22:41 GMT

    From the cricketting point of view, I have a simple belief. ALL the cricketers that were born, and those will be born, they all have ONE GRAND DADDY, and that is no one but Imran Khan. No matter how may records you pile up, no matter how many victories you get, no matter how successful of a captain you were, no matter how good of a bowler, batsman, all rounder you are, you CANNOT reach the level of Imran Khan. And from the social point of view, he is the ONLY hope for Pakistan.

  • smalishah84 on January 29, 2012, 11:11 GMT

    I wish Imran all the best for his upcoming political campaign

  • nyc_missile on January 29, 2012, 8:59 GMT

    Interesting read,thumbs up to Cricinfo for proving to be not merely a cricket portal but an insightful avenue which offers fascinating perspective beyond the game.Keep it coming!! Since this article also deals with issues that are 'non-cricketing' and political,let me also delve and indulge on it..For all the hype this man is getting over his political prospects,well I say check out the fact that he was the one who was egging on the militants and terrorists to smash and blow up the NATO supplies.This was done not so long ago and just for naked vote bank politics& pandering to a gullible section of people who are easily influenced against US activities on the Af-Pak border.To me he is just a sophisticated extremist under the veneer of liberalism.He just doesn't have anything new to offer other than what the World has seen from the others who have run Pakistan.So good luck to Pakistan if he becomes PM or President..

  • smalishah84 on January 29, 2012, 5:35 GMT

    The book makes for a pretty good read regarding Imran's views on life. Has been such an awesome figure on and off the field. One of the finest cricketers ever to grace the cricket field and a real leader of men. I wish Imran all the best and hope that he will be the next Prime Minister of Pakistan. I am sure he can make a difference and lead with distinction as he once did on the cricket field.

  • LillianThomson on January 29, 2012, 2:24 GMT

    It's unfortunate, but the more successful Imran Khan becomes as a politician, the more he signs his death warrant. Seriously, educated men like Imran and Misbah and the Nawab of Pataudi make better leaders of subcontinental teams than people like MS Dhoni, who don't understand the history and nuances of Test cricket. Obviously Salman Butt is the exception that proves that particular theory......

  • NajibKhan on January 29, 2012, 0:19 GMT

    The people of Pakistan have waited 65 long miserable years for this day to arrive, when someone, who is well educated, charismatic, inspirational, honest, and, above all, a caring person, will lead them out of their misery. Opportunity comes once in a lifetime, and it's up to the people of Pakistan to hand him a majority in the upcoming federal as well as provincial elections. After all, nobody but the people of Pakistan can bring the change. Being an Economist myself, I strongly believe every word Imran Khan claims about the rich resources that Pakistan enjoys. I only hope and wish that majority of Pakistanis would believe him too, and give him a chance, not for his good, but for their own and the future generation. As for the cricket of Pakistan, it'll keep producing wonders, as it did today in Abu Dhabi. Pakistan Zindabad!!

  • ikrma on January 28, 2012, 19:39 GMT

    God has bestowed upon him the qualities of leadership, vision, consistency and struggle. He has been fighting with the system from the past 15 years and has achieved lot more than any of the politician has ever, after the founder of this country of course, and that is 'the respect of the masses'. I wish him success.

  • k.mithilesh on January 28, 2012, 18:04 GMT

    The Great Khan, Please accept good luck for success of your political visions from an Indian fan. And Sharda you might as well turn up the next CLR James.

  • Asmax on January 28, 2012, 17:47 GMT

    He is a Pride and a gr8 gift to Pakistan, my trust level for his leadership is that I will give away my last piece of cloth on my body in a dead beazing cold.

  • Israr75 on January 30, 2012, 17:32 GMT

    Imran Khan. A true insperation to young and old around the world. He has been blessed with vision. Everything he has ever touched has turned to gold. Good luck pakistan I hope we get to see Pakisan see another chapter in the same light as he did with cricket. I wish him all the best and I hope very soon I can say Imran Khan the leader of pakistan.

  • shamlaatu on January 29, 2012, 22:41 GMT

    From the cricketting point of view, I have a simple belief. ALL the cricketers that were born, and those will be born, they all have ONE GRAND DADDY, and that is no one but Imran Khan. No matter how may records you pile up, no matter how many victories you get, no matter how successful of a captain you were, no matter how good of a bowler, batsman, all rounder you are, you CANNOT reach the level of Imran Khan. And from the social point of view, he is the ONLY hope for Pakistan.

  • smalishah84 on January 29, 2012, 11:11 GMT

    I wish Imran all the best for his upcoming political campaign

  • nyc_missile on January 29, 2012, 8:59 GMT

    Interesting read,thumbs up to Cricinfo for proving to be not merely a cricket portal but an insightful avenue which offers fascinating perspective beyond the game.Keep it coming!! Since this article also deals with issues that are 'non-cricketing' and political,let me also delve and indulge on it..For all the hype this man is getting over his political prospects,well I say check out the fact that he was the one who was egging on the militants and terrorists to smash and blow up the NATO supplies.This was done not so long ago and just for naked vote bank politics& pandering to a gullible section of people who are easily influenced against US activities on the Af-Pak border.To me he is just a sophisticated extremist under the veneer of liberalism.He just doesn't have anything new to offer other than what the World has seen from the others who have run Pakistan.So good luck to Pakistan if he becomes PM or President..

  • smalishah84 on January 29, 2012, 5:35 GMT

    The book makes for a pretty good read regarding Imran's views on life. Has been such an awesome figure on and off the field. One of the finest cricketers ever to grace the cricket field and a real leader of men. I wish Imran all the best and hope that he will be the next Prime Minister of Pakistan. I am sure he can make a difference and lead with distinction as he once did on the cricket field.

  • LillianThomson on January 29, 2012, 2:24 GMT

    It's unfortunate, but the more successful Imran Khan becomes as a politician, the more he signs his death warrant. Seriously, educated men like Imran and Misbah and the Nawab of Pataudi make better leaders of subcontinental teams than people like MS Dhoni, who don't understand the history and nuances of Test cricket. Obviously Salman Butt is the exception that proves that particular theory......

  • NajibKhan on January 29, 2012, 0:19 GMT

    The people of Pakistan have waited 65 long miserable years for this day to arrive, when someone, who is well educated, charismatic, inspirational, honest, and, above all, a caring person, will lead them out of their misery. Opportunity comes once in a lifetime, and it's up to the people of Pakistan to hand him a majority in the upcoming federal as well as provincial elections. After all, nobody but the people of Pakistan can bring the change. Being an Economist myself, I strongly believe every word Imran Khan claims about the rich resources that Pakistan enjoys. I only hope and wish that majority of Pakistanis would believe him too, and give him a chance, not for his good, but for their own and the future generation. As for the cricket of Pakistan, it'll keep producing wonders, as it did today in Abu Dhabi. Pakistan Zindabad!!

  • ikrma on January 28, 2012, 19:39 GMT

    God has bestowed upon him the qualities of leadership, vision, consistency and struggle. He has been fighting with the system from the past 15 years and has achieved lot more than any of the politician has ever, after the founder of this country of course, and that is 'the respect of the masses'. I wish him success.

  • k.mithilesh on January 28, 2012, 18:04 GMT

    The Great Khan, Please accept good luck for success of your political visions from an Indian fan. And Sharda you might as well turn up the next CLR James.

  • Asmax on January 28, 2012, 17:47 GMT

    He is a Pride and a gr8 gift to Pakistan, my trust level for his leadership is that I will give away my last piece of cloth on my body in a dead beazing cold.

  • linusjf on January 28, 2012, 14:02 GMT

    Great piece of writing, Sharda. I especially like the closing " He doesn't care what you think about him anyway - he is in pursuit of his purpose." Though I have my reservations whether Imran is the best person to lead Pakistan. But that's another story.

  • theswami on January 28, 2012, 13:42 GMT

    From being "pushed around by the angry student wing of a religious party" to heading an angry religious party mainly composed of student cadres ....... Playboy to Islamist .... He's turned around 360 degrees indeed.

  • jokerbala on January 28, 2012, 12:45 GMT

    Wish I could vote for Imran . Tioo bad I'm Indian.

  • krishna_j on January 28, 2012, 12:22 GMT

    The review is spot on - 3.5 stars is what i would give us well

  • hamidjadoon on January 28, 2012, 8:53 GMT

    Well this man is a visionary but not necessarily a breakthrough figure for Pakistan- although somewhere in my heart i wish he proves to be.

  • Emancipator007 on January 28, 2012, 7:10 GMT

    I have been perpetuating what Imran said about his teams never losing to the awesome WI cricket dynasty over 3 series- drawing all. All 3 series were titanic tussles and made for riveting cricket. Similarly, Caesar-like Ganguly never lost to S. Waugh's world-dominating teams over 2 series (Ponting's teams were not so all-conquering). Imran remarkably achieved whatever he had aimed for in his cricketing career:winning series in England and India and the World Cup. Perhaps the only captain in history to lead by leisure, choice and demand, LOL. Regally led Pakistan by just fielding at mid-on when he had become a virtual deadweight as a player (barring his dour, resourceful batting) during the last 2 years of his career. Did rub many officials and players the wrong way but did not care a whit in the face of his goal of winning matches for Pakistan. A complete cricketer in more ways than one.

  • ctavare on January 28, 2012, 6:56 GMT

    He was/is adored in India too, I understand.... I wonder then, absence Partition, if he would have had a shot at leading an undivided India? I imagine he would have done.

  • ElectronSmoke on January 28, 2012, 5:05 GMT

    What a legend! Imran Khan single-handedly made Pakistan cricket in the 80s sexy. People talk about how Dennis Lillee came back from crippling injuries; Imran lost 3 years of his prime to injuries, yet came back without losing his pace or smarts as a bowler, only a much better batsman. A born leader, he has always sought to leave a legacy, not just a success story - creating a road-map for more success. Yes, like all leaders, he craves limelight, even gives in to nepotism at times - but hey, he earns it! His ambition has always driven him to maximize his (substantial) talent.

  • Gizza on January 28, 2012, 4:49 GMT

    I just realised that of course Imran Khan has every right to choose another career after cricket, Pakistan and the rest of the cricket world could have benefited if he became a coach or commentator.

  • richard-munir on January 28, 2012, 4:17 GMT

    Hats off to someone who truly have shown what he said had done it. In cricket in making cancer hospital for poor. Now he is saying he want to make the Pakistan as potentially strong country using its own natural resources and bring his own peoples brilliant minds in action, to change the life of everyone in the country. I believe he will be able to achieve his goal only with is fierce leadership. As for this trying time in his country, one of the most successful cricketer in its history to not questions but to support him and have well wishes and prayers. So all those who love him and his country should hold nice thoughts for his sacrifices and commitments for the peoples of Pakistan and as whole mankind. The country will be put in the right path with the norm of the times. Strong leaders not look for hiding place, but the stand up and lead from the front toward the victory and glory, he had done it in cricket and I'm sure it'll do the same in Politics. Good Luck and best wishes thx.

  • honestno2 on January 28, 2012, 3:57 GMT

    He doesn't care what you think about him anyway - he is in pursuit of his purpose...And i bet he will get there :).......

  • Haxin on January 28, 2012, 3:36 GMT

    Say what you will. But there will never be another Imran. Educated, charismatic, improbably good looking, inspirational leader, and, most of all, well-rounded and multi-dimensional. He has succeeded at everything he has tried. I am sure he will lead Pakistan with distinction, too...one day.

    My all-time favourite cricketer. Possibly, the great "star" the game has ever known. 21 years after his retirement, he is an even bigger draw today than he was in his playing days.

  • OptimusPrimal on January 28, 2012, 3:35 GMT

    Truly, a hero of Pakistan. Hopefully he will be able to bring Pakistan out of her current crisis as he did with the the cricket team.

  • avmd on January 28, 2012, 3:34 GMT

    One aspect of his cricket life is very obvious in his political fight. He never achieved anything easy , wasn't a lucky player or captain. He achieved all the glory after a long wait, sheer and persistant hard work, against all odds. In politics too, many had written him off, but now after more than 15 years of hard work, come next election, he is poised to win the "championship" of polictical game in Pakistan. Good luck KAPTAAN, the next prime minister of Pakistan.

  • No featured comments at the moment.

  • avmd on January 28, 2012, 3:34 GMT

    One aspect of his cricket life is very obvious in his political fight. He never achieved anything easy , wasn't a lucky player or captain. He achieved all the glory after a long wait, sheer and persistant hard work, against all odds. In politics too, many had written him off, but now after more than 15 years of hard work, come next election, he is poised to win the "championship" of polictical game in Pakistan. Good luck KAPTAAN, the next prime minister of Pakistan.

  • OptimusPrimal on January 28, 2012, 3:35 GMT

    Truly, a hero of Pakistan. Hopefully he will be able to bring Pakistan out of her current crisis as he did with the the cricket team.

  • Haxin on January 28, 2012, 3:36 GMT

    Say what you will. But there will never be another Imran. Educated, charismatic, improbably good looking, inspirational leader, and, most of all, well-rounded and multi-dimensional. He has succeeded at everything he has tried. I am sure he will lead Pakistan with distinction, too...one day.

    My all-time favourite cricketer. Possibly, the great "star" the game has ever known. 21 years after his retirement, he is an even bigger draw today than he was in his playing days.

  • honestno2 on January 28, 2012, 3:57 GMT

    He doesn't care what you think about him anyway - he is in pursuit of his purpose...And i bet he will get there :).......

  • richard-munir on January 28, 2012, 4:17 GMT

    Hats off to someone who truly have shown what he said had done it. In cricket in making cancer hospital for poor. Now he is saying he want to make the Pakistan as potentially strong country using its own natural resources and bring his own peoples brilliant minds in action, to change the life of everyone in the country. I believe he will be able to achieve his goal only with is fierce leadership. As for this trying time in his country, one of the most successful cricketer in its history to not questions but to support him and have well wishes and prayers. So all those who love him and his country should hold nice thoughts for his sacrifices and commitments for the peoples of Pakistan and as whole mankind. The country will be put in the right path with the norm of the times. Strong leaders not look for hiding place, but the stand up and lead from the front toward the victory and glory, he had done it in cricket and I'm sure it'll do the same in Politics. Good Luck and best wishes thx.

  • Gizza on January 28, 2012, 4:49 GMT

    I just realised that of course Imran Khan has every right to choose another career after cricket, Pakistan and the rest of the cricket world could have benefited if he became a coach or commentator.

  • ElectronSmoke on January 28, 2012, 5:05 GMT

    What a legend! Imran Khan single-handedly made Pakistan cricket in the 80s sexy. People talk about how Dennis Lillee came back from crippling injuries; Imran lost 3 years of his prime to injuries, yet came back without losing his pace or smarts as a bowler, only a much better batsman. A born leader, he has always sought to leave a legacy, not just a success story - creating a road-map for more success. Yes, like all leaders, he craves limelight, even gives in to nepotism at times - but hey, he earns it! His ambition has always driven him to maximize his (substantial) talent.

  • ctavare on January 28, 2012, 6:56 GMT

    He was/is adored in India too, I understand.... I wonder then, absence Partition, if he would have had a shot at leading an undivided India? I imagine he would have done.

  • Emancipator007 on January 28, 2012, 7:10 GMT

    I have been perpetuating what Imran said about his teams never losing to the awesome WI cricket dynasty over 3 series- drawing all. All 3 series were titanic tussles and made for riveting cricket. Similarly, Caesar-like Ganguly never lost to S. Waugh's world-dominating teams over 2 series (Ponting's teams were not so all-conquering). Imran remarkably achieved whatever he had aimed for in his cricketing career:winning series in England and India and the World Cup. Perhaps the only captain in history to lead by leisure, choice and demand, LOL. Regally led Pakistan by just fielding at mid-on when he had become a virtual deadweight as a player (barring his dour, resourceful batting) during the last 2 years of his career. Did rub many officials and players the wrong way but did not care a whit in the face of his goal of winning matches for Pakistan. A complete cricketer in more ways than one.

  • hamidjadoon on January 28, 2012, 8:53 GMT

    Well this man is a visionary but not necessarily a breakthrough figure for Pakistan- although somewhere in my heart i wish he proves to be.