June 26, 2014

Let's hear it for the unorthodox

Spinners who can't be bracketed into one style flourish today in cricket, while they struggled to make it big in the past

Sonny Ramadhin troubled England with his variations in 1950 but lost his edge on the next tour, and later confessed to having chucked during his career © PA Photos

Back in the 1960s, my college team had a "legspinner" - for want of a better description - PS Ramesh, who bowled legbreaks, offbreaks and straight ones, all with identical actions and no obvious change of grip. We played all our cricket on matting, and while Ramesh bamboozled most batsmen at that level, we did not find out how he would have fared on turf, as the selectors never fancied him beyond college cricket. These days he would probably have been taken much more seriously, and have played representative cricket, for his armoury certainly included the carrom ball, if not the doosra.

More than a decade earlier, West Indian crowds had first chanted the calypso about "those little pals of mine", Ramadhin and Valentine when the spin twins decimated England at Lord's to earn West Indies their first Test win in England. Bespectacled, nerdy-looking Alf Valentine was an orthodox left-arm spinner, but short and squat Sonny Ramadhin had a whole box of tricks that batsmen found hard to unravel. Bowling in long sleeves, he made the ball go this way or that at will, giving no hint of the deviation with his action.

Ramadhin's spirit was broken seven years later, when Peter May (285 not out) and Colin Cowdrey (154) put on 411 for the fourth wicket in the second innings of the first Test at Edgbaston. While May counterattacked, Cowdrey showed he was a master of pad-play in an ultra-defensive display of attrition. Ramadhin never recovered.

Cowdrey's padathon probably played a role in the introduction of the new lbw rule that enabled the umpire to rule a batsman out to balls pitching outside the off stump if he offered no stroke and the umpire believed the ball would have gone on to hit the stumps. In 1999, Ramadhin sensationally confessed in the wake of widespread arguments over the legality of the doosra that he threw the odd ball in his time.

Were he playing today, Cowdrey could not have got away with the generous forward thrust of his leg in front of his bat to demolish the Ajantha Mendises and Sunil Narines of world cricket, considering umpires are ever so willing to give lbw decisions, unlike their 20th-century counterparts, many of whom had their hands firmly in their pockets except when the batsman was palpably in front - while playing fully back!

Perhaps the first freak spinner in Test cricket history was Australia's Jack Iverson, who gripped the ball between thumb and middle finger and bowled a bewildering array of offspin, legspin and googlies. The mystery of his bowling was, however, short-lived. He barely lasted five Tests.

I had the pleasure of watching a mystery spinner at close quarters. My Hyderabad team-mate, the left-arm spinner Mumtaz Hussain bowled Osmania University to a Rohinton Baria Trophy triumph in 1966-67. No batsman at that level had an answer to his wiles, as he sent down orthodox left-arm spin, the chinaman and the googly with no perceptible difference in the action. His prize scalp of the tournament was Sunil Gavaskar, who says in his autobiographical book Sunny Days:

"Their (Osmania's) left-arm spinner Mumtaz Hussain, the hero of the tournament, proved deadly with his disguised chinaman and regular orthodox spin. In the second innings, Ramesh Nagdev and I were going strong after Naik's cheap dismissal. But Nagdev was not able to fathom Mumtaz Hussain's spin when he bowled the chinaman. I thought I knew, so in a purely psychological move I called out loud to Nagdev at the non-striker's end: 'Don't worry, Ramesh, I know when he bowls that one.' When Mumtaz heard this, he smiled mysteriously and tossed the ball up to me for the next few deliveries. I came down the wicket, but managed to hit only one four while the others went straight to the fielder. Mumtaz tossed up the last ball of the over slightly outside the off-stump. Too late I realized that he had bowled a googly and was stranded down the track, to be easily stumped."

Mumtaz was tragically converted to an orthodox spinner in first-class cricket, and though he had a very respectable career, he was never again the wonder bowler of his youth - at least not until he unfurled his magical wares again in his last two Ranji Trophy matches. Legspinner BS Chandrasekhar was luckier. In a land notorious for coaches who would try to fit every spinner into a single mould, it was a miracle that allowed him to continue to deliver lightning-quick missiles all his life, with no concession to orthodoxy.

A story similar to Gavaskar's, but probably apocryphal, involves Geoffrey Boycott and legspinner John Gleeson, who posed quite a few problems for English batsmen during the 1970-71 series in Australia. When one of his batting partners told him he was now able to distinguish Gleeson's googly from his legbreak, Sir Geoffrey allegedly whispered to him, "Don't tell anyone. I could always read him."

V Ramnarayan is an author, translator and teacher. He bowled offspin for Hyderabad and South Zone in the 1970s

Comments have now been closed for this article

  • Ram on June 30, 2014, 13:35 GMT

    Think he was 16 when he played that match. This was his big break which did not materialize. To give a little background, he was selected because he made 81 against an English team at Madras and was chosen by the governor to play in his side. He later went on to represent TN in Ranji and Gopalan 's trophy.

  • Dummy4 on June 29, 2014, 4:30 GMT

    Thank you, greatgaryfan for confirming it is indeed Mr R Raghavan who was twice dismissed by Sonny Ramadhin . I am also glad to know he was a left hander as I surmised. Here's a link to the scorecard: http://static.espncricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1950S/1950-51/CWEALTH-XI_IN_IND/SCORECARDS/MADRAS-GOV-XI_CWEALTH-XI_13-15JAN1951.html

    I'll try to dig out the group photograph of the Mosquitos team which has both my father and yours in it.

    One question remains. If RR is in his late seventies now, he must have been barely 15 in 1951. Can you confirm that?

  • Ashok on June 28, 2014, 15:00 GMT

    (Contd): The great part about these mystery bowlers was they were successful as long as they were accurate but did not mystify many when erratic. I think Cowdrey & May caught Sonny not at his best. Of course Cowdrey was too fond of using his pads like MJK Smith- who was S.Gupte's Bunny- for LBW's. A fine bowler I would like to see in this list is Chandra- a Faster leg break & googly bowler. He bowled with a withered right arm (due to Polio). He could only bowl RH but threw LH. He generated so much pace & bounce - mainly googlies & top spinners that he had 3 close-in fielders on the leg side- Abid, Solkar, Wadekar/Surti- to take brilliant catches in Tests. I was delighted to hear of Mumtaz getting the Rohinton Baria for Osmania. I was in Osmania squad when Bombay under Wadekar beat Osmania in Semi's in 1960. I remember another Osmania bowler K.Vishwanath who bowled LH Chinaman like Mumtaz. Finally R,Surti & A. Mendis are 2 guys who deserves to be in this category too. A Fine Article!

  • Ashok on June 28, 2014, 14:43 GMT

    It is always lovely to recall the good old golden days of Cricket when most Cricketers played the game for the love of it. Surely it was great to read about the spin twins Sonny Ramadhin & Valentine. Sonny bowled his mystery ball - a leg break with similar action to the off break but released the ball betwn. his thumb & forefinger -with thumb imparting the leg spin. In the English poor light conditions it was difficult to spot with his rolled down sleeves. Hence he became known as the mystery bowler. These days it is called Carrom ball!Ramadhin & Hilton both played in Huddersfield (Yorkshire) league in late 60's & I managed to play against Hilton. I saw Iverson with SJOC team in India. A huge 6'-5" guy who learnt his grip via a ping pong ball during war days. His passion for bowling allowed him to be inventive & try his skills. He was called leg break/off break & googly bowler but his googly was the one that spun the most. I wont be surprised if Ashwin adds this to his arsenal. (Contd

  • Ram on June 28, 2014, 12:59 GMT

    My dad's name is R.Raghavan ( left hander) . He played for Mambalam Mosquitoes and for TN. He still lives in Chennai

  • sabarinath on June 27, 2014, 19:15 GMT

    Thanks for the excellent article. so fascinating as a fan when vintage masters share their experience and vivid memory taking us back the memory lane and relive the magical bygone era.

  • adnan on June 27, 2014, 6:30 GMT

    What an article and what a great response in comments. Thank you very much for author and commentators.

  • Dummy4 on June 27, 2014, 5:40 GMT

    I would love to know the father's name as well! What memories

  • Dummy4 on June 27, 2014, 4:02 GMT

    Thank you, sitaram58 and CricketChat. I'd love to know greatgaryfan's father's name. I didn't know that someone who played Ramadhin was still around in Chennai. Of the oldtimers, CD Gopinath spends much of his time at Coonoor, I met Ganesan the off spinner the other day, and many others have left us. Wonder where MK Balakrishnan is nowadays. Thank you greatgaryfan.