The major landmarks in cricket December 9, 2011

Recording the records

A look at some of the major statistical milestones and how well they've stood the test of time
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Virender Sehwag's 219 in Indore meant the 200-run mark, which had never been breached in 2961 ODIs and 51,478 innings by batsmen, had been passed twice in less than two years. (Click here for the list of progressive record holders for highest scores in ODIs.) It's also the third-highest score in a List A game. Here are some of the major records in cricket - some changed hands more than once recently; others have stood the test of time, and may continue to do so.

Highest team score in ODIs
This one looks like it's under threat more than once every year, but Sri Lanka's 443 has stood for more than five years now - it's 1984 days since they made that total against Netherlands in Amstelveen. Since then there have been seven 400-plus totals, but none more than 440.

Highest partnership for any wicket in Tests
The 451 runs that Bill Ponsford and Don Bradman added for the second wicket remained a record from 1934 to 1990 (though Mudassar Nazar and Javed Miandad equalled the mark in 1983). When Andrew Jones and Martin Crowe finally went past it, adding 467 against Sri Lanka in 1991, the Ponsford-Bradman record had stood for a whopping 20,623 days. So stung were Sri Lanka by that humiliation that they twice inflicted greater torture on their opponents. First, Sanath Jayasuriya and Roshan Mahanama added 576 against India in 1997, which exceeded the previous record by as much as 23%, and then Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene smashed that mark too, adding 624 against South Africa. That record has so far stayed for 1959 days.

Most Test wickets in a year
In 1981, Dennis Lillee took 85 Test wickets. That stayed the record till 2005, when Shane Warne took 96. Muttiah Muralitharan threatened it by taking 90 the following year, but since then Warne's mark has looked safe. Dale Steyn topped with 74 in 2008, Graeme Swann had 64 in 2010 and Mitchell Johnson 63 in 2009. So far in 2011, no one has managed even half of Warne's record: Saeed Ajmal is on top with 44.

Murali didn't quite get the record in 2006, but Mohammad Yousuf took the batting equivalent that year, for his Test aggregate of 1788 at a Bradmanesque 99.33.

Highest individual score in Tests
As the list of progressive record holders shows, this one passed hands fairly regularly till 1958, when Garry Sobers scored his undefeated 365. That was in Test No. 450. For the next 808 matches, which spanned 13,196 days, that record stayed unbroken, till Brian Lara scored 375 on April 18, 1994. Then, 3461 days later, Matthew Hayden smashed 380 against Zimbabwe, a record that was his for only 184 days before Lara snatched it back. Since then, it has stayed with Lara… for 2797 days and counting.

Highest team score in Tests
For many years, England's 903 for 7 declared seemed to be beyond the reach of any side. That record was set on August 23, 1938, but 21,532 days and 1108 Test matches later, Sri Lanka finally bettered it, scoring 952 for 6 against India. Since then, no team has touched 800 in 5238 days.

Most wickets in a Test match
Anil Kumble equalled Jim Laker's perfect ten in a Test innings, but no bowler has threatened Laker's 19 in that Test at Old Trafford against Australia in 1956. That makes it 20,219 days for Laker's record.

Most Test wickets in a series
This one is nearing 100 years of unchanged reign. Sydney Barnes took 49 in the last series he played, against South Africa in 1913-14, and that's despite missing the last Test of the five-match series. The fourth Test of the series ended on February 18, 1914, which means the record is very nearly 98 years old, or, in terms of days, 35,724. Warne took 40 in the 2005 Ashes, but no other bowler has even got close to the mark in the last 25 years. With very few five-Test series scheduled these days, this one could stay forever.

The batting equivalent - Don Bradman's 974 in England in 1930 - looks to be untouchable too: the closest in the last 25 years is Mark Taylor's 839 in England in 1989.

Highest individual score in first-class cricket
Hanif Mohammad made 499 for Karachi against Bahawalpur in 1958-59, and this record stood for more than 35 years, before Lara raised the bar yet again, scoring an unbeaten 501 for Warwickshire against Durham in 1994.

Six sixes in an over (in all forms of the game)
Until 1984, Sobers was the only batsman to achieve it in first-class or List A cricket, taking Malcolm Nash for 36 in an over in a first-class game for Nottinghamshire against Glamorgan in 1968. In the 1984-85 season, Ravi Shastri repeated that feat off Tilak Raj in a Ranji Trophy game for Bombay. In 2007, there were two such instances on the world stage: first by Herschelle Gibbs in the World Cup match against Netherlands, and then by Yuvraj Singh in the World Twenty20 against England.

That record is waiting to happen in Test cricket, though. Three batsmen - Shahid Afridi, Kapil Dev and AB de Villiers - have struck sixes off four consecutive balls. Given Sehwag's mindset, you wouldn't want to bet against him getting that record too.

This list excludes longevity-related records. Hence, it doesn't list records like most career runs, most career wickets, most matches etc.

S Rajesh is stats editor of ESPNcricinfo. Follow him on Twitter

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • Kreacher_Rocks on December 12, 2011, 18:37 GMT

    @Saurabh, While KiwiRocker is generally off his rocker, Viv's 189* was against a good England attack. The score he made against SL was 181, 3 years after his famous 189. In that 181 he got to 181 from 100 in 26 balls.

  • on December 12, 2011, 14:18 GMT

    @ KiwiRocker Viv scored that 189 against a Sri lankan team even weaker than Bangladesh !!!

  • on December 12, 2011, 10:51 GMT

    the first time in my life i have seen some records without the name of the GOD Sachin Tendulkar

  • Dhutugemunu on December 12, 2011, 7:47 GMT

    @ Hamid Ali ; Record is a record. It doesn't matter whether is it a 50 or a 100. Accept the fact that Record for the fastest 50 is older than the Record for the fastest 100. Do not try to compare different formats of the game. Tests, ODIs and T20Is are totally different my friend. You should notice that how hard it is to score a 100 in a T20I where there are only 5 T20I centuries. There is no Afridi in that list. His highest score is just 54*. He is not even in the top 28 for fastest 50 in T20Is. But Jayasuriya is there in that list. BTW Record for the fastest List A 100 is even older (21 years) by an Englishman. GD Rose 36 balls, Somerset v Devon, Torquay 1990. Where another Sri Lankan scored the fastest List A 50. K Weeraratne 12 balls, Ragama v Kurunegala, Colombo 2005-06. So you will say that "this is a different stage". Yes. It is. Like that don't compare ODIs and T20Is. Record is unique to the format and the stage.

  • analyseabhishek on December 11, 2011, 16:57 GMT

    I'd agree with Chippy Hansen- that Charles Bannerman's record is strange simply because you would not have expected it to stand for such a long time! I noticed this record way back in 1990 when Asanka Gurusinghe had scored 52 out of 82 of the Sri Lankan team against India in a one off test. It's been 21 yrs since then and a multitude of tests and batting records, but tis one still stands tall!

  • 4test90 on December 11, 2011, 11:55 GMT

    Wilfred Rhodes leads 1st class wickets and has done since the 1920's - also, he played Test cricket in 5 decades (1899-1930). Impossible to break?!? Well, Tendulkar did start in 1989 and would need to play another 8 years - hmmmmmmm !!!

  • drinks.break on December 11, 2011, 10:46 GMT

    @Jonathan_E, Gooch may have scored 1058 in 10 innings, but Bradman's 974 was in only 7 innings. If you add his next 3 innings after that, you get a total of 1226 runs, so no, Gooch still didn't come close.

  • CricIndia208 on December 11, 2011, 10:29 GMT

    INDIANS hold most of the batting records:

    Most number of test hundreds...Sachin Tendulkar Most number of ODI hundreds...Sachin Tendulkar Most number of test runs...Sachin Tendulkar Most number of ODI runs...Sachin Tendulkar Highest ODI score....Virender Sehwag 200 or more in an ODI ...Sachin Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag

    Tendulkar's runs and hundreds records can NEVER be broken.

  • on December 11, 2011, 8:59 GMT

    Nathan Astle still holds the record for fasted test 200. (222 of 153 balls). 10 years or so now? Mind you its going to be beaten sometime soon one would think the way 20/20 has come along..

  • Jonathan_E on December 11, 2011, 8:59 GMT

    Bradman's 974 in a single 5-test series may have not really come under threat, but Gooch in 1990 came close over two 3-test series combined. Not only did he get 752 in the three matches against India, but earlier in the summer he had scored 306 in the 3-test series against New Zealand... in the first of which he only batted in one innings and scored a first-ball duck. The remaining 5 matches saw him score 1058 runs in 10 innings. (Plus 219 in four ODIs.)

  • Kreacher_Rocks on December 12, 2011, 18:37 GMT

    @Saurabh, While KiwiRocker is generally off his rocker, Viv's 189* was against a good England attack. The score he made against SL was 181, 3 years after his famous 189. In that 181 he got to 181 from 100 in 26 balls.

  • on December 12, 2011, 14:18 GMT

    @ KiwiRocker Viv scored that 189 against a Sri lankan team even weaker than Bangladesh !!!

  • on December 12, 2011, 10:51 GMT

    the first time in my life i have seen some records without the name of the GOD Sachin Tendulkar

  • Dhutugemunu on December 12, 2011, 7:47 GMT

    @ Hamid Ali ; Record is a record. It doesn't matter whether is it a 50 or a 100. Accept the fact that Record for the fastest 50 is older than the Record for the fastest 100. Do not try to compare different formats of the game. Tests, ODIs and T20Is are totally different my friend. You should notice that how hard it is to score a 100 in a T20I where there are only 5 T20I centuries. There is no Afridi in that list. His highest score is just 54*. He is not even in the top 28 for fastest 50 in T20Is. But Jayasuriya is there in that list. BTW Record for the fastest List A 100 is even older (21 years) by an Englishman. GD Rose 36 balls, Somerset v Devon, Torquay 1990. Where another Sri Lankan scored the fastest List A 50. K Weeraratne 12 balls, Ragama v Kurunegala, Colombo 2005-06. So you will say that "this is a different stage". Yes. It is. Like that don't compare ODIs and T20Is. Record is unique to the format and the stage.

  • analyseabhishek on December 11, 2011, 16:57 GMT

    I'd agree with Chippy Hansen- that Charles Bannerman's record is strange simply because you would not have expected it to stand for such a long time! I noticed this record way back in 1990 when Asanka Gurusinghe had scored 52 out of 82 of the Sri Lankan team against India in a one off test. It's been 21 yrs since then and a multitude of tests and batting records, but tis one still stands tall!

  • 4test90 on December 11, 2011, 11:55 GMT

    Wilfred Rhodes leads 1st class wickets and has done since the 1920's - also, he played Test cricket in 5 decades (1899-1930). Impossible to break?!? Well, Tendulkar did start in 1989 and would need to play another 8 years - hmmmmmmm !!!

  • drinks.break on December 11, 2011, 10:46 GMT

    @Jonathan_E, Gooch may have scored 1058 in 10 innings, but Bradman's 974 was in only 7 innings. If you add his next 3 innings after that, you get a total of 1226 runs, so no, Gooch still didn't come close.

  • CricIndia208 on December 11, 2011, 10:29 GMT

    INDIANS hold most of the batting records:

    Most number of test hundreds...Sachin Tendulkar Most number of ODI hundreds...Sachin Tendulkar Most number of test runs...Sachin Tendulkar Most number of ODI runs...Sachin Tendulkar Highest ODI score....Virender Sehwag 200 or more in an ODI ...Sachin Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag

    Tendulkar's runs and hundreds records can NEVER be broken.

  • on December 11, 2011, 8:59 GMT

    Nathan Astle still holds the record for fasted test 200. (222 of 153 balls). 10 years or so now? Mind you its going to be beaten sometime soon one would think the way 20/20 has come along..

  • Jonathan_E on December 11, 2011, 8:59 GMT

    Bradman's 974 in a single 5-test series may have not really come under threat, but Gooch in 1990 came close over two 3-test series combined. Not only did he get 752 in the three matches against India, but earlier in the summer he had scored 306 in the 3-test series against New Zealand... in the first of which he only batted in one innings and scored a first-ball duck. The remaining 5 matches saw him score 1058 runs in 10 innings. (Plus 219 in four ODIs.)

  • KiwiRocker- on December 11, 2011, 6:25 GMT

    WHat makes you think that Sehwag will hit six sixes in an over while AB De Villiers and Afridi are still around who have come close to the record. Please become little less unbiased. Sehwag's 219 is a farce bit like Tendulya's 200. Worthless runs scored in friendly home conditions. Mate, If you wish to see a real ODI innings then watch King richard's 189 that is still the BEST ODI inning. Saeed Anwar's 194 comes the scond best as it was scored against an arch rival in front of their own home crowd. Poor kumble was literally in tears. At the same note, Kumble 10 wickets were half shared by Indian umpires. Please check You tube to make up your own mind. I bet all those English fast bowlers will be laughing their head off watching Sehwag and Raina score on flat tracks while they made them sitting ducks and based India by 8-0!

  • on December 11, 2011, 4:54 GMT

    Sri Lankans got the record of highest scores in all 3 formats ...proud to b a SLn!! Test - 952/6d ODI - 443/9 T20 - 260/6

  • on December 11, 2011, 3:45 GMT

    Most run in a test match by Graham Goochvs India in 1990. He scored 333(1st inning) & 123 (2nd innings) so total of 456. None other batsman scored triple century & century in same test or first class match!!!

  • Kreacher_Rocks on December 11, 2011, 1:51 GMT

    @Faryan Khalid, Saeed Anwar's tenure of 12 years 9 months 3 days is not a record. The man whose record Anwar broke holds the record. Vivian Richards' 189* stood for 12 years 11 months 20 days. And remember, Charles Coventry equaled Anwar's score (in 12 years 2 months 25 days) and even stayed not out, before Tendulkar broke it.

  • on December 10, 2011, 22:54 GMT

    the amazing thing with the oldest record in test cricket (Bannerman's highest % of a completed innings) is that it should have been broken by now! you would think a player like Bradman, Sobers, Tendulkar should have done this? Perhaps even Lara should be the favourite, batting around a crumbling side. I think M Slater is 2nd on the list. Amazing because this record is not really related to the times, like longest occupation of the crease, most wickets in a series, or any ODI record that means not much because of the constant rule changes.

  • Tykesage on December 10, 2011, 21:35 GMT

    And Bannerman still (I think) holds the record for mthe biggest proportion of a side's runs in a test innings with that 165...can't beat a record set in the first ever test for longevity!

  • Engle on December 10, 2011, 21:00 GMT

    George Giffen is the only cricketer to have led batting(475 runs) and bowling (34 wkts) aggregates in a Test series for BOTH teams. This record has stood since 1894. Gary Sobers accomplished the same for the ROW XI vs England in 1970's, but Test status was revoked for the series.

  • on December 10, 2011, 20:42 GMT

    S Rajesh didn't mention the most toughest record of TEST CRICKET which can be equalled but can't be broke. Pakistani wicket keeper batsman Tasleem Arif occupied the ground for 5 days in Test no. 878 | 1979/80 season against Australia keeping the wickets in first innings and bat throughout seconds innings staying not out at the end of the match.

  • 4test90 on December 10, 2011, 19:52 GMT

    The highest Test score by an Australian on debut (165)was set by Charles Bannerman in the very first Test Match of 1877. Although of course other players from different nations have scored more than this, it is amazing that this record has lasted 134 years.

  • 4test90 on December 10, 2011, 19:47 GMT

    As a proud Victorian, I have to mention the highest first class score of 1,107 that we set at the MCG vs NSW in 1926/7. Victoria is the only team to score over 1,000 twice and I seriously doubt that any team, ever will get near it. Go Vics !!!

  • Chona on December 10, 2011, 19:30 GMT

    Imran Khan took 42 wickets in1982 against India, Alderman took 40 in 1988-89 against England...so in last 25-30 years people did have a go at this record by Barnes,...but problem is that nowadays series are only 3 test or rarely 5 test long....!!!!!!!so it is difficult now.....

  • Kreacher_Rocks on December 10, 2011, 18:13 GMT

    @Hamid Ali, That is not entirely correct. Yusuf Pathan hit a 37-ball hundred in IPL's 3rd season. Technically the IPL is T20, not T20I, but bear in mind that the IPL has a very high number of international players, including, for a season, Afridi. Of course, there is the fastest century in Tests (56 balls by Viv Richards in 1986: http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/match/63428.html) that has stood for 25+ years and is worthy of a bigger mention. There is Bradman's record for the most runs in a day (309, already 81+ years: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/match/62582.html). Wally Hammond's 295 (he made 336 in that match: http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/match/62612.html) came close, and is still the highest number of runs not made on the first day of a match (Sehwag almost broke it by making 284 in just 79 overs). And of course there is Bannerman's oldest record of the lot for the highest percentage of team runs, established in the very first test.

  • on December 10, 2011, 17:59 GMT

    Saeed Anwar's 194 also stood for almost 13 years

  • on December 10, 2011, 17:23 GMT

    the first wicket partnership of 413,longest inning by hanif (can't imagine that one could be broken),the fastest century in odi's should have been mentioned.@drinks.break.afridi's record has stood for 15 years now and no one has even came close to breaking it.not even afridi himself.

  • Beazle on December 10, 2011, 17:09 GMT

    Viv Richards -fastest 100 in test cricket -now nearly 26 years ago-56 balls - Gilchrist went close in 2006 v England -57 balls.

  • rahulcricket007 on December 10, 2011, 16:45 GMT

    WHAT ABOUT SACHIN 'S RECORD OF MAKING 1879 ODI RUNS IN 1998 WITH 11 HUNDREDS .

  • Unmesh_cric on December 10, 2011, 16:35 GMT

    It's hard to believe that Ravi Shastri hit 6 sixes in an over. Most of the times, he had hard time scoring 3 runs in an over!

  • Indian_Chargers007 on December 10, 2011, 16:28 GMT

    @Chippy Hansen you are actually wrong about no test cricketer living for more than hundred years, because Norman Gordon is 100 years and 126 days and still living, this is his player page: http://www.espncricinfo.com/southafrica/content/player/45239.html

  • drinks.break on December 10, 2011, 15:05 GMT

    More prestigious than either an ODI hundred or fifty is a test 100, so no one can complain about Afridi's ODI record not being mentioned when Viv Richards' test fastest hundred hasn't been mentioned either.

    In fact, there are countless records that could have been mentioned that haven't been: most 6's in an innings, longest duck, most stumpings in an innings, most extras conceded, etc. But you have to draw the line somewhere, or else S Rajesh would have created his own record for the longest article ever on Cricinfo!

    I think the selection he's given here is very interesting, and covers the really MAJOR records, with a couple of more minor ones thrown in for colour. Well done.

  • on December 10, 2011, 14:28 GMT

    @MahaRajaAshok: Still a hundred is more prestegious than a fifty. People have scored fast-er fifties than Jayasuria's in T20I but the fastest century hasn't been possible in even that format, eventhough it has been 6 years since it inaugurated.

  • on December 10, 2011, 13:58 GMT

    what about the highest partnership in ODIs? Saurav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid collaborated to score 318 vs Sri Lanka in 1999 in a world cup game in Taunton. But less than a year later Sachin Tendulkar and Rahul Dravid bettered with 331 vs New Zealand in 2000 in Hyderabad. That record stayed for 10 years and counting and I guess it would stay there for ever.

  • on December 10, 2011, 13:48 GMT

    Saqlain's record of 65 wickets in a calender year in ODIs is a notable one too..

  • on December 10, 2011, 13:05 GMT

    another record?> - correct me if im wrong but is it true that NO test cricketer has ever lived to be 100 years old?

  • on December 10, 2011, 13:02 GMT

    Most runs in a series is a sort of longevity based record too.

  • Dalajit on December 10, 2011, 11:46 GMT

    Good one...lots of info and statistics. Nice compilation....

  • drinks.break on December 10, 2011, 10:18 GMT

    @Hammad Sheikh ... umm ... isn't Mohammad Yousuf a Pakistani? Read the article for what it is - "A look at SOME of the major statistical milestones" - which includes Yousuf's one year test batting record, and take that enormous chip off your shoulder.

  • ahmad30-7-81 on December 10, 2011, 9:53 GMT

    The most notable "long standing record" for longest innings in test cricket by Hanif Muhammad against WI at Bridgetown in 1958-59. He stood for more than 16 hours. This record needs some breaking. Furthermore, that innings of 337 is still the hist individual score away from home.

  • pchats_2000 on December 10, 2011, 9:15 GMT

    I thought the 1st wicket partnership in tests of 413 by Vinoo Mankad & Pankaj Roy was held long enough tobe worth a mention!

  • on December 10, 2011, 8:37 GMT

    @ ejaz Ahmad ... That indeed was a brilliant knock ... Can't imagine it has been 15 years.. Good ol days... Though back then it used to hurt me when Pakistanis produced one talent after another...Afridi,, Saqlain, akhtar, yousuf, razzaq all came in those years

  • Dhutugemunu on December 10, 2011, 8:28 GMT

    Fastest 50 in ODIs by Jayasuriya, a record more than 15 years old. Even older record than the Fastest 100 in ODIs by Afridi.

  • on December 10, 2011, 8:19 GMT

    Fatest century record was by a Pakistani so it doesnt matter in this article by S Rajesh

  • on December 10, 2011, 7:09 GMT

    Even Zaheer Khan scored 4 sixes in consecutive balls if I remember correctly...

  • on December 10, 2011, 6:37 GMT

    Where is fastest ODI century record? which is still there after 15 years.

  • No featured comments at the moment.

  • on December 10, 2011, 6:37 GMT

    Where is fastest ODI century record? which is still there after 15 years.

  • on December 10, 2011, 7:09 GMT

    Even Zaheer Khan scored 4 sixes in consecutive balls if I remember correctly...

  • on December 10, 2011, 8:19 GMT

    Fatest century record was by a Pakistani so it doesnt matter in this article by S Rajesh

  • Dhutugemunu on December 10, 2011, 8:28 GMT

    Fastest 50 in ODIs by Jayasuriya, a record more than 15 years old. Even older record than the Fastest 100 in ODIs by Afridi.

  • on December 10, 2011, 8:37 GMT

    @ ejaz Ahmad ... That indeed was a brilliant knock ... Can't imagine it has been 15 years.. Good ol days... Though back then it used to hurt me when Pakistanis produced one talent after another...Afridi,, Saqlain, akhtar, yousuf, razzaq all came in those years

  • pchats_2000 on December 10, 2011, 9:15 GMT

    I thought the 1st wicket partnership in tests of 413 by Vinoo Mankad & Pankaj Roy was held long enough tobe worth a mention!

  • ahmad30-7-81 on December 10, 2011, 9:53 GMT

    The most notable "long standing record" for longest innings in test cricket by Hanif Muhammad against WI at Bridgetown in 1958-59. He stood for more than 16 hours. This record needs some breaking. Furthermore, that innings of 337 is still the hist individual score away from home.

  • drinks.break on December 10, 2011, 10:18 GMT

    @Hammad Sheikh ... umm ... isn't Mohammad Yousuf a Pakistani? Read the article for what it is - "A look at SOME of the major statistical milestones" - which includes Yousuf's one year test batting record, and take that enormous chip off your shoulder.

  • Dalajit on December 10, 2011, 11:46 GMT

    Good one...lots of info and statistics. Nice compilation....

  • on December 10, 2011, 13:02 GMT

    Most runs in a series is a sort of longevity based record too.