December 3, 2013

Doesn't sledging hurt anyone?

Players insist that what's said on the field doesn't affect them, but then why do it at all? And why go up in arms when someone seemingly crosses the line?

Who decides what the line is and when it is crossed? © Getty Images

"You might be a lone voice but keep at it and especially at youngsters. Tell them that sledging does not make them better cricketers, and definitely not better men."

My recent piece, trying to understand the tenuous link between sledging and manhood, between trash talk and improved performance, attracted lots of feedback, much of it offline, to my own website or private email. The encouraging message above came from one of cricket's true greats, someone who would probably feature in an all-time World XI. He played (and tamed) the very best cricketers of his era, so his comments carry some weight because they come from someone who succeeded at the highest level.

Jimmy Anderson attributes some of his bowling skill to also being a skilled sledger, although I'm not convinced he understands that merely doing something regularly, no matter how tasteless, equates to necessarily being proficient at this dubious dark art.

What intrigues me about this debate is the complete unwillingness of anyone to admit that sledging affects them adversely. It flies against machismo to admit that it actually gets to you, but the same held true about admitting to depression; fortunately we have now moved beyond that immaturity and many are willing to confront this issue with courage, by speaking out. No one in the England camp has dared to concede that sledging gets under their skin, but curiously they have asked the Australians to refrain from making comments about Jonathan Trott. Why? If sledging is irrelevant and doesn't penetrate your veneer, what does it matter what they say about Trott, your wife, your mum or whatever? It doesn't affect you, remember? And Trotty's not even there to hear it, and even if he was, it didn't affect him either (apparently).

The Australians have long held this view, but nonetheless they took deep offence when Andrew Symonds was allegedly called a monkey. Not just Symonds but even the other so-called "hard men" got involved, though they regularly engaged in "banter" that might have caused equal hurt to other professional colleagues. How can you have your cake and eat it too? If on-field sledging doesn't hurt anyone, what does it really matter what is said? Or are they now admitting that it does actually cut to the bone but no one's actually going to be man enough admit it?

Of course words hurt. We wouldn't be human if they didn't. In the violence-prevention work I do, it is a clearly established truth that there is a clear continuum from verbal to physical violence. The Test cricketer quoted above thinks it is a matter of time before we'll have a physical confrontation on the field, unless we just revert to playing the ball and not the man. See Warne v Samuels or Styris v Johnson as recent examples of those lines almost being crossed. So at the risk of being vilified, I'll prosecute this side of the debate and wait for the vitriol that will inevitably follow.

Just this week in Australian sport, we have a case of a star AFL player who is alleged to have broken a team-mate's jaw outside an LA nightclub, an incident that began with insults being thrown. So there's the first bit of evidence linking the continuum from verbal to physical. These men are accustomed to sledging (and being sledged) on the field but they can't cop it off the field? Another man died on the Sunshine Coast, after being bashed outside a nightclub a few days ago, an incident triggered by verbal violence that spilled over into the physical realm. I could go on but the evidence is so overwhelming that it is hardly necessary.

Sunday's Australian Open golf was a magnificent sporting spectacle. Neither Adam Scott nor Rory McIlroy needed to abuse each other to prove his manhood

Those who argue that the sporting field is a special place, immune from the normal rules, risk blurring the reality. Some of the rubbish that is spoken on the field, if repeated on the streets, especially when combined with alcohol and male bravado, can lead to tragic consequences if one of the parties doesn't quite buy into the axiom that what happens on the field stays on the field. Look at the case of David Hookes - on the field, the sort of language he allegedly used was deemed acceptable, but outside a restaurant late at night, angry words can precipitate an unnecessary tragedy. Even sportsmen sometimes forget that they have crossed the white line.

Another great irony, pointed out by an ESPNcricinfo reader, was that both Mitchell Johnson and David Warner were sporting moustaches as part of the Movember charity, aimed at shining a torch on the dark corners of men's health issues (including depression) when Warner, especially, targeted Trott's precarious situation. Warner will argue (truthfully) that he was unaware of Trott's personal demons, but isn't that the point? Depression is a disease that is often hidden and masked; men, especially, have difficulty owning up to it until someone or something pushes one button too many. There is more to being a real man than being able to grow a moustache for charity.

The notion that sledging is okay so long as players know not to cross the line is ludicrous. What is that line, who agreed to it, does it change from day to day and from person to person? I've been racially insulted on the cricket field hundreds of times but that line of abuse just washes over me (when you've got a face like mine, anything that draws attention away from that is a bonus!). It clearly got under Symonds' nose, though, despite him not being averse to dishing it out himself. Each day is different, things change depending on form, personal circumstances and the dark demons that haunt men in their private moments. Will the ICC now get captains to exchange a list of acceptable sledging topics when they exchange team lists at the toss? "Don't mention XYZ's wife this week because she is ill, but his daughter is fine so that's okay. Check again tomorrow for a family health update."

We've already seen how one of the worst serial sledgers of our time, Glenn McGrath, reacted when Ramnaresh Sarwan mentioned McGrath's sick wife (who Sarwan most likely didn't know was sick) in response to some ugly words from McGrath. So the very people who sledge mercilessly and reckon they can cop it have soft underbellies too? Who gets to choose what topics are off limits? Why not just play cricket as best you can and forget all the trash-talking?

It's not enough to say that men need this artificial fillip to fire themselves up for heightened performance. There's no suggestion that Rafael Nadal or Roger Federer deal in this currency, yet they are playing for high stakes too, at the pinnacle of their sport. Sunday's Australian Open golf was a magnificent sporting spectacle; neither Adam Scott nor Rory McIlroy needed to abuse each other to prove his manhood. Both athletes displayed a grace and dignity that in no way detracted from their manhood, yet they were locked in combat for 18 holes, playing shot for shot.

So why do some cricketers (and fans) still think that our great sport needs this? By all means bowl fast, bowl short, glare at the batsmen if you need to, but ask yourself honestly if this actually has any effect. It seems that no one admits to being affected by it but we're all swearing by it (literally) anyway. And then someone crosses that invisible line and all hell breaks loose and we act surprised, as if we didn't see this train smash coming. Cricket deserves more from us but I sometimes wonder if we deserve cricket.

Michael Jeh is an Oxford Blue who played first-class cricket, and is a Playing Member of the MCC. He lives in Brisbane

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • Jamie on December 9, 2013, 10:13 GMT

    Another incisive analysis, Michael - well done. In my experience, sledging was more about the kudos it earned from team-mates than from any effect it had on the opponent. A well-timed, quiet sledge that no team-mate heard was therefore a rare bird. Far more common was the unnecessarily loud observation designed to be shared and re-shared in the sheds after the day's play. This might explain why players of individual sports like golf and tennis aren't renowned sledgers - they have no team-mates to impress!

  • Philip on December 9, 2013, 7:40 GMT

    Most sledging is pathetic. Witness the "good bloke" captaining the fourth XI in grade comp. Good bloke at the bar. Good bloke to the kids in his team. Pathetic sledger to kids in opposing team. Time some people just grew up, I reckon.

  • Ruturaj on December 4, 2013, 22:33 GMT

    Well, what a fabulous article! Hit the nail right on the head. Salutations to you, Mr. Michael Jeh.

    I am often pleasantly reminded of how the South African team consistently delivers its best without resorting to sledging. Sledging is what makes me lose respect for truly great cricketers like McGrath and Warne. In that regard, I have much more respect for cricketers like Dravid, Tendulkar (obviously), Courtney Walsh, Graeme Smith, Hashim Amla, Misbah-ul-Haq and Stephen Fleming than for McGrath, Steve Waugh, Ponting, Boucher, KP and the likes.

    One thing though: Didn't expect Clarke would sledge, and always expected Anderson would.

  • o on December 4, 2013, 18:46 GMT

    Disagree, the game needs more sledging and aggression in my opinion it's become far to friendly and sterile. In the past there was way more tension and aggression this little spat in Australia is noting compared to the past especially for an Ashes series.

  • Chandrasekar on December 4, 2013, 16:31 GMT

    A fantastic article Michael!! I liked the part about "who decides where the invisible line is?" Most people are hurt by words, irrespective of they accept or not. I found your earlier article awesome as well!! I echo the first few lines of your article - the words of the one of the great players!!

    Regards, Chandrasekar

  • james on December 4, 2013, 11:49 GMT

    I agree with the writer.Sledging can be vicious and it is about time match referees took notice of sledging,especially when players are being fined regularly for much lesser offences.

  • Dummy4 on December 4, 2013, 11:12 GMT

    When abuse is part of the culture, trouble is not far away. Great article, as usual, Michael.

  • Dummy4 on December 4, 2013, 9:38 GMT

    The greatest batsmen of the nineties and the naughties, Sachin and Lara, were immune to sledging. In fact, some bowlers believed that they should not be sledged as it woke them up. Viv Richards is another guy that no wise man would sledge.

    Bowlers resort to sledging when their bowling skill becomes inadequate against a batsman. If a bowler can depend purely on his bowling to dominate that's a sign of greatness. That is why I'm a huge fan of the champion West Indies teams of the 70s and 80s. And that is also one of the main reasons why Dale Steyn will end up being greater than McGrath and Muralitharan is far superior to Shane Warne.

  • Richard on December 4, 2013, 9:00 GMT

    @Michaeljeh:- I'm not one for sledging, my sole on-field saying being the tried and tested, "Bowl him a piano, perhaps he can play that," but I too wonder why you keep writing the same article over and over again so you'd better make a snide comment at me as well.

  • kundan on December 4, 2013, 7:12 GMT

    "Don't mention XYZ's wife this week because she is ill, but his daughter is fine so that's okay. Check again tomorrow for a family health update." Perfect...too perfect an article to refute even the smallest detail. Thanks for speaking my mind Michael.

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