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UK editor, ESPNcricinfo

Champions Trophy 2013

Lots of rumour, but no hard evidence

The words of a former England captain turned commentator have sparked a controversy around the Champions Trophy hosts but, as yet, there is no hard evidence

David Hopps

June 15, 2013

Comments: 48 | Text size: A | A

Aleem Dar was not happy with the ball, England v Sri Lanka, Champions Trophy, The Oval, June 13, 2013
Aleem Dar's decision to change the ball mid-innings has sparked much debate © AFP
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If there is proof that England have been ball tampering then nobody is complaining. Not the ICC, not the umpires, not the match officials, nor any of the captains of the other seven competing nations.

There is no umpires' report hidden in a safe at Lord's alleging that England have been ball tampering. According to ICC sources, no such suspicions have been verbally broached in any official capacity. Not from umpires Kumar Dharmasena or Marias Erasmus to the match referee, Javagal Srinath, after England bowled out Australia cheaply at Edgbaston, nor from umpires Aleem Dar or Billy Bowden when Srinath was again the match referee as Sri Lanka gave England's bowlers a battering at The Oval.

As yet there is Exhibit A: no ball with a razor-sharp seam, or a raised quarter seam or with scratches the depth of a rift valley. None of the 29 TV cameras have provided footage of players shiftily spitting sugary saliva onto their hands. The finest cricket photographers in the world have yet to be seen waving the image that will make them their fortune.

No sandpaper has been found in players' pockets or hotel laundries. Even Michael Atherton, once pilloried after being caught up in a dirt-in-the-pocket affair while England captain, has not been seen delivering a little sachet of finest Lancastrian clay to the England dressing room.

No umpire has seen fit to impose a five-run penalty upon England for ball tampering, a decision which would state categorically that they had reason to believe there was cheating going on. There again, Darrell Hair did that and the firestorm which followed ended Hair's career and led to years of ICC politicking. The five-run penalty is a rule that no umpire dares levy.

The extended sleeve with a convenient thumb hole that Alastair Cook has used to entirely legally polish the ball is a jolly good idea and shows how seriously England take their ball management. Perhaps one day all cricket shirts will be made this way.

What we are variously left with is an outspoken and knowledgeable former England captain who is adamant he knows something dodgy when he sees it, a lot of well-meaning suspicion, which is fine and proper, and a craving to see England condemned without evidence, which is not.

And we will probably not see the 12th man deliver any more sweets to Ravi Bopara just in case people follow the example of Dirk Nannes, the Australian bowler, on BBC radio, and speculate about the reasons for his sweet tooth.

What we are also witnessing is an unofficial ICC clampdown on England's habit of throwing the ball into the stumps on the bounce to deliberately roughen up the ball. The technique is entirely legal - and it is adopted by England not just because it can hasten the arrival of reverse swing but because, if compared to a high arc, it gets the ball to the stumps faster. You can hardly legislate against that.

But teams were still advised before the tournament that it would be frowned upon. Umpires are often seen telling fielding sides to keep the ball up, but in doing so they are arguably stepping outside their responsibilities.

So first we had the MCC Laws, then we had the MCC Laws plus ICC regulations specific to the tournament as the balance of power shifted, now we have the Laws and the specific regulations and secret pre-tournament warnings that are never made public. Such secrecy is an insult to those who watch the game.

Ashley Giles, England's one-day coach, made a telling point in assembling England's case for the defence. England's international outfields are much dryer since the ECB invested heavily in drainage systems to reduce lost play to a minimum. Until the rain of recent days, the weather has been colder and dryer than normal, making grass growth less lush. Squares, awash with old wickets anyway because of England's heavy first-class programme, are also cut down low for practice wickets.

The result is conditions perfect for encouraging reverse swing - if you know how to get the ball prepared and then have the ability to bowl with it.

Get one side legally dry, and polish the other for all it is worth and all this eventually makes it easier to get a ball into the condition for it to reverse swing. The secret is recognising when the ball is in optimum condition.

But the ball is not a Dukes, which is often used in England, and which the England attack can hoop around corners, but a Kookaburra, which is normally less responsive.

The Kookaburra - the brand used in all ODIs - also does not generally lose its form so easily. The ball in question was effectively replaced after 12 overs due to one being used at each end since the new October 2012 regulations. The chances of that happening for entirely innocent reasons without something going on somewhere are tiny.

 
 
When umpire Dar checked the ball in the Sri Lanka match, he hid it under a big blue towel so none of the cameras could see what was happening. Cricket has always given the public information it deserves on a need-to-know basis, but such checks need to be made publicly
 

The ICC continues to insist that the ball that was changed during England's tie against Sri Lanka was misshapen, but there is confusion over whether the ball could still fit through the gauge. One England official said 'yes', so justifying Cook's anger that the ball had been changed; another England official later said 'no', which thereby supported the view that the ball was misshapen and dampened down gossip about ball tampering.

When umpire Dar checked the ball in the Sri Lanka match, he hid it under a big blue towel so none of the cameras could see what was happening. Cricket has always given the public information it deserves on a need-to-know basis, but such checks need to be made publicly.

Even if the ball didn't go through the gauge, it would not quite prove everything. One respected umpire used to carry around a gauge designed for women's cricket, where the ball is smaller. Whenever he suspected there was ball tampering going on, he would change the ball on the grounds that it had become misshapen and would not go through the gauge.

Bob Willis played enough Tests for England, and knew enough about the fast bowler's art, for his views to be taken seriously. He has been supported on Twitter, that digital receptacle of instant opinion, by David Lloyd, who as a former England coach and a one-time county umpire, also knows that the boundaries on what constitutes ball tampering have been pushed since the mists of time.

But Willis is also the chief provocateur in Sky TV's commentary team - and knows he is expected to be. Sky might be the rights-holding broadcaster but the ECB, as is fitting, makes no attempt to restrict their free speech. Last year, he pronounced that Saeed Ajmal chucked it, ignoring scientific studies carried out on behalf of ICC, and which were later revealed in detail by ESPNcricinfo, that concluded he did not. This year he "knows" England are ball tampering.

Some people are contending that George Bailey, Australia's captain, clearly alluded to ball tampering after their defeat against England at Edgbaston. .

The ICC's official transcript quotes Bailey thus:

Questioner: "Were you surprised how quickly England were reversing the ball?

Bailey: "Very, yeah. It was good skill that. What I sort of felt was it went like from swinging conventionally to swinging reverse within an over or two. No doubt they have worked on it a little bit. We saw they bowled some cross-seams and maybe bowling a little bit of spin early plays a part in that as well. I think they're schooled at it, but I think it's something we need to look at and try and exploit if that's going to be the conditions because it just made their bowling plan so simple for the quick ones."

Now Bailey is a very affable man, but to interpret his comments as an accusation of unacceptable ball tampering is to stretch it beyond acceptable limits. Like the rest, he admires England's superior skills at reverse swing and he naturally wonders if it is 100% legitimate. He probably also wonders, like all teams, if Australia could learn something.

And that is what we have: a lot of people wondering. And, as yet, no evidence in sight.

David Hopps is the UK editor of ESPNcricinfo

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Posted by maddy20 on (June 19, 2013, 7:50 GMT)

On watching a replay of Aus vs Eng game, my opinion has changed. Has anyone ever seen the ball reverse in the 2nd over? ICC should seriously look into the matter and SA should be wary of them doing it again and keep an eye on the ball's state over after over!

Posted by TheOnlyEmperor on (June 19, 2013, 6:28 GMT)

Since the law disallows ball tampering, I don't see any reason why any person should be allowed to 'shine' the ball and change its nature. If that's not ball tampering, what is? In case the ball gets wet, the ball can be passed on to the umpire who can dry it with a hand towel and pass it on to the bowler.

ICC should stop this nonsense of allowing people to put a 'shine' on the ball.

Posted by jevans90 on (June 17, 2013, 16:09 GMT)

@Chesty-la-roux: "The same bowlers who were previously unplayable"? Except it wasn't the same bowlers - in 2005 Simon Jones was England's main Reverse-swing bowler. He never played international cricket again. So, it's not a massive surprise that without the bowler they looked to to reverse it, England stopped being able to reverse it consistently.

Posted by wrenx on (June 17, 2013, 13:05 GMT)

@clarke501 Some clarification needed - England were pretty down and out in that test match, somewhere in the region of 350 behind on first innings alone. They weren't winning that match without Darrel Hair

Posted by maddy20 on (June 17, 2013, 11:18 GMT)

Some people (like Willis) would say anything to be on tv. Knocking around the wet ball would make it go out of shape rather quickly. I don't think they tampered with the ball but who knows. Its easy to see why Cook was displeased. On a dry wicket, he would have hoped to use the reverse swing on offer to skittle out the Lankans, given that Broad and Anderson are adept at using it.

Posted by shillingsworth on (June 17, 2013, 10:23 GMT)

@SpizenFire 'Let the rest judge it'. No, let the umpires be the sole judge. No report of ball tampering, no award of penalty runs.

@Chesty-la-roux England made absolutely no comment on the subject in 2006. Darrel Hair wasn't someone who would have been swayed by such representations anyway. The action he took, wrongly as it turned out, was on his own initiative as umpire. England weren't 'getting hammered by Pakistan'. They won the series 2-0 (excluding the Oval 'result').

Posted by SpizenFire on (June 17, 2013, 9:56 GMT)

@ jmcilhinney: Watch Bresnan in SL innings, 2nd powerplay. Watch carefully to catch the obvious.

Whenever Pakistan played cricket, spectators, commentators and TV audience always had a keen eye on what their bowlers were doing to extract such fantastic reverse swing. Now the eyes of the cricketing world will be on England bowlers. As far as evidence goes, it will never be good enough for an offending team. Let the rest judge it.

Posted by Chesty-la-roux on (June 17, 2013, 8:37 GMT)

Well let me see, 2005, england gain prodigious reverse swing and win the ashes while Australias legendary bowlers can barely get the ball to deviate a fraction. 2006, england, while getting hammered by Pakistan, complain about ball tampering triggering a chain of events they could not have imagined. As a result ball tampering is still very much in the spotlight the following year and the reverse swing of years past mysteriously deserts the same english bowlers who were previously unplayable. England hammered 5-0. Next ashes in 2009 ball tampering no longer in the headlines and england once again remember how to reverse the ball. Lets wait and see how england swing the ball over the next few months.

Posted by jmcilhinney on (June 17, 2013, 6:16 GMT)

@bonaku on (June 16, 2013, 8:17 GMT), I know that you want to play the victim but this is a different situation. When Pakistan were accused of ball-tampering, most people didn't know that reverse swing existed. The fact that the ball was behaving in ways that (it was thought) should not have been possible was considered evidence in and of itself. In this case, the ball was not doing anything unusual at all. If it weren't for Bob Willis then noone would be talking about this at all. The England team have been accused of ball-tampering by an ex-England player who has no actual evidence. All those in an official capacity have said that there was no ball-tampering and no accusation of ball-tampering. What else is there to talk about? Did you see any evidence of ball-tampering? If not then what are you complaining about?

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David Hopps David Hopps joined ESPNcricinfo as UK editor early in 2012. For the previous 20 years he was a senior cricket writer for the Guardian and covered England extensively during that time in all Test-playing nations. He also covered four Olympic Games and has written several cricket books, including collections of cricket quotations. He has been an avid amateur cricketer since he was 12, and so knows the pain of repeated failure only too well. The pile of untouched novels he plans to read, but rarely gets around to, is now almost touching the ceiling. He divides his time between the ESPNcricinfo office in Hammersmith and his beloved Yorkshire.

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