Sri Lanka v England, Super Eights, World Twenty20, Pallekele

Jayawardene stands by captaincy switch

Sri Lanka produced a wonderfully slick performance against England, as Lasith Malinga and the middle order fired, but who was really leading the team? And did it really matter?

Andrew Fernando

October 1, 2012

Comments: 61 | Text size: A | A

Sri Lanka resembled an engine purring assuredly on the starting grid, as they tuned up all their parts in another dominant victory to finish at the top of their Super Eights group. The openers provided a solid platform and critically, this time, the young middle order also delivered a good finish. Lasith Malinga returned to his penetrative best, Nuwan Kulasekara achieved quietly again, and Akila Dananjaya continued his fairytale, even if he looked a little like he had been in a bar fight in the hours before the match.

Sri Lanka's victory however, was slightly overshadowed by controversy. "Mahela has lost three tosses in a row," was the line Kumar Sangakkara tried to sell when he, not Mahela Jayawardene, turned out as captain for the toss, but it was quickly apparent a tad more trickery was afoot. Jayawardene and Sri Lanka had been fined for slow over rates during their previous match and, under the ICC code of conduct, he faces a one-match suspension if, under his watch, Sri Lanka fail to complete their overs in the allotted time again in the next 12 months.

The debate has been afire on social media since Sri Lanka took the field and it became obvious that Jayawardene was still in the saddle - at one point even approaching the umpires to get a ball changed. Sri Lanka were flouting the rules, which were put in place to try and curb slow over rates. With Sangakkara in place as an empty suit, Jayawardene was clear to marshal the attack at his leisure, where under threat of suspension, he might have paid more heed to the clock. Was this an unfair advantage? Stuart Broad, after all, was also on notice for slow over rates, but had not passed the armband along to Jos Buttler with the excuse that Buttler been practicing the toss at training.

On the face of it of course official captain Sangakkara is well within his rights to delegate duties to anyone else in the team, even if that duty is to captain the team. But perhaps that is missing the point. In practice, Jayawardene had never given up leadership and some might find that difficult to make peace with. In the end, Sri Lanka were not fined again and it was all a little like paying out insurance premiums without ever making a claim.

The episode belies a more intriguing debate about the very rule itself. In practice, if that is what we are giving precedence to, Sri Lanka's rate of play did not make the match against West Indies noticeably duller. Why then should their captain and best batsman be at the risk of missing a crucial match in a major tournament? The punishment does not fit the crime, as Pakistan coach Dav Whatmore had noted when Misbah-ul-Haq was forced to miss a Test in June. Those arguing that, in practice, Jayawardene was the captain against England and should be punished for exploiting a loophole, cannot then become sticklers for a rule that itself seems short on practicality.

After the match, Jayawardene was open about his mischief and bore the expression of a man who enjoyed having cheated the system. When asked at the press conference why he was not officially captain, he joked "so you want Sanga here? I can go back".

Mahela Jayawardene pulls, Sri Lanka v England, Super Eights, World Twenty20, Pallekele, October 1, 2012
Mahela Jayawardene was worried about over-rate bans so handed the official captaincy to Kumar Sangakkara © AFP

"I might as well explain," he said eventually. "I had a warning for an over rates issue, and if it happens again I miss the match so what we did was have Kumar as the official captain. I don't think that the intentions were wrong. It's a tough system and it's tough to bowl 20 overs in one hour and 20 minutes in a tournament like this. We try our best, but the penalties are harsh. We don't want to miss the big games, so we did it with the right intentions.

"Angelo Mathews was on the same offence for a match against Pakistan in Hambantota, so if he got nailed he misses a game as well. We had to find someone who didn't have a rap sheet and Kumar fitted the bill."

Jayawardene also revealed the ploy had been thought out by team manager Charith Senanayake and that the team had verified the rules and consulted the ICC code of conduct before proceeding. "I'm sure they'll change the rules after this, but hopefully not in this tournament," he said.

The captaincy issue, though, should not take the sheen off a near-complete performance. The middle order had not yet proven itself in the tournament, but Angelo Mathews and Jeevan Mendis put on 52 from 31 balls for the fourth wicket, after Jayawardene and Sangakara fell in consecutive balls, before Thisara Perera and Lahiru Thirimanne combined for 36 from 19 after the previous pair had also perished in successive deliveries.

"Everyone has put their hand up and performed," Jayawardene said. "It was really good the middle order had a hit today. They showed the quality that we've got. Everyone was saying the top three were scoring runs, today we lost wickets up front against a top quality bowling attack, and those guys came out and did the job. They didn't go into a shell, they kept going and kept up the run rate. Unfortunately Jeevan and Angie got out to consecutive balls otherwise we probably could have ended up with 15 or 20 more runs, but I'll take 170 any day."

Malinga took three wickets in an over, and completed his first five-wicket bag in Twenty20s, to derail the England chase alongside Dananjaya, who took 2 for 26. Malinga's yorkers are yet to find the blockhole as consistently as they once did, but the haul will boost his confidence after a lean patch in which he appeared to have lost some of his venom, even if he retained his economy.

"In the last couple of months I didn't take many wickets, but I'm very happy with what I did today," Malinga said. "They wanted to come hard and hit boundaries during the Powerplay, but I did my variations and it worked for me."

Andrew Fernando is ESPNcricinfo's correspondent in Sri Lanka

RSS Feeds: Andrew Fidel Fernando

© ESPN Sports Media Ltd.

Posted by   on (October 3, 2012, 12:29 GMT)

@maddy20 mate, the only team who capble of beating PAK are heading home and before super 8 I think you could have never imagined they would go home...So do you honestly think your openion going to work here...mate, I'm a Sri lankan so I don't think any comment about Sri Lankan team by me would take as neutral comment here...But as I see AUS had thire success heavily based on watson and in the first moment he failed they were down to the knee and against quality spin bowling(not over hiped indian bowling)...WI got best t20 spin bowler and best t20 batsman but still they got very good midle order and some players that dont need to be in form to get going...they are natural hitters...SL vs PAK will be a close game and will be the hardest test for SL....If someone says SL is came here by a luck lets see, before world tournaments nobody guess SL could go to final, same as 1996, 2007, 2011,2009 t20, and more semis....thats a bit unusual luck isnt it?

Posted by maddy20 on (October 3, 2012, 4:21 GMT)

An intelligent move but SL and WI are not worthy of a place in the Semis Pak and Aus will thrash SL and WI respectively. Infact WI gifted 100 runs in 9 overs to Aus already and we can expect the repeat of that game. As for SL beating NZ and Eng is not the same as beating Pakistan. The only team capable of beating Pakistan is on the way home!

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 20:11 GMT)

Gud luck for Mahela & co And i hope INSHA ALLAH our LIONS win the title

Posted by Tusker17 on (October 2, 2012, 19:16 GMT)

OMG, Narbavi is here too :) !!!!

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 18:17 GMT)

rajithwijepura - lol. your team is yet to win a series against India in donno past how many years. So your comment is a good joke

Posted by iknowsports on (October 2, 2012, 14:39 GMT)

well,i think tht was a pretty smart move!! any way pls. bring the title k? u hv da players,spirit,talent and da support!!wot else wuld u want?? hail mighty lions!!

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 14:34 GMT)

Nothing can be done about it as long as the things are within the scope of the regulations of ICC and its code of conduct...

Good thinking by the seniors and the manager of SL cricket team...!!!

Good luck on the Semies for Mahela and the lads...

Posted by stormy16 on (October 2, 2012, 10:14 GMT)

Let the debate start I guess! While what the SL's did was within the rules of the game dont think its in the spirit of the law. It was a cunning plan to say the least and the ICC will have no choice but to react to ensure the 1 match bad rule doesnt become a joke. There are two options - (1) change the one year period, thats just too long to have a axe over one's head (2) control the game better. There seems to be a sub on the field almost all the time with water and towels for the batter - surerly that cannot count against the fielding captain. Alternativley extend the time for a game. Not sure what the issue with that is but its worth a shot.

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 9:57 GMT)

If a captain is not able to make his bowlers bowl the overs within the specified time then he deserves to get punishment. This is manipulation of the rules and laws and both Sangakkara and Jaywardene should be punished for violating the spirit of the game.

Posted by neutral87 on (October 2, 2012, 9:19 GMT)

If you truly want to stop this, ADD more runs to the opposition or dock an over. That will make the bowlers think twice or the batsmen to think twice.

What the Sri Lankan's did, adds further credence to the fact that the ICC as an organisation has to look into what it's hoping to achieve. This world cup was a classic example, the gulf in class is starting to tell in these World Events but the world is unfortunately just a handful of previously colonial countries battling it out....with a whole bunch of stragglers behind the top 8.

The world needs more teams playing and needs to spread the game. People complain that the primacy of test cricket being adulterated, well if I have to watch the same teams play for 5 days at a time once a year or several times, yep I'd get bored. Simple as that.

A prime example is the Champions League...starting one week after the World T20. What a farce? Highly respect England's decision to give up on it from this year onwards.

Posted by rajithwijepura on (October 2, 2012, 8:48 GMT)

@the_blue_android - lol. your team is yet to reach semifinal in 5 years. So your comment is a good joke

Posted by tpjpower on (October 2, 2012, 8:30 GMT)

Absolutely no qualms about the Lankans' move. The closing stages of the tournament would be poorer for Mahela's absence in the event of a ban, and he was refreshingly honest about the team's motives. Good, tactically aware approach to the game. In fact, far from hoping the rules are ammended, I wouldn't mind if this set a precedent for captaincy rotation in international tournaments.

Posted by yezdi70 on (October 2, 2012, 8:21 GMT)

i hope this will teach the ICC a lesson with their ridiculous penalties. Hats off the the Lankans. I totally agree with their brilliant move.

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 8:20 GMT)

In my judgement, Captaincy Switch is far more admissible than the Switch Hit. The former doesn't affect the game; the latter does, for the Captain who is setting a field!

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 7:54 GMT)

Banning the captain for a match for the slow over rate is the MOST stupid rule, ever framed by ICC. If a clever move like what SL did is what it takes to get rid of it, we should congratulate them. Other teams should emulate them. Some one asked if they could have sent Dhananjaya for the toss? Why not? If he is articulate enough, he can be sent for the post match "conversations" to answer some inane questions often asked by a pompous MC. Introducing half a dozen unknown, but publicity seeking businessmen on the dais is more time wasting (and utterly boring) than any other cricket related timespent (often spent on strategising and re-strategising). But knowing ICC, and the ego-maniacs holding positions in various committees, I wouldn't be surprised, if they come up with even more stupid rules, as a knee-jerk reaction. How else those guys can justify their positions?

Posted by CricketingStargazer on (October 2, 2012, 7:52 GMT)

Cheeky and very clever! Good thinking! I bet a few administrators are in a real spin now, worrying about this. But what would have happened if Stuart Broad had done this? At very least a public flogging, no and most likely calls to throw his team out of the tournament.

Posted by Narbavi on (October 2, 2012, 7:45 GMT)

@WishW: Just answer what i asked!! Are you telling me you and your fellow fans would have kept quiet had india done the same thing??

Posted by anver777 on (October 2, 2012, 7:40 GMT)

A very smart move by the SL........ a bold decision by Broad who won the toss & asked SL to bat ??????? Battle of the Lions was won comfortably by SL Lions !!!!

Posted by Balumekka on (October 2, 2012, 7:22 GMT)

Great move by Sri Lankans to counteract the stupidly harsh punishments by ICC for breaking over rate rules. I'm sure all other teams will soon follow this.

Posted by late_reverse_swing on (October 2, 2012, 7:04 GMT)

With all due respect to the Sri Lankan's, I am not surprised at all that they have gone this route. If cricket is a "gentlemen's" game, they have proved they are out casts multiples times. Remember, bowling no-balls so as to ensure the opposition batsmen don't get to their hundreds? While it is all within the rules, at least for me they will always be, for lack of a better word a little *cheap*. If this is their way at proving that under 90 mins are not enough for bowling 20 overs, there are other ways to bring that to attention. The over rates actually matter more to someone like SA, their fast bowlers need more time to get through the overs as compared to the Mendi's, Dhanunjaya's of the world. I would have been 'shell shocked' had AB done something like this, but it coming from Mahela/SL does not surprise me one bit.

Posted by the_blue_android on (October 2, 2012, 7:03 GMT)

With or without Jayawardena, they are going to lose in the semi final or final anyway. After SA, SL are the biggest Lankans calling it a smart move, I'm sure all the teams thought about this before but did not do it because they are not comfortable doing cheap tricks.

Posted by zenboomerang on (October 2, 2012, 7:00 GMT)

Like many, I agree that the penalty system against captains slow play & missing the next match is flawed... A bit of leeway is needed, as there is very little room to up the rate of bowlers in T20, as it is already played at a fast rate... It also shows that the ICC rule is flawed - all teams will now use this method of protecting their captains & could even get to the point where captains no longer care about the run rate if they can use 'stand-in' captains - it may even become a team tactic in important series - i.e. the semi-finals... Perhaps a larger team fine would be enough of an encouragement, with repeats bringing a runs penalty to the team score - i.e. 20 runs & no match fee...

Posted by Fauzer on (October 2, 2012, 6:09 GMT)

Captaincy swiitch - Genius. Mahela's line at the press conference "so you want Sanga here? I can go back" - Priceless !!! Awesome boys, keep roaring. 2 more wins !!!

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 5:44 GMT)

Why not make Dananjaya the official 'captain'? It won't make any difference after all will it?

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 5:27 GMT)

The move by mahela was completely in the rules. An official captain only comes out for the toss and post match presentation. Where is the question of unfair advantage or spirit of cricket coming here. It shows the cricketing brains of the SL players

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 5:22 GMT)

Smart move.. Ridiculous to bring "Spirit of Cricket" in to the picture..!

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 5:05 GMT)

Utterly stupid issue. It's not like the captaincy was handed out to a debutante. In case you have forgotten, Sanga is a bloody established captain of the SL cricket team in his own right. We have three former captains in this side (not even counting Mathews stand in jobs), its not a huge issue who wears the official cap.

Posted by LionCulture on (October 2, 2012, 5:03 GMT)

Charith Senanayake, the cleverest team manager ever! Kudos to him!

Posted by CRICSL on (October 2, 2012, 4:51 GMT)

@KingOwl- Yes he doesn't have the Language but trying is no harm I believe. And do you and others condemn him posses the cricketing talent he has????

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 4:31 GMT)

It was a great move by the Lankans. It is very difficult to miss out a major Player on these type of big tournaments. The rule should be amended so that the Captain will not worry too much about the over rates.

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 4:20 GMT)

@xylo I agree with you 100%.

Posted by randikaayya on (October 2, 2012, 4:04 GMT)

20 overs in 90 minutes is a ridiculously short period of time to slap a match ban on a team captain!! If this was test match cricket played at a slow steady tempo it would be possible but T20 is a frantic affair and takes longer to bowl 20 overs than in other formats because strategy has to change every over and sometimes within an over. Smart thinking by SL and Mahela, and a good win to compliment that!

Posted by The_Cube on (October 2, 2012, 3:58 GMT)

Slow over rates are the simplest thing to remove from the game. Add 6 runs to the batting team's total for every ball not bowled in the allotted time. The bowling side will get through the required overs with plenty of time to spare as long as the umpires don't allow the batsmen to waste time the way they currently do. The batsman has no excuse for not being ready to face up when the bowler is ready. To prevent the antics of the likes of J.Trott and G.Gambhir, the bowler should be allowed to start his bowling run up as soon as he gets to his marker. If the batsman decides to pull away after the bowler has started his run up then he is warned. If the batsman does it 3 times then he is given out.

Posted by CricF7 on (October 2, 2012, 3:48 GMT)

Sri Lankans are the most tactful and honest players....When it comes to tactics no one can challenge the brains of Sri Lankans....Same when it comes to honesty.....No one can argue that Sri Lanka ignores the spirit of the cricket....Mahela & Sanga are the gentleman cricketers that u can ever see in the cricket...When it comes to tactics they are the most smart too......Cricket is a game that should be played by the brain......Hats off to Sanga and Maiya

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 3:38 GMT)

Every team looks for loop holes in the rules to benefit themselves. SL also looking for loop holes is not a big issue as they have NOT BROKEN any law. If they were SLC would have already have been fined and the Match Refree would have sent a report

Posted by WishW on (October 2, 2012, 3:37 GMT)

@narbavi..don't hit out at us just cos the Indian team management are not strategically sound enough to pull off such things...and besides we sri lankans don't bother about MS..we want him to's good for the opposition

Posted by Udendra on (October 2, 2012, 3:33 GMT)

this is clever by Sri Lanka. now teams will take a cue out of it and we'll see 10 name-sake captains being employed if needed.

Posted by Return-of-Sinhaya on (October 2, 2012, 3:26 GMT)

@Praveen Shavindra Muthuthanthri: Ha ha, reallly?? u call this great?? So funny how people like you talk as if something great has been done where actually something unfair has been done here, ridiculous, unfair also because ICC will remove this rule from the future!!

Posted by Narbavi on (October 2, 2012, 3:24 GMT)

Sinhaya had said in the previous article that india won due to umpiring errors, how silly is that?? Now shall i say that if lanka makes it to the finals its because of this move?? Because Jaya is your best batsman in t20!!

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 3:23 GMT)

I think nothing worng with this. There is no disadvantages to the opposite side whoever captains Sri Lanka because they play against them. This is to avoid that funny rule. However, I agree that there should be a time limitation, but punishment should not be a ban. If they go with 75% (or even 100%, or even more than that) fines of match fees, they will avoid it as much as possible otherwise use that money for whatever loose because of time delay, simple as that !

Posted by TheRedox on (October 2, 2012, 3:08 GMT)

Once again Smart Mahela and co find a loop-hole in slow-over rule.This is clever and pin point the thinking of SL players.

Posted by xylo on (October 2, 2012, 2:27 GMT)

Shouldn't this be called 'clever' instead of 'sacrilege'? When Stuart Broad was getting away with his boorish behavior from match referees clearly because of nepotistic reasons, where did these 'critics' go? These critics might be better off debating about the ridiculous duckworth-lewis rules and how it is applied to T20s rather than worry about something like this.

Posted by KingOwl on (October 2, 2012, 2:04 GMT)

"In the last couple of months I didn't take many wickets, but I'm very happy with what I did today," Malinga said. "They wanted to come hard and hit boundaries during the Powerplay, but I did my variations and it worked for me. I was listening to the post match ceremony and that is definitely not what Malinga said. May be that is what he intended to say. Well, whatever.... It was great to see Malinga taking a big haul.

Posted by Narbavi on (October 2, 2012, 2:02 GMT)

Had India done the same thing to avoid a ban for MS, then all the lankan fans would have cursed us, but now when their team has done it, no one even mentions it,

Posted by TRAM on (October 2, 2012, 1:56 GMT)

Simple rules lead to intelligent & complex behavior. Complex rules leads to simply stupid behavior.

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 1:37 GMT)

this is called brains and tactics. nothing wrong with it. nobody should have a problem about who captains Sri Lanka. Will continue in the semi's

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 1:34 GMT)

Brave & Great Strategic Move By Lankan to Move Sanga As Captain!! If Mahela Get Another Slow Over Rate He Could Have Ban for Next (Semi) Match... Gooooodddddddd.. Also Sanga Can Revnge India If The Qualified!!:p

Posted by nmarsha on (October 2, 2012, 1:24 GMT)

The slow over rate rule is harsh indeed given the situation of some games which require the captain to take time with field changes which can be enthralling viewing in itself for spectators at the ground as well as the TV viewer. In the match that Jayawardene was fined there were constant bowling changes which can also add to the delay however it also adds excitement to the game. Surely we do not want to see a robotic game due to the need to bowl a certain number of overs in a given time. This issue needs further consideration to retain the excitement factor of the game. My view is that a captain should be put on report and been given the opportunity to argue his case (do not know if this already exists)

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 1:17 GMT)

Mountains out of molehills. Simple as that

Posted by Karnain on (October 2, 2012, 1:02 GMT)

Great team work and smart thinking. I do agree it's a difficult task to complete 20 overs in 1.5 hrs and the penalties are harsh too. So it means Sanga will lead the team in semis too. Good thing that we did complete the overs on time in this match, I don't want T.M. Dilshan to be captaining the side in the semi finals. :)

Will India ever do this?

Posted by SurlyCynic on (October 2, 2012, 0:48 GMT)

I've always been a fan of Sri Lankan cricket even though I'm not Sri Lankan but I'm disappointed in their behaviour here. The rules on slow over rates were brought in because slow play was becoming worse and killing the game, this stunt makes a mockery of the rule.

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 0:37 GMT)

Only people who should be punished for slow over rates are the umpires and match officials. It's their duty to conduct the match. They should be given more power, however. If they find a player guilty of deliberately delaying proceedings (or other offences like ball tampering), they should be able to green/yellow/red card players.

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 0:33 GMT)

Ms Dhoni has fines so many times for slow over rates. but did he resign? So why would Mahela resign from his captaincy. This is Ridiculous..

Posted by EngineerKhan on (October 2, 2012, 0:33 GMT)

Sharp decision...Like it!!

Posted by   on (October 2, 2012, 0:25 GMT)

I think it was a brilliant idea to safeguard Jayawardene...

Posted by AnotherCricketFan on (October 2, 2012, 0:21 GMT)

One wonders why these players, during interview, answer in English. There is no rule that they should answer in English. They may follow the language, but answering in a language that is comfortable to them and being translated will result in better interviews. Especially Malinga was all over the place, one had the feeling that he did not even understand the question. It is not a knock on Malinga and his English proficiency but it will be pretty natural to answer in Sinhalese and someone to translate it - say Sanga (not necessarily a professional translator).

Posted by Veritos_is_the_Truths on (October 1, 2012, 23:45 GMT)

GREAT idea!! such ingenuity should be rewarded

Posted by   on (October 1, 2012, 23:38 GMT)

It is a silly rule. As silly as the one that gives the opportunity for runs to the batting side (leg-byes) after the bowler has rapped the batsman on the pads.

Fining the team as a whole would be more acceptable than treating the captain as the sole offender. But even that should only be decided after consideration of whether it affected the completion of the match and the quality of the play.

Posted by bobagorof on (October 1, 2012, 23:36 GMT)

Perhaps Jayawardene is right - the whole team, and not just the captain, should face the penalty for not bowling their overs in the allotted time period. That way they can be happy that it's not just the captain who misses the big games. Seriously, though, is it really a problem to bowl an over in 6 minutes? With spinners taking considerably less than this, the captain should actually have time up his sleeve for when the fast bowlers are on. If they don't tinker with the field every ball, this really shouldn't be an issue. An alternative would be to not stick to broadcasters' time restraints, forgo the TV revenue and take a cut in salary. Or just play Twenty20 at club level.

Posted by   on (October 1, 2012, 23:12 GMT)

Why controversy? If the player plays bad, he gets dropped. If the captain can not do the over rates, he gets dropped as a captain. Simple;-) Well, because it is a circular rule that, he can captain, not being a captain, it creates sort of an issue. It is a team sport, they can do what ever with in the rules. ICC may need to harden this, to count the over rate aganist the team and drop the person who is named in 11 and has most offences. ie, irrespective of who is captaining, if there is a player in the team with more previous offences than the captain and rest of the team drop the player and also assign additional offense to the person captained the match. or do something better...

Posted by Kapil_Choudhary on (October 1, 2012, 22:45 GMT)

So Sri Lanka will be carrying forward this tactic of having Sanga as captain in the Semi-final as well rite? - else Mahela might miss the final. May be Dhoni needs to adopt it as well.....pretty sure he must be on a warning from sometime - he always is...

Comments have now been closed for this article

Email Feedback Print
Andrew Fidel FernandoClose
Tournament Results
Sri Lanka v West Indies at Colombo (RPS) - Oct 7, 2012
West Indies won by 36 runs
Australia v West Indies at Colombo (RPS) - Oct 5, 2012
West Indies won by 74 runs
Sri Lanka v Pakistan at Colombo (RPS) - Oct 4, 2012
Sri Lanka won by 16 runs
India v South Africa at Colombo (RPS) - Oct 2, 2012
India won by 1 run
Australia v Pakistan at Colombo (RPS) - Oct 2, 2012
Pakistan won by 32 runs
More results »
News | Features Last 3 days
News | Features Last 3 days