31 - Shardul Thakur completed his half-century in only 31 balls, the second-fastest recorded half-century in Test cricket for India. The fastest is by Kapil Dev off 30 deliveries against Pakistan in Karachi in 1982. In terms of strike rate, Thakur's 36-ball 57 is the second-quickest fifty-plus score in Tests for India, behind Kapil's 55-ball 89, also against England at Lord's in 1982.

1 - Thakur's is also the fastest-recorded half-century in Test matches in England. The previous fastest was by Ian Botham, in 32 balls against New Zealand in 1986, also at The Oval. It is also the third-fastest recorded fifty in Tests against England, behind Foffie Williams' 28-ball fifty in 1948 and Tim Southee's 29-ball effort in 2008.

23.33 - Ajinkya Rahane's batting average in Test cricket against England. It is the second-poorest average among players to bat in the top six for 20 or more Tests against a single opponent. Alec Bannerman had scored 1108 runs at an average of only 23.08 against England in 50 innings spread across 28 Tests between 1879 and 1893.

11 - James Anderson has now sent back Cheteshwar Pujara on 11 occasions in Test cricket - his best against a batter in Tests, joint with Peter Siddle. Nine of those 11 dismissals have come in England, the joint-highest for any bowler at home against a batter in the last 20 years - Stuart Broad had the better of Michael Clarke on nine instances in home Tests, while Ben Stokes has fallen nine times off R Ashwin in India.

7 - Ducks for Jasprit Bumrah is Test cricket in 2021, the joint-highest by an Indian in Tests in a calendar year. Bishan Singh Bedi also had seven ducks in 1974, all across ten innings. The only player to bag more ducks in a calendar year is Mervyn Dillion, ten in 2002.

13 - Wickets to fall on the first day of the fourth Test, the most on the opening day of a Test match held at The Oval since 1983.

Sampath Bandarupalli is a statistician at ESPNcricinfo