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March 12, 2014

A new era for England's women cricketers

Raf Nicholson
Arran Brindle had to juggle an international career, first with her studies, and subsequently with her teaching job  © Getty Images
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"End of an era" is a phrase bandied around a lot in cricket: generally whenever a great player (often these days it seems to be a bloke with the name Graeme) retires. The historian in me is always sceptical about such claims. Sometimes, though, the term is apt; and though it may have slipped under the radar, as so much in women's cricket seems to do, I think it's pretty clear that we have just witnessed the end of an era for English women's cricket.

Just a couple of weeks ago, the ECB announced that it will be introducing the first fully professional contracts for England women. Though full details have not yet been revealed, the ECB's directors have agreed that a proportion of their future revenues will be used to provide the women's team with "a major pay rise" as well as a bonus to reward their recent Ashes win in Australia. Giles Clarke described the pay rises as "significant... we are proudly creating the first group of full-time women's professional cricketers."

It's not that no one saw this coming, seeing Cricket Australia introduce what amounted to pro contracts for some of their women cricketers last year; or that it wasn't the next logical step in a process of professionalisation that has been ongoing since the ECB took over women's cricket in 1998. And yet this was still by no means inevitable. In 1976 England captain Rachael Heyhoe-Flint, dealing with speculation about the future of women's cricket, wrote: "Women will always play for the love of the game and there will be no professional female cricketers." I have read countless variations on the theme since, most reaching the same conclusion.

You can understand why. In the entire 80-year history of international English women's cricket, its practitioners have plied their trade without any hope of financial reward, and with very little job security. In 1934, two of the English players who went on the first-ever international women's cricket tour came home without jobs to go back to. And this continued to be an issue throughout the game's history. Until the late 1960s, when the first government help was made available, any woman who wanted to play cricket for England was entirely self-funded, and reliant on a benevolent employer to let them have time off to tour. When Sue Metcalfe, who represented England in the 1997 World Cup, was selected for England's 1991-92 tour of Australia, she had to give up her job because her employer refused to grant her leave to travel.

And while it is often assumed that the situation instantly improved when the ECB took over, that isn't the case. Claire Taylor, one of the best batsmen the world has ever seen, was forced in 2001 to quit her £38,000 job as a manager for Procter & Gamble, switching it for the £7000 she was making annually through cricket, because the pressures of work and cricket were simply incompatible. Just a few months ago we saw Holly Colvin make the opposite decision to Taylor and retreat from the international game to pursue other career options. Money may never have been the reason women played the game - but a lack of it has often meant they had to choose between making huge financial sacrifices and leaving the game altogether.

In the entire 80-year history of international English women's cricket, its practitioners have plied their trade without any hope of financial reward, and with very little job security

Suddenly - for the top players, anyway - that stark choice between earning a decent living and representing your country at cricket will no longer exist. The day those contracts were agreed upon is probably the biggest in the history of English women's cricket since the day in 1926 when some women on holiday in Colwall decided they wanted to form a Women's Cricket Association.

It's the end of an era all right.

Just ask Arran Brindle, who announced her retirement from international cricket only four days after the ECB announced these new professional contracts. Brindle's career has spanned almost 15 years. She retires having scored 2852 runs in 134 international matches, and with 57 international wickets to her name; an impressive record from a supremely talented cricketer who will be sorely missed by her England team-mates. But the timing of her retirement is also somehow appropriate, coming as it does as we wave goodbye to the era of amateur English women's cricket.

Arran first played for England in 1999. That may not be all that long ago, but in women's cricket terms, it's a lifetime ago: a time when England players paid for their own kit, funded their own travel up and down the country to attend training, and were still fully amateur. For Arran, that meant juggling an international career firstly with her studies, and subsequently with her teaching job (as well, of course, as being a mother). While players had always played without pay, when the ECB took charge they consistently demanded the absolute maximum they could from their players - and then some. In 1999, for the first time ever, an England player (Sue Redfern) was dropped for failing a fitness test: playing under the ECB meant training six days a week, relentlessly. It also meant travelling to England sessions in Birmingham or Loughborough once a week, juggling club, county and England training, and getting leave from work to go on a six-week tour every winter and play for two months in the summer.

Lottery money and Sport England funding, and finally direct financial recompense from the ECB, allowed players to cut down on their working hours; but it was still impossibly difficult to find an understanding employer. In 2002, back when Arran Brindle was Arran Thompson and was breaking the record for an opening stand in women's Test matches (200, with Caroline Atkins, against India), England drew the Test but lost the ODI series 5-0. They were missing six of their top players, whose universities and employers had refused them leave to tour.

The Chance to Shine contracts, introduced in 2008 to allow players jobs within cricket that would give them the flexibility to train and play on a semi-professional basis, were a player-led initiative - the response to the pleas of a group of cricketers who could barely manage the kind of time commitment that the ECB required. These helped matters enormously; but they did not cover all the players. When Brindle returned to international cricket in 2011, after taking five years out to have her son, she continued to balance playing cricket with her job as a teacher, right up until the end.

When I heard the news about her retirement, here is what struck me: that Arran Brindle is the vanguard of a generation of England cricketers who trained and played as hard as professionals, but were never paid as such; who always did it for love, not money.

Out of the 15-player England squad who are about to begin their World Twenty20 campaign in Bangladesh, only four of them remember an England playing career that did not involve a Chance to Shine contract; and bar Charlotte Edwards, none of them ever walked onto a cricket pitch clad in anything other than trousers which someone else had paid for. Brindle is almost the last (Edwards really is the last) of the generation of players who remember a time when the vagaries of employers and personal finances dictated your opportunity to represent England at cricket. Thanks to the ECB, that period will soon be consigned to just being a memory.

Historians love a happy ending, and when someone (ahem) writes the definitive history of women's cricket, this latest decision by the ECB is certain to feature heavily. So I guess I should thank it for providing such an obvious conclusion to my PhD thesis. But, above all, I'm thankful that the new era will make things that much easier, in every respect, for the Arran Brindles of the future. My feelings towards the ECB may be somewhat complicated at the moment, but for this, it deserves one huge pat on the back.

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Raf Nicholson is a PhD student, an England supporter, a feminist, and fanatical about women's cricket. She tweets here

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Keywords: Women's cricket

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Posted by DVSK on (March 13, 2014, 2:17 GMT)

I think I should comment on your articles more because I really do appreciate them. They are great and very informative. It is sad that most of the commentors on cricinfo are so dismissive and to be frank just plain ignorant. Though to be honest it would be nice if you mentioned some of the steps taken in Sri Lanka to promote women's cricket because it does seem relevant to a lot of your articles.

Anyone who thinks there is less "'entertainment factor" in womens cricket clearly has not watched much of it. Cricket is cricket, if you aren't watching at least the women's icc tournaments you are missing out on a lot of great cricket.

Posted by Insightful2013 on (March 12, 2014, 20:57 GMT)

I love watching women's cricket, aside from the obvious reasons, also because they are more enthusiastic and involved. Women need to embrace their femininity and accept they are different from men and celebrate that difference. They already have this huge advantage in that they are women and men are obsessed with them. Stop being insecure and pretending you can compete equally and equal rights etc. Audiences watch men's cricket for skill and believe me, some of the women are very skilled and brilliant. But, if you want to make money, separate from the stodgy ECB and use your wow factor. Not strip club wow, but female wow. Men are besotted with you and will watch anything that you do, but I don't think they appreciate just how talented as cricketers you are. So, if IPL can debase cricket for dosh, do something much more tasteful, without diminishing your skills, female rights and using your prodigiously gifted attributes. You already have an entranced audience! No disrespect intended.

Posted by   on (March 12, 2014, 16:38 GMT)

Despite all these progressions being made in the women's game, I think it is fundamentally and wholly unreasonable to hold it on an equal footing with their male counterparts. Whilst I am not discouraging women from playing cricket, I think it is in no way possible for it to generate as much interest as the men's game, purely from a commercial point of view. With the recent advent of T20 cricket, the audience have come to expect a quick game, punctuated by big sixes. Objectively speaking, there is a much greater 'entertainment factor' in men's cricket, hence the global popularity of tournaments such as the IPL and World T20. I wholeheartedly commend the steps being taken to brighten the future of women's cricket, but honestly people, it's just never going to have the same impact as the men's game.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Raf Nicholson
Raf Nicholson is a PhD student who spends her days (and nights) researching the history of women's cricket. Her thesis may or may not end up being titled "Cricket without the balls". She is an England supporter, a feminist, and fanatical about women's cricket, but will admit that Michael Clarke is hot stuff. She has been known to bowl entire overs of wides and to bat like Phil Tufnell, but isn't always quite this good. @RafNicholson

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