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August 16, 2011

India-Pakistan cricket

Survival of the fittest

Kamran Abbasi
Wasim Akram is frustrated by his fielders as Sachin Tendulkar looks on, India v Pakistan, Carlton and Breweries United, Adelaide, January 25, 2000
Pakistan enjoyed an endless supply of quality bowlers. For India, it was batsmen  © Getty Images
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In a week famous for sixty-fourth anniversaries, India and Pakistan might wish to reflect on the fruits of those intervening years of toil on the cricket field. When midnight's chimes created two nations in 1947 greater concerns about the division of land, people, infrastructure, and wealth preoccupied people's minds than partition of cricketing abilities.

Today, India stride the upper echelons of cricket both in running the game and performing on the field, despite this summer's disappointing effort. Pakistan, meanwhile, are struggling to avoid outcast status and soon will do battle with Zimbabwe at the foot of the international table. These might turn out to be transitory positions but at the moment there is a hint of permanency about them.

The 1947 distribution of cricketing talents has given rise to broad generalisations, which have to some degree held true. Pakistan has been blessed with fast bowlers of world class, from Fazal Mahmood, through Imran Khan, Wasim Akram, and Waqar Younis, to the cursed pair of Shoaib Akhtar and Mohammad Amir. Even now, Pakistan's young breed of Wahab Riaz and Junaid Khan are offering hope that the line will continue.

India's pacemen have been more sporadic and less dominant. Kapil Dev, Javagal Srinath, and Zaheer Khan have fought lone battles. Hypotheses for this disparity have been many: genetic differences, climate, even diet. None are satisfactory or barely plausible. Is there much difference between Delhi and Lahore? The migrations at partition will have made the region more homogenous not less.

Indeed, Pakistan's fast bowlers weren't especially formidable before Imran Khan, who was greatly influenced and motivated by the speed sensations he encountered during World Series Cricket, the formidable Australian and West Indian pacemen of his era. They were Imran's role models, driving him to higher speeds and achievement. In turn, Imran was the inspiration of the many Pakistani fast bowlers who followed, and soon he was joined by Wasim and Waqar who created their own legacies and legends.

This role-model theory helps explain the different routes taken by cricketers of both nations. India has a regal history in batsmanship, from the masters of bygone days through Sunil Gavaskar, Dilip Vengsarkar, and Mohammad Azharuddin to today's holy trinity of Rahul Dravid, VVS Laxman, and Sachin Tendulkar. These batting riches are beyond the dreams of Pakistanis who have had to be satisfied with a disintegrating line of Hanif Mohommad, Zaheer Abbas, Javed Miandad, Inzamam-ul Haq, and Mohammad Yousuf, a heritage which ends in nothingness.

While bowling is a natural skill that tolerates imitation, batting is more technical and it is not possible to simply rely on following your hero's example. Success in batting requires advanced technique and a cricketing infrastructure to support the maturation of batsmen. A supportive infrastructure is dependent on the cricket board creating a stable environment for its players. It is here that the failings of Pakistan's successive cricket boards have had the most damaging effect, and the explanation why batting has become a lost art in Pakistan cricket while fast bowlers emerge unhindered.

The success of Indian cricket as an enterprise offers it an opportunity to overcome weaknesses in fast bowling if it chooses to invest in the development of wicket-taking Test fast bowlers rather than breeding run-stoppers for the Indian Premier League. As unlikely as that prospect might be, notwithstanding the way India's bowling has been exposed on this tour of England, the plight of Pakistan's batsmen appears far bleaker.

Yet the joyous celebrations that marked Pakistan's Independence Day were a reminder that hope can remain strong even in the face of near calamity. Indeed, the best international performance by a South Asian this summer has come from Pakistan's Asad Rauf. Both Rauf and Aleem Dar have shown that excellence is achievable whatever the circumstances. Admittedly, ICC's governance of the elite panel has helped nurture them away from the clutches of the Pakistan Cricket Board. Rauf and Dar have helped banish the ill-repute of Pakistani umpires, a reputation that was well earned, as it was too by umpires of the cricketing powers of Australia, England, and India.

So, 64 years has brought us fearsome fast bowlers from Pakistan and wizardly batsmen from India. It has brought us innovative spin bowlers and disastrous fielders from both nations. But it has left us with serious challenges. What can Pakistan cricket, and its batsmen specifically, do to flourish again? Is survival even possible? What can India do to remedy its weakness in fast bowling, and what on earth has happened to Indian umpires? Do they still exist?

Perhaps we are witnessing another fine example of Darwinian thinking? Indian batsmen and Pakistani fast bowlers, Indian administrators and Pakistani umpires, this is survival of the fittest.

Kamran Abbasi is an editor, writer and broadcaster. He tweets here

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Keywords: India v Pakistan

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Posted by mudassar on (November 27, 2011, 8:12 GMT)

i am a pakistani and i admit at the moment indian team is a very good side but what will happen in a yr or so when the 3 legenday batsmen will retire..that will leave indian team witha big vacuum to cover..ob the other hand pakistani side under the captaincy of misbah is showing signs of improvements..the recent example is the way pakistan over-powered the sri-lankans..

Posted by md sonu on (November 16, 2011, 16:34 GMT)

I THINK SHAHID AFRIDI IS THE BEST CAPTAIN OF PAKISTA TEAM HE IS THE BEST ALROUDER IN THE WORLD AND HE IS MY FAVOURITE PLAYER

Posted by Moyukh on (November 5, 2011, 16:47 GMT)

I hope these two countries will unite in the future. If that happens, rest assured, they will boss the cricketing world.

Posted by Harminder Sethi on (November 3, 2011, 18:20 GMT)

A very entertaining but could have been a very fragmented article, I am glad we are seeing the better of it. Just a little bit of vomit does not despise a cheese & ham sandwich!I am not here to sign kudos to my country's superstars or falter any of Pakistani cricketer's accolades. My only request is don't just sing hosannas about anyone's past, (Pakistan being the better side because of more matches won) because as in for today India is clearly winning more matches. Again we are living in the DAY not in the past. Otherwise rightly spelled by the author to compare the two sides today in terms of solidity , India is clearly the better batting side with a good administrative unit & Pakistan has better bowlers with some already legendary umpires in Rauf & Dar.

Some good wishes to all Pakistanis from an ordinary but a very proud Indian.

Posted by Raghavasimhan on (October 31, 2011, 11:56 GMT)

While I like the article, i wont say Pakistan batting was inferior compared to that of India till the year 2000. While India never matched Pakistan's calibre in bowling (except matching them in spin department) today, overall in the history of cricket, i feel Pak better cricketing team than in India. Of course i do agree the last 10-11 years, India much better than Pakistan, but till Y2K, pakistan held the upper hand. As a cricket fan, I must admit that these 2 are never consistently, specially when they play overseas. For us, it could be India Vs Pakistan. But overall, we were always beatable by Australia or West Indies. India to some extent dominated world cricket for 2-3 years recently. Pakistan was good between 89-94.

Posted by Hammad on (October 30, 2011, 8:14 GMT)

all time indopak team Saeed Anwar Sachin Tendulkar Sunil Gavaskar Zaheer Abbas Javed Miandad/Rahul Dravid Imran Khan (c) Kapil Dev Ms Dhoni Waseem Akram Waqar Younis Anil Kumble/Saqlain Mushtaq

12th man Rahul Dravid.

Posted by Sudeep on (October 27, 2011, 10:44 GMT)

A good article by Kamran Abbassi. One point came to my mind which I would say is a trademark of players from both countries - Disastrous Fielders. I guess if India and Pakistan were to play as a team no matter how good we bat and how good we bowl, our 'excellent' fielding will hand the match to our opponents!!! No pun intended!!!!

Posted by Mushtaq Patel on (October 27, 2011, 4:53 GMT)

There should be an Indo Pak Test Series every two years just like the Ashes, we should play atleast Four Test Matches in each series if not five like in the Ashes Test Series.

Posted by M.Haseeb Imran Ali on (October 25, 2011, 18:28 GMT)

above average parveen ??? hmm hahhaman u r joking bowlers of this type r in every street of Pakistan and aritifical conditions in England ??? hahhaha English r always same for everyone!!! man ranking does not matter when it comes to PAK VS IND OR AUS VS ENG so its always tough for each to beat other and thats the beauty of the game !

Posted by Krish on (October 18, 2011, 16:24 GMT)

There is no comparison. First Pak needs to survive as a country and then comes rest. In test matches one is at the bottom of the pile and other is at the top. We can at most compare the teams for one day matches. Pak is lucky that UAE serves as a base for home matches otherwise things would have been even more tough. Bowling fast or spinning too much is not the criteria. The criteria is how brilliant the bowler is to get the wickets using suttle variations. There is not much point on gloating over success in England since the conditions and pitches seem so artificial. Even just an above average bowler like Praveen looks unplayable, leave alone really good ones.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Kamran Abbasi
Kamran Abbasi is an editor, writer and broadcaster. He was the first Asian columnist for Wisden Cricket Monthly and wisden.com. Kamran is the editor of the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. @KamranAbbasi

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