Spot-fixing controversy November 3, 2011

A cleansing process

In the short term the game will mourn the loss of yet another veneer of innocence but the overwhelming emotion ought to be one of relief
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Is prison a deterrent? Maybe, maybe not - the debate will rage for as long as men are put behind bars. Does the threat of prison make you sing like a canary? Indubitably, if the closing stages of the spot-fixing trial at Southwark Crown Court are anything to go by. Rightly - in the unique circumstances of a case that gripped the world game - the defendant's pleas for leniency fell largely on deaf ears, but not before the enormity of the fate that loomed before them had served to prise open a seethingly corrupt can of worms.

For the best part of four weeks, Salman Butt and Mohammad Asif had maintained an air of jaunty indifference in the dock, as they faced down their accusers with the sort of practised ease that comes - one can surmise - from living a lie. At the last, however, their facade was replaced with the haggard, desperate look of men facing the final curtain. Meanwhile the dramatic late appearance of the teenager Mohammad Amir revealed a face as guilty as the plea he had made to Justice Cooke at the pre-trial hearing on September 16.

On the 22nd and most perfunctory day of the trial, the three cricketers implicated in the News of the World sting in August 2010 were jailed for terms between six and 30 months with their agent, Mazhar Majeed, going down for 32. In the short term the game is sure to mourn the loss of yet another veneer of innocence but the overwhelming emotion ought to be one of relief. This feels like the start of a cleansing process, the like of which cricket has been incapable of addressing for the best part of two decades.

Eleven and a half years have elapsed since Hansie Cronje's dramatic late-night phone call to Ali Bacher, four days after it emerged that the Delhi Police had recorded his conversation with the bookmaker Sanjeev Chawla. Either side of that thunderclap, however, the sport has been dogged by half-measures and vague innuendo, from the limited scope of the Qayyum and King Commissions, via the discredited testimonies of whistleblowers such as Don Topley and Zulqarnain Haider.

It is as easy to rail against the iniquities of the many enquiries that have been established as it is to slide your front foot over a white line to order. Sure enough, in Doha earlier this year, another half-measure was brought to bear when the findings of the ICC's Anti-Corruption and Security Unit led to five-year suspensions for each of the three implicated players (with further suspended sentences of five and two years respectively for Butt and Asif).

Admittedly, Doha provided punitive action where none had been taken for a decade, but as a deterrent it was lame. However, what the sport has lacked until this seminal moment is a body sufficiently portentous to demand a pause for thought. Loss of livelihood is one thing - there are ways to get round that. Loss of liberty, on the other hand, is a far more powerful incentive to stick to the straight and narrow.

Here at last is the moment at which cheating for monetary gain stops being an in-joke, as acted out by jaded professionals with too many miles on the clock and too few years in which to capitalise on their athletic prime. "The image and integrity of what was a game but is now a business has been damaged in the eyes of all," said Justice Cooke in his closing statement - a damning assessment that ought to have made several onlookers at the ICC's headquarters in Dubai squirm as visibly as the defendants in the dock.

Of course, there will be many reasons to remain sceptical about cricket's willingness and ability to address the cancer at its core, but the dominoes are at last beginning to topple. Whereas Doha was emphatically a dead-end, new lines of enquiry are now opening at every juncture. It was not, as the judge pointed out, for him to decide whether this case represented the "tip of the iceberg" or not - but the ACSU will soon be poring over the same evidence that condemned the Southwark Four, and this time they need to start earning their corn.

After 20 days of drip-fed information in court, the revelations came in a torrent on the 21st - not least from the agent Majeed, whose desire to preserve his liberty persuaded him to shred what little remained of Butt's reputation. The agent's claim that it was Butt who introduced him to the world of fixing sounds outlandish in isolation, except that it tallies perfectly with his original statement in a Gloucester Road brasserie on August 18, 2010, during the original News of the World sting.

"They were the ones who actually approached me," Majeed was recorded as saying at the time. "This is the beauty of it. I was friends with them for four to five years, and then they said this happens. I said, 'Really?'"

Furthermore, he claimed that Asif - whose defence had centred on the fact that no marked notes had been found in his hotel-room - had actually received more than a third of the NOTW bung to prevent him from joining a rival fixing nexus.

Loss of livelihood is one thing - there are ways to get round that. Loss of liberty, on the other hand, is a far more powerful incentive to stick to the straight and narrow

That notion demands a blow-by-blow reappraisal of the infighting that has dogged the Pakistan dressing-room for years - as recently as the naked dysfunction that marked their dreadful tour of Australia in the winter of 2009-10, and as long ago as the days of the Sharjah beanos, about which rumours have circulated for years.

Pakistan as a team has long been patronised for its "maverick" tendencies - its outlandish ability to blow hot one day and cold the next, with the transformation sometimes being achieved within a session. What are we to make of all that now? As Wednesday's revelations hotted up, Fareshteh Gati-Aslam, one of the forgotten heroines of the first wave of exposes at the turn of the millennium, tweeted from Karachi: "Paying for the greater sins of their betters before them."

And what, indeed, are we to make of Butt's comments, midway through the trial, when his arrogance was still in full flow, and he was able to talk about cricket in the same breath as the World Wrestling Federation - saying "everybody knows it's fixed but it still has a lot of following"? Perhaps he really believes he's got a point, not least in this day and age when starry-eyed CEOs send out emails extolling the virtues of "cricketainment", and when the sheer volume of contests prevents even the most ardent fans from wallowing in posterity.

The standard cry of the sportsperson is that he or she will give 100% in any given situation - perhaps even 110% if they are prone to hyperbole. The impression given by Butt and Asif throughout the course of their trial was that 90% commitment would suffice, with the extra 10% to be slipped into the back pocket. And, as Butt protested at Lord's on the very day he was busted, in his five-match tenure as captain last summer, he delivered Test victories against both England and Australia. Again, perhaps cricket's unique staccato rhythm lends itself to such Janus-faced ambition. As Sir Ronnie Flanagan, the head of the ACSU, conceded last year, fixing on every level is almost impossible to eradicate.

Such grey areas are sure to endure, and so long as betting remains illegal on the subcontinent, the true identity of cricket's puppet-masters are sure to remain as murky as the $50 billion industry into which these players have been drawn. Nevertheless, thanks to the provisions of the UK's 2005 Gambling Act, a remarkable precedent has finally been set. If Doha were now to be replayed with such a robust legal process laid out before the enquiry, it's unlikely that even the ICC would have missed their opportunity to make proper examples of the trio.

As it is, there's only one way that these players will now be able to rebuild their lives, and that is to serve their time, and then sing like they've never sung before. Other players have already been implicated, and as the sport's rumour mill has been saying for years, the miscreants are not limited to Pakistan. If these men are one day to earn forgiveness in the eyes of their sport, they must be obliged to dismantle the lie they have been living - piece, by piece, by piece.

Andrew Miller is UK editor of ESPNcricinfo

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • TheMehssiah on November 5, 2011, 6:54 GMT

    @ LancashireHero - I disagree. "Society" is not protected by ensuring pure outcomes in sport matches - or if it is, then that's society's problem for treating sport too much like a business. This law has been put in place to offer "protection" to gamblers (not society), a group which I would argue should be subject to principles of caveat emptor even more than spot traders. The law as it stands prioritises the protection of illegal gamblers in India over professional sportsmen.

    General comments about financial crime aren't applicable here. There is a difference between moving money in and out of the black economy, and the destination of monies spent by gamblers on weighted outcomes. Gambling winnings are not taxable so the exchequer loses nothing either way. I'd accept the point that weighted outcomes provide more money to winners to bribe sportsmen in future, but given the amounts of money wagered, I think those funds would exist either way.

  • LancashireHero on November 4, 2011, 12:16 GMT

    @ TheMhessiah - The criminal justice system is there to uphold the law of the land. The law is in place to prevent fraud and financial crime. Money that is used in crime is removed from the legal economy and therefore tax revenues etc are lost. In addition it goes on to fund further criminal enterprise which causes harm to society. It is therefore important that the law is upheld and when something wrong is prosecuted for the first time this is definately a success for the legal system. It will lead to a reduction in this type of fraud in the future therefore protecting society.

  • AndyMack on November 4, 2011, 10:30 GMT

    I just feel for the Pakistani fans who have supported their team only to find out that some of the players are taking them for a ride.

    I'm sure these three guys arent the only ones, and its not only from Pak, I'm concerned about this sort of thing right through the sporting world. Very sad for sports fans.

  • amitgarg78 on November 4, 2011, 10:12 GMT

    Sad as it may be, the prison term is the right result. But people like Vaughan who are clamoring for life bans, need to understand the importance of second chances. Life gives you the opportunity to right some wrongs and to prove that one has learnt the lessons from the mistakes. To deny Amir a second chance after serving his term, would be against the very fabric of justice. Everyone deserves that opportunity, else you are perpetuating guilt and then what's the point of remorse?

  • BoonBoom on November 4, 2011, 8:42 GMT

    All the three players deserve punishment and indeed this is just the beginning of cleansing process. There are many other players, other countries and other 'high profile' tournament where fixing is rampant and amount of money that gets exchange is far bigger than what these three earned illegally. Therefore, it is not just players from Pakistan that should be targeted and scrutinized; there are many more from other countries involve in making quick money. Lets see if authorities are only interested to point out Pakistan or they are really serious to make this game corruption free.

  • Pankaj_INDIA on November 4, 2011, 7:14 GMT

    i honestly feel that Aamer should be given one chance...that guy's a really special talent...cricket needs such quality fast bowlers, but surely with utmost honesty...its such a shame that pakistan couldnt nurture a talent like him....i saw him bowl in 3-4 tests, that guy was just amazing...i feel very sad for him. he was misguided by Butt and others... Butt and Asif deserve the punishment they have got, butt especially i never thought would involve in any such activity....such a shame....

  • Vindaliew on November 4, 2011, 6:58 GMT

    A lifetime ban from the game isn't going to be much of a deterrent if the money they make prior to being busted is enough to see them through .... a prison sentence, on the other hand, even one for as short as 6 months as poor Amir's family is mourning about, is much more effective in making people think twice. I sincerely hope that at least one of these three will one day come back to the game, find success in cricket, and hold their head high and show the other cheats around the world how great life is once the burden of guilt has been lifted from their shoulders. It's something that Cronje couldn't do until his tragic death when it was too late to tell him that he was forgiven.

  • udayanavada on November 4, 2011, 5:57 GMT

    Dear shizam you are supporting players who cheated you and your country and cricket fans in general.We from India believe Pakistan can still play very good cricket with out this cheaters.Come on cheer up.

  • on November 4, 2011, 5:48 GMT

    Shizam, it is your attitude about this that makes the rest of the world feel that your country could never have handled a case like this properly. Do you really think that British courts care whether Amir and Asif could be faced by anyone on the field? That is such a baseless propostion that it makes me want to pity you, but I can't because I cannot tolerate ignorance. Here's an insight - they were arrested and charged because they committed a crime, or didn't you know? Salman Butt could speak English quite fluently you should know, he spoke in English in the court room quite easily. Amir and Asif might not have been able to but that is what interpreters are for. As for Mazhar Majeed being Indian, REALLY? Do you not know where Faisalabad is? I'm no geography expert but I'm pretty sure that's in Pakistan, he comes from there. As for players from other countries, that will be looked at but there needs to be EVIDENCE - and there was plenty of that where your 4 boys were concerned!

  • on November 4, 2011, 5:35 GMT

    yaya... scapegoats.. conspiracy by BCCI..we have heard it all... now go to jail and enjoy the 'fixed' menu over there..

  • TheMehssiah on November 5, 2011, 6:54 GMT

    @ LancashireHero - I disagree. "Society" is not protected by ensuring pure outcomes in sport matches - or if it is, then that's society's problem for treating sport too much like a business. This law has been put in place to offer "protection" to gamblers (not society), a group which I would argue should be subject to principles of caveat emptor even more than spot traders. The law as it stands prioritises the protection of illegal gamblers in India over professional sportsmen.

    General comments about financial crime aren't applicable here. There is a difference between moving money in and out of the black economy, and the destination of monies spent by gamblers on weighted outcomes. Gambling winnings are not taxable so the exchequer loses nothing either way. I'd accept the point that weighted outcomes provide more money to winners to bribe sportsmen in future, but given the amounts of money wagered, I think those funds would exist either way.

  • LancashireHero on November 4, 2011, 12:16 GMT

    @ TheMhessiah - The criminal justice system is there to uphold the law of the land. The law is in place to prevent fraud and financial crime. Money that is used in crime is removed from the legal economy and therefore tax revenues etc are lost. In addition it goes on to fund further criminal enterprise which causes harm to society. It is therefore important that the law is upheld and when something wrong is prosecuted for the first time this is definately a success for the legal system. It will lead to a reduction in this type of fraud in the future therefore protecting society.

  • AndyMack on November 4, 2011, 10:30 GMT

    I just feel for the Pakistani fans who have supported their team only to find out that some of the players are taking them for a ride.

    I'm sure these three guys arent the only ones, and its not only from Pak, I'm concerned about this sort of thing right through the sporting world. Very sad for sports fans.

  • amitgarg78 on November 4, 2011, 10:12 GMT

    Sad as it may be, the prison term is the right result. But people like Vaughan who are clamoring for life bans, need to understand the importance of second chances. Life gives you the opportunity to right some wrongs and to prove that one has learnt the lessons from the mistakes. To deny Amir a second chance after serving his term, would be against the very fabric of justice. Everyone deserves that opportunity, else you are perpetuating guilt and then what's the point of remorse?

  • BoonBoom on November 4, 2011, 8:42 GMT

    All the three players deserve punishment and indeed this is just the beginning of cleansing process. There are many other players, other countries and other 'high profile' tournament where fixing is rampant and amount of money that gets exchange is far bigger than what these three earned illegally. Therefore, it is not just players from Pakistan that should be targeted and scrutinized; there are many more from other countries involve in making quick money. Lets see if authorities are only interested to point out Pakistan or they are really serious to make this game corruption free.

  • Pankaj_INDIA on November 4, 2011, 7:14 GMT

    i honestly feel that Aamer should be given one chance...that guy's a really special talent...cricket needs such quality fast bowlers, but surely with utmost honesty...its such a shame that pakistan couldnt nurture a talent like him....i saw him bowl in 3-4 tests, that guy was just amazing...i feel very sad for him. he was misguided by Butt and others... Butt and Asif deserve the punishment they have got, butt especially i never thought would involve in any such activity....such a shame....

  • Vindaliew on November 4, 2011, 6:58 GMT

    A lifetime ban from the game isn't going to be much of a deterrent if the money they make prior to being busted is enough to see them through .... a prison sentence, on the other hand, even one for as short as 6 months as poor Amir's family is mourning about, is much more effective in making people think twice. I sincerely hope that at least one of these three will one day come back to the game, find success in cricket, and hold their head high and show the other cheats around the world how great life is once the burden of guilt has been lifted from their shoulders. It's something that Cronje couldn't do until his tragic death when it was too late to tell him that he was forgiven.

  • udayanavada on November 4, 2011, 5:57 GMT

    Dear shizam you are supporting players who cheated you and your country and cricket fans in general.We from India believe Pakistan can still play very good cricket with out this cheaters.Come on cheer up.

  • on November 4, 2011, 5:48 GMT

    Shizam, it is your attitude about this that makes the rest of the world feel that your country could never have handled a case like this properly. Do you really think that British courts care whether Amir and Asif could be faced by anyone on the field? That is such a baseless propostion that it makes me want to pity you, but I can't because I cannot tolerate ignorance. Here's an insight - they were arrested and charged because they committed a crime, or didn't you know? Salman Butt could speak English quite fluently you should know, he spoke in English in the court room quite easily. Amir and Asif might not have been able to but that is what interpreters are for. As for Mazhar Majeed being Indian, REALLY? Do you not know where Faisalabad is? I'm no geography expert but I'm pretty sure that's in Pakistan, he comes from there. As for players from other countries, that will be looked at but there needs to be EVIDENCE - and there was plenty of that where your 4 boys were concerned!

  • on November 4, 2011, 5:35 GMT

    yaya... scapegoats.. conspiracy by BCCI..we have heard it all... now go to jail and enjoy the 'fixed' menu over there..

  • Scorp on November 4, 2011, 3:49 GMT

    @Kevin Jon: Support all of your statements.. but jst a thought.. ICC.. although spine-less... has pretty much served a life ban on those players..Butt (5+5 yrs), Asif (5+2 yrs) and Amir (5 yrs).. in my mind that pretty much seals the deal for a cricketing career.. About the article.. a pretty good one.. I wouldnt exactly call the players scapegoats.. they got what they deserved... but the only thing is perhaps their Board or country wasnt strong enough to bail their players out of the investigation.. hopefully the process gathers steam and is able to address all and sundry..

  • TheMehssiah on November 4, 2011, 3:39 GMT

    @ Kevin Jong - I don't think I do sound like I'm defending them, and I certainly don't consider them innocent victims. What I find offensive is that the criminal justice system - a system which exists first and foremost to protect the British people from harm - should be invoked to incarcerate men who pose no threat whatsoever to us. However bad you personally consider spot-fixing to be for the integrity of a *game*, it simply does not warrant criminal sanction. Lifetime bans absolutely remove any potential for recidivism, and that should be the end of the matter.

  • on November 4, 2011, 2:29 GMT

    Shizam - Right and I suppose that agent somehow setup Amir to bowl no balls at specific times during matches as well? As usual players are caught doing the wrong thing and out come the ludicrous conspiracy theories.

    Aatif Nawaz - I don't understand how they are scapegoats. Why shouldn't these 3 be punished? Oh that's right if they weren't from Pakistan then the punishment would've been fair and the ICC were showing their renewed commitment to fighting corruption in cricket. These 3 are lucky that the ICC are still too spineless to throw the book at them and ban them for life.

  • on November 4, 2011, 2:10 GMT

    TheMehssiah - Careful. You sound like you are defending what they did and that they are the innocent victims caught up in all of this.

  • furyxxxuk on November 4, 2011, 1:01 GMT

    @ shizam, you believe these players are merely part of a conspiracy against them as they will be far too good for anyone to play against them in the future??? laughable. They were caught cheating and are paying the price, as far as I'm concerned I hope every cheat is caught and treated the same way. On a side note aren't Pakistan playing well at the moment, perhaps you feel there will be another cull of the talent

  • on November 4, 2011, 1:00 GMT

    They deserved what they god, though I retain a fair amount of sympathy for Mohammed Amir in all this. What I dont understand is why they even bothered to return to Britain? I wouldnt have left Pakistan's shores knowing that there was a possibility of going to jail

  • nlambda on November 3, 2011, 18:27 GMT

    Those dropped catches in the WC semi-final were all honest mistakes, right? And also those last 6 overs against NZ in the WC league game?

  • crikbuff on November 3, 2011, 18:13 GMT

    The lesson to be learnt for India and Pakistan is that these criminals could be punished only because betting is legal in England. If the governments of India and Pakistan are serious about saving their countries from further humiliation, they should take measures to legalise betting.

  • Ravster_Xi on November 3, 2011, 17:07 GMT

    i think getting an easier sentence due to an early guilty plea is a load of rubbish!!! we are not talking about an offence in a game like rugby which gets you some clemency for an early guilty plea......bye bye BUTT / asif & amir......sad but true!!!!

  • vertical on November 3, 2011, 17:06 GMT

    now i am wondering if pakistan drops those catches on purpose

  • shizam on November 3, 2011, 17:01 GMT

    How about putting players from other countries behind bars who are involved in match fixing and spot fixing but are very conveniently and deliberately ignored and never investigated by ICC. Pakistan has been singled out by the ICC because they know if Asif and Amir ever get to play for Pakistan, no batsman in the world will be able to face these bowlers. Mazhar Majeed is an Indian agent who was paid a huge sum to set these players up. Come on these players can hardly speak a single sentence of English. This is total rubbish.

  • on November 3, 2011, 16:56 GMT

    A key term missing from this article: 'scapegoats'.

  • adm21 on November 3, 2011, 16:52 GMT

    @Ganesh

    They committed their crimes whilst in Britain.

  • ncurd on November 3, 2011, 16:50 GMT

    @16:26 UHHHH Last time I checked the crime was committed in Britain that's why!

  • TheMehssiah on November 3, 2011, 16:47 GMT

    I consider these sentences to be preposterously harsh, by comparison to the more lenient sentences routinely dished out by British courts for crimes in which victims actually suffer harm. By far the most despicable aspect is the prison sentence given to Amir, an (at the time of the events) 18-year-old who pleaded guilty from the outset and who has lost his livelihood regardless of the court proceedings.

    At the time this case was brought, I questioned the basis on which the CPS brought a prosecution "in the public interest". Does anyone seriously think the British public are safer now that these men are in jail? In a time of scarce public finance, do you think your money is being well spent on incarcerating these men? The laughable "deterrent" factor - i.e. don't accept bungs while playing in England - will hardly put an end to corruption in cricket. A total waste of time and public money, IMO, and a tragic loss of two of the most talented, underpaid, bowlers of their generation.

  • Y2SJ on November 3, 2011, 16:30 GMT

    The ICC should look into the entire Pakistan tour to England and Australia and find whether they had all been fixed. I feel that the trio has got off light. They should have been given life ban in cricket and 6 years RI.

  • on November 3, 2011, 16:26 GMT

    why the heck do the brits get to judge and sentence pakistani cricketers and how can they jail them in britian? isnt pakistan a sovereign country with its own independant judiciary? or does the queen still rule over pakistan?

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  • on November 3, 2011, 16:26 GMT

    why the heck do the brits get to judge and sentence pakistani cricketers and how can they jail them in britian? isnt pakistan a sovereign country with its own independant judiciary? or does the queen still rule over pakistan?

  • Y2SJ on November 3, 2011, 16:30 GMT

    The ICC should look into the entire Pakistan tour to England and Australia and find whether they had all been fixed. I feel that the trio has got off light. They should have been given life ban in cricket and 6 years RI.

  • TheMehssiah on November 3, 2011, 16:47 GMT

    I consider these sentences to be preposterously harsh, by comparison to the more lenient sentences routinely dished out by British courts for crimes in which victims actually suffer harm. By far the most despicable aspect is the prison sentence given to Amir, an (at the time of the events) 18-year-old who pleaded guilty from the outset and who has lost his livelihood regardless of the court proceedings.

    At the time this case was brought, I questioned the basis on which the CPS brought a prosecution "in the public interest". Does anyone seriously think the British public are safer now that these men are in jail? In a time of scarce public finance, do you think your money is being well spent on incarcerating these men? The laughable "deterrent" factor - i.e. don't accept bungs while playing in England - will hardly put an end to corruption in cricket. A total waste of time and public money, IMO, and a tragic loss of two of the most talented, underpaid, bowlers of their generation.

  • ncurd on November 3, 2011, 16:50 GMT

    @16:26 UHHHH Last time I checked the crime was committed in Britain that's why!

  • adm21 on November 3, 2011, 16:52 GMT

    @Ganesh

    They committed their crimes whilst in Britain.

  • on November 3, 2011, 16:56 GMT

    A key term missing from this article: 'scapegoats'.

  • shizam on November 3, 2011, 17:01 GMT

    How about putting players from other countries behind bars who are involved in match fixing and spot fixing but are very conveniently and deliberately ignored and never investigated by ICC. Pakistan has been singled out by the ICC because they know if Asif and Amir ever get to play for Pakistan, no batsman in the world will be able to face these bowlers. Mazhar Majeed is an Indian agent who was paid a huge sum to set these players up. Come on these players can hardly speak a single sentence of English. This is total rubbish.

  • vertical on November 3, 2011, 17:06 GMT

    now i am wondering if pakistan drops those catches on purpose

  • Ravster_Xi on November 3, 2011, 17:07 GMT

    i think getting an easier sentence due to an early guilty plea is a load of rubbish!!! we are not talking about an offence in a game like rugby which gets you some clemency for an early guilty plea......bye bye BUTT / asif & amir......sad but true!!!!

  • crikbuff on November 3, 2011, 18:13 GMT

    The lesson to be learnt for India and Pakistan is that these criminals could be punished only because betting is legal in England. If the governments of India and Pakistan are serious about saving their countries from further humiliation, they should take measures to legalise betting.