January 14, 2014

Time to make leg slip a regular fielding position?

Too often batsmen get away with playing loose shots behind square on the leg side. Maybe a change in the laws will help
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Most batsmen are rarely in control of the leg glance or flick off fast bowling © Getty Images

"What is unlucky about being caught behind down the leg side?" asked Samir Chopra in a recent blog post. He set me thinking about a cricket problem that has puzzled me for years.

Why is it that some of the greatest batsmen in the game fail to, or do not care to, keep the ball down while glancing or flicking it on the leg side? And why are such shots not considered poor except when the batsman is caught (and even then it may be regarded as a piece of bad luck or a fantastic catch by the keeper or both), when even a thick outside edge that goes for four is described as one?

The answer is quite simple, in my opinion. You can get away with playing the ball in the air (actually, the batsman is rarely in control of the leg glance or flick off quick bowling, just as he is not with a poorly executed hook shot), because there is rarely a leg slip in position until after a missed opportunity, and the catch can often elude the wicketkeeper's grasp.

The leg slip or leg gully is rarely deployed because of the rule restricting the number of fielders behind the popping crease on the leg side to two. While that is normally understandable, especially when a bowler's stock delivery is an outswinger, I have often wondered why at the highest level of cricket, inswing bowlers tend to bowl to a three-slip, no-leg-slip field. At the college or junior level, a leg slip is quite a common sight when an inswing bowler is in operation, and that, to me, seems to make sense.

Madras batsmen of my vintage were advised by our coach KS Kannan to force short-of-length deliveries around the leg stump off the back foot rather than flick or glance them without foot movement, or with a tentative forward movement, as many of them were wont to do. This way they would also present the full face of the bat and watch the ball all the way on to it.

Kannan was then assisting the Derbyshire and England professional TS Worthington, whose approval he enjoyed. To the best of my knowledge, none of the boys in our camp followed Kannan's advice, and they merrily played the ball in the air between fine leg and midwicket whenever it landed in a sort of blind spot around the leg stump.

Two great batsmen of that era who were almost always in perfect control over such deliveries were GR Viswanath and Sunil Gavaskar. Vishy, whose wrists and forearms John Arlott once likened to those of an ironmonger, was perfectly capable of whipping short or long deliveries on the leg stump, or even the off stump, in a wide arc from mid-on to fine leg, keeping the ball down, unless he deliberately lofted it. Gavaskar was the complete master of anything on his legs, rarely missing a scoring opportunity in that region. Mohammad Azharuddin and VVS Laxman had the powerful wrists to roll firmly over the ball, virtually treating it with contempt. Sachin Tendulkar could, of course, make the ball do his bidding, rarely giving the diving wicketkeeper a hope on the leg side.

My question is, why should lesser mortals get away with edges and uncontrolled leg-side shots, instead of being punished in the same way as they are for flirting with deliveries outside the off stump? To enable a transformation, should there be a change in the laws of cricket so pace bowlers are encouraged to field leg slips?

In other words, to add yet another outrageous suggestion to ones I have already made in this column, why not raise the limit of two fielders behind the popping crease on the leg side to three? True, the rule came into being to prevent leg theory being used either to intimidate or hurt the batsman or as a negative ploy, but we now have the restriction on bouncers per over to prevent or reduce bodyline, and in any case, even under the present laws of cricket, negative leg theory is not an unusual sight in Test cricket, with left-arm spinners or legspinners sometimes resorting to it under the pretence of exploiting the rough caused by other bowlers' footmarks. Any such unfair tendency can also be countered by judicious declaration of deliveries deliberately aimed outside leg stump as wides.

While such an amendment of the rules can give the inswing bowler (and perhaps the offspinner) more teeth and another catching option in the deep off the bouncer, it will force batsmen and batting coaches to work on improving the techniques needed to negotiate well-directed inswing bowling or deliveries pitching on or around the leg stump.

In conclusion, I admit such a fundamental change will never even be considered, as it could make batting against top-quality fast bowling a nightmare. I am prepared to be proved to be absurdly wrong in my thinking by experts on the game.

V Ramnarayan is an author, translator and teacher. He bowled offspin for Hyderabad and South Zone in the 1970s

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • on January 15, 2014, 6:30 GMT

    Another interesting article about shots and catches behind the wicket on the leg side. It is an interesting thought, and I think it can make the game more interesting by creating another "corridor of uncertainty" and giving the bowlers a chance to induce a catch.

  • Speng on January 14, 2014, 21:07 GMT

    Great article! I have never understood the rules over-differentiation between the leg and off sides. The rules currently allow batsmen to concentrate on one side of the field and limit a bowler's variety, especially in test cricket. In limited overs cricket where there are few offside slips and fields are a bit more symmetrical the bowlers use both sides of the wicket with more facility which I find to be quite interesting. I also like limited overs cricket use of the short fielder e.g. the short, straight mid-on (short on?) to stop the cheeky single and snaffle up the odd catch.

    @Sir_Ivor: I agree, with a decent keeper the typical 1st slip is useless to pace bowlers. I would rather have 2-4 slip and a gully

  • mohsin9975 on January 15, 2014, 23:38 GMT

    It becomes more of catching position if a quick bowler bowls inswingers at short/ short of good length. definitely makes a batsman think before playing the flick. It becomes completely ridiculous field placement if a quick bowler bowling full reverse inswingers with an old ball, which is what MSD tried in SA series when Shami was on. Another one of MSD's tactical lunacy. Either the Indian Bowling coach is unqualified or MSD is too stubborn to listen to them. I guess its the latter.

  • Beertjie on January 15, 2014, 22:17 GMT

    As is pointed out the leg-slip fell into disuse. Half a century ago, it was not uncommon for different bowlers (left-arm swing and off-spinners). Has the heavier bat played a role in its demise? A good article.

  • Pacelikefire_Samrat on January 15, 2014, 6:26 GMT

    With the present fielding restriction of max 2 fielders beyond square on the legside,the legslip cannot be made a regular fielding position.In test matches,where the ball is turning square,the legspin can be a regular fielding position for an off break bowler.But in a ODI or a test match where the ball isnt doing much,a legslip beomes a liability.I dont agree with the theory that an in swing bowler bowling to a 3slip field is bad,coz unless and until the ball is pitched on middle and leg or instances where due to lack of control its drifted down leg,the leg slip doesnt come into play much.Also if you deploy a legslip/leggully permanently,the other fielder has to be pushed back(fine leg),good chances for the batsman to always turn it towards longleg or push it in the vacant space where fineleg would have been to take a single.Legslip like any fielding position depends on the pitch,the bowler,the condition of the ball and the batsman facing.

  • AltafPatel on January 15, 2014, 6:00 GMT

    In general bowlers make batsmen to play shot on leg sleep when they want caught behind to keeper. So not agree with that.

  • nareshgb1 on January 15, 2014, 1:38 GMT

    you get that leg side fielder in and you lose one from the off side (or elsewhere on the on side) - so less margin for error on that area for the bowler.

  • on January 15, 2014, 0:20 GMT

    steve waugh never mindeed the ball thudding into chest or thigh guard, later on he used to tinker the ball through the leg slip position and NZ used this position to minor effect in a 3(?) test series in aus roughly 2000. does a person fielding in leg slip create doubt in the batsmens mind?

  • on January 14, 2014, 22:09 GMT

    The profound moment was in the middle of the article when you were talking about the techniques of Gavaskar, Vishwanath, Azhar , Laxman and Tendulkar. The verbs were all used in the past tense, and it really hit me that Tendulkar the batmasn in past and retired :(

  • WalkingWicket11 on January 14, 2014, 16:23 GMT

    @Sir_Ivor Excellent point, and I had this in mind too. There's one other reason I think why the first slip needs to move further to the right. Every once in a while, you come across a situation where either (1) the keeper goes for (and missing) a catch that the first slip could comfortably take or (2) neither keeper nor first slip going for a catch that is roughly half-way in between, leading to conceding an embarrassing boundary. Eliminating the overlap would eliminate any confusion as to who should go for the catch.

  • on January 15, 2014, 6:30 GMT

    Another interesting article about shots and catches behind the wicket on the leg side. It is an interesting thought, and I think it can make the game more interesting by creating another "corridor of uncertainty" and giving the bowlers a chance to induce a catch.

  • Speng on January 14, 2014, 21:07 GMT

    Great article! I have never understood the rules over-differentiation between the leg and off sides. The rules currently allow batsmen to concentrate on one side of the field and limit a bowler's variety, especially in test cricket. In limited overs cricket where there are few offside slips and fields are a bit more symmetrical the bowlers use both sides of the wicket with more facility which I find to be quite interesting. I also like limited overs cricket use of the short fielder e.g. the short, straight mid-on (short on?) to stop the cheeky single and snaffle up the odd catch.

    @Sir_Ivor: I agree, with a decent keeper the typical 1st slip is useless to pace bowlers. I would rather have 2-4 slip and a gully

  • mohsin9975 on January 15, 2014, 23:38 GMT

    It becomes more of catching position if a quick bowler bowls inswingers at short/ short of good length. definitely makes a batsman think before playing the flick. It becomes completely ridiculous field placement if a quick bowler bowling full reverse inswingers with an old ball, which is what MSD tried in SA series when Shami was on. Another one of MSD's tactical lunacy. Either the Indian Bowling coach is unqualified or MSD is too stubborn to listen to them. I guess its the latter.

  • Beertjie on January 15, 2014, 22:17 GMT

    As is pointed out the leg-slip fell into disuse. Half a century ago, it was not uncommon for different bowlers (left-arm swing and off-spinners). Has the heavier bat played a role in its demise? A good article.

  • Pacelikefire_Samrat on January 15, 2014, 6:26 GMT

    With the present fielding restriction of max 2 fielders beyond square on the legside,the legslip cannot be made a regular fielding position.In test matches,where the ball is turning square,the legspin can be a regular fielding position for an off break bowler.But in a ODI or a test match where the ball isnt doing much,a legslip beomes a liability.I dont agree with the theory that an in swing bowler bowling to a 3slip field is bad,coz unless and until the ball is pitched on middle and leg or instances where due to lack of control its drifted down leg,the leg slip doesnt come into play much.Also if you deploy a legslip/leggully permanently,the other fielder has to be pushed back(fine leg),good chances for the batsman to always turn it towards longleg or push it in the vacant space where fineleg would have been to take a single.Legslip like any fielding position depends on the pitch,the bowler,the condition of the ball and the batsman facing.

  • AltafPatel on January 15, 2014, 6:00 GMT

    In general bowlers make batsmen to play shot on leg sleep when they want caught behind to keeper. So not agree with that.

  • nareshgb1 on January 15, 2014, 1:38 GMT

    you get that leg side fielder in and you lose one from the off side (or elsewhere on the on side) - so less margin for error on that area for the bowler.

  • on January 15, 2014, 0:20 GMT

    steve waugh never mindeed the ball thudding into chest or thigh guard, later on he used to tinker the ball through the leg slip position and NZ used this position to minor effect in a 3(?) test series in aus roughly 2000. does a person fielding in leg slip create doubt in the batsmens mind?

  • on January 14, 2014, 22:09 GMT

    The profound moment was in the middle of the article when you were talking about the techniques of Gavaskar, Vishwanath, Azhar , Laxman and Tendulkar. The verbs were all used in the past tense, and it really hit me that Tendulkar the batmasn in past and retired :(

  • WalkingWicket11 on January 14, 2014, 16:23 GMT

    @Sir_Ivor Excellent point, and I had this in mind too. There's one other reason I think why the first slip needs to move further to the right. Every once in a while, you come across a situation where either (1) the keeper goes for (and missing) a catch that the first slip could comfortably take or (2) neither keeper nor first slip going for a catch that is roughly half-way in between, leading to conceding an embarrassing boundary. Eliminating the overlap would eliminate any confusion as to who should go for the catch.

  • on January 14, 2014, 15:45 GMT

    For left arm bowlers bowling to right hand batsmen, a leg slip should be compulsory. As a left arm bowler, my frequent position was on my knees, head in hands as yet another edge on the leg side fell in no mans land. I would work for several balls with my stock in-cutter (leg cutter to the right hand batsman), then slip in a straight one (or sometimes a hard leg cutter). Cue inside edge that eluded keeper and fine leg .. arghhh !

  • on January 14, 2014, 14:44 GMT

    As a bit of tangential trivia, the worst injuries in the Bodyline series of 1932-33 actually happened with a normal field, not using Leg Theory in its entirety. Otherwise, I think the author's suggestion is certainly worth a try.

  • on January 14, 2014, 10:14 GMT

    Michael Carberry recently got out by Mitchell Johnson to leg slip (Nathan Lyon)

  • sifter132 on January 14, 2014, 9:19 GMT

    Forgot to add!...As to your other point about leg side play, the problem is the unpredictability of the shot placement for many players. Even if a batsman has poor technique and can't keep the ball down, there is a wide arc from midwicket to fine leg, and generally only 2, 3 at most, are sent into that region to patrol. Kevin Pietersen has flicked in the air for years, but rarely does he fall into a trap set for him. There is just too much real estate to cover! Jonathon Trott is similar. For those two in particular, bowling leg stump is seen as feeding their favourite shot, and an overly risky strategy when not a lot of fieldsmen can be devoted to catching those shots.

  • sifter132 on January 14, 2014, 9:18 GMT

    I wish captains were as imaginative as you Mr Ramnarayan! At present the '2 men behind square' rule is rarely threatened at all. Captains always have 1, but almost never have 2, even with good short pitched bowling. The typical response is to have a deep square leg. Even so, with a fine leg, leg slip, short leg on square and a deep square leg, you can effectively have 4 men placed for a short ball. That should be plenty shouldn't it? Spinners perhaps should be allowed 3+ behind square if they feel it necessary.

  • on January 14, 2014, 8:31 GMT

    Interesting. But would any bowler bowl a in coming delivery on the middle or leg stump as a wicket taking delivery? Moreover, the fielder positioned at the leg slip should have superb reflexes for if the batsman were to flick it would further accelerate /add to the bowler's pace, every time- unlike the case with slips where only if the batsman slashes hard does the ball quickens when it comes to the slippers. Down the leg side each time the ball were to be flicked it would gain more speed than when it is actually delivered. What this means is we need a fielder who is both brave enough to take blows and also has quick silver reflexes.

  • muzika_tchaikovskogo on January 14, 2014, 7:40 GMT

    @Ryanharissgreatcricketer: Completely agree with you mate. Its about time batsmen were made to earn their runs.

  • Sir_Ivor on January 14, 2014, 6:09 GMT

    A nice article with some crucial points to consider. One thing that I have not been able to understand is why there has to be a gap between the 3rd slip and gully. many runs are scored of the edges through this gap and many catches go a begging through this vacant area. I am at a loss unless one considers this a traditional fielding set up to lure the batsmen to play through this gap and so to his doom ! The other thing is that the first slip stands too fine that is close to the wicket keeper. I feel catches that go so fine would more easily taken by the keeper. And the usual edge of the out-swinger generally gets taken by what is presently called the second slip ! So would it not be better to as a rule move the first slip a bit to his right, say by a foot and the third slip and gully to close up. That will make it a true umbrella on the off side. I would appreciate the author's view on this comment of mine because this has been on my mind for a long time.

  • RyanHarrisGreatCricketer on January 14, 2014, 4:21 GMT

    I agree. Either the restriction on no. of bouncers or the restriction on fielders behind square on the leg side need to be removed.

    In this era of helmets and flat pitches, if both rules exist together, it makes it easy for mediocre batsmen to inflate their scorecards.

  • RyanHarrisGreatCricketer on January 14, 2014, 4:21 GMT

    I agree. Either the restriction on no. of bouncers or the restriction on fielders behind square on the leg side need to be removed.

    In this era of helmets and flat pitches, if both rules exist together, it makes it easy for mediocre batsmen to inflate their scorecards.

  • Sir_Ivor on January 14, 2014, 6:09 GMT

    A nice article with some crucial points to consider. One thing that I have not been able to understand is why there has to be a gap between the 3rd slip and gully. many runs are scored of the edges through this gap and many catches go a begging through this vacant area. I am at a loss unless one considers this a traditional fielding set up to lure the batsmen to play through this gap and so to his doom ! The other thing is that the first slip stands too fine that is close to the wicket keeper. I feel catches that go so fine would more easily taken by the keeper. And the usual edge of the out-swinger generally gets taken by what is presently called the second slip ! So would it not be better to as a rule move the first slip a bit to his right, say by a foot and the third slip and gully to close up. That will make it a true umbrella on the off side. I would appreciate the author's view on this comment of mine because this has been on my mind for a long time.

  • muzika_tchaikovskogo on January 14, 2014, 7:40 GMT

    @Ryanharissgreatcricketer: Completely agree with you mate. Its about time batsmen were made to earn their runs.

  • on January 14, 2014, 8:31 GMT

    Interesting. But would any bowler bowl a in coming delivery on the middle or leg stump as a wicket taking delivery? Moreover, the fielder positioned at the leg slip should have superb reflexes for if the batsman were to flick it would further accelerate /add to the bowler's pace, every time- unlike the case with slips where only if the batsman slashes hard does the ball quickens when it comes to the slippers. Down the leg side each time the ball were to be flicked it would gain more speed than when it is actually delivered. What this means is we need a fielder who is both brave enough to take blows and also has quick silver reflexes.

  • sifter132 on January 14, 2014, 9:18 GMT

    I wish captains were as imaginative as you Mr Ramnarayan! At present the '2 men behind square' rule is rarely threatened at all. Captains always have 1, but almost never have 2, even with good short pitched bowling. The typical response is to have a deep square leg. Even so, with a fine leg, leg slip, short leg on square and a deep square leg, you can effectively have 4 men placed for a short ball. That should be plenty shouldn't it? Spinners perhaps should be allowed 3+ behind square if they feel it necessary.

  • sifter132 on January 14, 2014, 9:19 GMT

    Forgot to add!...As to your other point about leg side play, the problem is the unpredictability of the shot placement for many players. Even if a batsman has poor technique and can't keep the ball down, there is a wide arc from midwicket to fine leg, and generally only 2, 3 at most, are sent into that region to patrol. Kevin Pietersen has flicked in the air for years, but rarely does he fall into a trap set for him. There is just too much real estate to cover! Jonathon Trott is similar. For those two in particular, bowling leg stump is seen as feeding their favourite shot, and an overly risky strategy when not a lot of fieldsmen can be devoted to catching those shots.

  • on January 14, 2014, 10:14 GMT

    Michael Carberry recently got out by Mitchell Johnson to leg slip (Nathan Lyon)

  • on January 14, 2014, 14:44 GMT

    As a bit of tangential trivia, the worst injuries in the Bodyline series of 1932-33 actually happened with a normal field, not using Leg Theory in its entirety. Otherwise, I think the author's suggestion is certainly worth a try.

  • on January 14, 2014, 15:45 GMT

    For left arm bowlers bowling to right hand batsmen, a leg slip should be compulsory. As a left arm bowler, my frequent position was on my knees, head in hands as yet another edge on the leg side fell in no mans land. I would work for several balls with my stock in-cutter (leg cutter to the right hand batsman), then slip in a straight one (or sometimes a hard leg cutter). Cue inside edge that eluded keeper and fine leg .. arghhh !

  • WalkingWicket11 on January 14, 2014, 16:23 GMT

    @Sir_Ivor Excellent point, and I had this in mind too. There's one other reason I think why the first slip needs to move further to the right. Every once in a while, you come across a situation where either (1) the keeper goes for (and missing) a catch that the first slip could comfortably take or (2) neither keeper nor first slip going for a catch that is roughly half-way in between, leading to conceding an embarrassing boundary. Eliminating the overlap would eliminate any confusion as to who should go for the catch.