July 18, 2011

Graeme, Fanie and then Dale

In our run-up to the 2000th Test, we look at some of South Africa's more memorable Tests, including two unforgettable series wins against Australia

v England, Johannesburg, 1905-06
South Africa were outclassed in their early Tests - they lost their first eight, and 10 of their first 11 - but turned the tables in this, their 12th match. By the middle of the first decade of the 20th century they had assembled a good side, based around a troupe of legspinners who could exploit the new-fangled googly - and in this match at the Old Wanderers they took the lion's share of the England wickets. Six of them went to Aubrey Faulkner, who was also a superb batsman: in Australia in 1910-11 he would score 732 runs in the Tests. This was a reputable England side, captained by Plum Warner, although not quite a full-strength one. South Africa won the next two Tests as well, to clinch their first series victory.

v England, Lord's, 1935
South Africa won their first Test in England - at Lord's too - after 28 years of trying, thanks mainly to a solid innings from opener Bruce Mitchell, and nine wickets from Xenophon Balaskas, a legspinner of Greek extraction. In South Africa's first innings their wicketkeeper-batsman Jock Cameron hit 90, "the great innings of the day", according to Wisden, which added: "Pulling or using the pull-drive to hit three sixes and some of his six fours, he also showed brilliant execution of the cut and leg glance, and did not abate his attack on the bowling until steadying down, probably in the desire to complete a hundred in Test cricket, an ambition he was not destined to realise." The last part was necessary because, sadly, Cameron was dead within a year, after contracting enteric fever. The other four Tests were drawn, giving South Africa the series.

v Australia, Melbourne, 1952-53
South Africa's 1952-53 tour was nearly called off over fears that the Australians would brush them aside too easily, but an inspired team performance - especially fielding of a standard rarely seen before - meant that the tourists went into the final Test only 2-1 down. When the home side made 520 in their first innings the series seemed safe, but a consistent batting performance kept the lead down to 85. Then Australia subsided for a below-par total, leaving South Africa 295 to win. At 191 for 4 the match was in the balance, but the new batsman, 22-year-old Roy McLean, went past his captain, Jack Cheetham - next in, and looking nervous - and assured him there was nothing to worry about. McLean smacked 76 in 80 minutes, shared a century partnership with Headley Keith... and the series was shared without the need for Cheetham to bat again.

v England, Port Elizabeth, 1956-57
England and South Africa seem to specialise in seesaw series. After Peter May's side won the first two matches of this one, it looked as if the team (Jim Laker and all) who had just retained the Ashes at home would continue the good work here. But South Africa hit back, winning the fourth Test (offspinner Hugh Tayfield took 13 wickets), and then squared the series with another inspired performance, bowling England out for 130 when they needed only 189 to win. Tayfield claimed six more scalps in the collapse, taking his series tally to 37.

v England, Trent Bridge, 1965
This match is now remembered as the one in which Graeme Pollock, just 21, fully announced his greatness. On a tricky pitch, in conditions ideal for England's seamers, Pollock hit a commanding 125 as South Africa made 269 (no one else reached 40: the metronomic Tom Cartwright took 6 for 94). Wisden observed: "This was one of the finest Test displays of all time. In 70 minutes before lunch, Pollock felt his way tentatively while making 34. Afterwards he reigned supreme for 70 more minutes while he lashed the bowling for 91 out of 102. For the most part he made his strokes cleanly, and offered no chance until Cowdrey smartly held him at slip." Colin Cowdrey followed up with a fine century of his own, but later England never threatened a target of 319 as Graeme's brother Peter Pollock got in on the act with 5 for 34. The other two Tests in this first twin-tour summer were drawn, so South Africa took the series.

v Australia, Port Elizabeth, 1969-70
This was the culmination of arguably the perfect series for South Africa and their captain Ali Bacher: four Tests, four toss wins, four huge victories. This was the hugest of the lot - 323 runs - and was set up by a century from Barry Richards and a hostile spell from Mike Procter, with six wickets in Australia's second innings. Graeme Pollock wasn't really needed - he managed only 1 and 4, but had done his stuff earlier in the series with an innings of 274, a national record at the time. Bacher's strong all-round side seemed set to rule the world... but this was South Africa's last Test match for 22 years, as worldwide revulsion at their government's apartheid policies hit home.

v West Indies, Bridgetown, 1991-92
South Africa's first Test back after their readmittance to international cricket should have resulted in a stunning win over still-mighty West Indies. At the end of the fourth day they were 122 for 2, chasing 201 for a victory... but Curtly Ambrose and Courtney Walsh had other ideas, and the last eight wickets tumbled for just 25 runs as panic set in. Still, the South Africans - who had exited the World Cup the previous month after a farcical semi-final against England - had showed they were a force to be reckoned with.

v Australia, Sydney, 1993-94
When Daryll Cullinan fell to his nemesis, Shane Warne, for the second time in the match, South Africa were 110 for 5 and still 13 short of avoiding an innings defeat. Jonty Rhodes somehow scraped a lead, and extended it to 116... but most onlookers still thought it was only a matter of time before the Aussies marched to yet another victory. And then Fanie de Villiers, an underrated fast bowler playing only his second Test, grabbed six wickets, Shane Warne was run out... and with seven still needed Damien Martyn holed out at cover. Australia were all out for 111 (the same score as at Headingley in 1981) and South Africa had won. Ali Bacher called it "our finest achievement ever" - and he had been captain in that 1969-70 whitewash. Australia (without Martyn, who did not play another Test for six years) hit back to draw the series with a win in Adelaide.

v Sri Lanka, Colombo, 2006
In the previous match, at the Sinhalese Sports Club, South Africa had sat helplessly through the Test-record partnership of 624 between Mahela Jayawardene and Kumar Sangakkara, and ended up losing by an innings. Now, though, they exhibited the toughness for which they have become famous, coming within an ace of squaring the series: it was left to Lasith Malinga, Sri Lanka's No. 11, to squeeze out the winning run. Wisden called it "a classic, a compelling match that ebbed and flowed throughout, refusing to reveal the winner until the final stroke: a textbook on-drive from Sri Lanka's last man, followed by a frenetic scampered single".

v India, Ahmedabad, 2007-08
Some Tests matches are decided in the last hour, or on the last day. This one, though, was as good as over by lunch on the first: on a grassy pitch, and lacking Sachin Tendulkar, India were blown away for just 76. The chief destroyer was the tearaway Dale Steyn, who was on the way to establishing himself as one of the modern greats (his current Test strike rate has been surpassed by only three other bowlers, two of them from the 19th century). South Africa had fewer problems with the pitch: Jacques Kallis strolled to a century and AB de Villiers made his a double. India, supposedly invulnerable at home, had lost by the end of the third day, although they levelled the series on an underprepared pitch in the next match, in Kanpur.

v Australia, Melbourne, 2008-09
By Boxing Day 2008, South Africa had never won a Test series in Australia, having been trying for 70 years: they had won the first Test, but at 251 for 8 here in reply to 394, it looked as if the Aussies would soon be back on level terms. But JP Duminy, in only his second Test, combined in a rollicking stand of 180 with Dale Steyn, which turned the match around completely. South Africa somehow gained a lead of 65, bowled the stunned Australians out for 247 (Steyn again: 5 for 67) and knocked off their target of 183 for the loss of just one wicket. The Australian press took it as well as could be expected: the front page of Sydney's Daily Telegraph featured a gravestone carrying the epitaph "RIP Australian Cricket... slaughtered by South Africa... aided and abetted by incompetent selectors, inept batting, impotent bowling, dreadful catching and poor captaincy."

Steven Lynch is the editor of the Wisden Guide to International Cricket 2011.

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • DP Sharma on July 21, 2011, 20:47 GMT

    @highveldhillbilly, true. it included a 2-0 whitewash, the most somber dream of many captains.

  • Dummy4 on July 21, 2011, 18:14 GMT

    i m also a die hard fan of SA.. they have classy players n they are classy.. just winning a wc doesnt make a team good.. for me they will be n they are d best in the world..:)

  • Amol on July 21, 2011, 14:38 GMT

    @ Manish Das: When was the LAST time SA heavily struggled against spin ???!!! I can't even remember. That SA fear spin is justa CLICHED, TIRED and most importantly OUTDATED argument with the back of Kumble seen now.

  • Amol on July 21, 2011, 14:35 GMT

    I haven't yet read a single comment from the earlier ones. But as an Indian, I thoroughly acknowledge SA's superiority to IND. IND even though Ranked 1 today, still leave a sort of unsatisfied taste in my mouth largely due to being a lack of killer instinct (the recent WI series being an example) and mostly due LACK of AWAY series wins against the fearsome two: SA and AUS. If they could only do that I would be proud of IND just like I like SA (My screen-name says it). Until then, the praise that pure hard-core IND fans lavish on IND heroes is hugely dis-proportional. The only two guys really worthy of all-out praise are the legends Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble.

  • Daniel on July 21, 2011, 2:49 GMT

    I definitely agree with Xolile's points about Aubrey Faulkner. He is one of my favourite cricketers of the past to read about and I often wonder if, by some strange quirk of fortune, there is any footage of him playing out there somewhere just waiting to be revealed.

  • Clayton on July 20, 2011, 20:28 GMT

    @thebrownie : not sure what match you were at, there were 0 centuries in the Kanpur match.

  • Ryan on July 19, 2011, 11:55 GMT

    @Manish & Indianpunter, I get what you saying about green tops and spinning wickets prepared to suit the respective home teams etc but the match in question was universally acknowledged as having an under-prepared pitch that deteriorated way too early. The wicket turned square and crumbled as a result of this rather than it being prepared this way. SA may still have lost if it was prepared as a spinners wicket properly but we will never know. As it turned out, it wasn't an equal contest between bat and ball. This fact is irrefutable. This article certainly isn't trying to undermine India in any way despite your insinuations Punter. It is simply stating fact. I was disappointed when we neutrals were robbed of a fair series decider by the pitch. The whole series was fascinating until this point. @Xolile, I agree wholeheartedly with your post about Aubrey Faulkner...a true great robbed of recognition...as were others involved in the 69/70 series, Richards, both Pollocks, Procter et al.

  • Cliffontong on July 19, 2011, 6:44 GMT

    @ Manish Das - firstly this article is about SA not India, secondly India have never won a series in SA or Aus. You brought your absolute best team ever to SA and you could only draw. SA have only lost 1 series in India in the past 15 years, and won 1. This is not an anti India post, this is an anti you post. India have played great cricket for 4 years however I just get tired of post about India all the time even if the article has nothing to do with India.

  • AJITH on July 19, 2011, 4:14 GMT

    If I am right, there were 4 centuries on the under prepared pitch.

  • kannan on July 19, 2011, 2:38 GMT

    @SunainaChaturvedi. Manish Das has a very valid point and if you are smart enough to understand the drift in the article, you would know why. Get it?

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