Aakash Chopra
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Former India opener; author of Beyond the Blues, an account of the 2007-08 Ranji Trophy season

Dravid and the art of T20 captaincy

Despite a small squad bereft of big names, Rajasthan Royals' captain has churned out win after win

Aakash Chopra

May 15, 2013

Comments: 56 | Text size: A | A

James Faulkner celebrates with Rahul Dravid, Rajasthan Royals v Sunrisers Hyderabad, IPL, Jaipur, April 27, 2013
Dravid picks his XI according to the team he's facing © BCCI

About two months ago Rahul Dravid rang me to ask my opinion of a couple of domestic uncapped medium-pacers I had played with. If Rajasthan Royals had vacant spots, it was worth signing these lads, I remember suggesting. After all, every team is allowed to sign as many as 33 players for their IPL campaign and uncapped players hardly ever burn a hole in the franchisee's pocket; they are always "good buys".

Rahul, though, was quite sure what he wanted to do, which was sign only one of the two. Keeping the squad small (Royals have only 28 players) was their top priority.

I thought that emphasis on keeping the squad small indicated his and the franchise's inflexibility. I mistook his clarity of thought for rigidity, a quality I expected to see in his captaincy as well.

Since they had small squad I assumed not too many changes would be made to or within the playing XI. I was in for a surprise and, I think, so were most of the other teams. Royals continued their dominance at home but no two games followed the same pattern. Against Kolkata Knight Riders, they dished out a greentop and played five seam bowlers. The plan was to not only negate the Sunil Narine threat but also to not bowl to the Knight Riders' batsmen's strengths, which is playing spin.

As much as captaincy is about playing to your strengths, it's equally about knowing your opposition and denying them what they like most. While that means challenging yourself, it's a risk worth taking against an opposition that's superior to you on paper.

Nine days after the Knight Riders game, when Royals hosted Mumbai Indians, Dravid opened the bowling with two spinners. The sight of Sachin Tendulkar and Ricky Ponting opening together can be daunting in any format other than T20. While most batsmen don't mind going after the bowlers from the beginning, Tendulkar and Ponting are unlikely to step on the accelerator before getting set. In that small window of circumspection, Dravid bowled two of his rather inexperienced but accurate spinners - Ajit Chandila and Ankeet Chavan.

Now that Ponting has made way for Dwayne Smith in Mumbai's line-up, I'm sure Dravid will opt for a different pair to open the bowling.

To succeed as a captain in T20, you need to swallow your pride and do what is right for the team. Putting the team ahead of himself comes naturally to Dravid

However guarded you are about the surprises you have planned for the opposition, certain cards do get revealed at the toss. But once the game starts, it's a captain's prerogative to shuffle the pack as many times as he wishes to, and that's what Dravid is doing. While most teams are surprisingly reluctant to experiment too much with the batting order, Dravid hasn't played an identical line-up in two consecutive games. He has identified Shane Watson as Royals' most important batsman and all efforts are made to give him a platform to succeed.

When Royals played Sunrisers Hyderabad, Dravid opened the batting to negate the threat of Dale Steyn. At Eden Gardens, Watson opened, because the first six overs are the best time to score; Dravid demoted himself to No. 8, for he knew that to score on that sluggish pitch against spinners they needed left-handers or players with more brute strength than he has. So Dishant Yagnik was picked (even though Royals had a keeper-batsman in Sanju Samson) and promoted up the order to bat with Samson, and Owais Shah, who is very good against spinners, replaced the in-form Brad Hodge. Against Mumbai, Dravid pushed himself down to let the big hitters go out and make the runs.

To succeed as a captain in T20, you need to swallow your pride and do what is right for the team. Putting the team ahead of himself comes naturally to Dravid.

While many believe Royals' strategy of keeping a small squad is a money-saving exercise, Dravid's view is that it's always prudent to pick the right personnel and then empower them. In a big squad, there will be insecurities and unfulfilled expectations, which cause dissent and resentment. It also tempts the captain to prematurely drop a player and move on to the next man. In a format where failure is more common than success, it's imperative to instil faith in a player, to let him know he isn't one poor game away from getting dropped, and that the management trusts his skills and their assessment of him.

Not many uncapped players have got an extended run in big-ticket teams like Mumbai and Royal Challengers Bangalore, but Royals have not only given several opportunities to relatively lesser-known Indian players (Samson, Yagnik, Stuart Binny), they have also batted them high in the order to give them enough time to succeed. The bigger the names in the team, the tougher it is to play around with the XI and the batting order.

Clearly the adage about a captain being as good as his team has been turned on its head in the case of Rajasthan Royals. Dravid's ingenious utilisation of limited resources has proved that at times a team is as good as its captain allows it to be.

Former India opener Aakash Chopra is the author of Out of the Blue, an account of Rajasthan's 2010-11 Ranji Trophy victory. His website is here and his Twitter feed here

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Posted by   on (May 16, 2013, 17:28 GMT)

A man who can use his thinking Power!

Posted by Haleos on (May 16, 2013, 9:21 GMT)

@k_r_a - he will keep playing till no one is ready to buy him. Just like dada. Indian superrstars dont know when to stop.

Posted by deathstar01 on (May 16, 2013, 8:17 GMT)

I have been a fan of Dravid's captaincy untill lately when he is trying Faulkner and Samson in the 3rd and 4th of the batting order. From my point of view, RR lost yesterday's match to MI just because of this batting order. Samson is a rising batsmen but sending him within the first 5 overs are creating pressures for him. And wasting overs and wickets for Watson (best allrounder in the world), Hodge (one of the most influencial t20 players). I hope, Dravid will sort out these things. And hope they will win the league.

Posted by DTom on (May 16, 2013, 6:18 GMT)

No doubt that Dravid is a decent captain. However, to build him up like a giant in captaincy is simply hero-worshiping. There are so many things he has gotten wrong. Faulkner repeatedly failing up the order, demoting himself in a match where wickets kept falling and stability was needed, sending the likes of Yagnik etc ahead of Hodge, persisting with Rahane when Samson came on and made an immediate impact. These are things at which any captain could have failed, and Dravid did as well. He also succeeded at many things where other captains have as well. Just because it is Dravid, these things are being blown up as tactical genius indications. Try too many things and some of those are bound to come off.

Imagine Kohli promoting Faulkner repeatedly up the order ... people will be laughing at him. Once you win matches, like RR have done, all your bad decisions are forgotten. Dhoni was being considered a liability some time back, now he is a genius with India and CSK winning.

Posted by raghoo1 on (May 16, 2013, 4:20 GMT)

I think the stereotype of RD working wonders with "limited resources" has been hugely overplayed. They have sure played well as a team (as they have always done right from Warne days) and have also used their local conditions well, but I think this is just Akash Chopra playing to the gallery.

Posted by Vishal_07 on (May 16, 2013, 3:38 GMT)

While I respect Dravid as a player and as a person, his captaincy has been far from being flawless. Another example today, Hodge after Yagnik, seriously!

Posted by EverybodylovesSachin on (May 15, 2013, 18:15 GMT)

Rohit Sharma showed better captaincy today..Dravid made a mistake to chase in Mumbai..Very difficult to do that unless someone like Pollard makes 50 runs in two overs..Seems to me Art has nothing to do with Captaincy...Art has only to do with bowling, Batting and Fielding.

Posted by k_r_a on (May 15, 2013, 17:08 GMT)

is dravid playing next year as well?

Posted by unbiasedfan on (May 15, 2013, 16:32 GMT)

While you are largely correct there have been instances when Dravid has failed as captain - the one at the top of my mind was their first match against CSK where his field placings, and bowling changes were poor. RR lost a match they should have won.

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Aakash ChopraClose
Aakash Chopra Aakash Chopra is the 245th Indian to represent India in Test cricket. A batsman in the traditional mould, he played 10 Tests for India in 2003-04, and has played over 120 first-class matches. He currently plays for Delhi in the Ranji Trophy; his book Beyond the Blues was an account of the 2007-08 season. Chopra made a formidable opening combination with Virender Sehwag, which was believed to be one of the reasons for India's success in Australia and Pakistan in 2003-04. He is considered one of the best close-in fielders India has produced after Eknath Solkar.

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