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December 31, 2013

Is Misbah one of Pakistan's best captains?

Ahmer Naqvi
As captain, Misbah-ul-Haq averages 57.92 in victorious Tests and 92 in drawn Tests  © AFP
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When it comes to Pakistani cricket, longevity is automatically a hallmark of greatness when judging captains, since it implies that the leader in question managed to tame the wild forces that rip Pakistani cricket apart long enough to establish some sort of coherent reign.

Two thousand and thirteen marked three years into the captaincy of Misbah-ul-Haq, and thus represents a remarkable achievement in the context of Pakistani cricket. The question now is: where exactly does Misbah rank on the all-time list of Pakistani captains?

Just as it is when we judge any player's importance in cricket, there appear to be two broad ways of looking at a captain's achievements - their personal performances and the track record of their team. Pakistani captains tend to perform much better once they secure the top post, which is, of course, the best way of warding off challenges to their reign. It is a facet visible in most Pakistani captains, and, for me, is best exemplified by Shoaib Malik's figures. A player with a bit of a Machiavellian reputation, his ODI average jumped 11 runs during his stint as captain.

To begin our exercise we must first stop to marvel at the majesty of Imran Khan's golden age. Although Imran will forever be remembered as the captain who won the World Cup, arguably his greater triumph lay in having led Pakistan in three Test series against the greatest side of all time and not losing a single one.

While those drawn series against West Indies require context to be appreciated, Imran's statistics as captain are possibly the most unequivocal proof of his prowess. As captain, his batting average in Tests jumped from 37 to 52, while his bowling average dropped from almost 23 to 20. Nearly half his career five-fors and five of his six centuries were recorded as captain. During his spell, he was one of the highest-averaging batsmen and lowest-averaging bowlers in the team.

It is unlikely therefore that any captain in Pakistan (or even world cricket, for that matter) will ever be able to rival Imran, which means that the highest Misbah can aspire to be is second-best. There are three other captains who can challenge that position: Javed Miandad, Wasim Akram and Inzamam-ul-Haq.

To be honest, I was surprised to see Miandad had led Pakistan in as many matches as he did, given that he played in Imran's era and got the captaincy in bits and pieces. However, Miandad led Pakistan to as many Test wins as Imran (14), had a superior win-loss ratio (2.33 to Imran's 1.75), and won more Test series than any other Pakistani captain (eight series wins to Imran's five). Miandad's marquee wins included a home series against Australia and beating England both home and away. However his batting average dropped almost three runs as captain, and he only had one away hundred as captain compared to three by Imran, who also took six five-fors away from home as captain. While he was undoubtedly a remarkable captain, Miandad seemed to be unable to play as inspirationally as Imran (or even others) could.

Akram comes next in the list of pretenders. He led Pakistan to 12 Test wins and six series wins. His teams won 48% of their matches but also lost 32% of them, and out of his ten series he only drew one. His marquee wins included away wins in England and New Zealand as well as the Asian Test Championship.

It is also relevant to look at the ODI records of Akram and his successors, because the format's priority and prestige had increased during their time. Akram's teams had a 61.5% winning record in limited-overs, which is almost identical to Waqar's and behind Shoaib Malik (66.6%) for Pakistani captains with at least 20 matches under their belt. Akram led Pakistan to a World Cup final, a World Series win Down Under, as well as a host of Sharjah trophies.

Individually, the captaincy didn't seem to affect Akram's figures much, with his batting and bowling averages both showing improvements of around one run when captain across both formats. Of course, what the stats don't reveal is the shadow of match-fixing that plagued Wasim's legacy, which is perhaps the reason his record feels less significant.

That leaves the two Haqs to contend with - Inzamam and Misbah. In terms of bilateral ODI series, Misbah leads Inzamam. He has 12 wins and five losses to Inzamam's ten-six, although both these figures are bolstered by some frivolous wins. Both also won away series in India and the West Indies, though the fortuitous Asia Cup win and presiding over the first series win by an Asian team in South Africa gives Misbah the edge. In Tests, Inzamam led Pakistan to five series wins (and can lay claim to a sixth, over South Africa, although he missed most of the tour including the match Pakistan won). Misbah has five. Both have had famous wins over England at home (Misbah's was in UAE), with Inzamam adding a series win over India at home as well.

Individually, Inzamam's Test average went from 49.6 to 52 as captain, while in ODIs it went from 39.5 to 43.8. The numbers also seem to suggest that Inzamam's teams lived and died with him - in matches Pakistan won, his Test average went up to 94, while his ODI average shot up 19 runs to 58. Conversely, when losing, his Test average plummeted to 19.8, while in ODIs it went from 39.5 to 33.

Misbah's Test average as captain improved from 46 to 57, while his ODI average also went up four runs to become 49. What's interesting is that while Misbah averages 57.92 when Pakistan win a Test, his average shoots up to 92 when Pakistan draw one. It's a salient feature, since it allows us to see the difference in the fortunes and styles of the two sides.

Inzamam's side was considerably more blessed than Misbah's. Under Inzamam, both Mohammad Yousuf and Younis Khan averaged over 60 in Tests. In contrast, Misbah has been the best batsman in his side, with an average of 57, followed by Younis at 54 and Azhar Ali at 43. Mohammad Hafeez's average of 34.8 as a top-order batsman under Misbah is lower than Shahid Afridi's 42.5 under Inzamam.

In terms of bowling, Inzamam had far more talented players (Mohammad Asif, Shoaib Akhtar, Umar Gul etc) but Misbah's players have the better record, with Saeed Ajmal and Abdur Rehman having shared most of the wickets. What these figures make clear is that Misbah's team has managed to match the record of Inzamam's side despite having far less talented personnel.

Of course, even with all these stats there are still a thousand arguments left for each of the candidates, and many ways to look at this question. However, there is no doubt left that Misbah has joined the ranks of Pakistan's best captains and has a chance to establish himself as the all-time second-best.

The author would like to acknowledge the help of Emad Zafar Iqbal in researching for this piece.

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Ahmer Naqvi is a journalist, writer and teacher. He writes on cricket for various publications, and co-hosts the online cricket show Pace is Pace Yaar. He tweets here

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Keywords: Captaincy, Stats

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Posted by android_user on (January 2, 2014, 21:44 GMT)

misbah to b fair to him should not b compared Now.We should do this when he retires. most of the Pakistani captains have performed well .yes there were mediocre ones and these need nt b mentioned.Misbah s greatest achievement I'd say his rebuilding the team after the Butts destroyed the poor leftovers. whatever Misbah s shortcomings he set a personal example. Inzi did his utmost to keep Misbah out of the national side.this is the blot on Inzi s.Inzi s other crime is engineering the revolt against Yunus.So please Inzi b kept out !!yes Misbah may well end up there with the greatest!! only time will tell....personally I have never forgiven him for his "tuk tuk" in the WC sf against Indians.

Posted by t20cric on (January 2, 2014, 19:43 GMT)

No doubt Misbah is a good captain but his defensive tactics are what gets him. Along with that he often makes some questionable decisions like picking Hafeez at no.3 instead of Azhar Ali. In ODIs he kept picking Tanvir or Riaz ahead of Junaid who could have probably surpassed Ajmal in wickets taken for 2013. But he is a good captain considering that he beat tough teams without having anyone even close to Inzi, Yousuf and in-form Younis. Infact Imran, Miandad, Inzimam and Akram all had really strong bowling attacks and fairly strong batting (Zaheer Abbas, Saleem Malik, Javed Miandad, Saeed Anwar, Aamir Sohail, Inzimam-ul-haq, Mohammad Yousuf & Younis Khan all played under one of these captains). Misbah, on the other hand has a really strong spin attack, an experienced but young & promising pace attack & only a few good batsmen. I'd say the batting that Misbah has is the worst in Pak history (partially cuz of Misbah himself). If Misbah could be a more attacking captain he would be better

Posted by Pakistan_Foreva on (January 2, 2014, 4:17 GMT)

Misbah currently has 11 test wins as captains and as the article says, and 5 test series wins (Miandad currently has the joint record of 14 test wins and 8 series wins). Currently Pak are playing Sri Lanka in a 3 test series, and are hosting Australia for a 3 test series in UAE later this year, then hosting New Zealand for 3 tests, then Zimbabwe for 2 tests, then playing 2 tests in Bangladesh all before the 2015 WC (until which time it seems Misbah has been appointed firmly as captain). He has a great chance of leading pak to win against Sri Lanka, NZ, Zimb, Bang (and just maybe Aus) and can end up as Pak's best test captain ever for sure! I hope he can definitley end his career as such.

Posted by   on (January 1, 2014, 19:37 GMT)

Misbah is resilient, Inzi was class.

Posted by Shah-Ji on (January 1, 2014, 19:08 GMT)

Most interesting...Like many other bloggers ,Ahmer forgot to mention Mushtaq Muhammad ,arguably the best Captain . Who laid the foundation of the Team ,Imran ,Sarfraz ,Miandad,Majid Zaheer ,Bari,Asif iqbal ,Iqbal Qasim , All of them not only blossomed in to world class ,Cricket bacame popular and They became a household names , Era of Pak Fast Bowlers started,Reverse came in to swing.

He was the All time best Captain followed by A H Kardar, Kardar team got us test status. and after getting the status,won matches against every team at their soil..

Posted by maksumbal on (January 1, 2014, 18:44 GMT)

A very nicely written article. Good research and well presented.

Posted by   on (January 1, 2014, 16:03 GMT)

The one factor that makes Misbah greater then the aforementioned players is that he has never played in the Pakistani team with security of his position. Even if Miandad, Inzimam or Akram went through a lean patch no body would dream about taking about axing them from the team. The pressure that this guy absorbs whenever he bats over the past 3 years must be immense. He knows that considering his age and critics if he has any dip in form and he will be permanantly dropped form the team. The only way to keep people shut is to be the best batsman in the team. Considering this, his performance, consistency and fitness is simply remarkable !

Posted by   on (January 1, 2014, 14:17 GMT)

Pakistan are always an exciting team to watch - really liking the current team.

Posted by D.Pramod on (January 1, 2014, 11:56 GMT)

In addition to personal performance and team track record, I feel that a third parameter, integrity needs to be added to the judgement mix. Miandad, Wasim Akram, Inzamam and Waqar were all tainted by match-fixing (though they may have escaped bans). Misbah scores over all of them on integrity alone. Certainly No.2 after Imran although I believe Mushtaq Mohammad may run him close, very close.

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