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August 12, 2013

Give the umpire a break

Michael Jeh
Tony Hill hasn't had a great match in Durham, but he hasn't been as bad as it's being made out to be  © Getty Images
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This gripping fourth Ashes Test in Durham hasn't been without small controversies, most of them focused again on the poor old umpires. Well, Tony Hill in particular. It's no secret that Hill has had a shocker in this game, but as Brydon Coverdale points out in his excellent article, he's not the first umpire to do so and nor will he be the last. More to the point, he's not the first person on the field to have made numerous mistakes in this game. Throughout this series, many of the players have been guilty of gross errors of judgement, both with bat and ball in hand as well as when reviewing umpiring decisions. Whilst Hill has had a forgettable match, his error rate may actually be lower than that of many of the players.

Yes, the Ryan Harris lbw was a shocker and that may have been a sign of a man low on confidence. But many of the other contentious ones given by Hill that were subsequently overturned were 50-50 calls. Chris Rogers' caught-behind in the first innings was close enough to not be deemed a howler. Just before that decision, Hill correctly picked up a tiny bottom edge off Usman Khawaja, so let's not forget that he got one of those tight decisions correct too.

Rogers' eventual dismissal, caught by a tumbling Matt Prior off the tiniest soft contact with the glove, barely even visible on Hot Spot, was certainly the correct decision, you could argue. If you have doubt (which Hill must undoubtably have had), give it not out. So that decision too was not an unreasonable one.

When it comes to the players themselves making mistakes, the current DRS ratio for the series stands at roughly 32 to 10 in favour of the umpires. By this, I mean 32 reviews that the players asked for were "struck down" compared to ten reviews that were "upheld". Admittedly these numbers can be skewed somewhat, considering incorrect umpiring decisions are sometimes not reviewed because teams have used up their quota (e.g: Stuart Broad edging Ashton Agar at Trent Bridge) but in the interests of fairness, there may also be a fair number of decisions that were not reviewed by the players (when replays indicated they should have; e.g. Kevin Pietersen's lbw at Lord's, when Australia missed the opportunity to ask for a review off Shane Watson's bowling), which reinforces my proposition that players sometimes get it wrong even when they have the most to gain from it (e.g. Tim Bresnan's dismissal in the first innings at Lord's). A three-to-one ratio of judgement errors in favour of the umpires is a telling statistic, even allowing for the other factors that may confound these numbers.

My point is that the players are equally bad (perhaps worse) with their accuracy and judgement, even when they are often in the best position to know. Dave Warner's nick in the Old Trafford Test and Brad Haddin's decision to review his lbw in the first innings in Durham were but two examples that spring to mind. Broad was equally lacking in judgement when he convinced the captain to waste an lbw review on Rogers; it was clearly pitching outside leg, even to the TV viewer at first glance. (Yet another correct decision that Hill made, although this was so obvious that he would have surely been pilloried if he had given it out.)

Commentating in the Carribbean Premier League, Simon Doull made the sage observation that all too often the replays show umpires getting it right and players getting it wrong, even when their body language and histrionics are clearly designed to create the impression that the umpire is blatantly mistaken. Some of that might just be natural human disappointment, or genuinely believing the outcome that you want, so I'm not suggesting any sinister intent to undermine the umpire. The bottom line, though, is that the on-field umpire gets one fleeting moment to make a decision that his colleague sitting up in the pavilion (and those of us watching television) needs multiple, frame-by-frame replay viewings of before he can make a decision, which is often still inconclusive.

Okay, some will argue that the umpires are in the best place to make a decision, especially for lbw verdicts. That's probably fair enough but there is also a valid argument that if players sometimes don't know what happened, though they were the ones closest to the action, how can we expect umpires to get those 50-50 calls correct? If a batsman can't feel an edge as obvious as the one Warner edged at Old Trafford, can you blame an umpire for perhaps getting it wrong from the other end of the pitch? If Haddin, who knows what guard he was batting on, can't tell if he was hit plumb in front, surely we can cut the umpire some slack if he got it wrong too (not that Hill made a mistake with this decision, by the way). Bowlers know whether they intended bowling the inswinger or arm ball, so they have as much knowledge about the intent of the delivery as the umpire does - if not more - when he judges the outcome. And we've seen that bowlers get it wrong more times than umpires when they demand a review (or appeal with utter conviction) for a decision that is clearly not out.

When the third umpire makes a blatant error, that is less forgivable. He at least has the benefit of multiple replays, angles, and the most important thing of all - time. Crucially, he has the massive luxury of being able to assess all the evidence (sight, sound, Hawk-Eye, Hot Spot) with as much time as he needs to make the right call. Even with those privileges, who amongst us can honestly say that we've never had any doubts after we've viewed these replays? There are always some decisions that remain doubtful and no amount of scrutiny eliminates that doubt. Imagine then trying to make that decision in a split second.

Since the Trent Bridge Test, I've tried to pretend that I'm the umpire, to see how many decisions I got correct, at first glance and then also after watching the replays. Perhaps it speaks to my lack of skill but my ratio of correct decision-making is no better than the 3:1 managed by the players who are actually on the field. My superior viewing angle (behind the umpire) is balanced by the fact that as a non-player, I don't get to feel the edge or hear the nick from close quarters. I consider myself an experienced cricketer with reasonable eyesight and good hearing, and I'm still making way more mistakes than the umpires, who have to be constantly alert for no-balls and all manner of other things (bad light, session times, weather, player behaviour, sightscreens, ball-tampering, over rate).

I never thought I'd see the day when I became an apologist for umpires! My semi-retirement from club cricket is almost entirely due to the poor quality of umpiring over the last few seasons, most of it relating to a complete lack of consistency and basic knowledge of the rules (like about balls pitching outside leg), or of enough cricket-savvy to realise that a left-arm seamer bowling round the wicket and wide on the crease will struggle to get an lbw against a right-hand batsman.

I once played in a grade final that got down to the last wicket in the fourth innings of a four-day match and the umpire refused to give any decisions, actually admitting that the game was too close and that he didn't want to make a decision, having made plenty of other tight decisions for 99% of the rest of that game. It's that sort of muddled thinking that I deem "poor umpiring", not the sort of calls (Harris' lbw notwithstanding) that the unfortunate Hill has got wrong in Durham.

So the next time I watch an international match and curse the umpire, I'm going to take a deep breath and ask myself whether I could have made a better decision in that split-second moment. I'll reserve my wrath instead for the third umpire when he gets it wrong!

Michael Jeh is an Oxford Blue who played first-class cricket, and a Playing Member of the MCC. He lives in Brisbane

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Posted by Anil_m on (August 16, 2013, 16:56 GMT)

The writer's comparing Apples and Oranges over here. Granted the umpires job is not easy but decision making is how one measures their performance. Unlike an umpire a player doesn't lose credibility everytime he makes an incorrect decision.

Posted by   on (August 13, 2013, 20:02 GMT)

spot on. some poor decisions are being corrected. third umpire has to get it right though. once the on field umpire has made the decision benefit of the doubt is gone as was the case prior to drs.

Posted by   on (August 13, 2013, 16:43 GMT)

George Harris. Many people still believe, despite what has already been written, that DRS is used to determine whether the batsman is out or not out. This is NOT correct. That decision has already made by the on field umpire. DRS looks for a reason to change the umpire's decision. Therefore if the umpire says out to an LBW appeal and hawkeye shows the ball clipping the stumps you have no valid reason to change the umpire's decision. There is no question of benefit of the doubt here. The decision has already been made.

Posted by Surajdon9 on (August 13, 2013, 8:48 GMT)

As a genuine cricket fan who wants the game is played in real spirit as gentlemen with minimum errors, I am very happy that the players have agreed to continue DRS system along with the umpires.No need to say that DRS improves correct decision making than a naked eye of an umpire who are humans and errors from humans are obvious to happen. There is nobody 100% perfect in the world. Even not the technology. I can not understand the motive behind BCCI that they don't agree for DRS unless it is 100%pool proof! Can any expert say that they can produce something 100% perfect? No, it will never happen in this world.It means BCCI will never agree for DRS forever. Who will change this attitude? As I disclosed to you in my email before, whenever the DRS is implemented in any match, you can easily have two local infield umpires and one ELITE PANEL UMPIRE as a TV Umpire.Whatever the errors of the in field umpire could be corrected on an appeal to the TV umpire who is equipped with technology.

Posted by Rally_Windies on (August 12, 2013, 19:56 GMT)

I can give the on-field umpires a break, because they are doing a decent job ...

But the 3rd umpires deserve a good raking over the coals ! They are doing quite a horrid job !

Posted by   on (August 12, 2013, 17:33 GMT)

I think the "umpires call" on DRS should be changed to not out. As the benefit of the doubt should always go to the batsmen.

Posted by andrew-schulz on (August 12, 2013, 15:40 GMT)

Ridiculous, ridiculous article. The players are not there to make the decisions. Hill has has been abysmal, both in the centre and in the TV umpires box. How he could be defended is beyond me.

Posted by mumerashfaq on (August 12, 2013, 12:37 GMT)

Did not understood the purpose of the writer, whether he was defending umpires or opposing them.

Posted by   on (August 12, 2013, 9:21 GMT)

They get paid to make these decisions. Not knowing the exact number of times ump's calls are bad in this year alone, if you were to compare those stats with those of a train driver, a doctor, etc.... You get my point!

We need better umpires. Dharmasena couldn't even get it right with the DRS.

The concept should be simple: benefit of doubt should rest with the batsman. I do realize bowlers are the hardest working men on the field. But, that is how you bring back sanity to this game where technology is being used to coverup for the fallacies of idiots like Dharmasena.

Cricket is a game played between a bat and a ball. Not one between hot spots, snickos, cameras and tapes.

Remember, a fool with a tool is still a fool.

Posted by Thegimp on (August 12, 2013, 7:09 GMT)

Gee Michael, you have more forgiveness in you that Father Dominic, spiritual advisor to the Chicago Mafia!!!

Hill has been terrible, as have most during this series. Even on gut reaction from my lounge I reckon I could have got more correct this series. I don't begrudge the odd LBW getting the benefit of the doubt, in fact I would rather see these given out less regularly than being given out only to have the ball clipping the stumps. I also don't begrudge the Chris Rogers brush of the glove being given not out as I can't imagine Matt Prior hearing something that slight, but in general these guys have been poor all series.

Personally, I think the umpires are relying on DRS a little too much. I think they base their decisions depending on how many reviews each team has in the bank. For example if a batting team has no reviews and a bowling team has one left the umpire will give it not out and wait for the bowling team to review. This skews the stats and makes the umpire look worse

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Michael Jeh
Born in Colombo, educated at Oxford and now living in Brisbane, Michael Jeh (Fox) is a cricket lover with a global perspective on the game. An Oxford Blue who played first-class cricket, he is a Playing Member of the MCC and still plays grade cricket. Michael now works closely with elite athletes, and is passionate about youth intervention programmes. He still chases his boyhood dream of running a wildlife safari operation called Barefoot in Africa.

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