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May 17 down the years

Spitting cobra

One of India's greatest match-winners is born

Bhagwath Chandrasekhar bowls, 1974

Bhagwath Chandrasekhar: a game-changing legspinner from an era when legspin was a virtually dead art  •  Getty Images

When legspinner Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, born today, performed, India usually had reason to celebrate: he averaged 19 with the ball (and had a sensational strike rate of 45) when they won, 37 when they didn't. And this at a time when legspin was a virtually dead art. An attack of polio as a child left his right arm weak, but there was nothing wrong with his wrists, and he fizzed the ball both ways at something close to medium pace. Chandrasekhar delivered overseas too, bowling India to victory most famously at The Oval in 1971 and Melbourne in 1977-78. Chandra was also a gloriously inept batter, who failed to score in 38 of his 80 Test innings. He ended up with 242 Test wickets - and only 167 runs.
Birth of the only man ever to take 300 wickets in a first-class season. Kent legspinner Alfred Freeman's annus mirabilis was in 1928, when he took a staggering 304 wickets. In all, Freeman took more than 250 wickets in a season six times; it's only been achieved 12 times. Twelve is an apposite number for Freeman - that's also how many Tests he played. He'd taken three ten-fors in his last four Tests when he lined up for what turned out to be his final Test, against South Africa at The Oval in 1929. Freeman took 0 for 169 and was not picked again. His first-class record suggests he should have played more Tests, but there was always a suspicion that the best batters could negate his slow floaters with dancing feet, and against Australia he averaged 57. He retired to a house called Dunbolin, and died in Kent in 1965.
Nobody has had longer between Test appearances than offspinner John Traicos, who was born in Egypt on this day. He played three Tests for South Africa in 1969-70 - their last before isolation - then popped up 22 years 222 days later in Zimbabwe's inaugural Test, against India in Harare in 1992-93. Traicos was 45 by then, but he still had plenty in his locker: off his gentle four-pace run-up, he returned figures of 50-16-86-5, including 19-year-old Sachin Tendulkar, caught-and-bowled third-ball for 0. Traicos was also a brilliant fielder in his prime, particularly at gully.
Batting for Gloucestershire against Somerset in Bristol, the great WG Grace became the first man to score 100 first-class hundreds. He went on to reach three figures on 126 occasions. It took Grace 1113 innings to reach 100 hundreds, making him the slowest of the 24 men to achieve the feat.
A quite brutal display from Sanath Jayasuriya in the Pepsi Cup match in Mumbai. Sri Lanka needed only 226 to beat India but Jayasuriya still found time to smear 151 not out off 120 balls, an innings that included 17 fours and four sixes. The rest of the Sri Lankan team managed 65 off 127 balls between them. At the time it was the highest ODI score by a Sri Lankan; Jayasuriya bettered that with 189, also against India, in Sharjah in 2000-01.
An early start to a Lord's Test, and an emphatic win for England. The Premiership football season was not even finished when England and Pakistan began the first Test, also England's 100th at Lord's. And England had rarely been so comprehensively victorious here before: they pummelled a good Pakistan side by an innings, effectively within three days, with Darren Gough taking his 200th wicket in Tests.
A reputation as one of the greatest fast bowlers of all time often obscures Ray Lindwall's abundant batting talent. And on this day he whacked his second Test century, 118 against West Indies in Barbados in Australia's mammoth first-innings total of 668.
Peter Burge, born on this day, was a pugnacious middle-order batter who played 42 Tests for Australia between 1955 and 1966. He scored four hundreds, each against England; his Test best of 181 came in a drawn Test at The Oval in 1961. After retirement he joined the ICC as one of the first match referees and was the first to suspend a player - Aqib Javed of Pakistan, in 1992-93 - for abuse of an umpire. Burge was also referee during the "dirt in the pocket" incident at Lord's in 1994. Upset that Mike Atherton hadn't told him the exact reason for why he had kept dust in his pocket - "to maintain the condition of the ball" - Burge fined him half his match fee in the Oval Test.
Birth of a man who coached both South Africa and Australia. Mickey Arthur, a consistent first-class batter, was a slightly surprising choice as South Africa's national coach in 2005 but gradually established himself as one of the keys to their improvement. He oversaw their first series win in England in 43 years and capped his tenure with another series win in Australia. He moved to Western Australia in 2010 and then took over the Australia job - as their first foreign coach - the following year. His stint was not very successful, though, and ended after a period of high drama following the decision to suspend four players for a Test during a series in India over failing to complete a team "homework" assignment. In 2016 he replaced Waqar Younis as Pakistan's coach.
Other birthdays
1923 Olive Smith (Australia)
1932 Polly Marshall (England)
1944 Arif Butt (Pakistan)
1969 Ujesh Ranchod (Zimbabwe)
1971 Ally Kuylaars (South Africa
1976 Edgar Schiferli (Netherlands)