1 Tests won by Sri Lanka against Australia before this, in Kandy in 1999. Since then, they had played 15 Tests against Australia without registering a win, losing ten. This is only the second time Sri Lanka have beaten Australia in 27 Tests.
1999 Only other occasion of Australia losing a Test in Sri Lanka, in Kandy. This is Sri Lanka's second win against Australia in 14 Tests at home and their first in nine Tests. Sri Lanka had lost six of those 14 Tests.
7 Consecutive losses for Australia in Tests in Asia. This is the worst such streak for a Test team from outside the subcontinent in Asia after West Indies' ten consecutive losses between 1997 and 2002. Australia's last win in Asia came against Sri Lanka, in Galle in 2011.
150 The lowest first-innings total with which Sri Lanka had won a Test before this, against West Indies in Kandy in 2005. They won that Test by 240 runs. Overall, this is the fifth time Sri Lanka have won a Test after scoring less than 200 in their first innings. Click here for a list of Sri Lanka's lowest first-innings totals to win a Test.
4 First-innings totals lower than Sri Lanka's 117 that have resulted in Test wins in Asia. Pakistan fought back on three of those occasions, including the last of these instances. They were bowled out for just 99 in their first innings by England in Dubai in 2012, before they wrested the initiative through centuries from Azhar Ali and Younis Khan. The other instance was the Mumbai Test in 2004-05 when Australia lost after bowling India out for 104.
7 Five-fors taken by Rangana Herath in the fourth innings of Tests, equalling Muttiah Muralitharan's record. However, Muralitharan took 35 innings, as opposed to Herath's 29. The other bowler to do this was Shane Warne, who did so in 53 innings. Overall, Herath has taken 24 five-fors in Tests - the tenth-highest overall. Herath's match figures of 9 for 103 were his sixth-best in Tests. He now has 313 wickets in 71 Tests.
5/58 The previous best bowling figures in a Test innings in Pallekele - by Pakistan's Imran Khan last year. Herath bettered that with 5 for 54 in Australia's second innings. His match haul of 9 for 103 is also the best by any bowler in Tests at this venue.
15 Lbw dismissals in this Test - the highest in Sri Lanka. This also equals the fifth-highest in any Test. There were 20 lbws given in a match between West Indies and Pakistan at the Providence Stadium in 2011, which are the most in a Test.
0.13 Scoring rate during Australia's ninth-wicket stand between Steve O'Keefe and Peter Nevill - the lowest in any partnership spanning 100 or more balls (since balls faced information is available) in a Test innings. Nevill and O'Keefe faced 178 balls, scoring just four runs. There was just one scoring shot - a four by O'Keefe off Lakshan Sandakan in the 63rd over - after which the duo played out 137 consecutive dots before Nevill got out.
7/107 Sandakan's bowling figures in this match - the best by a chinaman bowler on Test debut. Australian Chuck Fleetwood-Smith's 5 for 165 on his debut in Durban in 1935 were the previous best. Sandakan's match returns are also the third-best by a Sri Lanka bowler on debut. Ajantha Mendis holds the record for his 8 for 132 against India in 2008.
0 Number of times a partnership for the eighth wicket or lower in the fourth innings of a Test has spanned more deliveries than the 178 balls faced by Nevill and O'Keefe. The previous highest was 176 deliveries faced by Adil Rashid and Mark Wood against Pakistan in Dubai last year.
3 Number of times Australia have lost a non-Ashes Test after dismissing their opponents for a lower first-innings total than Sri Lanka's 117. The lowest such total is South Africa's 96 in Cape Town in 2011-12. India made 104 in the aforementioned Mumbai Test and West Indies won the 1951-52 Adelaide Test by six wickets after making just 105 in their first innings.
19 Wickets by left-arm spinners in this Test - the fourth-highest ever. The record belongs to the famous Bangalore Test in 1986-87 when India's Maninder Singh and Ravi Shastri, and Pakistan's Iqbal Qasim combined for a match tally of 24 wickets.
18.20 The average of Australia's batsmen in this match - their fifth-lowest in any Test in Asia, and the lowest since the Mumbai Test in 2004-05. The Karachi Test of 1988 is the only other instance when Australia averaged lower in a Test in Asia in the last 50 years.
Shiva Jayaraman is a senior sub-editor (stats) at ESPNcricinfo.com. @shiva_cricinfo.