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Why England started their innings in Rajkot with five runs on the board

R Ashwin was pulled up for running on the protected area of the pitch on the second morning

Note: This article was published before R Ashwin withdrew from the Rajkot Test for personal reasons.
England began their first innings in the Rajkot Test on 5 for 0 after India were hit with a five-run penalty because R Ashwin ran on the protected area of the pitch while batting during the first session of day two.
India had already received their first and final warning when Ravindra Jadeja was warned for running on the protected area on the first day of the third Test.
The law defines the protected area as "that area of the pitch contained within a rectangle bounded at each end by imaginary lines parallel to the popping creases and 5 ft/1.52 m in front of each, and on the sides by imaginary lines, one each side of the imaginary line joining the centres of the two middle stumps, each parallel to it and 1 ft/30.48 cm from it".
The penalty runs were awarded to England during the 102nd over of India's first innings, when Ashwin pushed the ball towards cover and ran down the pitch before being sent back by Dhruv Jurel. Umpire Joel Wilson had a word with Ashwin, who was upset at being penalised, before signalling the penalty runs.
Ashwin later said at the press conference that he was aware of the umpires' previous warnings but his "poor motor skills" came in the way while he was trying to get off the pitch.
"They clearly warned some of our batters yesterday for running on the pitch," Ashwin said. "I was aware of it, but my poor motor skills didn't allow me to get off the pitch in time. If if the English media and players think it was on purpose, it wasn't, if that's how you want to read it. I don't think that pitch is breaking because I ran on some… those spikes are really, really thin, like wafer-thin. I went to Joel and Kumar [Dharmasena, umpire], and I said it's pure, poor motor skills. If I was any better, I would have been in the Olympics. Why play cricket?"
Alastair Cook, the former England captain, was of the opinion that it could have been a deliberate, tactical ploy from Ashwin. "Is it deliberate? Yes, it is," Cook said on TNT Sports. "It's a tactical ploy that you can disturb the middle of the wicket because Ashwin wants as much help [as possible] when he can bowl. Normally, it happens in the third innings. You're 150-200 runs ahead and you think, 'just make sure you get up and down the wicket'... that was gamesmanship there, wasn't it?"
Law 41.14, which concerns batters damaging the pitch, states: "It is unfair to cause deliberate or avoidable damage to the pitch. If the striker enters the protected area in playing or playing at the ball, he/she must move from it immediately thereafter. A batter will be deemed to be causing avoidable damage if either umpire considers that his/her presence on the pitch is without reasonable cause.
"If either batter causes deliberate or avoidable damage to the pitch, other than as in 41.15, at the first instance the umpire seeing the contravention shall, when the ball is dead, inform the other umpire of the occurrence. The bowler's end umpire shall then warn both batters that the practice is unfair and indicate that this is a first and final warning. This warning shall apply throughout the innings. The umpire shall so inform each incoming batter, inform the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the captain of the batting side of what has occurred.
"If there is any further instance of deliberate or avoidable damage to the pitch by any batter in that innings, the umpire seeing the contravention shall, when the ball is dead, inform the other umpire of the occurrence.
"The bowler's end umpire shall disallow all runs to the batting side, return any not out batter to his/her original end, signal no-ball or wide to the scorers if applicable, and award 5 penalty runs to the fielding side."
India were 358 for 7 at the time of the incident, having lost both overnight batters Kuldeep Yadav and Ravindra Jadeja within the first hour of play on the second morning. The five-Test series is tied at 1-1 after England won the first match in Hyderabad and India drew level in Visakhapatnam.