South Africa fast bowler Kagiso Rabada has picked up a fine and a demerit point for giving India opener Shikhar Dhawan a send-off in Port Elizabeth. He lost 15% of his match fee over the incident, and gained one demerit point, taking his overall tally to five.

Each demerit point stays on a player's record for a period of 24 months. Four demerit points warrant the first suspension, and eight lead to another longer suspension. Rabada was already suspended for one Test against England in mid-2017, for having accumulated four demerit points. He picked up the first three of those on February 8, 2017, following an ODI against Sri Lanka.

If Rabada reaches eight points before the second week of February, 2019, he will receive a weightier penalty - a ban of two Tests, or one Test and two ODIs/T20Is, or four ODIs/T20Is - whichever comes first for the player.

Rabada had dismissed Dhawan in the eighth over the India innings, caught at deep-square leg off a bouncer, then waved at the batsman, pointed him to the dressing room and, according to an ICC release, "made a comment which could have resulted in a reaction from the batsman". Rabada admitted to the offence and accepted the sanction proposed by match referee Andy Pycroft, so there was no formal hearing.

Here's an explainer of the ICC's demerits-points system.